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71问 為什麼說稱義是上帝白白恩典的作為呢?

王志勇版

三十九.稱義與恩典


71問:為什麼說稱義是上帝白白恩典的作為呢?


答:儘管基督藉其順服和受死,確實代表那些被稱義之人,對上帝的公義, 作出了適當的、真正的、完全的補償(羅5:8-10,19);但是, 因為上帝是從一個保證人接受補償,這也是祂可以要求他們的,而且上帝確實提供了這一保證人,就是祂的獨生子(提前2:5-6;來10:10;太20:28;但 9:24,26;賽53:4-6,10-12;來7:22;羅8:32;彼前1:18- 19),把祂的義歸算在他們身上(林後5:21),使他們惟獨藉著信稱義(羅3:24-25),向他們別無 所求,這信心也是祂的恩賜(弗2:8),所以,他們的稱義是因著白白的恩典歸給他們的(弗1:7)。


吕沛渊版

問:為何「稱義」是神白白恩典的作為?


答:雖然基督藉著順服與受死,的確為我們向神獻上贖罪,這是適當,真實與完全的滿足了神公義的要求。然而,事實上:


(1)神可以定規我們要自己負責,然而神接納藉著中保代贖來滿足祂公義的要求


(2)神親自賜下這位中保,就是祂的獨生子,將祂兒子的義歸算給我們,


(3)我們得以稱義並非出於我們自己,唯獨是藉著信,連這信心也是祂所賜的;


所以,我們得以稱義,對我們而言,完全是神白白的恩典。



OPC版

Q. 71. How is justification an act of God's free grace?


A. Although Christ, by his obedience and death, did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to God's justice in the behalf of them that are justified; yet inasmuch as God accepteth the satisfaction from a surety, which he might have demanded of them, and did provide this surety, his own only Son, imputing his righteousness to them, and requiring nothing of them for their justification but faith, which also is his gift, their justification is to them of free grace.


CCEL版

Question 71: How is justification an act of God's free grace?


Answer: Although Christ, by his obedience and death, did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to God's justice in the behalf of them that are justified; yet inasmuch as God accepts the satisfaction from a surety, which he might have demanded of them, and did provide this surety, his own only Son, imputing his righteousness to them, and requiring nothing of them for their justification but faith, which also is his gift, their justification is to them of free grace.


CRTA版

Q. 71. How is justification an act of God’s free grace?


A. Although Christ, by his obedience and death, did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to God’s justice in the behalf of them that are justified;[291] yet in as much as God accepteth the satisfaction from a surety, which he might have demanded of them, and did provide this surety, his own only Son,[292] imputing his righteousness to them,[293] and requiring nothing of them for their justification but faith,[294] which also is his gift,[295] their justification is to them of free grace.[296]


证明经文

罗 5:8 惟有基督在我们还作罪人的时候为我们死, 神的爱就在此向我们显明了。 罗 5:9 现在我们既靠着他的血称义,就更要藉着他免去 神的忿怒。 罗 5:10 因为我们作仇敌的时候,且藉着 神儿子的死,得与 神和好;既已和好,就更要因他的生得救了。 (和合本 CUV)


罗 5:19 因一人的悖逆,众人成为罪人;照样,因一人的顺从,众人也成为义了。 (和合本 CUV)


提前 2:5 因为只有一位 神,在 神和人中间,只有一位中保,乃是降世为人的基督耶稣。 提前 2:6 他舍自己作万人的赎价,到了时候,这事必证明出来。 (和合本 CUV)


来 10:10 我们凭这旨意,靠耶稣基督只一次献上他的身体,就得以成圣。 (和合本 CUV)


但 9:24 “为你本国之民和你圣城,已经定了七十个七。要止住罪过,除净罪恶,赎尽罪孽,引进(或作“彰显”)永义,封住异象和预言,并膏至圣者(“者”或作“所”)。 (和合本 CUV)


但 9:26 过了六十二个七,那受膏者(“那”或作“有”)必被剪除,一无所有。必有一王的民来毁灭这城和圣所,至终必如洪水冲没。必有争战,一直到底,荒凉的事已经定了。 (和合本 CUV)


赛 53:4 他诚然担当我们的忧患,背负我们的痛苦;我们却以为他受责罚,被 神击打苦待了。 赛 53:5 哪知他为我们的过犯受害,为我们的罪孽压伤;因他受的刑罚我们得平安,因他受的鞭伤我们得医治。 赛 53:6 我们都如羊走迷,各人偏行己路,耶和华使我们众人的罪孽都归在他身上。 (和合本 CUV)


赛 53:10 耶和华却定意(或作“喜悦”)将他压伤,使他受痛苦。耶和华以他为赎罪祭(或作“他献本身为赎罪祭”)。他必看见后裔,并且延长年日,耶和华所喜悦的事,必在他手中亨通。 赛 53:11 他必看见自己劳苦的功效,便心满意足。有许多人,因认识我的义仆得称为义,并且他要担当他们的罪孽。 赛 53:12 所以,我要使他与位大的同分,与强盛的均分掳物。因为他将命倾倒,以致于死,他也被列在罪犯之中;他却担当多人的罪,又为罪犯代求。 (和合本 CUV)


来 7:22 既是起誓立的,耶稣就作了更美之约的中保。 (和合本 CUV)


罗 8:32  神既不爱惜自己的儿子为我们众人舍了,岂不也把万物和他一同白白地赐给我们吗? (和合本 CUV)


彼前 1:18 知道你们得赎,脱去你们祖宗所传流虚妄的行为,不是凭着能坏的金银等物, 彼前 1:19 乃是凭着基督的宝血,如同无瑕疵、无玷污的羔羊之血。 (和合本 CUV)


林后 5:21  神使那无罪的(“无罪”原文作“不知罪”),替我们成为罪,好叫我们在他里面成为 神的义。 (和合本 CUV)


罗 3:24 如今却蒙 神的恩典,因基督耶稣的救赎,就白白地称义。 罗 3:25  神设立耶稣作挽回祭,是凭着耶稣的血,借着人的信,要显明 神的义;因为他用忍耐的心宽容人先时所犯的罪, (和合本 CUV)


弗 2:8 你们得救是本乎恩,也因着信,这并不是出于自己,乃是 神所赐的; (和合本 CUV)


弗 1:7 我们藉这爱子的血,得蒙救赎,过犯得以赦免,乃是照他丰富的恩典。 (和合本 CUV)


Proof Scripture Verses

[291] Romans 5:8-10, 19. But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him. For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.... For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.


[292] 1 Timothy 2:5-6. For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time. Hebrews 10:10. By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. Matthew 20:28. Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many. Daniel 9:24, 26. Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.... And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. Isaiah 53:4-6, 10-12. Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.... Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities. Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors. Hebrews 7:22. By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament. Romans 8:32. He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things? 1 Peter 1:18-19. Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot.


[293] 2 Corinthians 5:21. For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.


[294] Romans 3:24-25. Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God.


[295] Ephesians 2:8. For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God.


[296] Ephesians 1:17. That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him.


WLC威斯敏斯特大要理问答

WLC1 WLC2 WLC3 WLC4 WLC5 WLC6 WLC7 WLC8 WLC9 WLC10
WLC11 WLC12 WLC13 WLC14 WLC15 WLC16 WLC17 WLC18 WLC19 WLC20
WLC21 WLC22 WLC23 WLC24 WLC25 WLC26 WLC27 WLC28 WLC29 WLC30
WLC31 WLC32 WLC33 WLC34 WLC35 WLC36 WLC37 WLC38 WLC39 WLC40
WLC41 WLC42 WLC43 WLC44 WLC45 WLC46 WLC47 WLC48 WLC49 WLC50
WLC51 WLC52 WLC53 WLC54 WLC55 WLC56 WLC57 WLC58 WLC59 WLC60
WLC61 WLC62 WLC63 WLC64 WLC65 WLC66 WLC67 WLC68 WLC69 WLC70
WLC71 WLC72 WLC73 WLC74 WLC75 WLC76 WLC77 WLC78 WLC79 WLC80
WLC81 WLC82 WLC83 WLC84 WLC85 WLC86 WLC87 WLC88 WLC89 WLC90
WLC91 WLC92 WLC93 WLC94 WLC95 WLC96 WLC97 WLC98 WLC99 WLC100
WLC101 WLC102 WLC103 WLC104 WLC105 WLC106 WLC107 WLC108 WLC109 WLC110
WLC111 WLC112 WLC113 WLC114 WLC115 WLC116 WLC117 WLC118 WLC119 WLC120
WLC121 WLC122 WLC123 WLC124 WLC125 WLC126 WLC127 WLC128 WLC129 WLC130
WLC131 WLC132 WLC133 WLC134 WLC135 WLC136 WLC137 WLC138 WLC139 WLC140
WLC141 WLC142 WLC143 WLC144 WLC145 WLC146 WLC147 WLC148 WLC149 WLC150
WLC151 WLC152 WLC153 WLC154 WLC155 WLC156 WLC157 WLC158 WLC159 WLC160
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WLC181 WLC182 WLC183 WLC184 WLC185 WLC186 WLC187 WLC188 WLC189 WLC190
WLC191 WLC192 WLC193 WLC194 WLC195 WLC196 001-050 051-100 101-150 151-196


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