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76问 悔改得生是什麼?

王志勇版

四十三.悔改得生


76問:悔改得生是什麼?


答:悔改得生是一種上帝所賜的與救恩相伴的美德(提後2:25),是聖靈(亞12:10)和聖言(徒11:18,20-21)在罪人的心中做成的,由此,


(1) 罪人意識到罪的危險性(結18:28,30,32;路15:17-18;何2:6-7);


(2) 認識到罪的污穢和醜陋(結36:31;賽30:22);


(3) 領悟上帝在基督裡對悔改者的憐憫(珥2:12-13);


(4) 因此為自己的罪憂傷難過(耶31:18-19);


(5) 並產生恨惡之情(林後7:11);


(6) 從而轉離一切罪,歸向上帝(徒26:18;結14:6;王上8:47-48);


(7) 並立定心志,竭力以新的順服,在各個方面與主同行(詩119:6,59,128;路1:6;王下23:25)。


吕沛渊版

問:什麼是「悔改得生命」?


答:「悔改得生命」是拯救的恩典,是神的聖靈與聖道在罪人心中所作成的:


(1)使他不僅意識到己罪的危險,也意識到己罪的污穢與醜陋;


(2)並且使他領悟到:悔改的罪人,在基督裡必蒙神的憐憫;


(3)因此他憂傷並恨惡自己的罪,以致他轉離一切罪惡歸向神,並且定意竭力在新生命中全然順服神,恆切與祂同行。


OPC版

Q. 76. What is repentance unto life?


A. Repentance unto life is a saving grace, wrought in the heart of a sinner by the Spirit and Word of God, whereby, out of the sight and sense, not only of the danger, but also of the filthiness and odiousness of his sins, and upon the apprehension of God's mercy in Christ to such as are penitent, he so grieves for and hates his sins, as that he turns from them all to God, purposing and endeavoring constantly to walk with him in all the ways of new obedience.


CCEL版

Question 76: What is repentance unto life?


Answer: Repentance unto life is a saving grace, wrought in the heart of a sinner by the Spirit and Word of God, whereby, out of the sight and sense, not only of the danger, but also of the filthiness and odiousness of his sins, and upon the apprehension of God's mercy in Christ to such as are penitent, he so grieves for and hates his sins, as that he turns from them all to God, purposing and endeavoring constantly to walk with him in all the ways of new obedience.


CRTA版

Q. 76. What is repentance unto life?


A. Repentance unto life is a saving grace,[320] wrought in the heart of a sinner by the Spirit[321] and Word of God,[322] whereby, out of the sight and sense, not only of the danger,[323] but also of the filthiness and odiousness of his sins,[324] and upon the apprehension of God’s mercy in Christ to such as are penitent,[325] he so grieves for[326] and hates his sins,[327] as that he turns from them all to God,[328] purposing and endeavouring constantly to walk with him in all the ways of new obedience.[329]


证明经文

提后 2:25 用温柔劝戒那抵挡的人;或者 神给他们悔改的心,可以明白真道, (和合本 CUV)


亚 12:10 我必将那施恩叫人恳求的灵,浇灌大卫家和耶路撒冷的居民。他们必仰望我(或作“他本节同”),就是他们所扎的;必为我悲哀,如丧独生子;又为我愁苦,如丧长子。 (和合本 CUV)


徒 11:18 众人听见这话,就不言语了,只归荣耀与 神,说:“这样看来, 神也赐恩给外邦人,叫他们悔改得生命了。” (和合本 CUV)


徒 11:20 但内中有居比路和古利奈人,他们到了安提阿也向希腊人传讲主耶稣(有古卷作“也向说希腊话的犹太人传讲主耶稣”)。 徒 11:21 主与他们同在,信而归主的人就很多了。 (和合本 CUV)


结 18:28 因为他思量,回头离开所犯的一切罪过,必定存活不至死亡。 (和合本 CUV)


结 18:30 所以主耶和华说:“以色列家啊!我必按你们各人所行的审判你们。你们当回头离开所犯的一切罪过;这样,罪孽必不使你们败亡。 (和合本 CUV)


结 18:32 主耶和华说:我不喜悦那死人之死,所以你们当回头而存活。” (和合本 CUV)


路 15:17 他醒悟过来,就说:‘我父亲有多少的雇工,口粮有余,我倒在这里饿死吗? 路 15:18 我要起来,到我父亲那里去,向他说:父亲!我得罪了天,又得罪了你; (和合本 CUV)


何 2:6 “因此,我必用荆棘堵塞她的道,筑墙挡住她,使她找不着路。 何 2:7 她必追随所爱的,却追不上;她必寻找他们,却寻不见,便说:‘我要归回前夫,因我那时的光景比如今还好。’ (和合本 CUV)


结 36:31 那时,你们必追想你们的恶行和你们不善的作为,就因你们的罪孽和可憎的事厌恶自己。 (和合本 CUV)


赛 30:22 你雕刻偶像所包的银子和铸造偶像所镀的金子,你要玷污,要抛弃,好象污秽之物;对偶像说:“去吧!” (和合本 CUV)


珥 2:12 耶和华说:“虽然如此,你们应当禁食、哭泣、悲哀,一心归向我。” 珥 2:13 你们要撕裂心肠,不撕裂衣服,归向耶和华你们的 神;因为他有恩典,有怜悯,不轻易发怒,有丰盛的慈爱,并且后悔不降所说的灾。 (和合本 CUV)


耶 31:18 我听见以法莲为自己悲叹说:“你责罚我,我便受责罚,象不惯负轭的牛犊一样。求你使我回转,我便回转,因为你是耶和华我的 神。 耶 31:19 我回转以后,就真正懊悔;受教以后,就拍腿叹息,我因担当幼年的凌辱,就抱愧蒙羞。” (和合本 CUV)


林后 7:11 你看,你们依着 神的意思忧愁,从此就生出何等的殷勤、自诉、自恨、恐惧、想念、热心、责罚(或作“自责”);在这一切事上,你们都表明自己是洁净的。 (和合本 CUV)


徒 26:18 我差你到他们那里去,要叫他们的眼睛得开,从黑暗中归向光明,从撒但权下归向 神;又因信我,得蒙赦罪,和一切成圣的人同得基业。’ (和合本 CUV)


结 14:6 “所以你要告诉以色列家说:‘主耶和华如此说:回头吧!离开你们的偶像,转脸莫从你们一切可憎的事。’ (和合本 CUV)


王上 8:47 他们若在掳到之地想起罪来,回心转意,恳求你说:‘我们有罪了,我们悖逆了,我们作恶了!’ 王上 8:48 他们若在掳到之地,尽心尽性归服你,又向自己的地,就是你赐给他们列祖之地,和你所选择的城,并我为你名所建造的殿祷告, (和合本 CUV)


诗 119:6 我看重你的一切命令,就不至于羞愧。 (和合本 CUV)


诗 119:59 我思想我所行的道,就转步归向你的法度。 (和合本 CUV)


诗 119:128 你一切的训词,在万事上我都以为正直;我却恨恶一切假道。  (和合本 CUV)


路 1:6 他们二人在 神面前都是义人,遵行主的一切诫命礼仪,没有可指摘的; (和合本 CUV)


王下 23:25 在约西亚以前,没有王象他尽心尽性尽力地归向耶和华,遵行摩西的一切律法;在他以后,也没有兴起一个王象他。 (和合本 CUV)


Proof Scripture Verses

[320] 2 Timothy 2:25. In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth.


[321] Zechariah 12:10. And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.


[322] Acts 11:18, 20-21. When they heard these things, they held their peace, and glorified God, saying, Then hath God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life.... And some of them were men of Cyprus and Cyrene, which, when they were come to Antioch, spake unto the Grecians, preaching the Lord Jesus. And the hand of the Lord was with them: and a great number believed, and turned unto the Lord.


[323] Ezekiel 18:28, 30, 32. Because he considereth, and turneth away from all his transgressions that he hath committed, he shall surely live, he shall not die.... Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, every one according to his ways, saith the Lord GOD. Repent, and turn yourselves from all your transgressions; so iniquity shall not be your ruin.... For I have no pleasure in the death of him that dieth, saith the Lord GOD: wherefore turn yourselves, and live ye. Luke 15:17-18. And when he came to himself, he said, How many hired servants of my father's have bread enough and to spare, and I perish with hunger! I will arise and go to my father, and will say unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before thee. Hosea 2:6-7. Therefore, behold, I will hedge up thy way with thorns, and make a wall, that she shall not find her paths. And she shall follow after her lovers, but she shall not overtake them; and she shall seek them, but shall not find them: then shall she say, I will go and return to my first husband; for then was it better with me than now.


[324] Ezekiel 36:31. Then shall ye remember your own evil ways, and your doings that were not good, and shall loathe yourselves in your own sight for your iniquities and for your abominations. Isaiah 30:22. Ye shall defile also the covering of thy graven images of silver, and the ornament of thy molten images of gold: thou shalt cast them away as a menstruous cloth; thou shalt say unto it, Get thee hence.


[325] Joel 2:12-13. Therefore also now, saith the LORD, turn ye even to me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning: And rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto the LORD your God: for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil.


[326] Jeremiah 31:18-19. I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou art the LORD my God. Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote upon my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth.


[327] 2 Corinthians 7:11. For behold this selfsame thing, that ye sorrowed after a godly sort, what carefulness it wrought in you, yea, what clearing of yourselves, yea, what indignation, yea, what fear, yea, what vehement desire, yea, what zeal, yea, what revenge! In all things ye have approved yourselves to be clear in this matter.


[328] Acts 26:18. To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me. Ezekiel 14:6. Therefore say unto the house of Israel, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Repent, and turn yourselves from your idols; and turn away your faces from all your abominations. 1 Kings 8:47-48. Yet if they shall bethink themselves in the land whither they were carried captives, and repent, and make supplication unto thee in the land of them that carried them captives, saying, We have sinned, and have done perversely, we have committed wickedness; And so return unto thee with all their heart, and with all their soul, in the land of their enemies, which led them away captive, and pray unto thee toward their land, which thou gavest unto their fathers, the city which thou hast chosen, and the house which I have built for thy name.


[329] Psalm 119:6, 59, 128. Then shall I not be ashamed, when I have respect unto all thy commandments.... I thought on my ways, and turned my feet unto thy testimonies.... Therefore I esteem all thy precepts concerning all things to be right; and I hate every false way. Luke 1:6. And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless. 2 Kings 23:25. And like unto him was there no king before him, that turned to the LORD with all his heart, and with all his soul, and with all his might, according to all the law of Moses; neither after him arose there any like him.


WLC威斯敏斯特大要理问答

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WLC61 WLC62 WLC63 WLC64 WLC65 WLC66 WLC67 WLC68 WLC69 WLC70
WLC71 WLC72 WLC73 WLC74 WLC75 WLC76 WLC77 WLC78 WLC79 WLC80
WLC81 WLC82 WLC83 WLC84 WLC85 WLC86 WLC87 WLC88 WLC89 WLC90
WLC91 WLC92 WLC93 WLC94 WLC95 WLC96 WLC97 WLC98 WLC99 WLC100
WLC101 WLC102 WLC103 WLC104 WLC105 WLC106 WLC107 WLC108 WLC109 WLC110
WLC111 WLC112 WLC113 WLC114 WLC115 WLC116 WLC117 WLC118 WLC119 WLC120
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WLC191 WLC192 WLC193 WLC194 WLC195 WLC196 001-050 051-100 101-150 151-196


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