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WLC110

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110问 為了使我們更加謹守遵行,第二條 誡命所附加的遵行理由是什麼?

王志勇版

110問:為了使我們更加謹守遵行,第二條 誡命所附加的遵行理由是什麼?


答:為了使我們更加謹守遵行,第二條誡命所附加的遵行理由包含在以下的 話中:“我耶和華你的上帝是忌邪的上帝。恨我的,我必追討他的罪,自父及子,直到三四代;愛我守我誡命的,我必向他們發慈愛,直到千代”(出20:5-6)。


(1) 這些理由不但包括上帝對我們擁有主權,我們是屬祂的(詩45:11;啟15:3-4);


(2) 也包括祂對自己的崇拜有強烈的忌邪之心(出34:13-14),所有的偽崇拜都是屬靈的淫亂,必招致祂復仇的震怒(林前10:20-22;耶7:18-20;結 16:26-27;申32:16-20);


(3) 違背這一誡命的人就是恨惡上帝的人,上帝警告要懲罰他們,直到許多代(阿2:2-4);


(4) 遵守這一誡命的人,就是愛祂並守祂誡命的人,會得到尊榮,上帝應許要憐憫他們,直到許多代(申5:29)。


吕沛渊版

問110:第二誡命列舉甚麼理由,使我們更要遵行它?


答:第二誡命所列舉的理由,使我們更要遵行它,是包含在以下的話:「因為我耶和華你的上帝,是忌邪的上帝,恨我的,我必追討他的罪,自父及子,直到三四代;愛我守我誡命的,我必向他們發慈愛,直到千代」。


(1)上帝的主權在我們之上,我們屬於祂;祂為屬於祂的崇拜極其熱心,祂恨惡一切虛假的崇拜,因為這些是屬靈方面的淫亂,必遭致祂的義怒刑罰;


(2)祂將凡違背此誡命者,視為恨祂的;祂警告必追討他們的罪,直到數代;


(3)祂將凡遵行此誡命者,視為愛祂守祂誡命的;祂應許賜憐憫給他們,直到許多代。



OPC版

Q. 110. What are the reasons annexed to the second commandment, the more to enforce it?


A. The reasons annexed to the second commandment, the more to enforce it, contained in these words, For I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; and shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments; are, besides God's sovereignty over us, and propriety in us, his fervent zeal for his own worship, and his revengeful indignation against all false worship, as being a spiritual whoredom; accounting the breakers of this commandment such as hate him, and threatening to punish them unto divers generations; and esteeming the observers of it such as love him and keep his commandments, and promising mercy to them unto many generations.


CCEL版

Question 110: What are the reasons annexed to the second commandment, the more to enforce it?


Answer: The reasons annexed to the second commandment, the more to enforce it, contained in these words, For I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; and showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments; are, besides God's sovereignty over us, and propriety in us, his fervent zeal for his own worship, and his revengeful indignation against all false worship, as being a spiritual whoredom; accounting the breakers of this commandment such as hate him, and threatening to punish them unto divers generations; and esteeming the observers of it such as love him and keep his commandments, and promising mercy to them unto many generations.


CRTA版

Q. 110. What are the reasons annexed to the second commandment, the more to enforce it?


A. The reasons annexed to the second commandment, the more to enforce it, contained in these words, For I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; and showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments;[554] are, besides God’s sovereignty over us, and propriety in us,[555] his fervent zeal for his own worship,[556] and his revengeful indignation against all false worship, as being a spiritual whoredom;[557] accounting the breakers of this commandment such as hate him, and threatening to punish them unto divers generations;[558] and esteeming the observers of it such as love him and keep his commandments, and promising mercy to them unto many generations.[559].


证明经文


Proof Scripture Verses


[554] Exodus 20:5-6. Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; And showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.


[555] Psalm 45:11. So shall the king greatly desire thy beauty: for he is thy Lord; and worship thou him. Revelation 15:3-4. And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints. Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.


[556] Exodus 34:13-14. But ye shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves: For thou shalt worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God.


[557] 1 Corinthians 10:20-22. But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils. Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils. Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he? Deuteronomy 32:16-20. They provoked him to jealousy with strange gods, with abominations provoked they him to anger. They sacrificed unto devils, not to God; to gods whom they knew not, to new gods that came newly up, whom your fathers feared not. Of the Rock that begat thee thou art unmindful, and hast forgotten God that formed thee. And when the LORD saw it, he abhorred them, because of the provoking of his sons, and of his daughters. And he said, I will hide my face from them, I will see what their end shall be: for they are a very froward generation, children in whom is no faith.


[558] Hosea 2:2-4. Plead with your mother, plead: for she is not my wife, neither am I her husband: let her therefore put away her whoredoms out of her sight, and her adulteries from between her breasts; Lest I strip her naked, and set her as in the day that she was born, and make her as a wilderness, and set her like a dry land, and slay her with thirst. And I will not have mercy upon her children; for they be the children of whoredoms.


[559] Deuteronomy 5:29. O that there were such an heart in them, that they would fear me, and keep all my commandments always, that it might be well with them, and with their children for ever!


WLC威斯敏斯特大要理问答

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