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大要理问答194问 在第五祈求中,我們所禱告的是甚麼?

王志勇版


194問:我們在第五祈求中求什麼?


答:在第五祈求“免我們的債,如同我們免了人的債”中(太6:12),我們承認我們和其他所有人都有原罪和本罪的罪咎,因此對上帝的公義欠了債,而且不管是我們自己,還 是其他任何受造物,都絲毫不能補償此債(羅3:9-22;太18:24-25;詩130:3-4);因此,我們為我們自身和他人禱告,


(1) 祈求上帝出於祂白白的恩典,藉著基督的順服和補償,由信心領悟並應用,免除罪給我們帶來的罪咎和懲 罰(羅3:24-26;來 9:22),在祂的愛子中接納我們(弗1:6-7);


(2) 並祈求上帝繼續恩待我們(彼後1:2),饒恕我們天天的失敗(何14:2;耶14:7),用平 安和喜樂充滿我們,天天賜給我們更大的罪得赦免的確信(羅15:13;詩51:7-10,12);


(3) 當我們內心擁有此種印證,發自內心地饒恕他人的過犯時(路11:4;太6:14-15;太18:35),聖經就鼓勵我們這樣祈求,並鼓勵我們如此期望。




吕沛渊版


大要理問答Westminster Larger Catechism


問194: 在第五祈求中,我們所禱告的是甚麼?


答: 在第五祈求「免我們的債,如同我們免了人的債」中,我們承認: 我們與所有的人都是有罪的,既有遺傳的罪性、又有實際的罪行,因此我們虧欠了神的公義,成為欠罪債的人;無論我們或任何受造物,一點都不能補償那罪債。所以我們為自己與他人禱告:

(1)求神因祂的白白恩典,藉著基督的順服與償清罪債,使我們因著信來領悟與領受,將我們的罪咎與刑罰都免除盡淨,接納我們在祂的愛子裡;

(2)求神繼續施恩賜平安給我們,赦免我們每日的過犯,以平安喜樂充滿我們的心,每日賜給我們越來越多蒙赦免的確據;

(3) 當我們有此見證在我們心中時,求神使我們更加有膽量來祈求、更加有勇氣來期盼: 我們要從心裡饒恕別人的過犯。



OPC版


Q. 194. What do we pray for in the fifth petition?


A. In the fifth petition (which is, Forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors), acknowledging that we and all others are guilty both of original and actual sin, and thereby become debtors to the justice of God; and that neither we, nor any other creature, can make the least satisfaction for that debt: we pray for ourselves and others, that God of his free grace would, through the obedience and satisfaction of Christ, apprehended and applied by faith, acquit us both from the guilt and punishment of sin, accept us in his Beloved; continue his favor and grace to us, pardon our daily failings, and fill us with peace and joy, in giving us daily more and more assurance of forgiveness; which we are the rather emboldened to ask, and encouraged to expect, when we have this testimony in ourselves, that we from the heart forgive others their offenses.


CCEL版


Question 194: What do we pray for in the fifth petition?


Answer: In the fifth petition (which is, Forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors), acknowledging, that we and all others are guilty both of original and actual sin, and thereby become debtors to the justice of God; and that neither we, nor any other creature, can make the least satisfaction for that debt: we pray for ourselves and others, that God of his free grace would, through the obedience and satisfaction of Christ, apprehended and applied by faith, acquit us both from the guilt and punishment of sin, accept us in his Beloved; continue his favor and grace to us, pardon our daily failings, and fill us with peace and joy, in giving us daily more and more assurance of forgiveness; which we are the rather emboldened to ask, and encouraged to expect, when we have this testimony in ourselves, that we from the heart forgive others their offenses.


CRTA版


Q. 194. What do we pray for in the fifth petition?


A. In the fifth petition, (which is, Forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors,[1265]) acknowledging, that we and all others are guilty both of original and actual sin, and thereby become debtors to the justice of God; and that neither we, nor any other creature, can make the least satisfaction for that debt:[1266] we pray for ourselves and others, that God of his free grace would, through the obedience and satisfaction of Christ, apprehended and applied by faith, acquit us both from the guilt and punishment of sin,[1267] accept us in his Beloved;[1268] continue his favour and grace to us,[1269] pardon our daily failings,[1270] and fill us with peace and joy, in giving us daily more and more assurance of forgiveness;[1271] which we are the rather emboldened to ask, and encouraged to expect, when we have this testimony in ourselves, that we from the heart forgive others their offenses.[1272]



证明经文


Proof Scripture Verses


[1265] Matthew 6:12. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.


[1266] Romans 3:9-22. What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin; As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.... Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God, etc. Matthew 18:24-25. And when he had begun to reckon, one was brought unto him, which owed him ten thousand talents. But forasmuch as he had not to pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife, and children, and all that he had, and payment to be made. Psalm 130:3-4. If thou, LORD, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand? But there is forgiveness with thee, that thou mayest be feared.


[1267] Romans 3:24-26. Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus. Hebrews 9:22. And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.


[1268] Ephesians 1:6-7. To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved. In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace.


[1269] 2 Peter 1:2. Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord.


[1270] Hosea 14:2. Take with you words, and turn to the LORD: say unto him, Take away all iniquity, and receive us graciously: so will we render the calves of our lips. Jeremiah 14:7. O LORD, though our iniquities testify against us, do thou it for thy name's sake: for our backslidings are many; we have sinned against thee.


[1271] Romans 15:13. Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that ye may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost. Psalm 51:7-10, 12. Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. Make me to hear joy and gladness; that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice. Hide thy face from my sins, and blot out all mine iniquities. Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.... Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me with thy free spirit.


[1272] Luke 11:4. And forgive us our sins; for we also forgive every one that is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil. Matthew 6:14-15. For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you: But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses. Matthew 18:35. So likewise shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses.


WLC威斯敏斯特大要理问答

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