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大要理问答60

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60问 那些從未聽過福音,既不認識也不相信基督耶穌的人,根據自然之光生活,能夠由此得救嗎?

王志勇版

三十一.未聽信福音之人的狀況


60問:那些從未聽過福音,既不認識也不相信基督耶穌的人,根據自然之光生活,能夠由此得救嗎?


答:那些從未聽過福音(羅10:14),因此既不認識基督耶穌(帖後1:8-9;弗2:12;約1:10-12),也不相信祂的人,即使他們殷勤地根據自然之光(林前1:20-24),或他們所認信的宗教誡命,來調整自己的生活(約4:22;羅9:31-32;腓3:4-9),也不會得救(約8:24;可16:16); 耶穌之外,別無救贖(徒4:12),惟獨祂是教會全體的救主(弗5:23)。


吕沛渊版

問:那些從未聽過福音,既不認識也不相信耶穌基督的人,他們按照自然界的亮光來生活,能不能因此得救呢?


答:那些從未聽過福音,既不認識也不相信耶穌基督的人,是不能得救的;即使他們是照著自然界的亮光,或自己所宣稱的宗教法則,以前所未有的殷勤,來調整他們的生活,也是不能。救恩是唯獨在基督裡,除祂以外別無拯救,祂只是教會的救主,教會是祂的身體。


OPC版

Q. 60. Can they who have never heard the gospel, and so know not Jesus Christ, nor believe in him, be saved by their living according to the light of nature?


A. They who, having never heard the gospel, know not Jesus Christ, and believe not in him, cannot be saved, be they never so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature, or the laws of that religion which they profess; neither is there salvation in any other, but in Christ alone, who is the Savior only of his body the church.


CCEL版

Question 60: Can they who have never heard the gospel, and so know not Jesus Christ, nor believe in him, be saved by their living according to the light of nature?


Answer: They who, having never heard the gospel, know not Jesus Christ, and believe not in him, cannot be saved, be they never so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature, or the laws of that religion which they profess; neither is there salvation in any other, but in Christ alone, who is the Savior only of his body the church.


CRTA版

Q. 60. Can they who have never heard the gospel, and so know not Jesus Christ, nor believe in him, be saved by their living according to the light of nature?


A. They who, having never heard the gospel,[253] know not Jesus Christ,[254] and believe not in him, cannot be saved,[255] be they never so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature,[256] or the laws of that religion which they profess;[257] neither is there salvation in any other, but in Christ alone,[258] who is the Savior only of his body the church.[259]


证明经文

罗10:14 然而人未曾信他,怎能求他呢?未曾听见他,怎能信他呢?没有传道的,怎能听见呢?


帖後1:8-9 要报应那不认识 神和那不听从我主耶稣福音的人。他们要受刑罚,就是永远沉沦,离开主的面和他权能的荣光。


弗2:12 那时,你们与基督无关,在以色列国民以外,在所应许的诸约上是局外人,并且活在世上没有指望,没有 神。


約1:10-12 他在世界,世界也是藉着他造的,世界却不认识他。他到自己的地方来,自己的人倒不接待他。凡接待他的,就是信他名的人,他就赐他们权柄,作 神的儿女。


林前1:20-24 智慧人在哪里?文士在哪里?这世上的辩士在哪里? 神岂不是叫这世上的智慧变成愚拙吗?世人凭自己的智慧,既不认识 神, 神就乐意用人所当作愚拙的道理拯救那些信的人;这就是 神的智慧了。犹太人是要神迹,希腊人是求智慧;我们却是传钉十字架的基督,在犹太人为绊脚石,在外邦人为愚拙;但在那蒙召的,无论是犹太人、希腊人,基督总为 神的能力, 神的智慧。


约4:22 你们所拜的,你们不知道;我们所拜的,我们知道,因为救恩是从犹太人出来的。


罗9:31-32 但以色列人追求律法的义,反得不着律法的义。这是什么缘故呢?是因为他们不凭着信心求,只凭着行为求,他们正跌在那绊脚石上。


腓3:4-9 其实我也可以靠肉体;若是别人想他可以靠肉体,我更可以靠着了。我第八天受割礼,我是以色列族、便雅悯支派的人,是希伯来人所生的希伯来人。就律法说,我是法利赛人;就热心说,我是逼迫教会的;就律法上的义说,我是无可指摘的。只是我先前以为与我有益的,我现在因基督都当作有损的。不但如此,我也将万事当作有损的,因我以认识我主基督耶稣为至宝。我为他已经丢弃万事,看作粪土,为要得着基督;并且得以在他里面,不是有自己因律法而得的义,乃是有信基督的义,就是因信 神而来的义


约8:24 所以我对你们说,你们要死在罪中,你们若不信我是基督,必要死在罪中。


可16:16 信而受洗的必然得救,不信的必被定罪。


徒4:12 除他以外,别无拯救;因为在天下人间,没有赐下别的名,我们可以靠着得救。


弗5:23 因为丈夫是妻子的头,如同基督是教会的头;他又是教会全体的救主。


Proof Scripture Verses

[253] Romans 10:14. How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher?


[254] 2 Thessalonians 1:8-9. In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ: Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power. Ephesians 2:12. That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world. John 1:10-12. He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not. He came unto his own, and his own received him not. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name.


[255] John 8:24. I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins: for if ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins. Mark 16:16. He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned.


[256] 1 Corinthians 1:20-24. Where is the wise? where is the scribe? where is the disputer of this world? hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this world? For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe. For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom: But we preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumblingblock, and unto the Greeks foolishness; But unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.


[257] John 4:22. Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews. Romans 9:31-32. But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness. Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone. Philippians 3:4-9. Though I might also have confidence in the flesh. If any other man thinketh that he hath whereof he might trust in the flesh, I more: Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, an Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching the law, a Pharisee; Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless. But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ. Yea doubtless, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them but dung, that I may win Christ, And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith.


[258] Acts 4:12. Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.


[259] Ephesians 5:23. For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church: and he is the saviour of the body.


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