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大要理问答48

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48问 在祂的生活中,基督是如何謙卑自己的?

王志勇版

48問:在祂的生活中,基督是如何謙卑自己的?


答:基督在祂的生活中謙卑自己,是在於:


(1)祂自己順服律法(加4:4),完美地成全律法(太5:17;羅5:19);


(2)並且面對世上的各樣侮辱(詩22:6;來12:2-3),撒但的試探(太4:1-12;路4:13),自 己肉身的軟弱,這些或是常見於人的性情,或是特別與祂的降卑狀態相伴(來2:17-18;4:15;賽52:13-14)。


吕沛渊版

問:基督在世上的生活中,是如何的謙卑自己?


答:基督在世上的生活中謙卑自己,在於:


(1)將自己服在律法下,完全實現了律法;


(2)面對世界的侮辱,撒但的試探;


(3)在肉身中經歷人性所共通的軟弱,尤其是身處貧寒。


OPC版

Q. 48. How did Christ humble himself in his life?


A. Christ humbled himself in his life, by subjecting himself to the law, which he perfectly fulfilled; and by conflicting with the indignities of the world, temptations of Satan, and infirmities in his flesh, whether common to the nature of man, or particularly accompanying that his low condition.


CCEL版

Question 48: How did Christ humble himself in his life?


Answer: Christ humbled himself in his life, by subjecting himself to the law, which he perfectly fulfilled; and by conflicting with the indignities of the world, temptations of Satan, and infirmities in his flesh, whether common to the nature of man, or particularly accompanying that his low condition.


CRTA版

Q. 48. How did Christ humble himself in his life?


A. Christ humbled himself in his life, by subjecting himself to the law,[188] which he perfectly fulfilled;[189] and by conflicting with the indignities of the world,[190] temptations of Satan,[191] and infirmities in his flesh, whether common to the nature of man, or particularly accompanying that his low condition.[192]


证明经文

加4:4 及至时候满足, 神就差遣他的儿子为女子所生,且生在律法以下,


太5:17 “莫想我来要废掉律法和先知;我来不是要废掉,乃是要成全。


罗5:19 因一人的悖逆,众人成为罪人;照样,因一人的顺从,众人也成为义了。


诗22:6 但我是虫,不是人,被众人羞辱,被百姓藐视。


來12:2-3 仰望为我们信心创始成终的耶稣(或作“仰望那将真道创始成终的耶稣”),他因那摆在前面的喜乐,就轻看羞辱,忍受了十字架的苦难,便坐在 神宝座的右边。 那忍受罪人这样顶撞的,你们要思想,免得疲倦灰心。


太4:1-12 当时,耶稣被圣灵引到旷野,受魔鬼的试探。他禁食四十昼夜,后来就饿了。那试探人的进前来,对他说:“你若是 神的儿子,可以吩咐这些石头变成食物。” 耶稣却回答说:“经上记着说:‘人活着,不是单靠食物,乃是靠 神口里所出的一切话。’”魔鬼就带他进了圣城,叫他站在殿顶上(“顶”原文作“翅”),对他说:“你若是 神的儿子,可以跳下去,因为经上记着说:‘主要为你吩咐他的使者,用手托着你,免得你的脚碰在石头上。’”耶稣对他说:“经上又记着说:‘不可试探主你的 神。’”魔鬼又带他上了一座最高的山,将世上的万国与万国的荣华都指给他看,对他说:“你若俯伏拜我,我就把这一切都赐给你。”耶稣说:“撒但退去吧(“撒但”就是“抵挡”的意思,乃魔鬼的别名。);因为经上记着说:‘当拜主你的 神,单要事奉他。’”于是魔鬼离了耶稣;有天使来伺候他。耶稣听见约翰下了监,就退到加利利去;


路4:13 魔鬼用完了各样的试探,就暂时离开耶稣。


來2:17-18 所以他凡事该与他的弟兄相同,为要在 神的事上,成为慈悲忠信的大祭司,为百姓的罪献上挽回祭。他自己既然被试探而受苦,就能搭救被试探的人。


来4:15 因我们的大祭司并非不能体恤我们的软弱;他也曾凡事受过试探,与我们一样,只是他没有犯罪。


赛52:13-14 我的仆人行事必有智慧(或作“行事通达”),必被高举上升,且成为至高。许多人因他(原文作“你”)惊奇,(他的面貌比别人憔悴,他的形容比世人枯槁)


Proof Scripture Verses

[188] Galatians 4:4. But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law.


[189] Matthew 5:17. Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. Romans 5:19. For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.


[190] Psalm 22:6. But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. Hebrews 12:2-3. Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God. For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds.


[191] Matthew 4:1-12. Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil, etc. Luke 4:13. And when the devil had ended all the temptation, he departed from him for a season.


[192] Hebrews 2:17-18. Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people. For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted. Hebrews 4:15. For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin. Isaiah 52:13-14. Behold, my servant shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high. As many were astonied at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men.


WLC威斯敏斯特大要理问答

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