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威斯敏斯特信条第9章

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第九章 论自由意志

中文赵中辉版

  一、神把本性的自由赋予人的意志,这意志既不受强迫趋向善恶,也不受本性绝对的必然所决定的去行善或作恶1。


  二、人在无罪的状态中,有自由与能力行善,并行神所喜悦的事2,但那所有性是可变的,所以他可能从那状态中堕落3。


  三、人由于堕落在有罪的状态中,已经完全丧失一切行任何关乎得救的属灵善事之意志力4;所以他既是一属血气的人,与善完全相反5,又死在罪中6,就不能凭自己的能力去改变自己的心,或预备改变自己的心7。


  四、当神使罪人改心并把他迁移至恩典状态中时,神就把他从罪恶本性的捆绑中解放出来8,并惟独借着他的恩典,使他有行属灵善事的意志与能力9;但因为他尚有残余的败坏,所以他既不完全,也不专一立志向善,他也立志向恶10。


  五、惟独在荣耀状态中,人的意志才能有完全与不可改变的自由,以致向善11。


  1. 太十七12;雅一14;申三十19。

  2. 传七29;创一26。

  3. 创二16-17,三6。

  4. 罗五6,八7;约十五5。

  5. 罗三10、12。

  6. 弗二1、5;西二13。

  7. 约六44、65;弗二2-5;林前二14;多三3-5。

  8. 西一13;约八34、36。

  9. 腓二13;罗六18、22。

  10. 加五17;罗七15、18-19、21、23。

  11. 弗四13;西十二23;约壹三2;犹一24。

中文王志勇版

第九章 论 意志的自由

一.上帝造人,把自由赋予人的意志。这意志既不受强迫,不得不行善作恶,也不会因其本质而必然如此去行(太17:12;雅1:14; 申30:19)。


二.人处于无罪状态时,有自由和能力立志行事,得蒙上帝的悦纳(传7:29;创1:26);但人本是可变的,所以他也可以从那状态中堕落(创2:16-17;3:6)。


三.因堕落在罪中,要行与得救相关的属灵的善事,人在意志上已经完全丧 失了这样的能力(罗5:6;8:7;约15:5); 因此,他既是属乎血气的人,心中完全与善为敌(罗3:10,12),死在罪中(弗2:1,5;西2:13),所以,他无法靠他自己的力量归正,也不能预备自己归正(约6:44,65;林前 2:14;弗2:2-5;多3:3-5)。


四.当上帝使罪人归正,把他迁移到恩典中时,就将他从与生俱来的罪的捆 绑中释放出来(西1:13;约8:34,36); 又惟独借着上帝的恩典,使他能够自由地立志并行属灵的善事(腓:2:13;罗6:18,22);然而,因他身上仍有残余的败坏,所以,他既不完全,也不专一立志行善,还会定志行恶(加5:17;罗 7:15,18,19,21,23)。


五. 惟独在得荣的状态中,上帝使人的意志达于完全、不变的自由。那时,人的意志才能完全向善(弗4:13;来12:23;约壹3:2;犹24)。


中文吕沛渊版 第九章 论自由意志

9.1 上帝賦予人的意志有本性上的自由,選擇由自己,既不受外 力驅使向善或向惡,也沒有命中註定他絕對必然向善或向惡。

9.2 人在無罪的狀態中,有自由與能力立志行善,得上帝喜悅, 但人處於這狀態並非是不可變更的,所以可能從其中墮落。

9.3 人由於墮落在有罪的狀態中,已經完全喪失意志能力,來選 擇任何屬靈的良善,以致得救;所以他既是一個屬血氣的人,全 然敵對真實的良善,又死在罪中,就不能憑自己的能力去改變自 己,也無法預備自己來被改變。

9.4 當上帝使罪人歸正、並把他遷入恩典狀態裡時,祂釋放了 他,脫離了罪性的捆綁,並唯獨藉著上帝的恩典,使他能自由立 志且遵行屬靈上的善事﹔然而因為他還有殘餘的敗壞,所以立志 行善的心既不完全,也不專一;他也可能會立志行惡。

9.5 人的意志惟有在榮耀狀態中,才會成為「完全自由且永不改 變的唯獨向善」。

英文OPC版

CHAPTER 9 OF FREE WILL

1. God hath endued the will of man with that natural liberty, that it is neither forced, nor, by any absolute necessity of nature, determined to good, or evil.

2. Man, in his state of innocency, had freedom, and power to will and to do that which was good and well pleasing to God; but yet, mutably, so that he might fall from it.

3. Man, by his fall into a state of sin, hath wholly lost all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvation: so as, a natural man, being altogether averse from that good, and dead in sin, is not able, by his own strength, to convert himself, or to prepare himself thereunto.

4. When God converts a sinner, and translates him into the state of grace, he freeth him from his natural bondage under sin; and, by his grace alone, enables him freely to will and to do that which is spiritually good; yet so, as that by reason of his remaining corruption, he doth not perfectly, nor only, will that which is good, but doth also will that which is evil.

5. The will of man is made perfectly and immutably free to good alone, in the state of glory only.

英文CRTA版

Chapter IX

Of Free Will

I. God has endued the will of man with that natural liberty, that is neither forced, nor, by any absolute necessity of nature, determined good, or evil.[1]

II. Man, in his state of innocency, had freedom, and power to will and to do that which was good and well pleasing to God;[2] but yet, mutably, so that he might fall from it.[3]

III. Man, by his fall into a state of sin, has wholly lost all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvation:[4] so as, a natural man, being altogether averse from that good,[5] and dead in sin,[6] is not able, by his own strength, to convert himself, or to prepare himself thereunto.[7]

IV. When God converts a sinner, and translates him into the state of grace, He frees him from his natural bondage under sin;[8] and, by His grace alone, enables him freely to will and to do that which is spiritually good;[9] yet so, as that by reason of his remaining corruption, he does not perfectly, or only, will that which is good, but does also will that which is evil.[10]

V. The will of man is made perfectly and immutably free to do good alone in the state of glory only.[11]


第九章 论自由意志 证明经文

第一节

1

太 17:12 只是我告诉你们,以利亚已经来了,人却不认识他,竟任意待他。人子也将要这样受他们的害。”

雅 1:14 但各人被试探,乃是被自己的私欲牵引诱惑的。

申 30:19 我今日呼天唤地向你作见证,我将生死、祸福陈明在你面前,所以你要拣选生命,使你和你的后裔都得存活。

第二节

2

传 7:29 我所找到的,只有一件,就是 神造人原是正直,但他们寻出许多巧计。

创 1:26  神说:“我们要照着我们的形象,按着我们的样式造人,使他们管理海里的鱼、空中的鸟、地上的牲畜和全地,并地上所爬的一切昆虫。”


3

创2:16-17;创3:6 创 2:16 耶和华 神吩咐他说:“园中各样树上的果子,你可以随意吃; 创 2:17 只是分别善恶树上的果子,你不可吃,因为你吃的日子必定死!” 创 3:6 于是女人见那棵树的果子好作食物,也悦人的眼目,且是可喜爱的,能使人有智慧,就摘下果子来吃了;又给她丈夫,她丈夫也吃了。

第三节

4

罗5:6;罗8:7 罗 5:6 因我们还软弱的时候,基督就按所定的日期为罪人死。 罗 8:7 原来体贴肉体的,就是与 神为仇;因为不服 神的律法,也是不能服。

约 15:5 我是葡萄树,你们是枝子。常在我里面的,我也常在他里面,这人就多结果子;因为离了我,你们就不能作什么。


5

罗3:10,12 罗 3:10 就如经上所记:“没有义人,连一个也没有; 罗 3:12 都是偏离正路,一同变为无用;没有行善的,连一个也没有。


6

弗2:1,5弗 2:1 你们死在过犯罪恶之中,他叫你们活过来。 弗 2:5 当我们死在过犯中的时候,便叫我们与基督一同活过来(你们得救是本乎恩)。

西 2:13 你们从前在过犯和未受割礼的肉体中死了, 神赦免了你们(或作“我们”)一切过犯,便叫你们与基督一同活过来;


7

约6:44,65 约 6:44 若不是差我来的父吸引人,就没有能到我这里来的;到我这里来的,在末日我要叫他复活。约 6:65 耶稣又说:“所以我对你们说过,若不是蒙我父的恩赐,没有人能到我这里来。”

林前 2:14 然而,属血气的人不领会 神圣灵的事,反倒以为愚拙,并且不能知道;因为这些事惟有属灵的人才能看透。

弗2:2-5 弗 2:2 那时,你们在其中行事为人,随从今世的风俗,顺服空中掌权者的首领,就是现今在悖逆之子心中运行的邪灵。 弗 2:3 我们从前也都在他们中间,放纵肉体的私欲,随着肉体和心中所喜好的去行,本为可怒之子,和别人一样。 弗 2:4 然而 神既有丰富的怜悯,因他爱我们的大爱, 弗 2:5 当我们死在过犯中的时候,便叫我们与基督一同活过来(你们得救是本乎恩)。

多3:3-5多 3:3 我们从前也是无知、悖逆、受迷惑,服事各样私欲和宴乐,常存恶毒(或作“阴毒”)嫉妒的心,是可恨的,又是彼此相恨。 多 3:4 但到了 神我们救主的恩慈和他向人所施的慈爱显明的时候, 多 3:5 他便救了我们,并不是因我们自己所行的义,乃是照他的怜悯,藉着重生的洗和圣灵的更新。

第四节

8

西 1:13 他救了我们脱离黑暗的权势,把我们迁到他爱子的国里;

约8:34,36 约 8:34 耶稣回答说:“我实实在在地告诉你们,所有犯罪的就是罪的奴仆。约 8:36 所以天父的儿子若叫你们自由,你们就真自由了。


9

腓 2:13 因为你们立志行事,都是 神在你们心里运行,为要成就他的美意。

罗6:18,22 罗 6:18 你们既从罪里得了释放,就作了义的奴仆。罗 6:22 但现今你们既从罪里得了释放,作了 神的奴仆,就有成圣的果子,那结局就是永生。


10

加 5:17 因为情欲和圣灵相争,圣灵和情欲相争,这两个是彼此相敌,使你们不能作所愿意作的。

罗7:15,18,19,21,23 罗 7:15 因为我所作的,我自己不明白;我所愿意的,我并不作;我所恨恶的,我倒去作。罗 7:18 我也知道在我里头,就是我肉体之中,没有良善;因为立志为善由得我,只是行出来由不得我。 罗 7:19 故此,我所愿意的善,我反不作;我所不愿意的恶,我倒去作。罗 7:21 我觉得有个律,就是我愿意为善的时候,便有恶与我同在。 罗 7:23 但我觉得肢体中另有个律和我心中的律交战,把我掳去,叫我附从那肢体中犯罪的律。

第五节

弗 4:13 直等到我们众人在真道上同归于一,认识 神的儿子,得以长大成人,满有基督长成的身量;

来 12:23 有名录在天上诸长子之会所共聚的总会,有审判众人的 神和被成全之义人的灵魂,

约一 3:2 亲爱的弟兄啊,我们现在是 神的儿女,将来如何,还未显明;但我们知道,主若显现,我们必要象他,因为必得见他的真体。

犹 1:24 那能保守你们不失脚,叫你们无瑕无疵、欢欢喜喜站在他荣耀之前的我们的救主独一的 神,

英文

[1] MAT 17:12 But I say unto you, That Elias is come already, and they knew him not, but have done unto him whatsoever they listed. Likewise shall also the Son of man suffer of them. JAM 1:14 But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. DEU 30:19 I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing; therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live.

[2] ECC 7:29 Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions. GEN 1:26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

[3] GEN 2:16 And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: 17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. 3:6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.

[4] ROM 5:6 For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. 8:7 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. JOH 15:5 I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing.

[5] ROM 3:10 As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one. 12 They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.

[6] EPH 2:1 And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins. 5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved). COL 2:13 And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses.

[7] JOH 6:44 No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day. 65 And he said, Therefore said I unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him of my Father. EPH 2:2 Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: 3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. 4 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, 5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;). 1CO 2:14 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned. TIT 3:3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another. 4 But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, 5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.

[8] COL 1:13 Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son. JOH 8:34 Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin. 36 If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed.

[9] PHI 2:13 For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure. ROM 6:18 Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness. 22 But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life.

[10] GAL 5:17 For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would. ROM 7:15 For that which I do I allow not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I. 18 For I know that in me(that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not. 19 For the good that I would I do not: but the evil which I would not, that I do. 21 I find then a law, that, when I would do good, evil is present with me. 23 But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.

[11] EPH 4:13 Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ. HEB 12:23 To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect. 1JO 3:2 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is. JUD 24 Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy.

目录

威斯敏斯特信条

WCF1 WCF2 WCF3 WCF4 WCF5 WCF6 WCF7 WCF8 WCF9 WCF10
WCF11 WCF12 WCF13 WCF14 WCF15 WCF16 WCF17 WCF18 WCF19 WCF20
WCF21 WCF22 WCF23 WCF24 WCF25 WCF26 WCF27 WCF28 WCF29 WCF30
WCF31 WCF32 WCF33 WCFLU WCFWA
威斯敏斯特信条证明经文1-8章 9-16章威斯敏斯特信条王志勇牧师译
威斯敏斯特信条吕沛渊牧师译