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144问 在第九條誡命中,命令什麼責任?

王志勇版

144問:在第九條誡命中,命令什麼責任?


答:在第九條誡命中,命令的責任是:


(1) 保守並增進人與人之間的誠實(亞8:16);


(2) 保守並增進他人和我們自身的名譽(約叁12);


(3) 為事實真相挺身而出(箴 言31:8-9);


(4) 在審判和公義之事上(利19:15,箴14:5,25),以及在其它各種事情上,發自內心(詩15:2),忠心誠實(代上19:9),不計代價(撒上19:4-5),不加隱瞞(書7:19),不偏左右(撒下14:18-20),實話實 說,只講事實真相(林後1:17-18; 弗4:25);


(5) 以愛心尊重他人(來6:9;林前13:7);


(6) 愛護他們的名譽,願意他們有好名聲,並為之歡喜(羅1:8;約貳4;約叁3-4);


(7) 為他們的軟弱難過(林 後2:4;12:21),並加以遮掩(箴17:9; 彼前4:8);


(8) 承認他們的恩賜和美德(林 前1:4-5,7;提後1:4-5);


(9) 為他們的無辜辯護(撒 上22:14);


(10)關於他們的好消息,願意接受(林前13:6-7),壞消息,不隨意苟同(詩15:3);


(11)不鼓勵傳舌者(箴25:23)、奉承者(箴26:24-25)、誹謗者(詩101:5);


(12)珍惜自己的名譽,並在需要的時候予以辯護(箴22:1;約8:49);


(13)遵守合乎上帝律法的誓言(詩15:4);


(14)凡是真實的、誠實的、可愛的、有美名的,都要考察、遵行(腓4:8)。



吕沛渊版

問144: 第九誡命所要求的責任是什麼?


答: 第九誡命所要求的責任是:


(1)保守與增進人與人之間的誠實, 鄰舍與我們自己的名譽;


(2)為事實真相挺身而出; 在審判與公義的事情上, 從心裡說誠實話, 毫無保留, 清楚完整講明真相, 所講的全是實情; 在其他事情也是如此;


(3)以愛心尊重我們的鄰舍; 關愛且樂意維護他們的名譽, 為之歡喜快樂; 為他們的弱點感到難過, 並且遮掩之; 直接承認他們的恩賜與美德, 護衛他們的無辜清白; 樂意接受別人稱讚他們的優點, 不願接受別人對他們的抹黑;


(4)制止傳舌者, 諂媚者, 毀謗者; 愛護珍惜我們自己的名譽; 在需要之時為自己辯護;


(5)守住合法的承諾; 考察遵行一切真實的, 可敬的, 可愛的, 有美名的事。


OPC版

Q. 144. What are the duties required in the ninth commandment?


A. The duties required in the ninth commandment are, the preserving and promoting of truth between man and man, and the good name of our neighbor, as well as our own; appearing and standing for the truth; and from the heart, sincerely, freely, clearly, and fully, speaking the truth, and only the truth, in matters of judgment and justice, and in all other things whatsoever; a charitable esteem of our neighbors; loving, desiring, and rejoicing in their good name; sorrowing for and covering of their infirmities; freely acknowledging of their gifts and graces, defending their innocency; a ready receiving of a good report, and unwillingness to admit of an evil report, concerning them; discouraging talebearers, flatterers, and slanderers; love and care of our own good name, and defending it when need requireth; keeping of lawful promises; studying and practicing of whatsoever things are true, honest, lovely, and of good report.


CCEL版

Question 144: What are the duties required in the ninth commandment?


Answer: The duties required in the ninth commandment are, the preserving and promoting of truth between man and man, and the good name of our neighbor, as well as our own; appearing and standing for the truth; and from the heart, sincerely, freely, clearly, and fully, speaking the truth, and only the truth, in matters of judgment and justice, and in all other things: Whatsoever; a charitable esteem of our neighbors; loving, desiring, and rejoicing in their good name; sorrowing for, and covering of their infirmities; freely acknowledging of their gifts and graces, defending their innocency; a ready receiving of a good report, and unwillingness to admit of an evil report, concerning them; discouraging talebearers, flatterers, and slanderers; love and care of our own good name, and defending it when need requires; keeping of lawful promises; studying and practicing of: Whatsoever things are true, honest, lovely, and of good report.


CRTA版

Q. 144. What are the duties required in the ninth commandment?


A. The duties required in the ninth commandment are, the preserving and promoting of truth between man and man,[840] and the good name of our neighbour, as well as our own;[841] appearing and standing for the truth;[842] and from the heart,[843] sincerely,[844] freely,[845] clearly,[846] and fully,[847] speaking the truth, and only the truth, in matters of judgment and justice,[848] and in all other things whatsoever;[849] a charitable esteem of our neighbours;[850] loving, desiring, and rejoicing in their good name;[851] sorrowing for,[852] and covering of their infirmities;[853] freely acknowledging of their gifts and graces,[854] defending their innocency;[855] a ready receiving of a good report,[856] and unwillingness to admit of an evil report,[857] concerning them; discouraging tale-bearers,[858] flatterers,[859] and slanderers;[860] love and care of our own good name, and defending it when need requireth;[861] keeping of lawful promises;[862] studying and practicing of whatsoever things are true, honest, lovely, and of good report.[863]


证明经文


Proof Scripture Verses

[840] Zechariah 8:16. These are the things that ye shall do; Speak ye every man the truth to his neighbour; execute the judgment of truth and peace in your gates.


[841] 3 John 12. Demetrius hath good report of all men, and of the truth itself: yea, and we also bear record; and ye know that our record is true.


[842] Proverbs 31:8-9. Open thy mouth for the dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction. Open thy mouth, judge righteously, and plead the cause of the poor and needy.


[843] Psalm 15:2. He that walketh uprightly, and worketh righteousness, and speaketh the truth in his heart.


[844] 2 Chronicles 19:9. And he charged them, saying, Thus shall ye do in the fear of the LORD, faithfully, and with a perfect heart.


[845] 1 Samuel 19:4-5. And Jonathan spake good of David unto Saul his father, and said unto him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against David; because he hath not sinned against thee, and because his works have been to thee-ward very good: For he did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and the LORD wrought a great salvation for all Israel: thou sawest it, and didst rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause?


[846] Joshua 7:19. And Joshua said unto Achan, My son, give, I pray thee, glory to the LORD God of Israel, and make confession unto him; and tell me now what thou hast done; hide it not from me.


[847] 2 Samuel 14:18-20. Then the king answered and said unto the woman, Hide not from me, I pray thee, the thing that I shall ask thee. And the woman said, Let my lord the king now speak. And the king said, Is not the hand of Joab with thee in all this? And the woman answered and said, As thy soul liveth, my lord the king, none can turn to the right hand or to the left from ought that my lord the king hath spoken: for thy servant Joab, he bade me, and he put all these words in the mouth of thine handmaid: To fetch about this form of speech hath thy servant Joab done this thing: and my lord is wise, according to the wisdom of an angel of God, to know all things that are in the earth.


[848] Leviticus 19:15. Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, nor honour the person of the mighty: but in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbour.


[849] 2 Corinthians 1:17-18. When I therefore was thus minded, did I use lightness? or the things that I purpose, do I purpose according to the flesh, that with me there should be yea yea, and nay nay? But as God is true, our word toward you was not yea and nay. Ephesians 4:25. Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another.


[850] Hebrews 6:9. But, beloved, we are persuaded better things of you, and things that accompany salvation, though we thus speak. 1 Corinthians 13:7. Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.


[851] Romans 1:8. First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world. 2 John 4. I rejoiced greatly that I found of thy children walking in truth, as we have received a commandment from the Father. 3 John 3-4. For I rejoiced greatly, when the brethren came and testified of the truth that is in thee, even as thou walkest in the truth. I have no greater joy than to hear that my children walk in truth.


[852] 2 Corinthians 2:4. For out of much affliction and anguish of heart I wrote unto you with many tears; not that ye should be grieved, but that ye might know the love which I have more abundantly unto you. 2 Corinthians 12:21. And lest, when I come again, my God will humble me among you, and that I shall bewail many which have sinned already, and have not repented of the uncleanness and fornication and lasciviousness which they have committed.


[853] Proverbs 17:9. He that covereth a transgression seeketh love; but he that repeateth a matter separateth very friends. 1 Peter 4:8. And above all things have fervent charity among yourselves: for charity shall cover the multitude of sins.


[854] 1 Corinthians 1:4-5, 7. I thank my God always on your behalf, for the grace of God which is given you by Jesus Christ; That in every thing ye are enriched by him, in all utterance, and in all knowledge.... So that ye come behind in no gift; waiting for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. 2 Timothy 1:4-5. Greatly desiring to see thee, being mindful of thy tears, that I may be filled with joy; When I call to remembrance the unfeigned faith that is in thee, which dwelt first in thy grandmother Lois, and thy mother Eunice; and I am persuaded that in thee also.


[855] 1 Samuel 22:14. Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who is so faithful among all thy servants as David, which is the king's son in law, and goeth at thy bidding, and is honourable in thine house?


[856] 1 Corinthians 13:6-7. Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth; Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.


[857] Psalm 15:3. He that backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doeth evil to his neighbour, nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbour.


[858] Proverbs 25:23. The north wind driveth away rain: so doth an angry countenance a backbiting tongue.


[859] Proverbs 26:24-25. He that hateth dissembleth with his lips, and layeth up deceit within him; When he speaketh fair, believe him not: for there are seven abominations in his heart.


[860] Psalm 101:5. Whoso privily slandereth his neighbour, him will I cut off: him that hath an high look and a proud heart will not I suffer.


[861] Proverbs 22:1. A good name is rather to be chosen than great riches, and loving favour rather than silver and gold. John 8:49. Jesus answered, I have not a devil; but I honour my Father, and ye do dishonour me.


[862] Psalm 15:4. In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honoureth them that fear the LORD. He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not.


[863] Philippians 4:8. Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things.


目录

威斯敏斯特信条

WCF1 WCF2 WCF3 WCF4 WCF5 WCF6 WCF7 WCF8 WCF9 WCF10
WCF11 WCF12 WCF13 WCF14 WCF15 WCF16 WCF17 WCF18 WCF19 WCF20
WCF21 WCF22 WCF23 WCF24 WCF25 WCF26 WCF27 WCF28 WCF29 WCF30
WCF31 WCF32 WCF33 WCFLU WCFWA
威斯敏斯特信条证明经文1-8章 9-16章威斯敏斯特信条王志勇牧师译
威斯敏斯特信条吕沛渊牧师译