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威斯敏斯特信条第22章

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第二十二章 论合法的宣誓和许愿

中文赵中辉版

  一、合法的宣誓乃是宗教礼拜的一部份1,在正当场合的时候,宣誓者严肃地呼求神为他所宣述、所应许的作见证;并按照他所宣誓的真伪来施行判断2。


  二、人只当用神的名来宣誓,并当存完全圣洁与敬畏的心来使用3。因此,人若用那荣耀可敬畏的名虚伪地或轻率地宣誓,或用别的名宣誓,都是有罪的、可憎恶的4。然而,在旧新约圣经中,有关重大事件的宣誓是为神的话语所认可的5;有关此类事件若有合法权威的命令,需要宣誓,就当遵行6。


  三、凡宣誓者要正当考虑此严肃行为的重大性,而且只当宣述内心所十分确信为真实的事7。除了那善良而正当的事,而且自己相信为善良而正当的事,又能而且决心去行的事以外,人不当以宣誓来约束自己8。然而关于善良而正当的事,若拒绝合法的权威所命令的宣誓,乃是罪9。


  四、宣誓当用浅显易明的通常话语,不可用双关字句或心里保留10(在心中另外保留某种意思与所言者相违)。宣誓并不负有犯罪的义务,但在不使人犯罪的事上,纵使令宣誓者受亏损,也必得履行11;就是对异端者或不信派宣了誓,也不可废弃12。


  五、许愿与带应许的宣誓在性质上是相同的,当用类似的宗教敬虔的态度来许愿,而且要以同样的诚实来履行13。


  六、除了对神以外,人不可对任何受造之物许愿14。为了许愿被接纳,就当从信仰与义务的良心发出,对所蒙受的怜悯心存感谢,或为求的已经得着而感谢;借此自己必须尽的本份,或对其他的事,在适当的范围与期间内,应更加严格地约束自己15。


  七、人不可宣誓去行圣经所禁止的事,或妨碍圣经所吩咐的本份,或自己的能力所不能行的,或神未应许给能力而去实行的事16。从这几点看来,罗马天主教修道者誓愿一辈子过独身生活,自愿贫困,或修道者的服从,都离高度的完全相去甚远,以致成为迷信与犯罪的陷阱,基督徒绝不可自陷其中17。


  1. 申十20。

  2. 出二十7;利十九12;林后一23;代下六22-23。

  3. 申六13。

  4. 出二十7;耶五7;太五34、37;雅五12。

  5. 来六16;林后一23;赛六十五16。

  6. 王上八31;尼十三25;斯十5。

  7. 出二十7;耶四2。

  8. 创廿四2-3、5-6、8-9。

  9. 民五19、21;尼五12;出廿二7-11。

  10. 耶四2;诗廿四4。

  11. 撒上廿五22、32-34;诗十五4。

  12. 结十七16、18-19;书九18-19;撒下廿一1。

  13. 赛十九21;传五4-6;诗六十一8,六十六13-14。

  14. 诗七十六11;耶四十四25-26。

  15. 申廿三21-23;诗五十14,六十六13-14,一三二2-5;创廿八20-22;撒上一11。

  16. 徒廿三12、14;可六26;民三十5、8、12-13。

  17. 太十九11-12;林前七2、9、23;弗四28;彼前四2。

中文王志勇版

第二十二章 论合乎律法的宣誓和许愿

一.合乎律法的 宣誓是崇拜的一部分(申10:20),即在必要的时 候,宣誓者严肃地呼吁上帝,为他所讲述或承诺的事作见证,并按照他宣誓的真伪对他施行审判(出20:7;利19:12;林后1:23;代下6:22-23)。


二.惟有上帝的名才是人应当用来宣誓的,应用时当存完全圣洁的敬畏之心(申6:13);所以,人若用那荣耀和可畏的名虚空地或轻率地宣誓,或用别的名宣誓,都是有罪的,可憎恶的(出20:7;耶5:7;太 5:34,37;雅5:12)。然而,不论是在旧约圣经还 是在新约圣经中,在严肃的场合和重要的事件上,宣誓都是上帝的圣言所认可的(来6:16;林后1:23;赛65:16);这样,在这类事件上,合乎圣经的权威所规定的合乎圣经的宣誓也应当予以遵行(王上8:31;尼 13:25;拉10:5)。


三.凡宣誓者,都要正当地考虑此严肃行为的庄重性,并且只宣述他完全相 信真实无疑的事(出20:7;耶4:2)。任何人 不应起誓把自己束缚于任何事上,除非那事是善良和公义的,是他如此相信的,并且是他能够而且决心实行的(创24:2,3,5,6,8,9)。然而在关于善良和公义的事上,若拒绝合乎圣经之权威所命令的宣誓,那便是罪(民5:19,21;尼 5:12;出22:7-11)。


四.宣誓应照简明普通的字义,不可用模棱两可的双关语,或内心有所保留 意思的字句(耶4:2;诗24:4)。宣誓不 能迫人犯罪;但在非属犯罪之事上所作的宣誓,虽有损于己 ,也得遵守实践(撒上25:22,32-34;诗15:4);纵使向异端者或不信者所作的宣誓,也不可背弃(结17:16,18-19;书 9:18-19;撒下21:1)。


五.许愿与带承诺的宣誓性质相同,当用同样的敬虔之心许愿,并用同样的 真诚去遵守(赛19:21;传5:4-6;诗61:8;66:13-14)。


六.人不可向任何受造者许愿,只可向上帝许愿(诗76:11;耶 44:25-26)。若要所许的愿蒙悦纳,就当甘心乐意, 出于信心,并明白所包含的本份,为求对已经领受的慈爱表示感谢,或为求获得我们所要的而许愿;由此,我们对须尽的本分,或对与这些本分有关的事,应当更加 严格地约束自己(申23:21-23;诗50:14;创28:20-22;撒上1:11;诗66:13,14;132:2-5)。


七. 人不可许愿去行圣经所禁戒的,或阻止圣经所命令的本分,或行他力量所不及的,以及那未从上帝应许得着能力去实行的(徒23:12,14;可 6:26;民30:5,8,12,13)。这样看来,罗马 天主教修道者终生独身,自甘贫穷,和服从教规的许愿,决非更高的完全程度,而是迷信和犯罪的罗网,凡是基督徒,不可自陷于其中(太19:11,12;林前 7:2,9;弗4:28;彼前4:2;林前7:23)。


中文吕沛渊版

22.1 合法的宣誓乃是敬虔崇拜生活的一部分。在正当场合的时 候,宣誓者严肃地呼求上帝,为他所宣述或承诺的作见证;并按 照他所起誓的真伪来施行判断。


22.2 人只当用上帝的名来 宣誓,并当存 全 然圣洁与敬畏的心来使 用。因此,人若用那荣耀可敬畏的名 来 虚 妄地或轻率地起誓,或 用别的名起誓,都是有罪的、可憎恶的。然而,在旧约与新约圣 经中,有关重大事件的 宣誓是为上帝的话语所认可的;因此, 有 关此类事件若有合法权威的规定,需要合法的宣誓,就当遵行。


22.3 凡 宣 誓的人,都要正当考虑 如 此 庄严行 动的重大意义,而且 只当承认他自己十分确信为真实的事。除了那善良正当的事 、 自 己相信为善良正当的事、自己 能 够且决心去行的事以外,人不当 以起誓来约束自己 。


22.4 宣誓当用明白易懂 且 通常的话语,不可用模棱两可的双关 语,心里也不可有所保留而心口不一 。所起的誓若是叫人犯罪 , 则是没有约束力的;但在不使人犯罪的事上,一旦起誓,即使起 誓者会因此受亏损,也必须履行;就是对异端者或不信者起了誓, 也不可废弃。


22.5 许愿与带应许的 宣 誓在本质上相似 ,应当以同样的敬虔 心 态 来许愿,而且要以同样的 信实来履行。


22.6 不可对任何受造之物许愿,只可以对上帝许愿。许愿若要蒙 悦纳,就必须是心甘情愿,根据信心与确认的责任,因所蒙的怜 悯感谢或为我们所需要的祈求。借着许愿更严格约束自己,履行 应尽的本分;至于其他与履行这本分相关的事,也都各按其分的 照着去行。


22.7 人不可起誓去行圣经所禁止的事,或行任何会妨碍圣经所吩 咐的责任之事;也不可行超过自己能力的事,或行上帝未应许、 也未赐能力去行的事。从这几点看来,罗马天主教修道 誓 愿: 终 生独身、宣告贫困、服从戒律 ,绝非追求渐臻完全的步骤 ,其实 乃是迷信与罪恶的网罗,基督徒绝不可自陷其中。

英文OPC版

CHAPTER 22 OF LAWFUL OATHS AND VOWS

1. A lawful oath is a part of religious worship, wherein, upon just occasion, the person swearing solemnly calleth God to witness what he asserteth, or promiseth, and to judge him according to the truth or falsehood of what he sweareth.

2. The name of God only is that by which men ought to swear, and therein it is to be used with all holy fear and reverence. Therefore, to swear vainly, or rashly, by that glorious and dreadful Name; or, to swear at all by any other thing, is sinful, and to be abhorred. Yet, as in matters of weight and moment, an oath is warranted by the Word of God, under the new testament as well as under the old; so a lawful oath, being imposed by lawful authority, in such matters, ought to be taken.

3. Whosoever taketh an oath ought duly to consider the weightiness of so solemn an act, and therein to avouch nothing but what he is fully persuaded is the truth: neither may any man bind himself by oath to anything but what is good and just, and what he believeth so to be, and what he is able and resolved to perform.

4. An oath is to be taken in the plain and common sense of the words, without equivocation, or mental reservation. It cannot oblige to sin; but in anything not sinful, being taken, it binds to performance, although to a man's own hurt. Nor is it to be violated, although made to heretics, or infidels.

5. A vow is of the like nature with a promissory oath, and ought to be made with the like religious care, and to be performed with the like faithfulness.

6. It is not to be made to any creature, but to God alone: and, that it may be accepted, it is to be made voluntarily, out of faith, and conscience of duty, in way of thankfulness for mercy received, or for the obtaining of what we want, whereby we more strictly bind ourselves to necessary duties; or, to other things, so far and so long as they may fitly conduce thereunto.

7. No man may vow to do anything forbidden in the Word of God, or what would hinder any duty therein commanded, or which is not in his own power, and for the performance whereof he hath no promise of ability from God. In which respects, popish monastical vows of perpetual single life, professed poverty, and regular obedience, are so far from being degrees of higher perfection, that they are superstitious and sinful snares, in which no Christian may entangle himself.

英文CRTA版

Chapter XXII

Of Lawful Oaths and Vows

I. A lawful oath is part of religious worship,[1] wherein, upon just occasion, the person swearing solemnly calls God to witness what he asserts, or promises, and to judge him according to the truth or falsehood of what he swears.[2]

II. The name of God only is that by which men ought to swear, and therein it is to be used with all holy fear and reverence.[3] Therefore, to swear vainly, or rashly, by that glorious and dreadful Name; or, to swear at all by any other thing, is sinful, and to be abhorred.[4] Yet, as in matters of weight and moment, an oath is warranted by the Word of God, under the New Testament as well as under the old;[5] so a lawful oath, being imposed by lawful authority, in such matters, ought to be taken.[6]

III. Whosoever takes an oath ought duly to consider the weightiness of so solemn an act, and therein to avouch nothing but what he is fully persuaded is the truth:[7] neither may any man bind himself by oath to any thing but what is good and just, and what he believes so to be, and what he is able and resolved to perform.[8] Yet it is a sin to refuse an oath touching any thing that is good and just, being imposed by lawful authority.[9]

IV. An oath is to be taken in the plain and common sense of the words, without equivocation, or mental reservation.[10] It cannot oblige to sin; but in any thing not sinful, being taken, it binds to performance, although to a man's own hurt.[11] Not is it to be violated, although made to heretics, or infidels.[12]

V. A vow is of the like nature with a promissory oath, and ought to be made with the like religious care, and to be performed with the like faithfulness.[13]

VI. It is not to be made to any creature, but to God alone:[14] and that it may be accepted, it is to be made voluntarily, out of faith, and conscience of duty, in way of thankfulness for mercy received, or for the obtaining of what we want, whereby we more strictly bind ourselves to necessary duties: or, to other things, so far and so long as they may fitly conduce thereunto.[15]

VII. No man may vow to do any thing forbidden in the Word of God, or what would hinder any duty therein commanded, or which is not in his own power, and for the performance whereof he has no promise of ability from God.[16] In which respects, popish monastical vows of perpetual single life, professed poverty, and regular obedience, are so far from being degrees of higher perfection, that they are superstitious and sinful snares, in which no Christian may entangle himself.[17]

证明经文

1 申十20 我又像从前在山上住了四十昼夜。那次耶和华也应允我,不忍将你灭绝。

2 出廿7不可妄称耶和华你 神的名;因为妄称耶和华名的,耶和华必不以他为无罪。利十九12不可指著我的名起假誓,亵渎你 神的名。我是耶和华。林后一23我呼吁 神给我的心作见证,我没有往哥林多去是为要宽容你们。代下六22人若得罪邻舍,有人叫他起誓,他来到这殿,在你的坛前起誓,23求你从天上垂听,判断你的仆人,定恶人有罪,照他所行的报应在他头上;定义人有理,照他的义赏赐他。

3 申六13你要敬畏耶和华你的神,事奉他,指著他的名起誓。

4 出廿7不可妄称耶和华你神的名;因为妄称耶和华名的,耶和华必不以他为无罪。耶五7“我怎能赦免你呢?你的儿女离弃我,又指著那不是神的起誓。我使他们饱足,他们就行奸淫,成群地聚集在娼妓家里。太五34只是我告诉你们:甚么誓都不可起。不可指著天起誓,因为天是 神的座位;、37你们的话,是,就说是;不是,就说不是;若再多说,就是出于那恶者(注:或作“是从恶里出来的”) 雅五12 我的弟兄们,最要紧的是不可起誓。不可指著天起誓,也不可指著地起誓,无论何誓都不可起。你们说话,是就说是,不是就说不是,免得你们落在审判之下。

5 来六16人都是指著比自己大的起誓,并且以起誓为实据,了结各样的争论。 林后一23我呼吁 神给我的心作见证,我没有往哥林多去是为要宽容你们。赛六十五16 这样,在地上为自己求福的,必凭真实的 神求福;在地上起誓的,必指真实的 神起誓;因为从前的患难已经忘记,也从我眼前隐藏了。

6 王上八31人若得罪邻舍,有人叫他起誓,他来到这殿在你的坛前起誓;尼十三25我就斥责他们,咒诅他们,打了他们几个人,拔下他们的头发,叫他们指著 神起誓,必不将自己的女儿嫁给外邦人的儿子,也不为自己和儿子娶他们的女儿。斯十5

7 出廿7不可妄称耶和华你 神的名;因为妄称耶和华名的,耶和华必不以他为无罪。耶四2 你必凭诚实、公平、公义,指著永生的耶和华起誓;列国必因耶和华称自己为有福,也必因他夸耀。”

8 创廿四2亚伯拉罕对管理他全业最老的仆人说:“请你把手放在我大腿底下。 3我要叫你指著耶和华天地的主起誓,不要为我儿子娶这迦南地中的女子为妻。5仆人对他说:“倘若女子不肯跟我到这地方来,我必须将你的儿子带回你原出之地吗?” 6亚伯拉罕对他说:“你要谨慎,不要带我的儿子回那里去。8倘若女子不肯跟你来,我使你起的誓就与你无干了,只是不可带我的儿子回那里去。” 9仆人就把手放在他主人亚伯拉罕的大腿底下,为这事向他起誓。

9 民五19要叫妇人起誓,对她说:若没有人与你行淫,也未曾背著丈夫做污秽的事,你就免受这致咒诅苦水的灾。21(祭司叫妇人发咒起誓)愿耶和华叫你大腿消瘦,肚腹发胀,使你在你民中被人咒诅,成了誓语。尼五12众人说:“我们必归还,不再向他们索要,必照你的话行。”我就召了祭司来,叫众人起誓,必照著所应许的而行。出廿二7人若将银钱或家具交付邻舍看守,这物从那人的家被偷去,若把贼找到了,贼要加倍赔还; 8若找不到贼,那家主必就近审判官,要看看他拿了原主的物件没有。 9两个人的案件,无论是为甚么过犯,或是为牛,为驴,为羊,为衣裳,或是为甚么失掉之物,有一人说:‘这是我的’,两造就要将案件禀告审判官,审判官定谁有罪,谁就要加倍赔还。 10人若将驴,或牛,或羊,或别的牲畜,交付邻舍看守,牲畜或死,或受伤,或被赶去,无人看见, 11那看守的人,要凭著耶和华起誓。手里未曾拿邻舍的物,本主就要罢休,看守的人不必赔还。

10 耶四2你必凭诚实、公平、公义,指著永生的耶和华起誓;列国必因耶和华称自己为有福,也必因他夸耀。” 诗廿四4 就是手洁心清、不向虚妄、起誓不怀诡诈的人。

11 撒上廿五22凡属拿八的男丁,我若留一个到明日早晨,愿 神重重降罚与我!”32大卫对亚比该说:“耶和华以色列的 神是应当称颂的!因为他今日使你来迎接我。 33你和你的见识也当称赞,因为你今日拦阻我亲手报仇、流人的血。 34我指著阻止我加害于你的耶和华以色列永生的 神起誓,你若不速速地来迎接我,到明日早晨,凡属拿八的男丁必定不留一个。” 诗十五4他眼中藐视匪类,却尊重那敬畏耶和华的人。他发了誓,虽然自己吃亏,也不更改。

12 结十七16他轻看向王所起的誓,背弃王与他所立的约。主耶和华说,我指著我的永生起誓,他定要死在立他作王巴比伦王的京都。18他轻看誓言,背弃盟约,已经投降,却又做这一切的事,他必不能逃脱。 19所以主耶和华如此说:我指著我的永生起誓,他既轻看指我所起的誓,背弃指我所立的约,我必要使这罪归在他头上。书九18因为会众的首领已经指著耶和华以色列的 神向他们起誓,所以以色列人不击杀他们。全会众就向首领发怨言。 19众首领对全会众说:“我们已经指著耶和华以色列的 神向他们起誓,现在我们不能害他们。撒下廿一1

13 赛十九21耶和华必被埃及人所认识,在那日,埃及人必认识耶和华,也要献祭物和供物敬拜他,并向耶和华许愿还愿。传五4你向 神许愿,偿还不可迟延,因他不喜悦愚昧人,所以你许的愿应当偿还。 5你许愿不还,不如不许。 6不可任你的口使肉体犯罪,也不可在祭司(注:原文作“使者”)面前说是错许了。为何使 神因你的声音发怒,败坏你手所做的呢?诗六十一8这样,我要歌颂你的名,直到永远,好天天还我所许的愿。〔大卫的诗,照耶杜顿的作法,交与伶长。〕,六十六13我要用燔祭进你的殿,向你还我的愿── 14 就是在急难时,我嘴唇所发的、口中所许的。

14 诗七十六11你们许愿,当向耶和华你们的 神还愿。在他四面的人,都当拿贡物献给那可畏的主。;耶四十四25万军之耶和华以色列的 神如此说:你们和你们的妻都口中说、手里做,说:‘我们定要偿还所许的愿,向天后烧香、浇奠祭。’现在你们只管坚定所许的愿而偿还吧! -26所以你们住在埃及地的一切犹大人,当听耶和华的话。耶和华说:‘我指著我的大名起誓,在埃及全地,我的名不再被犹大一个人的口称呼说:我指著主永生的耶和华起誓。

15 申廿三21你向耶和华你的 神许愿,偿还不可迟延,因为耶和华你的 神必定向你追讨,你不偿还就有罪。 22你若不许愿,倒无罪。 -23你嘴里所出的,就是你口中应许甘心所献的,要照你向耶和华你 神所许的愿谨守遵行。;诗五十14你们要以感谢为祭献与 神,又要向至高者还你的愿,,六十六13我要用燔祭进你的殿,向你还我的愿── -14就是在急难时,我嘴唇所发的、口中所许的。,一三二2-他怎样向耶和华起誓,向雅各的大能者许愿, 3说:“我必不进我的帐幕,也不上我的床榻; 4我不容我的眼睛睡觉,也不容我的眼目打盹; 5直等我为耶和华寻得所在,为雅各的大能者寻得居所。”创廿八20雅各许愿说:“ 神若与我同在,在我所行的路上保佑我,又给我食物吃、衣服穿, 21使我平平安安地回到我父亲的家,我就必以耶和华为我的 神, -22我所立为柱子的石头也必作 神的殿,凡你所赐给我的,我必将十分之一献给你。”;撒上一11 许愿说:“万军之耶和华啊,你若垂顾婢女的苦情,眷念不忘婢女,赐我一个儿子,我必使他终身归与耶和华,不用剃头刀剃他的头。”

16 徒廿三12、到了天亮,犹太人同谋起誓说:“若不先杀保罗,就不吃不喝!” 14他们来见祭司长和长老,说:“我们已经起了一个大誓,若不先杀保罗,就不吃甚么。;可六26王就甚忧愁,但因他所起的誓,又因同席的人,就不肯推辞,;民卅5但她父亲听见的日子,若不应承,她所许的愿和约束自己的话,就都不得为定。耶和华也必赦免她,因为她父亲不应承。、8但她丈夫听见的日子,若不应承,就算废了她所许的愿和她出口约束自己的冒失话,耶和华也必赦免她。、12丈夫听见的日子,若把这两样全废了,妇人口中所许的愿或是约束自己的话,就都不得为定,因她丈夫已经把这两样废了;耶和华也必赦免她。 -13凡她所许的愿和刻苦约束自己所起的誓,她丈夫可以坚定,也可以废去。

17 太十九11-耶稣说:“这话不是人都能领受的,惟独赐给谁,谁才能领受。 12因为有生来是阉人,也有被人阉的,并有为天国的缘故自阉的。这话谁能领受,就可以领受。”;林前七2但要免淫乱的事,男子当各有自己的妻子,女子也当各有自己的丈夫。、9倘若自己禁止不住,就可以嫁娶。与其欲火攻心,倒不如嫁娶为妙。、23你们是重价买来的,不要作人的奴仆。;弗四28从前偷窃的,不要再偷;总要劳力,亲手做正经事,就可有余,分给那缺少的人。;彼前四2你们存这样的心,从今以后,就可以不从人的情欲,只从 神的旨意在世度余下的光阴。


[1] DEU 10:20 Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his name.

[2] EXO 20:7 Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. LEV 19:12 And ye shall not swear by my name falsely, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I am the Lord. 2CO 1:23 Moreover I call God for a record upon my soul, that to spare you I came not as yet unto Corinth. 2CH 6:22 If a man sin against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to make him swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house; 23 Then hear thou from heaven, and do, and judge thy servants, by requiting the wicked, by recompensing his way upon his own head; and by justifying the righteous, by giving him according to his righteousness.

[3] DEU 6:13 Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear by his name.

[4] EXO 20:7 Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. JER 5:7 How shall I pardon thee for this? thy children have forsaken me, and sworn by them that are no gods: when I had fed them to the full, they then committed adultery, and assembled themselves by troops in the harlots' houses. MAT 5:34 But I say unto you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God's throne. 37 But let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil. JAM 5:12 But above all things, my brethren, swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath: but let your yea be yea; and your nay, nay; lest ye fall into condemnation.

[5] HEB 6:16 For men verily swear by the greater: and an oath for confirmation is to them an end of all strife. 2CO 1:23 Moreover I call God for a record upon my soul, that to spare you I came not as yet unto Corinth. ISA 65:16 That he who blesseth himself in the earth shall bless himself in the God of truth; and he that sweareth in the earth shall swear by the God of truth; because the former troubles are forgotten, and because they are hid from mine eyes.

[6] 1KI 8:31 If any man trespass against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to cause him to swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house. NEH 13:25 And I contended with them, and cursed them, and smote certain of them, and plucked off their hair, and made them swear by God, saying, Ye shall not give your daughters unto their sons, nor take their daughters unto your sons, or for yourselves. EZR 10:5 Then arose Ezra, and made the chief priests, the Levites, and all Israel, to swear that they should do according to this word. And they sware.

[7] EXO 20:7 Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. JER 4:2 And thou shalt swear, The Lord liveth, in truth, in judgment, and in righteousness; and the nations shall bless themselves in him, and in him shall they glory.

[8] GEN 24:2 And Abraham said unto his eldest servant of his house, that ruled over all that he had, Put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh: 3 And I will make thee swear by the Lord, the God of heaven, and the God of the earth, that thou shalt not take a wife unto my son of the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I dwell. 5 And the servant said unto him, Peradventure the woman will not be willing to follow me unto this land: must I needs bring thy son again unto the land from whence thou camest? 6 And Abraham said unto him, Beware thou that thou bring not my son thither again. 8 And if the woman will not be willing to follow thee, then thou shalt be clear from this my oath: only bring not my son thither again. 9 And the servant put his hand under the thigh of Abraham his master, and sware to him concerning that matter.

[9] NUM 5:19 And the priest shall charge her by an oath, and say unto the woman, If no man have lain with thee, and if thou hast not gone aside to uncleanness with another instead of thy husband, be thou free from this bitter water that causeth the curse. 21 Then the priest shall charge the woman with an oath of cursing, and the priest shall say unto the woman, The Lord make thee a curse and an oath among thy people, when the Lord doth make thy thigh to rot, and thy belly to swell. NEH 5:12 Then said they, We will restore them, and will require nothing of them; so will we do as thou sayest. Then I called the priests, and took an oath of them, that they should do according to this promise. EXO 22:7 If a man shall deliver unto his neighbour money or stuff to keep, and it be stolen out of the man's house; if the thief be found, let him pay double. 8 If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges, to see whether he have put his hand unto his neighbour's goods. 9 For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing, which another challengeth to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbour. 10 If a man deliver unto his neighbour an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any beast, to keep; and it die, or be hurt, or driven away, no man seeing it: 11 Then shall an oath of the Lord be between them both, that he hath not put his hand unto his neighbour's goods; and the owner of it shall accept thereof, and he shall not make it good.

[10] JER 4:2 And thou shalt swear, The Lord liveth, in truth, in judgment, and in righteousness; and the nations shall bless themselves in him, and in him shall they glory. PSA 24:4 He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully.

[11] 1SA 25:22 So and more also do God unto the enemies of David, if I leave of all that pertain to him by the morning light any that pisseth against the wall. 32 And David said to Abigail, Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, which sent thee this day to meet me: 33 And blessed be thy advice, and blessed be thou, which hast kept me this day from coming to shed blood, and from avenging myself with mine own hand. 34 For in very deed, as the Lord God of Israel liveth, which hath kept me back from hurting thee, except thou hadst hasted and come to meet me, surely there had not been left unto Nabal by the morning light any that pisseth against the wall. PSA 15:4 In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honoureth them that fear the Lord. He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not.

[12] EZE 17:16 As I live, saith the Lord God, surely in the place where the king dwelleth that made him king, whose oath he despised, and whose covenant he brake, even with him in the midst of Babylon he shall die. 18 Seeing he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, when, lo, he had given his hand, and hath done all these things, he shall not escape. 19 Therefore thus saith the Lord God; As I live, surely mine oath that he hath despised, and my covenant that he hath broken, even it will I recompense upon his own head. JOS 9:18 And the children of Israel smote them not, because the princes of the congregation had sworn unto them by the Lord God of Israel. And all the congregation murmured against the princes. 19 But all the princes said unto all the congregation, We have sworn unto them by the Lord God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them. 2SA 21:1 Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after year; and David inquired of the Lord. And the Lord answered, It is for Saul, and for his bloody house, because he slew the Gibeonites.

[13] ISA 19:21 And the Lord shall be known to Egypt, and the Egyptians shall know the Lord in that day, and shall do sacrifice and oblation; yea, they shall vow a vow unto the Lord, and perform it. ECC 5:4 When thou vowest a vow unto God, defer not to pay it; for he hath no pleasure in fools: pay that which thou hast vowed. 5 Better is it that thou shouldest not vow, than that thou shouldest vow and not pay. 6 Suffer not thy mouth to cause thy flesh to sin; neither say thou before the angel, that it was an error: wherefore should God be angry at thy voice, and destroy the work of thine hands? PSA 61:8 So will I sing praise unto thy name for ever, that I may daily perform my vows. 66:13 I will go into thy house with burnt offerings: I will pay thee my vows, 14 Which my lips have uttered, and my mouth hath spoken, when I was in trouble.

[14] PSA 76:11 Vow, and pay unto the Lord your God: let all that be round about him bring presents unto him that ought to be feared. JER 44:25 Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, saying; Ye and your wives have both spoken with your mouths, and fulfilled with your hand, saying, We will surely perform our vows that we have vowed, to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her: ye will surely accomplish your vows, and surely perform your vows. 26 Therefore hear ye the word of the Lord, all Judah that dwell in the land of Egypt; Behold, I have sworn by my great name, saith the Lord, that my name shall no more be named in the mouth of any man of Judah in all the land of Egypt, saying, The Lord God liveth.

[15] DEU 23:21 When thou shalt vow a vow unto the Lord thy God, thou shalt not slack to pay it: for the Lord thy God will surely require it of thee; and it would be sin in thee. 22 But if thou shalt forbear to vow, it shall be no sin in thee. 23 That which is gone out of thy lips thou shalt keep and perform; even a freewill offering, according as thou hast vowed unto the Lord thy God, which thou hast promised with thy mouth. PSA 50:14 Offer unto God thanksgiving; and pay thy vows unto the most High. GEN 28:20 And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on, 21 So that I come again to my father's house in peace; then shall the Lord be my God: 22 And this stone, which I have set for a pillar, shall be God's house: and of all that thou shalt give me I will surely give the tenth unto thee. 1SA 1:11 And she vowed a vow, and said, O Lord of hosts, if thou wilt indeed look on the affliction of thine handmaid, and remember me, and not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid a man child, then I will give him unto the Lord all the days of his life, and there shall no rasor come upon his head. PSA 66:13 I will go into thy house with burnt offerings: I will pay thee my vows, 14 Which my lips have uttered, and my mouth hath spoken, when I was in trouble. 132:2 How he sware unto the Lord, and vowed unto the mighty God of Jacob; 3 Surely I will not come into the tabernacle of my house, nor go up into my bed; 4 I will not give sleep to mine eyes, or slumber to mine eyelids, 5 Until I find out a place for the Lord, an habitation for the mighty God of Jacob.

[16] ACT 23:12 And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound themselves under a curse, saying that they would neither eat nor drink till they had killed Paul. 14 And they came to the chief priests and elders, and said, We have bound ourselves under a great curse, that we will eat nothing until we have slain Paul. MAR 6:26 And the king was exceeding sorry; yet for his oath's sake, and for their sakes which sat with him, he would not reject her. NUM 30:5 But if her father disallow her in the day that he heareth; not any of her vows, or of her bonds wherewith she hath bound her soul, shall stand: and the Lord shall forgive her, because her father disallowed her. 8 But if her husband disallowed her on the day that he heard it; then he shall make her vow which she vowed, and that which she uttered with her lips, wherewith she bound her soul, of none effect: and the Lord shall forgive her. 12 But if her husband hath utterly made them void on the day he heard them; then whatsoever proceeded out of her lips concerning her vows, or concerning the bond of her soul, shall not stand: her husband hath made them void; and the Lord shall forgive her. 13 Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.

[17] MAT 19:11 But he said unto them, All men cannot receive this saying, save they to whom it is given. 12 For there are some eunuchs, which were so born from their mother's womb: and there are some eunuchs, which were made eunuchs of men: and there be eunuchs, which have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven's sake. He that is able to receive it, let him receive it. 1CO 7:2 Nevertheless, to avoid fornication, let every man have his own wife, and let every woman have her own husband. 9 But if they cannot contain, let them marry: for it is better to marry than to burn. EPH 4:28 Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labour, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth. 1PE 4:2 That he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God. 1CO 7:23 Ye are bought with a price; be not ye the servants of men.


目录

威斯敏斯特信条

WCF1 WCF2 WCF3 WCF4 WCF5 WCF6 WCF7 WCF8 WCF9 WCF10
WCF11 WCF12 WCF13 WCF14 WCF15 WCF16 WCF17 WCF18 WCF19 WCF20
WCF21 WCF22 WCF23 WCF24 WCF25 WCF26 WCF27 WCF28 WCF29 WCF30
WCF31 WCF32 WCF33 WCFLU WCFWA
威斯敏斯特信条证明经文1-8章 9-16章威斯敏斯特信条王志勇牧师译
威斯敏斯特信条吕沛渊牧师译