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威斯敏斯特信条第3章

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第三章 论神永远的定旨

中文赵中辉版

  一、神从永远,本他自己旨意的至智至圣的计划,自由、不变地决定一切将要成的事1。但根据此点,神绝非罪恶之源2,亦不侵犯被造者的意志,而且也并未废弃第二原因的自由性或偶然性,反而被确立3。


  二、虽然神知道在一切假定的条件下可能发生的事4;可是他预定任何事,并非因预知未来的事,或预见在某种条件下要成的事5。


  三、按照神的定旨(圣定),为了彰显神的荣耀,有些人和天使6被选定得永生,并其余者被预定受永死7。


  四、神如此选定和预定的这些天使和人,都是经过个别地又不可变地计划;而且他们的数目是如此确定,既不可增,又不可减8。


  五、在人类中蒙神选定得生命的人,是神从创立世界以前,按照他永远与不变的目的,和自己意志的隐秘计划和美意,已经在基督里拣选了(他们)得到永远的荣耀9。此选定只是出于神自由的恩宠与慈爱,并非由于神预见他们的信心、善行,或在信心与善行中的耐久性,或以被造者中其他任何事,作为神选定的条件或动因10,总之这都是要使他荣耀的恩典得著称赞11。


  六、神既指定蒙选召者得荣耀,所以他便借着他自己意志的永远与最自由的宗旨,预定了达此目的的一切手段12。蒙选召者,虽在亚当里堕落了,却被基督所救赎13;到了适当的时候,由于圣灵的工作,选召他们对基督发生有效的信心;被称为义,得儿子的名份,成圣14,借着信,得蒙他能力的保守,以致得救15。除了蒙神选召的人以外,无人被基督救赎,蒙有效恩召,称义,得儿子的名份,成圣与得救16。


  七、至于其余的人类,神乃是按照他自己意志不可测的计划,随心所欲施与或保留慈爱,为了他在受造者身上彰显主权能力的荣耀之故,他就乐意放弃他们,并指定他们为自己的罪受羞辱、遭忿怒,使他荣耀的公义得著称赞17。


  八、此预定的教义至为深奥,所以当特别慎重并留心处理18,好叫凡听从神在其圣言中所启示之旨意的人,可以从他们有效蒙召的确实性上,确信自己永远蒙拣选19。如此,这教义对那些凡以真心顺从福音的人,就提供了谦虚、勤勉与丰富安慰的题材20,对神就提出赞美、敬畏与赞叹的题材21。


  1. 弗一11;罗十一33,九15、18;来六17。

  2. 雅一13、17;约壹一5;传七29。

  3. 徒二23,四27-28;太十七12;约十九11;箴十六33。

  4. 徒十五18;撒上廿三11-12;太十一21、23。

  5. 罗九11、13、16、18。

  6. 提前五21;太廿五41。

  7. 罗九22-23;弗一5-6;箴十六4。

  8. 提后二19;约十三18。

  9. 弗一4、9、11;罗八30;提后一9;帖前五9。

  10. 罗九11、13、16;弗一4、9。

  11. 弗一6、12。

  12. 彼前一2;弗一4-5,二10;帖后二13。

  13. 帖前五9-10;多二14。

  14. 罗八30;弗一5;帖后二13。

  15. 彼前一5。

  16. 约十七9,六64-65,十26,八47;罗八28-39;约壹二19。

  17. 太十一25-26;罗九17-18、21-22;提后二19-20;犹4;彼前二8。

  18. 罗九20,十一33;申廿九29。

  19. 彼后一10。

  20. 罗十一5-6、20,八33;彼后一10;路十20。

  21. 弗一6;罗十一33。

中文王志勇版

第三章 论上帝的预旨


一.在永恒中,上帝就按其至圣至智的旨意,自由不变地预定了将来所要发生的一切(弗1:11;罗11:33;来6:17;罗9:15,18);祂虽如此预定一切,并不因此就是罪恶的创始者(雅1:13,17;约壹1:5),也不强迫受造者的意志,而且诸次因的自由运行或因果关系也并未废去,反而得以确立(徒2:23;太17:12;徒4:27-28;约19:11;箴16:33)。




二.虽然上帝预知在各种可能出现的条件下所能发生的一切(徒15:18;撒上23:11,12;太11:21,23),但祂预定某事,并非因祂预知将来此事如何,或预知此事在这些条件下必然发生(罗9:11,13,16,18)。




三.按照上帝的预旨,为了彰显祂的荣耀,上帝预定有些人和天使得永生(提前5:21;太25:41),而其余的人或天使则受永死(罗9:22-23;弗1:5-6;箴16:4)。




四.那些如此被预定的天使和人,都有个别性的计划,并且是不变的;数目确定,无可增减(提后2:19;约13:18)。




五.那些在创世以前被预定得永生的人,是上帝按其永恒、不变的目的,及其隐密的计划和祂自己的美意,在基督里拣选了他们,使他们得永远的荣耀(弗1:4,9,11;罗8:30;提后1:9;帖前5:9)。这预定惟独是由于上帝白白的恩典和慈爱,并非因为祂预见到他们的信心或善行,或是预见到他们在信心与善行上的坚忍,或是预见到人身上其它任何因素,这些都不是上帝预定他们的条件或原因(罗9:11,13,16;弗1:4,9);这一切都是为了使祂荣耀的恩典得着称赞(弗1:6,12)。




六.上帝既预定选民得荣耀,便以其永恒的、完全自由的目的,预定了一切达此目的的途径(彼前1:2;弗1:4-5;2:10;帖后2:13)。所以凡被拣选的,虽在亚当里堕落了,却被基督救赎(帖前5:9-10;多2:14)。由祂的灵按时运行,有效地呼召他们归信基督;他们称义,得儿子的名分,成圣(罗8:30;弗1:5;帖后2:13),并藉着信,得蒙祂的权能保守,以致得救(彼前1:5)。除选民以外,无人被基督救赎,蒙有效的恩召,称义,得儿子的名分,成圣,并得救(约17:9; 罗8:28-39;约6:64-65;8:47;10:26;约壹2:19)。




七.至于其余的人,上帝照着祂那不可测度的计划,施与或保留怜悯,为了使祂对受造者的主权,得着荣耀,祂随己意撇弃他们,并预定他们因自己的罪受羞辱,遭忿怒,使祂荣耀的公义得着称赞(太11:25-26;罗9:17-18,21-22;提后2:19-20;犹4;彼前2:8)。




八.预定论是一崇高的奥秘,因此,对于这一教义我们要特别谨慎,并留心处理(罗9:20;11:33;申29:29),好叫那些听从上帝在圣经中所启示的旨意的人,可以从他们有效蒙召的确实性,得以确信自己在永世中蒙了拣选(彼后1:10)。如此,这教义就为那些真心顺服福音的人,提供了赞美、敬畏和爱慕上帝(弗1:6;罗11:33),谦卑自己、殷勤做工的根据,并使他们得着丰富的慰籍(罗11:5-6,20;彼后1:10;罗8:33;路10:20)。

中文吕沛渊版

3.1從亙古到永遠,上帝以祂自己的旨意按著祂最智慧、最聖潔的計劃,自由地且永不改變地,預定一切將要發生的事。雖然上帝如此預定,但是祂絕非罪惡的創始者,也沒有迫使受造者逆反其意志;並且並未剝奪「第二因」的「自由運行」與「或然發生」,反倒得以確立。

3.2 雖然上帝知道在所有情況下可能或可以發生的一切事;可是祂預定一切事的發生,不是因為預見哪件事未來要發生,也不是因為預見在如此的情況下必會發生哪些事。

3.3 按照上帝的元旨,為了彰顯上帝的榮耀,有些人和天使被預定得永生,其餘的人和天使則受永死。

3.4 上帝這樣預定這些天使和人,是個別的與不能改變的安排;而且他們的數目是如此確定,所以既不可增,又不可減。

3.5 這些蒙上帝預定得生命的人,是上帝從創立世界以前,按照祂永遠與不變的目的,也按照祂旨意的隱秘計劃與美意,在基督裡揀選他們,使他們可以得著永遠的榮耀。上帝這樣揀選他們,完全是出於上帝白白的恩惠與慈愛,並不是根據上帝預見他們的信心、善行、或在信心與善行上的堅忍,或受造界其他任何事物;這些都不是上帝揀選的條件或動因;這一切都是要使祂榮耀的恩典得著稱讚。

3.6上帝既然已經預定選民得榮耀,祂就藉著自己永遠且最自由的旨意,預先定下達到此目的的一切手段。因此,這些蒙揀選者雖在亞當裡墮落了,卻被基督救贖;這是藉著聖靈的運行,在所定之時刻,有效的呼召他們信靠基督;並使他們被稱為義,收納被為上帝的兒女,成為聖潔,因信蒙上帝能力保守,以致得救。除選民以外,沒有任何人蒙基督救贖、有效的呼召、稱義、收納、成聖、與得救。

3.7至於其餘的人類,上帝乃是照祂自己旨意深不可測的計劃,按祂所喜悅的施予或保留其憐憫,為了使祂的至高權能在受造物之上得著榮耀,祂就樂意越過他們,並命定他們為自己的罪受羞辱、遭忿怒,使祂榮耀的公義得著稱讚。

3.8這預定的教義至為奧秘,應當特別慎重,小心處理;好叫凡留心聽從上帝在其聖道中所啟示祂旨意的人,可以從他們有效蒙召的確實性上,確信自己在永遠裡蒙揀選。如此,這教義對那些凡以真心順從福音的人,就成為他們對上帝發出讚美、敬畏、讚嘆的根據;也成為他們謙卑、勤勉、大得安慰的緣由。

英文OPC版

CHAPTER 3 OF GOD'S ETERNAL DECREE

1. God, from all eternity, did, by the most wise and holy counsel of his own will, freely, and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass: yet so, as thereby neither is God the author of sin, nor is violence offered to the will of the creatures; nor is the liberty or contingency of second causes taken away, but rather established.

2. Although God knows whatsoever may or can come to pass upon all supposed conditions, yet hath he not decreed anything because he foresaw it as future, or as that which would come to pass upon such conditions.

3. By the decree of God, for the manifestation of his glory, some men and angels are predestinated unto everlasting life; and others foreordained to everlasting death.

4. These angels and men, thus predestinated, and foreordained, are particularly and unchangeably designed, and their number so certain and definite, that it cannot be either increased or diminished.

5. Those of mankind that are predestinated unto life, God, before the foundation of the world was laid, according to his eternal and immutable purpose, and the secret counsel and good pleasure of his will, hath chosen, in Christ, unto everlasting glory, out of his mere free grace and love, without any foresight of faith, or good works, or perseverance in either of them, or any other thing in the creature, as conditions, or causes moving him thereunto; and all to the praise of his glorious grace.

6. As God hath appointed the elect unto glory, so hath he, by the eternal and most free purpose of his will, foreordained all the means thereunto. Wherefore, they who are elected, being fallen in Adam, are redeemed by Christ, are effectually called unto faith in Christ by his Spirit working in due season, are justified, adopted, sanctified, and kept by his power, through faith, unto salvation. Neither are any other redeemed by Christ, effectually called, justified, adopted, sanctified, and saved, but the elect only.

7. The rest of mankind God was pleased, according to the unsearchable counsel of his own will, whereby he extendeth or withholdeth mercy, as he pleaseth, for the glory of his sovereign power over his creatures, to pass by; and to ordain them to dishonor and wrath for their sin, to the praise of his glorious justice.

8. The doctrine of this high mystery of predestination is to be handled with special prudence and care, that men, attending the will of God revealed in his Word, and yielding obedience thereunto, may, from the certainty of their effectual vocation, be assured of their eternal election. So shall this doctrine afford matter of praise, reverence, and admiration of God; and of humility, diligence, and abundant consolation to all that sincerely obey the gospel.

英文CRTA版

Chapter III

Of God's Eternal Decree

I. God from all eternity, did, by the most wise and holy counsel of His own will, freely, and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass;[1] yet so, as thereby neither is God the author of sin,[2] nor is violence offered to the will of the creatures; nor is the liberty or contingency of second causes taken away, but rather established.[3]

II. Although God knows whatsoever may or can come to pass upon all supposed conditions;[4] yet has He not decreed anything because He foresaw it as future, or as that which would come to pass upon such conditions.[5]

III. By the decree of God, for the manifestation of His glory, some men and angels[6] are predestinated unto everlasting life; and others foreordained to everlasting death.[7]

IV. These angels and men, thus predestinated, and foreordained, are particularly and unchangeably designed, and their number so certain and definite, that it cannot be either increased or diminished.[8]

V. Those of mankind that are predestinated unto life, God, before the foundation of the world was laid, according to His eternal and immutable purpose, and the secret counsel and good pleasure of His will, has chosen, in Christ, unto everlasting glory,[9] out of His mere free grace and love, without any foresight of faith, or good works, or perseverance in either of them, or any other thing in the creature, as conditions, or causes moving Him thereunto;[10] and all to the praise of His glorious grace.[11]

VI. As God has appointed the elect unto glory, so has He, by the eternal and most free purpose of His will, foreordained all the means thereunto.[12] Wherefore, they who are elected, being fallen in Adam, are redeemed by Christ,[13] are effectually called unto faith in Christ by His Spirit working in due season, are justified, adopted, sanctified,[14] and kept by His power, through faith, unto salvation.[15] Neither are any other redeemed by Christ, effectually called, justified, adopted, sanctified, and saved, but the elect only.[16]

VII. The rest of mankind God was pleased, according to the unsearchable counsel of His own will, whereby He extends or withholds mercy, as He pleases, for the glory of His sovereign power over His creatures, to pass by; and to ordain them to dishonor and wrath for their sin, to the praise of His glorious justice.[17]

VIII. The doctrine of this high mystery of predestination is to be handled with special prudence and care,[18] that men, attending the will of God revealed in His Word, and yielding obedience thereunto, may, from the certainty of their effectual vocation, be assured of their eternal election.[19] So shall this doctrine afford matter of praise, reverence, and admiration of God;[20] and of humility, diligence, and abundant consolation to all that sincerely obey the Gospel.[21]


第三章 论神永远的定旨 证明经文

第一节

1

弗 1:11 我们也在他里面得了基业(“得”或作“成”),这原是那位随己意行作万事的,照着他旨意所预定的,

罗 11:33 深哉! 神丰富的智慧和知识。他的判断何其难测!他的踪迹何其难寻!

来 6:17 照样, 神愿意为那承受应许的人格外显明他的旨意是不更改的,就起誓为证。

罗 9:15,18 因他对摩西说:“我要怜悯谁,就怜悯谁;要恩待谁,就恩待谁。” 罗 9:18 如此看来, 神要怜悯谁,就怜悯谁;要叫谁刚硬,就叫谁刚硬。

2

雅 1:13,17 人被试探,不可说:“我是被 神试探;”因为 神不能被恶试探,他也不试探人。 雅 1:17 各样美善的恩赐和各样全备的赏赐都是从上头来的,从众光之父那里降下来的;在他并没有改变,也没有转动的影儿。

约一 1:5  神就是光,在他毫无黑暗。这是我们从主所听见,又报给你们的信息。 (CUVS) 1 John 1:5 This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all. (KJV)


3


徒 2:23 他既按着 神的定旨、先见,被交与人,你们就藉着无法之人的手,把他钉在十字架上杀了。

徒 4:27-28 希律和本丢彼拉多,外邦人和以色列民,果然在这城里聚集,要攻打你所膏的圣仆耶稣(“仆”或作“子”), 徒 4:28 成就你手和你意旨所预定必有的事。

太 17:12 只是我告诉你们,以利亚已经来了,人却不认识他,竟任意待他。人子也将要这样受他们的害。”

约 19:11 耶稣回答说:“若不是从上头赐给你的,你就毫无权柄办我;所以把我交给你的那人,罪更重了。”

箴 16:33 签放在怀里,定事由耶和华。

第二节

4

徒 15:18 这话是从创世以来显明这事的主说的。’ (CUVS) Acts 15:18 Known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world. (KJV)

撒上 23:11-12 基伊拉人将我交在扫罗手里不交?扫罗照着你仆人所听的话下来不下来?耶和华以色列的 神啊!求你指示仆人。”耶和华说:“扫罗必下来。” 撒上 23:12 大卫又说:“基伊拉人将我和跟随我的人,交在扫罗手里不交?”耶和华说:“必交出来。”

太 11:21,23 “哥拉汛哪,你有祸了!伯赛大啊,你有祸了!因为在你们中间所行的异能,若行在推罗、西顿,他们早已披麻蒙灰悔改了。 太 11:23 迦百农啊,你已经升到天上(或作“你将要升到天上吗?”),将来必坠落阴间,因为在你那里所行的异能,若行在所多玛,它还可以存到今日。


5

罗 9:11,13 (双子还没有生下来,善恶还没有作出来,只因要显明 神拣选人的旨意,不在乎人的行为,乃在乎召人的主)。 罗 9:13 正如经上所记:“雅各是我所爱的,以扫是我所恶的。”

罗 9:16,18 据此看来,这不在乎那定意的,也不在乎那奔跑的,只在乎发怜悯的 神。 罗 罗 9:18 如此看来, 神要怜悯谁,就怜悯谁;要叫谁刚硬,就叫谁刚硬。

第三节

6

提前 5:21 我在 神和基督耶稣,并蒙拣选的天使面前嘱咐你:要遵守这些话,不可存成见,行事也不可有偏心。

太 25:41 王又要向那左边的说:‘你们这被咒诅的人,离开我!进入那为魔鬼和他的使者所预备的永火里去!


7

罗 9:22-23 倘若 神要显明他的忿怒,彰显他的权能,就多多忍耐宽容那可怒预备遭毁灭的器皿; 罗 9:23 又要将他丰盛的荣耀彰显在那蒙怜悯早预备得荣耀的器皿上。

弗 1:5-6 又因爱我们,就按着自己意旨所喜悦的,预定我们藉着耶稣基督得儿子的名分, 弗 1:6 使他荣耀的恩典得着称赞;这恩典是他在爱子里所赐给我们的。

箴 16:4 耶和华所造的,各适其用;就是恶人,也为祸患的日子所造。 (CUVS) Prov 16:4 The LORD hath made all things for himself, yea, even the wicked for the day of evil. (KJV)


第四节

8

提后 2:19 然而 神坚固的根基立住了;上面有这印记说:“主认识谁是他的人,”又说:“凡称呼主名的人总要离开不义。”

约 13:18 我这话不是指着你们众人说的,我知道我所拣选的是谁。现在要应验经上的话,说:‘同我吃饭的人,用脚踢我。’

第五节

9

弗 1:4,9,11 就如 神从创立世界以前,在基督里拣选了我们,使我们在他面前成为圣洁,无有瑕疵; 弗 1:9 都是照他自己所预定的美意,叫我们知道他旨意的奥秘; 弗 1:11 我们也在他里面得了基业(“得”或作“成”),这原是那位随己意行作万事的,照着他旨意所预定的,

罗 8:30 预先所定下的人又召他们来,所召来的人又称他们为义,所称为义的人又叫他们得荣耀。

提后 1:9  神救了我们,以圣召召我们,不是按我们的行为,乃是按他的旨意和恩典。这恩典是万古之先,在基督耶稣里赐给我们的;

帖前 5:9 因为 神不是预定我们受刑,乃是预定我们藉着我们主耶稣基督得救。 (CUVS) 1 Thess 5:9 For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ, (KJV)

10

罗 9:11,13,16 (双子还没有生下来,善恶还没有作出来,只因要显明 神拣选人的旨意,不在乎人的行为,乃在乎召人的主)。 罗 9:13 正如经上所记:“雅各是我所爱的,以扫是我所恶的。”罗 9:16 据此看来,这不在乎那定意的,也不在乎那奔跑的,只在乎发怜悯的 神。

弗 1:4,9 就如 神从创立世界以前,在基督里拣选了我们,使我们在他面前成为圣洁,无有瑕疵; 弗 1:9 都是照他自己所预定的美意,叫我们知道他旨意的奥秘;


11

弗 1:6,12 使他荣耀的恩典得着称赞;这恩典是他在爱子里所赐给我们的。 弗 1:12 叫他的荣耀,从我们这首先在基督里有盼望的人可以得着称赞。

第六节

12

彼前 1:2 就是照父 神的先见被拣选,藉着圣灵得成圣洁,以致顺服耶稣基督,又蒙他血所洒的人。愿恩惠、平安多多地加给你们。

弗 1:4-5 就如 神从创立世界以前,在基督里拣选了我们,使我们在他面前成为圣洁,无有瑕疵; 弗 1:5 又因爱我们,就按着自己意旨所喜悦的,预定我们藉着耶稣基督得儿子的名分,

弗 2:10 我们原是他的工作,在基督耶稣里造成的,为要叫我们行善,就是 神所预备叫我们行的。

帖后 2:13 主所爱的弟兄们哪,我们本该常为你们感谢 神,因为他从起初拣选了你们,叫你们因信真道,又被圣灵感动,成为圣洁,能以得救。

13

帖前 5:9-10 因为 神不是预定我们受刑,乃是预定我们藉着我们主耶稣基督得救。 帖前 5:10 他替我们死,叫我们无论醒着、睡着,都与他同活。

多 2:14 他为我们舍了自己,要赎我们脱离一切罪恶,又洁净我们,特作自己的子民,热心为善。


14


罗 8:30 预先所定下的人又召他们来,所召来的人又称他们为义,所称为义的人又叫他们得荣耀。

弗 1:5 又因爱我们,就按着自己意旨所喜悦的,预定我们藉着耶稣基督得儿子的名分,

帖后 2:13 主所爱的弟兄们哪,我们本该常为你们感谢 神,因为他从起初拣选了你们,叫你们因信真道,又被圣灵感动,成为圣洁,能以得救。

15


彼前 1:5 你们这因信蒙 神能力保守的人,必能得着所预备,到末世要显现的救恩。

16


约 17:9 我为他们祈求,不为世人祈求,却为你所赐给我的人祈求;因他们本是你的。

罗 8:28-39 我们晓得万事都互相效力,叫爱 神的人得益处,就是按他旨意被召的人。 罗 8:29 因为他预先所知道的人,就预先定下效法他儿子的模样,使他儿子在许多弟兄中作长子。 罗 8:30 预先所定下的人又召他们来,所召来的人又称他们为义,所称为义的人又叫他们得荣耀。 罗 8:31 既是这样,还有什么说的呢? 神若帮助我们,谁能敌挡我们呢? 罗 8:32  神既不爱惜自己的儿子为我们众人舍了,岂不也把万物和他一同白白地赐给我们吗? 罗 8:33 谁能控告 神所拣选的人呢?有 神称他们为义了(或作“是称他们为义的 神吗?”)。 罗 8:34 谁能定他们的罪呢?有耶稣基督已经死了,而且从死里复活,现今在 神的右边,也替我们祈求(“有基督云云”或作“是已经死了,而且从死里复活,现今在 神的右边,也替我们祈求的基督耶稣吗?”)。 罗 8:35 谁能使我们与基督的爱隔绝呢?难道是患难吗?是困苦吗?是逼迫吗?是饥饿吗?是赤身露体吗?是危险吗?是刀剑吗? 罗 8:36 如经上所记:“我们为你的缘故终日被杀;人看我们如将宰的羊。” 罗 8:37 然而,靠着爱我们的主,在这一切的事上已经得胜有余了。 罗 8:38 因为我深信无论是死,是生,是天使,是掌权的,是有能的,是现在的事,是将来的事, 罗 8:39 是高处的,是低处的,是别的受造之物,都不能叫我们与 神的爱隔绝;这爱是在我们的主基督耶稣里的。

约 6:64-65 只是你们中间有不信的人。”耶稣从起头就知道谁不信他,谁要卖他。 约 6:65 耶稣又说:“所以我对你们说过,若不是蒙我父的恩赐,没有人能到我这里来。”

约 8:47 出于 神的,必听 神的话;你们不听,因为你们不是出于 神。” (CUVS) John 8:47 He that is of God heareth God's words, ye therefore hear them not, because ye are not of God. (KJV)

约 10:26 只是你们不信,因为你们不是我的羊。 (CUVS) John 10:26 But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you. (KJV)

约一 2:19 他们从我们中间出去,却不是属我们的;若是属我们的,就必仍旧与我们同在;他们出去,显明都不是属我们的。

第七节

17


太 11:25-26 那时,耶稣说:“父啊,天地的主,我感谢你!因为你将这些事向聪明通达人就藏起来,向婴孩就显出来。 太 11:26 父啊,是的,因为你的美意本是如此。

罗 9:17-18 因为经上有话向法老说:“我将你兴起来,特要在你身上彰显我的权能,并要使我的名传遍天下。” 罗 9:18 如此看来, 神要怜悯谁,就怜悯谁;要叫谁刚硬,就叫谁刚硬。

罗 9:21-22 窑匠难道没有权柄从一团泥里拿一块作成贵重的器皿,又拿一块作成卑贱的器皿吗? 罗 9:22 倘若 神要显明他的忿怒,彰显他的权能,就多多忍耐宽容那可怒预备遭毁灭的器皿;

提后 2:19-20 然而 神坚固的根基立住了;上面有这印记说:“主认识谁是他的人,”又说:“凡称呼主名的人总要离开不义。” 提后 2:20 在大户人家,不但有金器银器,也有木器瓦器;有作为贵重的,有作为卑贱的。

犹 1:4 因为有些人偷着进来,就是自古被定受刑罚的,是不虔诚的,将我们 神的恩变作放纵情欲的机会,并且不认独一的主宰我们(“我们”或作“和我们”)主耶稣基督。

彼前 2:8 又说:“作了绊脚的石头,跌人的磐石。”他们既不顺从,就在道理上绊跌(或作“他们绊跌都因不顺从道理”);他们这样绊跌也是预定的。

第八节

18


罗 9:20 你这个人哪!你是谁,竟敢向 神强嘴呢?受造之物岂能对造他的说:“你为什么这样造我呢?”

罗 11:33 深哉! 神丰富的智慧和知识。他的判断何其难测!他的踪迹何其难寻!

申 29:29 “隐秘的事是属耶和华我们 神的;惟有明显的事是永远属我们和我们子孙的,好叫我们遵行这律法上的一切话。”


19

彼后 1:10 所以弟兄们,应当更加殷勤,使你们所蒙的恩召和拣选坚定不移。你们若行这几样,就永不失脚。


20

弗 1:6 使他荣耀的恩典得着称赞;这恩典是他在爱子里所赐给我们的。 (CUVS) Eph 1:6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved. (KJV)

罗 11:33 深哉! 神丰富的智慧和知识。他的判断何其难测!他的踪迹何其难寻!


21

罗 11:5-6,20 如今也是这样,照着拣选的恩典,还有所留的余数。 罗 11:6 既是出于恩典,就不在乎行为;不然,恩典就不是恩典了。 罗 11:20 不错。他们因为不信,所以被折下来;你因为信,所以立得住;你不可自高,反要惧怕。

彼后 1:10 所以弟兄们,应当更加殷勤,使你们所蒙的恩召和拣选坚定不移。你们若行这几样,就永不失脚。

罗 8:33 谁能控告 神所拣选的人呢?有 神称他们为义了(或作“是称他们为义的 神吗?”)。

路 10:20 然而,不要因鬼服了你们就欢喜,要因你们的名记录在天上欢喜。”

英文

[1] EPH 1:11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will. ROM 11:33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out! HEB 6:17 Wherein God, willing more abundantly to shew unto the heirs of promise the immutability of his counsel, confirmed it by an oath. ROM 9:15 For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion. 18 Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.

[2] JAM 1:13 Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man. 17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning. 1JO 1:5 This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all.

[3] ACT 2:23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain. MAT 17:12 But I say unto you, That Elias is come already, and they knew him not, but have done unto him whatsoever they listed. Likewise shall also the Son of man suffer of them. ACT 4:27 For of a truth against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were gathered together, 28 For to do whatsoever thy hand and thy counsel determined before to be done. JOH 19:11 Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin. PRO 16:33 The lot is cast into the lap; but the whole disposing thereof is of the Lord.

[4] ACT 15:18 Known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world. 1SA 23:11 Will the men of Keilah deliver me up into his hand? will Saul come down, as thy servant hath heard? O Lord God of Israel, I beseech thee, tell thy servant. And the Lord said, He will come down. 12 Then said David, Will the men of Keilah deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul? And the Lord said, They will deliver thee up. MAT 11:21 Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works, which were done in you, had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. 23 And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought down to hell: for if the mighty works, which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day.

[5] ROM 9:11 (For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;) 13 As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated. 16 So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy. 18 Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.

[6] 1TI 5:21 I charge thee before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality. MAT 25:41 Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels.

[7] ROM 9:22 What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: 23 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory. EPH 1:5 Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, 6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved. PRO 16:4 The Lord hath made all things for himself: yea, even the wicked for the day of evil.

[8] 2TI 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity. JOH 13:18 I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: but that the scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me.

[9] EPH 1:4 According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love: 9 Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself: 11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own wilL. ROM 8:30 Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified. 2TI 1:9 Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began. 1TH 5:9 For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus ChrisT.

[10] ROM 9:11 (For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;) 13 As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated. 16 So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy. EPH 1:4 According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love. 9 Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself.

[11]EPH. 1:6,12.

[12] 1PE 1:2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied. EPH 1:4 According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love: 5 Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will. 2:10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them. 2TH 2:13 But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth.

[13] 1TH 5:9 For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ, 10 Who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with him. TIT 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

[14] ROM 8:30 Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified. EPH 1:5 Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will. 2TH 2:13 But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth.

[15] 1PE 1:5 Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.

[16] JOH 17:9 I pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for them which thou hast given me; for they are thine. ROM 8:28 And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose. JOH 6:64 But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning who they were that believed not, and who should betray him. 65 And he said, Therefore said I unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him of my Father. 10:26 But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you. 8:47 He that is of God heareth God's words: ye therefore hear them not, because ye are not of God. 1JO 2:19 They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would no doubt have continued with us: but they went out, that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us.

[17] MAT 11:25 At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes. 26 Even so, Father: for so it seemed good in thy sight. ROM 9:17 For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth. 18 Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth. 21 Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour? 22 What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction. 2TI 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity. 20 But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also of wood and of earth; and some to honour, and some to dishonour. JUD 4 For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ. 1PE 2:8 And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.

[18] ROM 9:20 Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus? 11:33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out! DEU 29:29 The secret things belong unto the Lord our God: but those things which are revealed belong unto us and to our children for ever, that we may do all the words of this law.

[19] 2PE 1:10 Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall.

[20] EPH 1:6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved. ROM 11:33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!

[21] ROM 11:5 Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. 6 And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work. 20 For when ye were the servants of sin, ye were free from righteousness. 2PE 1:10 Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall. ROM 8:33 Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? It is God that justifieth. LUK 10:20 Notwithstanding in this rejoice not, that the spirits are subject unto you; but rather rejoice, because your names are written in heaven.

目录

威斯敏斯特信条

WCF1 WCF2 WCF3 WCF4 WCF5 WCF6 WCF7 WCF8 WCF9 WCF10
WCF11 WCF12 WCF13 WCF14 WCF15 WCF16 WCF17 WCF18 WCF19 WCF20
WCF21 WCF22 WCF23 WCF24 WCF25 WCF26 WCF27 WCF28 WCF29 WCF30
WCF31 WCF32 WCF33 WCFLU WCFWA
威斯敏斯特信条证明经文1-8章 9-16章威斯敏斯特信条王志勇牧师译
威斯敏斯特信条吕沛渊牧师译