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大要理问答20

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20问 上帝對起初受造狀態中的人有什麼護理?

王志勇版

十四.上帝對人的護理


20問:上帝對起初受造狀態中的人有什麼護理?


答:上帝對起初受造狀態中的人有以下的護理:


(1)把他安置在樂園裡,吩咐他修理看守,賜給他吃地上各樣果子的自由(創2:8,15-16);


(2)萬物都置於他的治理之下(創1:28),並設立婚姻幫助他(創2:18);


(3)為他提供與上帝的交通(創1:26-29;創3:8);


(4)設立安息日(創2:3);


(5)以個人、完全、持續的順服為條件(加3:12;羅10:5),與他立生命之約,生命樹就是此約的信物(創2:9);


(6)禁止他吃分別善惡樹上的果子,違約的懲罰就是死,(創2:17)。


吕沛渊版

問:上帝對人在當初受造的景況時,其護理之工是什麼?


答:上帝對人起初受造時的護理之工,是:


將他安置在樂園中,使他修理看守這園子,賜他可以隨意吃園中各樣樹上的果子;


又將萬物伏在他的治理下,並設立婚姻幫助他;


賜恩使他與上帝相交團契;


設立安息日,與他立下生命之約,以始終完全的順服為條件,將生命樹作為立約的憑據;


並且禁止他吃分別善惡樹的果子,以死亡的痛苦為刑罰。


OPC版

Q. 20. What was the providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created?


A. The providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created, was the placing him in paradise, appointing him to dress it, giving him liberty to eat of the fruit of the earth; putting the creatures under his dominion, and ordaining marriage for his help; affording him communion with himself; instituting the Sabbath; entering into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of personal, perfect, and perpetual obedience, of which the tree of life was a pledge; and forbidding to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon the pain of death.

CCEL版

Question 20: What was the providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created?


Answer: The providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created, was the placing him in paradise, appointing him to dress it, giving him liberty to eat of the fruit of the earth; putting the creatures under his dominion, and ordaining marriage for his help; affording him communion with himself; instituting the sabbath; entering into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of personal, perfect, and perpetual obedience, of which the tree of life was a pledge; and forbidding to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon the pain of death.

CRTA版

Q. 20. What was the providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created?


A. The providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created, was the placing him in paradise, appointing him to dress it, giving him liberty to eat of the fruit of the earth;[80] putting the creatures under his dominion,[81] and ordaining marriage for his help;[82] affording him communion with himself;[83] instituting the sabbath;[84] entering into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of personal, perfect, and perpetual obedience,[85] of which the tree of life was a pledge;[86] and forbidding to eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, upon the pain of death.[87]


证明经文

创2:8 耶和华 神在东方的伊甸立了一个园子,把所造的人安置在那里。


创2:15-16 耶和华 神将那人安置在伊甸园,使他修理看守。耶和华 神吩咐他说:“园中各样树上的果子,你可以随意吃


创1:28 神就赐福给他们,又对他们说:“要生养众多,遍满地面,治理这地;也要管理海里的鱼、空中的鸟,和地上各样行动的活物。”


创2:18 耶和华 神说:“那人独居不好,我要为他造一个配偶帮助他。”


创1:26-29 神说:“我们要照着我们的形象,按着我们的样式造人,使他们管理海里的鱼、空中的鸟、地上的牲畜和全地,并地上所爬的一切昆虫。” 神就照着自己的形象造人,乃是照着他的形象造男造女。 神就赐福给他们,又对他们说:“要生养众多,遍满地面,治理这地;也要管理海里的鱼、空中的鸟,和地上各样行动的活物。” 神说:“看哪!我将遍地上一切结种子的菜蔬和一切树上所结有核的果子,全赐给你们作食物。


创3:8 天起了凉风,耶和华 神在园中行走。那人和他妻子听见 神的声音,就藏在园里的树木中,躲避耶和华 神的面。


创2:3 神赐福给第七日,定为圣日,因为在这日 神歇了他一切创造的工,就安息了。


加3:12 律法原不本乎信,只说:“行这些事的,就必因此活着。”


罗10:5 摩西写着说:“人若行那出于律法的义,就必因此活着。”


创2:9 耶和华 神使各样的树从地里长出来,可以悦人的眼目,其上的果子好作食物。园子当中又有生命树和分别善恶的树。


创2:17 只是分别善恶树上的果子,你不可吃,因为你吃的日子必定死!”


Proof Scripture Verses

[80] Genesis 2:8, 15-16. And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed.... And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it. And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat.


[81] Genesis 1:28. And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.


[82] Genesis 2:18. And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.


[83] Genesis 1:26-29. And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat. Genesis 3:8. And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden.


[84] Genesis 2:3. And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.


[85] Galatians 3:12. And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them. Romans 10:5. For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them.


[86] Genesis 2:9. And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.


[87] Genesis 2:17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.


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