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威斯敏斯特信条第16章

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第十六章 论善行

中文赵中辉版

  一、只有神在圣经中所吩咐的那些事才是善行1,没有圣经的根据,专凭人盲目的热心,或以善良意图为口实而设计出来的事,并非善行2。


  二、这些因遵守神之诫命而有的善行,乃是真而活信心的果实与证据3;信徒借以表示他们的感恩4,坚固得救的确信5,造就弟兄的德行6,美饰所承认的福音7,堵住敌人的口8,而归荣耀与神9。因为他们乃是神的工作,在基督耶稣里造成的10;既结出成圣的果子,结局就得永生11。


  三、信徒行善的能力绝不是出于自己,乃完全由于基督的灵12。信徒为要达到行善的地步,在已经领受的诸般恩典之外,还需要此同一圣灵的实际影响在他们里头活动,叫他们立志行事,成就□的美意13。然而他们不可因此疏懈,以为除非受圣灵的特别感动,就无需尽任何本份;反倒应当殷勤,激发神在他们里面的恩典14。


  四、那些今生在顺服上能达到最高阶段的人,所有的善行绝不能超过神所要求的,而作出比那更份外的事,因为他们在许多所应尽的本份上都有所亏欠15。


  五、我们不能凭着善行从神的手中赚得赦罪,或永生,因为在善行与未来的荣耀之间有极度的不均衡,而且在我们与神之间又有无限的距离,我们既不能凭善行叫神得益处,又不能补偿我们以往的罪债16;我们尽力而为,我们只不过是尽我们当尽的本份,乃是无用的仆人17;因为凡是善良的行为都是出于神的灵18;凡是我们所作的,都有玷污搀杂许多软弱和不完全,所以经不起神严格的审判19。


  六、然而,信徒的人格既借基督蒙悦纳,他们的善行也在他里面蒙悦纳20。这并不是说,他们今生在神眼中毫无瑕疵,无可指摘21;乃是说,因为神在他儿子里看那些善行,这些善行虽有许多弱点和不完全,但出于至诚,他就喜欢接纳并加以报答22。


  七、未重生之人所行的事,按事体的本身来说,虽然是神所吩咐的,对己对人都有益处23,但并非出自信仰所洁净的心,也不是按照正当的方法24,即根据神的话所行的25,没有荣耀神的正当目的26;所以这些行为是罪恶的,不能讨神的喜悦,也不能叫人有从神领受恩典的资格27。然而他们若忽视善行便更为有罪,不讨神的喜悦28。


  1. 弥六8;罗十二2;来十三21。

  2. 太十五9;赛廿九13;彼前一18;罗十2;约十六2;撒上十五21-23。

  3. 雅二18、22。

  4. 诗一一六12-13;彼前二9。

  5. 约壹二3、5;彼后一5-10。

  6. 林后九2;太五16。

  7. 多二5、9-12;提前六1。

  8. 彼前二15。

  9. 彼前二12;腓一11;约十五8。

  10. 弗二10。

  11. 罗六22。

  12. 约十五4-6;结卅六26-27。

  13. 腓二13,四13;林后三5。

  14. 腓二12;来六11-12;彼后一3、5、10-11;赛六十四7;提后一6;徒廿六6-7;犹20-21。

  15. 路十七10;尼十三22;伯九2-3;加五17。

  16. 罗三20,四2、4、6,八18;弗二8-9;多三5-7;诗十六2;伯廿二2-3,卅五7-8。

  17. 路十七10。

  18. 加五22-23。

  19. 赛六十四6;加五17;罗七15、18;诗一四三2,一三O3。

  20. 弗一6;彼前二5;出廿八38;创四4;希十一4。

  21. 伯九20;诗一四三2。

  22. 来十三20-21,六10;林后八12;太廿五21、23。

  23. 王下十30-31;王上廿一27、29;腓一15-16、18。

  24. 创四5;来十一4、6。

  25. 林前十三3;赛一12。

  26. 太六2、5、16。

  27. 该二14;多一15,三5;摩五21-22;何一4;罗九16。

  28. 诗十四4,卅六3;伯廿一14-15;太廿五41-45,廿三23。

中文王志勇版

一.上帝在圣经中所吩咐的那些事才是善行(弥6:8;罗12:2;来 13:21);没有圣经根据,只是因着人盲目的热心,或者 假借善良的意图而由人所虚构的事,并非善行(太15:9;赛29:13;彼前1:18;罗10:2;约16:2;撒上15:21-23)。


二.这些顺服上帝诫命而行的善行,乃是真实和活泼的信心的果子和证据(雅2:18,22);信徒借此表示感恩(诗116:12,13;彼前2:9),坚固确信(约壹2:3,5;彼后1:5-10),造就弟兄(林后9:2;太5:16),尊荣福音(多2:5,9-12;提前6:1),堵住敌人的口(彼前2:15),并荣耀上帝(彼前2:12;腓1:11;约15:8), 他们原是祂的工作,在基督耶稣里造成的,为要叫他们行善(弗2:10),以便有成圣的果子,最终得享永生(罗6:22)。


三.他们行善的能力绝不是出于自己,乃是完全从基督的灵来的(约15:4-5;结 36:26-27)。他们为能行善,除已经领受的诸般美德之 外,还需要圣灵的实际影响在他们里面运行,叫他们立志行事,成就祂的 美意(腓2:13;4:13;林后3:5);然而他们不可因此而疏懒,以为除非受圣灵特别的感动,就无须履行任何责任;反倒应当殷勤,将上帝在他们里面的美德再如火挑旺起来(腓2:12;来 6:11-12;彼后1:3,5,10,11;赛64:7;提后1:6;徒26:6,7;犹20,21)。


四.就是那些在顺服上达到今生可能达到的最高境界的人,也不能立份外的 功德,并且他们所行的不会过于上帝所要求的,反而大大亏欠当尽的本分(路17:10;尼:13:22;伯9:2,3;加5:17)。


五.我们不能靠最善的行为从上帝手中赚得赦罪,或永生,因为这种行为与 将来的荣耀极不相称,而且我们与上帝之间又有天壤之别,我们借着这些善行,既不能使祂受益,也不能补偿我们以前的罪债(罗3:20;4:2,4,6;弗2:8,9;多3:5-7;罗8:18;诗16:2;伯 22:2-3;35:7-8)。我们尽力而为,只不过是尽当尽的本分,我们乃是无用的仆人(路17:10)。它们之所以是善的,是因从上帝的灵发出(加5:22-23)。同时它们又因是由我们行出来,便被诸多软弱和瑕疵玷污,并与之混杂,以致经不起上帝严厉的审判(赛64:6;加5:17;罗 7:15,18;诗143:2;130:3)。


六.然而,信徒本人既因基督得蒙悦纳,他们的善行也在祂里面得蒙悦纳(弗1:6;彼前2:5;出 28:38;创4:4;来11:4),这不是说,他们今生 在上帝眼中完全没有瑕疵,无可指摘了(伯9:20;诗143:2); 乃是说,祂既在祂儿子里看待他们,便乐意对那虽不免有许多软弱和瑕疵,却是出于至诚的善行, 欣然接纳并予以报答(来13:20,21;林后8:12;来6:10;太25:21,23)。


七. 虽然未重生者所行的事,或许本身是上帝所吩咐的,并且对己对人都有益处(王下10:30-31;王上21:27,29;腓1:15,16,18);但是,因为它们不是从那被信心洁净了的心发出来的(创4:3-5;来 11:4,6),也不是按照上帝的话用正当的方式行出来的(林前13:3;赛1:12),又不是为了荣耀上帝这正当的目的(太6:2,5,16);所以它们都是有罪的,既不能取悦上帝,也不能使人配受上帝的恩典(该2:14;多1:15;摩 5:21,22;何1:4;罗9:16;多3:5)。可是 人若忽略它们,便更是有罪,更为上帝所不喜悦(诗14:4;36:3;伯21:14,15;太25:41-45;23:23)。


中文吕沛渊版 第十六章 论善行

16.1只有上帝在《圣经》中所吩咐的,才是善行;至于那些没有《圣经》根据,出自盲目热 心或假「善良动机」之名的人为作法,根本不是善行。


16.2这些因遵守上帝之诫命所作的善行,乃是真信心、活信心的果子与证据。信徒藉善行表 达他们的感恩,加强他们的确信,造就弟兄姊妹的德行,尊荣所承认的福音,堵住敌人的口 ,归荣耀给上帝。因为信徒乃是上帝的工作,在基督耶稣里造成的﹔以致结出成圣的果子, 所得的结局就是永生。


16.3 信徒行善能力一点也不是来自自己,而是完全来自基督的灵。信徒要能行善,除了他们已经领受的诸般恩典之外,还必须有这同一位圣灵在他们里面运行,主动影响他们,使他们立志行事,成就祂的美意。然而他们不可用此真理作借口懈怠,以为除非受圣灵的特别感动,否则就不必尽任何本分﹔反之,他们应当慇勤,将他们里面、从神而来的恩典恩赐,如火挑旺起来。


16.4 那些在今生达到可能达到的顺服最高境界者,他们所作到的 是绝不可能超过应尽的责任,也不可能比上帝所要求的更多,所 以他们所行的,离应尽的责任相差甚远。


16.5 我们最好的善行,也不能使我们配从上帝手中得赦罪或永 生。因为我们最好的善行与未来的荣耀相比,实在算不得甚么; 并且因为上帝更是无限地超越我们。我们凭善行既不能叫上帝得 益处,又不能补偿我们以往的罪债﹔我们就算做完了一切我们所 能做的,也只是无用的仆人,所做的本是我们应分做的。而且善 行既是良善的,就是出于上帝的灵﹔而善行既是由我们行出来 的,就会才杂了诸多软弱和不完全,因而被玷污,以致经不起上 帝严格的审判。


16.6 然而,信徒本身既藉基督蒙悦纳,他们的善行就也在基督里 蒙悦纳。这不是说,在上帝眼中他们在今生是毫无瑕疵、无可指 摘似的﹔而是说,上帝既是在他儿子里看他们,就悦纳并赏赐那 些诚心的善行,虽然有许多软弱和不完全伴随着。


16.7 未重生之人所行的事,虽然事情本身可能是上帝所吩咐的, 对己对人都有益处,但因为这些事是出自不洁净的心,没有因信 得到洁净;而且方法不是正当的,没有按照上帝的话来作;目的 也不是正确的,没有荣耀上帝﹔因此他们所行的事是有罪的,不 能讨上帝的喜悦,也不能使人有资格领受上帝的恩典。然而,他 们若忽视这些当行之事,就更有罪,更不讨上帝的喜悦。

英文OPC版

CHAPTER 16 OF GOOD WORKS

1. Good works are only such as God hath commanded in his holy Word, and not such as, without the warrant thereof, are devised by men, out of blind zeal, or upon any pretense of good intention.

2. These good works, done in obedience to God's commandments, are the fruits and evidences of a true and lively faith: and by them believers manifest their thankfulness, strengthen their assurance, edify their brethren, adorn the profession of the gospel, stop the mouths of the adversaries, and glorify God, whose workmanship they are, created in Christ Jesus thereunto, that, having their fruit unto holiness, they may have the end, eternal life.

3. Their ability to do good works is not at all of themselves, but wholly from the Spirit of Christ. And that they may be enabled thereunto, beside the graces they have already received, there is required an actual influence of the same Holy Spirit, to work in them to will, and to do, of his good pleasure: yet are they not hereupon to grow negligent, as if they were not bound to perform any duty unless upon a special motion of the Spirit; but they ought to be diligent in stirring up the grace of God that is in them.

4. They who, in their obedience, attain to the greatest height which is possible in this life, are so far from being able to supererogate, and to do more than God requires, as that they fall short of much which in duty they are bound to do.

5. We cannot by our best works merit pardon of sin, or eternal life at the hand of God, by reason of the great disproportion that is between them and the glory to come; and the infinite distance that is between us and God, whom, by them, we can neither profit, nor satisfy for the debt of our former sins, but when we have done all we can, we have done but our duty, and are unprofitable servants: and because, as they are good, they proceed from his Spirit; and as they are wrought by us, they are defiled, and mixed with so much weakness and imperfection, that they cannot endure the severity of God's judgment.

6. Notwithstanding, the persons of believers being accepted through Christ, their good works also are accepted in him; not as though they were in this life wholly unblamable and unreprovable in God's sight; but that he, looking upon them in his Son, is pleased to accept and reward that which is sincere, although accompanied with many weaknesses and imperfections.

7. Works done by unregenerate men, although for the matter of them they may be things which God commands; and of good use both to themselves and others: yet, because they proceed not from an heart purified by faith; nor are done in a right manner, according to the Word; nor to a right end, the glory of God, they are therefore sinful, and cannot please God, or make a man meet to receive grace from God: and yet, their neglect of them is more sinful and displeasing unto God.


英文CRTA版

Chapter XVI

Of Good Works

I. Good works are only such as God has commanded in His holy Word,[1] and not such as, without the warrant thereof, are devised by men, out of blind zeal, or upon any pretence of good intention.[2]

II. These good works, done in obedience to God's commandments, are the fruits and evidences of a true and lively faith:[3] and by them believers manifest their thankfulness,[4] strengthen their assurance,[5] edify their brethren,[6] adorn the profession of the Gospel,[7] stop the mouths of the adversaries,[8] and glorify God,[9] whose workmanship they are, created in Christ Jesus thereunto,[10] that, having their fruit unto holiness, they may have the end, eternal life.[11]

III. Their ability to do good works is not at all of themselves, but wholly from the Spirit of Christ.[12] And that they may be enabled thereunto, beside the graces they have already received, there is required an actual influence of the same Holy Spirit, to work in them to will, and to do, of His good pleasure:[13] yet are they not hereupon to grow negligent, as if they were not bound to perform any duty unless upon a special motion of the Spirit; but they ought to be diligent in stirring up the grace of God that is in them.[14]

IV. They who, in their obedience, attain to the greatest height which is possibly in this life, are so far from being able to supererogate, and to do more than God requires, as that they fall short of much which in duty they are bound to do.[15]

V. We cannot by our best works merit pardon of sin, or eternal life at the hand of God, by reason of the great disproportion that is between them and the glory to come; and the infinite distance that is between us and God, whom, by them, we can neither profit, nor satisfy for the debt of our former sins,[16] but when we have done all we can, we have done but our duty, and are unprofitable servants:[17] and because, as they are good, they proceed from His Spirit,[18] and as they are wrought by us, they are defiled, and mixed with so much weakness and imperfection, that they cannot endure the severity of God's judgment.[19]

VI. Notwithstanding, the persons of believers being accepted through Christ, their good works also are accepted in Him;[20] not as though they were in this life wholly unblamable and unreproveable in God's sight;[21] but that He, looking upon them in His Son, is pleased to accept and reward that which is sincere, although accompanied with many weaknesses and imperfections.[22]

VII. Works done by unregenerate men, although for the matter of them they may be things which God commands; and of good use both to themselves and others:[23] yet, because they proceed not from an heart purified by faith;[24] nor are done in a right manner, according to the Word;[25] nor to a right end, the glory of God,[26] they are therefore sinful and cannot please God, or make a man meet to receive grace from God:[27] and yet, their neglect of them is more sinful and displeasing unto God.[28]


证明经文

1 弥六8:世人哪,耶和华已指示你何为善,他向你所要的是什么呢?只要你行公义,好怜悯,存谦卑的心,与你的 神同行。罗十二2:不要效法这个世界,只要心意更新而变化,叫你们察验何为 神的善良、纯全、可喜悦的旨意。来十三21:在各样善事上成全你们,叫你们遵行他的旨意;又藉着耶稣基督在你们心里行他所喜悦的事。愿荣耀归给他,直到永永远远。阿们!

2 太十五9:他们将人的吩咐当作道理教导人,所以拜我也是枉然。’”赛廿九13:主说:“因为这百姓亲近我,用嘴唇尊敬我,心却远离我;他们敬畏我,不过是领受人的吩咐。彼前一18:知道你们得赎、脱去你们祖宗所传流虚妄的行为,不是凭着能坏的金银等物,罗十2:我可以证明他们向 神有热心,但不是按着真知识。约十六2:人要把你们赶出会堂,并且时候将到,凡杀你们的,就以为是事奉神。撒上十五21-23:21百姓却在所当灭的物中取了最好的牛羊,要在吉甲献与耶和华你的 神。” 22撒母耳说:“耶和华喜悦燔祭和平安祭,岂如喜悦人听从他的话呢?听命胜于献祭;顺从胜于公羊的脂油。23悖逆的罪与行邪术的罪相等;顽梗的罪与拜虚神和偶像的罪相同。你既厌弃耶和华的命令,耶和华也厌弃你作王。”

3 雅二18、22:18必有人说:“你有信心,我有行为;你将你没有行为的信心指给我看,我便藉着我的行为,将我的信心指给你看。” 22可见信心是与他的行为并行,而且信心因着行为才得成全。

4 诗一一六12-13:12我拿什么报答耶和华向我所赐的一切厚恩?13我要举起救恩的杯,称扬耶和华的名!9:我要在耶和华面前行活人之路。

5 约壹二3、5:3我们若遵守他的诫命,就晓得是认识他。5凡遵守主道的,爱 神的心在他里面实在是完全的,从此我们知道我们是在主里面。一5-10:5神就是光,在他毫无黑暗!这是我们从主所听见、又报给你们的信息。6我们若说是与 神相交,却仍在黑暗里行,就是说谎话,不行真理了。7我们若在光明中行,如同 神在光明中,就彼此相交,他儿子耶稣的血也洗净我们一切的罪。 8我们若说自己无罪,便是自欺,真理不在我们心里了;9我们若认自己的罪, 神是信实的,是公义的,必要赦免我们的罪,洗净我们一切的不义;10我们若说自己没有犯过罪,便是以 神为说谎的,他的道也不在我们心里了。

6 林后九2:因为我知道你们乐意的心,常对马其顿人夸奖你们,说亚该亚人预备好了,已经有一年了,并且你们的热心激动了许多人。太五16:你们的光也当这样照在人前,叫他们看见你们的好行为,便将荣耀归给你们在天上的父。

7 多二5、9-12:5谨守,贞洁,料理家务,待人有恩,顺服自己的丈夫,免得 神的道理被毁谤。9劝仆人要顺服自己的主人,凡事讨他的喜欢,不可顶撞他,11因为 神救众人的恩典已经显明出来, 12教训我们除去不敬虔的心和世俗的情欲,在今世自守、公义、敬虔度日。

8 彼前二15:因为 神的旨意原是要你们行善,可以堵住那糊涂无知人的口。

9 彼前二12:你们在外邦人中,应当品行端正,叫那些毁谤你们是作恶的,因看见你们的好行为,便在鉴察的日子(注:“鉴察”或作“眷顾”)归荣耀给 神。腓一11:并靠着耶稣基督结满了仁义的果子,叫荣耀称赞归与 神。约十五8:你们多结果子,我父就因此得荣耀,你们也就是我的门徒了。

10 弗二10:我们原是他的工作,在基督耶稣里造成的,为要叫我们行善,就是神所预备叫我们行的。

11 罗六22:但现今你们既从罪里得了释放,作了 神的奴仆,就有成圣的果子,那结局就是永生!

12 约十五4-6:4你们要常在我里面,我也常在你们里面。枝子若不常在葡萄树上,自己就不能结果子;你们若不常在我里面,也是这样。 5我是葡萄树,你们是枝子;常在我里面的,我也常在他里面,这人就多结果子。因为离了我,你们就不能做什么。 6人若不常在我里面,就像枝子丢在外面枯乾,人拾起来扔在火里烧了。 26-27:26但我要从父那里差保惠师来,就是从父出来真理的圣灵,他来了,就要为我作见证。27你们也要作见证,因为你们从起头就与我同在。

13 腓二13:因为你们立志行事,都是 神在你们心里运行,为要成就他的美意。四13:我靠着那加给我力量的,凡事都能做。林后三5:并不是我们凭自己能承担什么事,我们所能承担的,乃是出于 神。

14 腓二12:这样看来,我亲爱的弟兄,你们既是常顺服的,不但我在你们那里,就是我如今不在你们那里,更是顺服的,就当恐惧战兢,做成你们得救的工夫。来六11-12:11愿你们各人都显出这样的殷勤,使你们有满足的指望,一直到底。12并且不懈怠,总要效法那些凭信心和忍耐承受应许的人。彼后一3、5、10-11:3神的神能已将一切关乎生命和虔敬的事赐给我们,皆因我们认识那用自己荣耀和美德召我们的主。5正因这缘故,你们要分外地殷勤。有了信心,又要加上德行;有了德行,又要加上知识;10所以弟兄们,应当更加殷勤,使你们所蒙的恩召和拣选坚定不移。你们若行这几样,就永不失脚。11这样,必叫你们丰丰富富地得以进入我们主救主耶稣基督永远的国。提后一6:为此我提醒你,使你将 神藉我按手所给你的恩赐,再如火挑旺起来。徒廿六6-7:6现在我站在这里受审,是因为指望 神向我们祖宗所应许的。 7这应许,我们十二个支派,昼夜切切地事奉 神,都指望得着。王啊,我被犹太人控告,就是因这指望。犹20-21:20的弟兄啊,你们却要在至圣的真道上造就自己,在圣灵里祷告,21保守自己常在 神的爱中,仰望我们主耶稣基督的怜悯,直到永生。

15 路十七10:这样,你们做完了一切所吩咐的,只当说:‘我们是无用的仆人,所做的本是我们应分做的。’”尼十三22:我吩咐利未人洁净自己,来守城门,使安息日为圣。我的 神啊,求你因这事记念我,照你的大慈爱怜恤我。伯九2-3:2“我真知道是这样。但人在 神面前怎能成为义呢? 3若愿意与他争辩,千中之一也不能回答。五17:神所惩治的人是有福的,所以你不可轻看全能者的管教。

16 罗三20:所以凡有血气的,没有一个因行律法能在 神面前称义,因为律法本是叫人知罪。四2、4、6:2倘若亚伯拉罕是因行为称义,就有可夸的;只是在 神面前并无可夸。4做工的得工价,不算恩典,乃是该得的;6正如大卫称那在行为以外蒙 神算为义的人是有福的。弗二8-9:8你们得救是本乎恩,也因着信。这并不是出于自己,乃是 神所赐的; 9也不是出于行为,免得有人自夸。 5-7:5我们死在过犯中的时候,便叫我们与基督一同活过来(你们得救是本乎恩)。6他又叫我们与基督耶稣一同复活,一同坐在天上,7要将他极丰富的恩典,就是他在基督耶稣里向我们所施的恩慈,显明给后来的世代看。六2:你们作儿女的,要在主里听从父母,这是理所当然的。(此包括弗6:1-2)伯廿二2-3:2岂能使 神有益呢?智慧人但能有益于己。3为人公义,岂叫全能者喜悦呢?你行为完全,岂能使他得利呢?卅五7-8:7若是公义,还能加增他什么呢?他从你手里还接受什么呢?8你的过恶或能害你这类的人;你的公义或能叫世人得益处。

17 路十七10:这样,你们做完了一切所吩咐的,只当说:‘我们是无用的仆人,所做的本是我们应分做的。’”

18 加五22-23:22耶稣知道他们所议论的,就说:“你们心里议论的是什么呢?23或说‘你的罪赦了’,或说‘你起来行走’,哪一样容易呢?

19 赛六十四6:我们都像不洁净的人,所有的义都像污秽的衣服;我们都像叶子渐渐枯乾,我们的罪孽好像风把我们吹去。加五17:有一天,耶稣教训人,有法利赛人和教法师在旁边坐着,他们是从加利利各乡村和犹太并耶路撒冷来的。主的能力与耶稣同在,使他能医治病人。罗七15、18:15因为我所做的,我自己不明白;我所愿意的,我并不做;我所恨恶的,我倒去做。 18我也知道在我里头,就是我肉体之中,没有良善。因为立志为善由得我,只是行出来由不得我。诗一四三2:求你不要审问仆人,因为在你面前,凡活着的人没有一个是义的。一三○3:主耶和华啊,你若究察罪孽,谁能站得住呢?

20 弗一6:使他荣耀的恩典得着称赞。这恩典是他在爱子里所赐给我们的。彼前二5:你们来到主面前,也就像活石,被建造成为灵宫,作圣洁的祭司,藉着耶稣基督奉献 神所悦纳的灵祭。出廿八38:这牌必在亚伦的额上,亚伦要担当干犯圣物条例的罪孽。这圣物是以色列人在一切的圣礼物上所分别为圣的。这牌要常在他的额上,使他们可以在耶和华面前蒙悦纳。创四4:亚伯也将他羊群中头生的和羊的脂油献上。耶和华看中了亚伯和他的供物,来十一4:亚伯因着信,献祭与 神,比该隐所献的更美,因此便得了称义的见证,就是 神指他礼物作的见证。他虽然死了,却因这信,仍旧说话。

21 伯九20:我虽有义,自己的口要定我为有罪;我虽完全,我口必显我为弯曲。诗一四三2:求你不要审问仆人,因为在你面前,凡活着的人没有一个是义的。

22 来十三20-21:20但愿赐平安的 神,就是那凭永约之血使群羊的大牧人──我主耶稣从死里复活的 神, 21在各样善事上成全你们,叫你们遵行他的旨意;又藉着耶稣基督在你们心里行他所喜悦的事。愿荣耀归给他,直到永永远远。阿们!六10:因为 神并非不公义,竟忘记你们所做的工和你们为他名所显的爱心,就是先前伺候圣徒,如今还是伺候。林后八12:因为人若有愿做的心,必蒙悦纳,乃是照他所有的,并不是照他所无的。太廿五21、23:21主人说:‘好!你这又良善又忠心的仆人,你在不多的事上有忠心,我要把许多事派你管理;可以进来享受你主人的快乐。’23主人说:‘好!你这又良善又忠心的仆人,你在不多的事上有忠心,我要把许多事派你管理;可以进来享受你主人的快乐。’

23 王下十30-31:耶和华对耶户说:“因你办好我眼中看为正的事,照我的心意待亚哈家,你的子孙必接续你坐以色列的国位,直到四代。”只是耶户不尽心遵守耶和华以色列 神的律法,不离开耶罗波安使以色列人陷在罪里的那罪。 王上廿一27亚哈听见这话,就撕裂衣服,禁食,身穿麻布,睡卧也穿着麻布,并且缓缓而行。29 “亚哈在我面前这样自卑,你看见了吗?因他在我面前自卑,他还在世的时候,我不降这祸;到他儿子的时候,我必降这祸与他的家。” 腓一15-16有的传基督是出于嫉妒纷争,也有的是出于好意。这一等是出于爱心,知道我是为辩明福音设立的;18这有何妨呢?或是假意,或是真心,无论怎样,基督究竟被传开了。为此,我就欢喜,并且还要欢喜。

24 创四5只是看不中该隐和他的供物。该隐就大大地发怒,变了脸色。 来十一4亚伯因着信,献祭与 神,比该隐所献的更美,因此便得了称义的见证,就是 神指他礼物作的见证。他虽然死了,却因这信,仍旧说话。6人非有信,就不能得 神的喜悦;因为到 神面前来的人,必须信有神,且信他赏赐那寻求他的人。

25 林前十三3我若将所有的周济穷人,又舍己身叫人焚烧,却没有爱,仍然与我无益。赛一12你们来朝见我,谁向你们讨这些,使你们践踏我的院宇呢?

26 太六2所以,你施舍的时候,不可在你前面吹号,像那假冒为善的人在会堂里和街道上所行的,故意要得人的荣耀。我实在告诉你们:他们已经得了他们的赏赐。5你们祷告的时候,不可像那假冒为善的人,爱站在会堂里和十字路口上祷告,故意叫人看见。我实在告诉你们,他们已经得了他们的赏赐。 16你们禁食的时候,不可像那假冒为善的人,脸上带着愁容,因为他们把脸弄得难看,故意叫人看出他们是禁食。我实在告诉你们:他们已经得了他们的赏赐。

27 该二14于是哈该说:“耶和华说:‘这民这国,在我面前也是如此;他们手下的各样工作都是如此;他们在坛上所献的也是如此。多一15在洁净的人,凡物都洁净;在污秽不信的人,什么都不洁净,连心地和天良也都污秽了。三5他便救了我们,并不是因我们自己所行的义,乃是照他的怜悯,藉着重生的洗和圣灵的更新。 摩五21-22“我厌恶你们的节期,也不喜悦你们的严肃会。你们虽然向我献燔祭和素祭,我却不悦纳,也不顾你们用肥畜献的平安祭。何一4耶和华对何西阿说:“给他起名叫耶斯列;因为再过片时,我必讨耶户家在耶斯列杀人流血的罪,也必使以色列家的国灭绝。罗九16据此看来,这不在乎那定意的,也不在乎那奔跑的,只在乎发怜悯的神。

28 诗十四4作孽的都没有知识吗?他们吞吃我的百姓如同吃饭一样,并不求告耶和华。 卅六3他口中的言语尽是罪孽诡诈,他与智慧善行已经断绝。 伯廿一14-15他们对神说:‘离开我们吧!我们不愿晓得你的道。全能者是谁,我们何必事奉他呢?求告他有什么益处呢?’ 太廿五41-45王又要向那左边的说:‘你们这被咒诅的人,离开我,进入那为魔鬼和他的使者所预备的永火里去!因为我饿了,你们不给我吃;渴了,你们不给我喝;我作客旅,你们不留我住;我赤身露体,你们不给我穿;我病了,我在监里,你们不来看顾我。’他们也要回答说:‘主啊,我们什么时候见你饿了,或渴了,或作客旅,或赤身露体,或病了,或在监里,不伺候你呢?’王要回答说:‘我实在告诉你们:这些事你们既不做在我这弟兄中一个最小的身上,就是不做在我身上了。’ 廿三23你们这假冒为善的文士和法利赛人有祸了!因为你们将薄荷、茴香、芹菜献上十分之一,那律法上更重的事,就是公义、怜悯、信实,反倒不行了。这更重的是你们当行的,那也是不可不行的。


[1] MIC 6:8 He hath shewed thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the Lord require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God? ROM 12:2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God. HEB 13:21 Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is wellpleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.

[2] MAT 15:9 But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men. ISA 29:13 Wherefore the Lord said, Forasmuch as this people draw near me with their mouth, and with their lips do honour me, but have removed their heart far from me, and their fear toward me is taught by the precept of men. 1PE 1:18 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers. ROM 10:2 For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge. JOH 16:2 They shall put you out of the synagogues: yea, the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think that he doeth God service. 1SA 15:21 But the people took of the spoil, sheep and oxen, the chief of the things which should have been utterly destroyed, to sacrifice unto the Lord thy God in Gilgal. 22 And Samuel said, Hath the Lord as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the Lord? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than the fat of rams. 23 For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the word of the Lord, he hath also rejected thee from being king.

[3] JAM 2:18 Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works. 22 Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect?

[4] PSA 116:12 What shall I render unto the Lord for all his benefits toward me? 13 I will take the cup of salvation, and call upon the name of the Lord. 1PE 2:9 But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light.

[5] 1JO 2:3 And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. 5 But whoso keepeth his word, in him verily is the love of God perfected: hereby know we that we are in him. 2PE 1:5 And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; 6 And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness; 7 And to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness charity. 8 For if these things be in you, and abound, they make you that ye shall neither be barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. 9 But he that lacketh these things is blind, and cannot see afar off, and hath forgotten that he was purged from his old sins. 10 Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall.

[6] 2CO 9:2 For I know the forwardness of your mind, for which I boast of you to them of Macedonia, that Achaia was ready a year ago; and your zeal hath provoked very many. MAT 5:16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.

[7] TIT 2:5 To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed. 9 Exhort servants to be obedient unto their own masters, and to please them well in all things; not answering again; 10 Not purloining, but shewing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things. 11 For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men, 12 Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world. 1TI 6:1 Let as many servants as are under the yoke count their own masters worthy of all honour, that the name of God and his doctrine be not blasphemed.

[8] 1PE 2:15 For so is the will of God, that with well doing ye may put to silence the ignorance of foolish men.

[9] 1PE 2:12 Having your conversation honest among the Gentiles: that, whereas they speak against you as evildoers, they may by your good works, which they shall behold, glorify God in the day of visitation. PHI 1:11 Being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are by Jesus Christ, unto the glory and praise of God. JOH 15:8 Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be my disciples.

[10] EPH 2:10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.

[11] ROM 6:22 But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life.

[12] JOH 15:4 Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide in me. 5 I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing. 6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned. EZE 36:26 A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh. 27 And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them.

[13] PHI 2:13 For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure. 4:13 I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me. 2CO 3:5 Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves; but our sufficiency is of God.

[14] PHI 2:12 Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling. HEB 6:11 And we desire that every one of you do shew the same diligence to the full assurance of hope unto the end: 12 That ye be not slothful, but followers of them who through faith and patience inherit the promises. 2PE 1:3 According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue. 5 And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge. 10 Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall: 11 For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. ISA 64:7 And there is none that calleth upon thy name, that stirreth up himself to take hold of thee: for thou hast hid thy face from us, and hast consumed us, because of our iniquities. 2TI 1:6 Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the gift of God, which is in thee by the putting on of my hands. ACT 26:6 And now I stand and am judged for the hope of the promise made of God unto our fathers: 7 Unto which promise our twelve tribes, instantly serving God day and night, hope to come. For which hope's sake, king Agrippa, I am accused of the Jews. JUD 20 But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost, 21 Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life.

[15] LUK 17:10 So likewise ye, when ye shall have done all those things which are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants: we have done that which was our duty to do. NEH 13:22 And I commanded the Levites that they should cleanse themselves, and that they should come and keep the gates, to sanctify the sabbath day. Remember me, O my God, concerning this also, and spare me according to the greatness of thy mercy. JOB 9:2 I know it is so of a truth: but how should man be just with God? 3 If he will contend with him, he cannot answer him one of a thousand. GAL 5:17 For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would.

[16] ROM 3:20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin. ROM 4:2 For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God. 4 Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. 6 Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works. EPH 2:8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: 9 Not of works, lest any man should boast. TIT 3:5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; 6 Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour; 7 That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life. ROM 8:18 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us. PSA 16:2 O my soul, thou hast said unto the Lord, Thou art my Lord: my goodness extendeth not to thee. JOB 22:2 Can a man be profitable unto God, as he that is wise may be profitable unto himself? 3 Is it any pleasure to the Almighty, that thou art righteous? or is it gain to him that thou makest thy ways perfect? 35:7 If thou be righteous, what givest thou him? or what receiveth he of thine hand? 8 Thy wickedness may hurt a man as thou art; and thy righteousness may profit the son of man.

[17] LUK 17:10 So likewise ye, when ye shall have done all those things which are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants: we have done that which was our duty to do.

[18] GAL 5:22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, 23 meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.

[19] ISA 64:6 But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away. GAL 5:17 For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would. ROM 7:15 For that which I do I allow not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I. 18 For I know that in me(that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not. PSA 143:2 And enter not into judgment with thy servant: for in thy sight shall no man living be justified. PSA 130:3 If thou, Lord, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand?

[20] EPH 1:6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved. 1PE 2:5 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ. EXO 28:38 And it shall be upon Aaron's forehead, that Aaron may bear the iniquity of the holy things, which the children of Israel shall hallow in all their holy gifts; and it shall be always upon his forehead, that they may be accepted before the Lord. GEN 4:4 And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the Lord had respect unto Abel and to his offering. HEB 11:4 By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh.

[21] JOB 9:20 If I justify myself, mine own mouth shall condemn me: if I say, I am perfect, it shall also prove me perverse. PSA 143:2 And enter not into judgment with thy servant: for in thy sight shall no man living be justified.

[22] HEB 13:20 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant, 21 Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is wellpleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen. 2CO 8:12 For if there be first a willing mind, it is accepted according to that a man hath, and not according to that he hath not. HEB 6:10 For God is not unrighteous to forget your work and labour of love, which ye have shewed toward his name, in that ye have ministered to the saints, and do minister. MAT 25:21 His lord said unto him, Well done, thou good and faithful servant: thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord. 23 His lord said unto him, Well done, good and faithful servant; thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord.

[23] 2KI 10:30 And the Lord said unto Jehu, Because thou hast done well in executing that which is right in mine eyes, and hast done unto the house of Ahab according to all that was in mine heart, thy children of the fourth generation shall sit on the throne of Israel. 31 But Jehu took no heed to walk in the law of the Lord God of Israel with all his heart: for he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam, which made Israel to sin. 1KI 21:27 And it came to pass, when Ahab heard those words, that he rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his flesh, and fasted, and lay in sackcloth, and went softly. 29 Seest thou how Ahab humbleth himself before me? because he humbleth himself before me, I will not bring the evil in his days: but in his son's days will I bring the evil upon his house. PHI 1:15 Some indeed preach Christ even of envy and strife; and some also of good will: PHI 1:16 The one preach Christ of contention, not sincerely, supposing to add affliction to my bonds. 18 What then? notwithstanding, every way, whether in pretence, or in truth, Christ is preached; and I therein do rejoice, yea, and will rejoice.

[24] GEN 4:5 But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell. HEB 11:4 By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh. 6 But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.

[25] 1CO 13:3 And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing. ISA 1:12 When ye come to appear before me, who hath required this at your hand, to tread my courts?

[26] MAT 6:2 Therefore when thou doest thine alms, do not sound a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may have glory of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward. 5 And when thou prayest, thou shalt not be as the hypocrites are: for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward. 16 Moreover when ye fast, be not, as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance: for they disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men to fast. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.

[27] HAG 2:14 Then answered Haggai, and said, So is this people, and so is this nation before me, saith the Lord; and so is every work of their hands; and that which they offer there is unclean. TIT 1:15 Unto the pure all things are pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled. AMO 5:21 I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies. 22 Though ye offer me burnt offerings and your meat offerings, I will not accept them: neither will I regard the peace offerings of your fat beasts. HOS 1:4 And the Lord said unto him, Call his name Jezreel; for yet a little while, and I will avenge the blood of Jezreel upon the house of Jehu, and will cause to cease the kingdom of the house of Israel. ROM 9:16 So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy. TIT 3:15 All that are with me salute thee. Greet them that love us in the faith. Grace be with you all. Amen.

[28] PSA 14:4 Have all the workers of iniquity no knowledge? who eat up my people as they eat bread, and call not upon the Lord. 36:3 The words of his mouth are iniquity and deceit: he hath left off to be wise, and to do good. JOB 21:14 Therefore they say unto God, Depart from us; for we desire not the knowledge of thy ways. 15 What is the Almighty, that we should serve him? and what profit should we have, if we pray unto him? MAT 25:41 Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels: 42 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me no meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink: 43 I was a stranger, and ye took me not in: naked, and ye clothed me not: sick, and in prison, and ye visited me not. 45 Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did it not to one of the least of these, ye did it not to me. MAT 23:23 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone.



目录

威斯敏斯特信条

WCF1 WCF2 WCF3 WCF4 WCF5 WCF6 WCF7 WCF8 WCF9 WCF10
WCF11 WCF12 WCF13 WCF14 WCF15 WCF16 WCF17 WCF18 WCF19 WCF20
WCF21 WCF22 WCF23 WCF24 WCF25 WCF26 WCF27 WCF28 WCF29 WCF30
WCF31 WCF32 WCF33 WCFLU WCFWA
威斯敏斯特信条证明经文1-8章 9-16章威斯敏斯特信条王志勇牧师译
威斯敏斯特信条吕沛渊牧师译