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威斯敏斯特信条第23章

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第二十三章 论民事长官

中文赵中辉版

  一、为全世界至高者的主宰与君王的神,为了他自己的荣耀和人类的公益任命了民事长官,使他们在神以下,在百姓以上;为了这个目的,神以刀剑的势力装备他们,用以拥护和奖励善人,处罚行恶者1。


  二、基督徒被召执行民事长官的职务时,接受并执行此职,乃属正当之事2,当执行职务时,应照各国家健全的法律来维持敬虔、正义与和平3;所以为了这个目的,现今在新约之下,他们可以为了正当与不得已的理由从事合法的战争4。


  三、民事长官不可擅自讲道并施行圣礼,或执掌天国钥匙之权5,或干涉有关信仰的事。然而他却有权,也是他的本份去保持教会内的一致与和平,维持神真理的纯正无缺,禁止亵渎和异端,防止或改革在礼拜与教规中所有的腐败和滥用,并正当地规定、执行和遵守所有的宗教仪式6。为了更生实效的目的,他有权召集教会会议,出席会议,并规定在会议中所处理的一切事,乃为合乎神的旨意7。


  四、为民事长官祈祷8,尊敬他们的人格9,给他们纳税或缴交其他费用10,服从他们合法的命令,并为良心的缘故服从他们的权威11,乃是人民的义务。不信神或具有不同宗教的长官,并不因此使他正当而合法的权威失效,也不能使人民不顺从他12;教会人员亦当顺从13;教皇无权统治他们,或管辖他们的百姓。更不能判定他们为异端者,或任何其他借口来剥夺他们的领土或生命14。


  1. 罗十三1-4;彼前二13-14。

  2. 箴八15-16;罗十三1-2、4。

  3. 诗二10-12,八十二3-4;提前二2;撒下廿三3;彼前二13。

  4. 路三14;罗十三4;太八9-10;徒十1-2;启十七14、16。

  5. 代下廿六18;太十八17,十六19;林前十二28-29,四1-2;弗四11-12;罗十15;来五4。

  6. 赛四十九23;罗十三1-6;诗一二二9;斯七23-28;利廿四16;申十三5-6、12;王下十八4;代上十三1-9;王下廿三1-26;代下卅四33,十五12-13。

  7. 代下十九8-11、29-30;太二4-5。

  8. 提前二1-2。

  9. 彼前二17。

  10. 罗十三6-7。

  11. 罗十三5;多三1。

  12. 彼前二13-14、16。

  13. 罗十三1;王上二35;徒廿五9-11;彼后二1、10-11;犹一8-11。

  14. 帖后二4;启十三15-17。

中文王志勇版

第二十三章 论国家官员

一.上帝是至高的主和全世界的王,祂在 自己之下设立国家官员治理人民,是为了祂自己的荣耀和公众的利 益,因此赋与他们佩剑的权柄,用以保护并鼓励行善的,处罚作恶的(罗13:1-4;彼前2:13-14)。


二.基督徒若被委任接受并执行国家官员的公职,乃是合乎圣经的(箴8:15-16;罗 13:1,2,4);他们在按照各个国家健全的法律执行公 职时,应当特别维持虔敬、公正与和平(诗2:10-12;提前2:2;诗82:3-4;撒下23:3;彼前2:13),同样,为此目的,如今在新约之下,他们可以合乎律法地从事公义和必须的战争(路3:14;罗13:4;太 8:9-10;徒10:1-2;启17:14,16)。


三.国家官员不可僭取 讲道,施行圣礼,或执掌天国钥匙之权(代下26:18;太16:19;18:17;林前12:28-29;弗4:11-12;林前4:1-2;罗10:15;来 5:4);然而他却有权,也是他的本分,维持教会的合一与 和平,保守上帝真理的纯洁和完整,压制一切亵渎和异端,阻止或改革崇拜和法规的一切弊端,并正当地确立、执行并遵守上帝的典章(赛49:23;诗122:9; 拉7:23-28;利24:16;申13:5,6,12;王下18:4;代上13:1-9;王下23:1- 26;代下34:33;15:12-13)。为求促进这些目的,他有权召集教会会议,列席其间,并使所规定的合乎上帝的意旨(代下19:8-11;29;30; 太2:4-5)。


四. 人民当为国家官员祈祷(提前2:1-2),尊敬他们的人格(彼前2:17),给他们纳税(罗13:6-7 ),服从他们合乎律法的命令,为良心的缘故服从他们的权威(罗13:5;多3:1)。不信宗教或宗教差异,并不废止国家官员正当和合乎圣经的权威,也不解除人民对他们的顺服 (彼前2:13,14,16);这种顺服,教会人员也是不能免的(罗13:1;王上2:35;徒25:9-11;彼后 2:1,10,11;犹8-11)。教皇在他们领土之内对 他们或他们的任何人民都没有任何统治权或管辖权,尤其不能因着把他们判为异端者,或假托任何名义而剥夺他们的土地或生命(帖后2:4;启 13:15-17)。


中文吕沛渊版

23.1 上帝是至高的主、全世界的王,为祂自己的荣耀和众人的 好处,任命了政府官员,使他们在上帝以下,在百姓以上 。为达 此目的,上帝赐他们配剑 的权柄,让他们保护与鼓励行善的,刑 罚作恶的 。


23.2 基督徒蒙召担任政府职务时,接受并执行此职是合法的。 他们执行职务时,应照各国家健全的法律来维持敬虔、正义、和平。所以为了这个目的,现今在新约之下,他们可以为了公正必要的理由,合法的进行战争。


23.3 政府官员不可擅自讲道并施行圣礼,或执掌天国钥匙之 权,也不可在教义信仰上有任何干涉。然而,政府官员身为父母 官,有责任保护我们同一救主的教会,不偏袒任何基督徒的宗派, 厚此薄彼;如此使得所有教会事奉人员,都能享有充分、不受限 制、不被质疑的自由,来执行他们的神圣职责每一方面,免遭暴 力或危险。既然耶稣基督在他的教会中设立正常的治理与劝诫,所以任 何国家法律皆不可干涉、阻止、妨碍基督徒各宗派教会的正当运 作,这是会员志愿按照他们自己的信仰告白来进行的。政府官员的职责,是有效的保护每一人民及所有人民的名 誉,不准许任何人假藉宗教或不信的名义,以侮辱、暴力、侵犯、 伤害来迫害任何人。他们也应该维持治安,使得所有宗教与教会 的聚会,不遭到干涉或捣乱。


23.4 人民有责任为政府官员祷告,尊敬他们,给他们纳税或缴 交其他当纳的,服从他们合法的命令,并为良心的缘故服从他们 的权柄。不信上帝或信仰不同宗教的官员,并不因此使他正当合 法的权柄失效,也未免除人民对他应有的顺从。教会人员亦当顺 从官员,并无豁免;官员在他们领土内治理,教皇更是无权统治 他们,或管辖他们的百姓;更不能以判定他们为异端或任何其他 借口,而剥夺他们的领土或生命。

英文OPC版

CHAPTER 23 OF THE CIVIL MAGISTRATE

1. God, the supreme Lord and King of all the world, hath ordained civil magistrates, to be, under him, over the people, for his own glory, and the public good: and, to this end, hath armed them with the power of the sword, for the defense and encouragement of them that are good, and for the punishment of evildoers.

2. It is lawful for Christians to accept and execute the office of a magistrate, when called thereunto: in the managing whereof, as they ought especially to maintain piety, justice, and peace, according to the wholesome laws of each commonwealth; so, for that end, they may lawfully, now under the new testament, wage war, upon just and necessary occasion.

3. Civil magistrates may not assume to themselves the administration of the Word and sacraments; or the power of the keys of the kingdom of heaven; or, in the least, interfere in matters of faith. Yet, as nursing fathers, it is the duty of civil magistrates to protect the church of our common Lord, without giving the preference to any denomination of Christians above the rest, in such a manner that all ecclesiastical persons whatever shall enjoy the full, free, and unquestioned liberty of discharging every part of their sacred functions, without violence or danger. And, as Jesus Christ hath appointed a regular government and discipline in his church, no law of any commonwealth should interfere with, let, or hinder, the due exercise thereof, among the voluntary members of any denomination of Christians, according to their own profession and belief. It is the duty of civil magistrates to protect the person and good name of all their people, in such an effectual manner as that no person be suffered, either upon pretense of religion or of infidelity, to offer any indignity, violence, abuse, or injury to any other person whatsoever: and to take order, that all religious and ecclesiastical assemblies be held without molestation or disturbance.

4. It is the duty of people to pray for magistrates, to honor their persons, to pay them tribute or other dues, to obey their lawful commands, and to be subject to their authority, for conscience' sake. Infidelity, or difference in religion, doth not make void the magistrates' just and legal authority, nor free the people from their due obedience to them: from which ecclesiastical persons are not exempted, much less hath the pope any power and jurisdiction over them in their dominions, or over any of their people; and, least of all, to deprive them of their dominions, or lives, if he shall judge them to be heretics, or upon any other pretense whatsoever.

英文CRTA版

Chapter XXIII

Of the Civil Magistrate

I. God, the supreme Lord and King of all the world, has ordained civil magistrates, to be, under Him, over the people, for His own glory, and the public good: and, to this end, has armed them with the power of the sword, for the defence and encouragement of them that are good, and for the punishment of evil doers.[1]

II. It is lawful for Christians to accept and execute the office of a magistrate, when called thereunto:[2] in the managing whereof, as they ought especially to maintain piety, justice, and peace, according to the wholesome laws of each commonwealth;[3] so, for that end, they may lawfully, now under the New Testament, wage war, upon just and necessary occasion.[4]

III. Civil magistrates may not assume to themselves the administration of the Word and sacraments; or the power of the keys of the kingdom of heaven;[5] yet he has authority, and it is his duty, to take order that unity and peace be preserved in the Church, that the truth of God be kept pure and entire, that all blasphemies and heresies be suppressed, all corruptions and abuses in worship and discipline prevented or reformed, and all the ordainances of God duly settled, administrated, and observed.[6] For the better effecting whereof, he has power to call synods, to be present at them and to provide that whatsoever is transacted in them be according to the mind of God.[7]

IV. It is the duty of people to pray for magistrates,[8] to honor their persons,[9] to pay them tribute or other dues,[10] to obey their lawful commands, and to be subject to their authority, for conscience' sake.[11] Infidelity, or difference in religion, does not make void the magistrates' just and legal authority, nor free the people from their due obedience to them:[12] from which ecclesiastical persons are not exempted,[13] much less has the Pope any power and jurisdiction over them in their dominions, or over any of their people; and, least of all, to deprive them of their dominions, or lives, if he shall judge them to be heretics, or upon any other pretence whatsoever.[14]


证明经文

1 罗十三1在上有权柄的,人人当顺服他,因为没有权柄不是出于 神的,凡掌权的都是 神所命的。 2所以抗拒掌权的,就是抗拒 神的命;抗拒的必自取刑罚。 3作官的原不是叫行善的惧怕,乃是叫作恶的惧怕。你愿意不惧怕掌权的吗?你只要行善,就可得他的称赞, -4因为他是 神的用人,是与你有益的。你若作恶,却当惧怕,因为他不是空空地佩剑。他是 神的用人,是伸冤的,刑罚那作恶的。;彼前二13你们为主的缘故,要顺服人的一切制度,或是在上的君王, -14或是君王所派罚恶赏善的臣宰。

2 箴八15-帝王藉我坐国位;君王藉我定公平。 16王子和首领,世上一切的审判官,都是藉我掌权。;罗十三1在上有权柄的,人人当顺服他,因为没有权柄不是出于 神的,凡掌权的都是 神所命的。 2所以抗拒掌权的,就是抗拒 神的命;抗拒的必自取刑罚。4因为他是 神的用人,是与你有益的。你若作恶,却当惧怕,因为他不是空空地佩剑。他是 神的用人,是伸冤的,刑罚那作恶的。

3 诗二10现在,你们君王应当省悟;你们世上的审判官该受管教! 11-当存畏惧事奉耶和华,又当存战兢而快乐。 12当以嘴亲子,恐怕他发怒,你们便在道中灭亡,因为他的怒气快要发作。凡投靠他的,都是有福的。〔大卫逃避他儿子押沙龙的时候作的诗。〕八十二3你们当为贫寒的人和孤儿伸冤,当为困苦和穷乏的人施行公义。 4当保护贫寒和穷乏的人,救他们脱离恶人的手。提前二2为君王和一切在位的,也该如此,使我们可以敬虔、端正,平安无事地度日。撒下廿三3我家在 神面前并非如此, 神却与我立永远的约。这约凡事坚稳,关乎我的一切救恩和我一切所想望的,他岂不为我成就吗? 彼前二13你们为主的缘故,要顺服人的一切制度,或是在上的君王,

4 路三14又有兵丁问他说:“我们当做甚么呢?”约翰说:“不要以强暴待人,也不要讹诈人,自己有钱粮就当知足。” 罗十三4因为他是 神的用人,是与你有益的。你若作恶,却当惧怕,因为他不是空空地佩剑。他是 神的用人,是伸冤的,刑罚那作恶的。太八9因为我在人的权下,也有兵在我以下;对这个说,‘去’,他就去; 对那个说,‘来’,他就来;对我的仆人说,‘你做这事’,他就去做。” 10耶稣听见就希奇,对跟从的人说:“我实在告诉你们:这么大的信心,就是在以色列中,我也没有遇见过。徒十1在凯撒利亚有一个人,名叫哥尼流,是意大利营的百夫长。 2他是个虔诚人,他和全家都敬畏 神,多多周济百姓,常常祷告 神。启十七14他们与羔羊争战,羔羊必胜过他们,因为羔羊是万主之主,万王之王。同著羔羊的,就是蒙召、被选、有忠心的,也必得胜。” 16你所看见的那十角与兽必恨这淫妇,使她冷落赤身,又要吃她的肉,用火将她烧尽。

5 代下廿六18他们就阻挡乌西雅王,对他说:“乌西雅啊,给耶和华烧香不是你的事,乃是亚伦子孙承接圣职祭司的事。你出圣殿吧!因为你犯了罪,你行这事,耶和华 神必不使你得荣耀。”太十八17若是不听他们,就告诉教会;若是不听教会,就看他像外邦人和税吏一样。十六19我要把天国的钥匙给你,凡你在地上所捆绑的,在天上也要捆绑;凡你在地上所释放的,在天上也要释放。” 林前十二28 神在教会所设立的:第一是使徒,第二是先知,第三是教师,其次是行异能的,再次是得恩赐医病的,帮助人的,治理事的,说方言的。 29岂都是使徒吗?岂都是先知吗?岂都是教师吗?岂都是行异能的吗?四1人应当以我们为基督的执事,为神奥秘事的管家。2所求于管家的,是要他有忠心。弗四11他所赐的有使徒,有先知,有传福音的,有牧师和教师。 12为要成全圣徒,各尽其职,建立基督的身体;罗十15若没有奉差遣,怎能传道呢?如经上所记:“报福音传喜信的人,他们的脚踪何等佳美!” 来五4 这大祭司的尊荣,没有人自取,惟要蒙 神所召,像亚伦一样。

6 赛四十九23列王必作你的养父,王后必作你的乳母;他们必将脸伏地,向你下拜,并舔你脚上的尘土。你便知道我是耶和华!等候我的必不至羞愧。” 罗十三1在上有权柄的,人人当顺服他,因为没有权柄不是出于 神的,凡掌权的都是 神所命的。 2所以抗拒掌权的,就是抗拒 神的命;抗拒的必自取刑罚。 3作官的原不是叫行善的惧怕,乃是叫作恶的惧怕。你愿意不惧怕掌权的吗?你只要行善,就可得他的称赞, 4因为他是 神的用人,是与你有益的。你若作恶,却当惧怕,因为他不是空空地佩剑。他是 神的用人,是伸冤的,刑罚那作恶的。 5所以你们必须顺服,不但是因为刑罚,也是因为良心。 6你们纳粮也为这个缘故,因他们是 神的差役,常常特管这事。诗一二二9因耶和华我们 神殿的缘故,我要为你求福。〔上行之诗。〕斯七23-28;利廿四16那亵渎耶和华名的,必被治死,全会众总要用石头打死他。不管是寄居的是本地人,他亵渎耶和华名的时候,必被治死。;申十三5-那先知或是那做梦的,既用言语叛逆那领你们出埃及地、救赎你脱离为奴之家的耶和华你们的 神,要勾引你离开耶和华你 神所吩咐你行的道,你便要将他治死,这样就把那恶从你们中间除掉。 6你的同胞弟兄,或是你的儿女,或是你怀中的妻,或是如同你性命的朋友,若暗中引诱你说:‘我们不如去事奉你和你列祖素来所不认识的别神,12在耶和华你 神所赐你居住的各城中,你若听人说,有些匪类从你们中间的一座城出来勾引本城的居民说:‘我们不如去事奉你们素来所不认识的别神。’;王下十八4他废去邱坛,毁坏柱像,砍下木偶,打碎摩西所造的铜蛇,因为到那时以色列人仍向铜蛇烧香。希西家叫铜蛇为铜块(注:或作“人称铜蛇为铜像”)。代上十三1-9 大卫与千夫长,百夫长,就是一切首领商议。大卫对以色列全会众说,你们若以为美,见这事是出于耶和华我们的神,我们就差遣人走遍以色列地,见我们未来的弟兄,又见住在有郊野之城的祭司利未人,使他们都到这里来聚集。我们要把神的约柜运到我们这里来。因为在扫罗年间,我们没有在约柜前求问神。全会众都说可以如此行。这事在众民眼中都看为好。于是,大卫将以色列人从埃及的西曷河直到哈马口都招聚了来,要从基列耶琳将神的约柜运来。大卫率领以色列众人上到巴拉,就是属犹大的基列耶琳,要从那里将约柜运来。这约柜就是坐在二基路伯上耶和华神留名的约柜。他们将神的约柜从亚比拿达的家里抬出来,放在新车上。乌撒和亚希约赶车。大卫和以色列众人在神前用琴,瑟,锣,鼓,号作乐,极力跳舞歌唱。到了基顿的禾场(基顿撒母耳下六章六节作拿艮)。因为牛失前蹄(或作惊跳),乌撒就伸手扶住约柜。王下廿三1-26(略)代下卅四33约西亚从以色列各处,将一切可憎之物尽都除掉,使以色列境内的人,都事奉耶和华他们的 神。约西亚在世的日子,就跟从耶和华他们列祖的 神,总不离开。十五12-13 于是,耶和华使古实人败在亚撒和犹大人面前;古实人就逃跑了。亚撒和跟随他的军兵追赶他们,直到基拉耳。古实人被杀的甚多,不能再强盛,因为败在耶和华与他军兵面前。犹大人就夺了许多财物。

7 代下十九8-11约沙法从利未人和祭司,并以色列族长中派定人,在耶路撒冷为耶和华判断,听民间的争讼,就回耶路撒冷去了。约沙法嘱咐他们说:“你们当敬畏耶和华,忠心诚实办事。 住在各城里你们的弟兄,若有争讼的事来到你们这里,或为流血,或犯律法、诫命、律例、典章,你们要警戒他们,免得他们得罪耶和华,以致他的忿怒临到你们和你们的弟兄。这样行,你们就没有罪了。 凡属耶和华的事,有大祭司亚玛利雅管理你们;凡属王的事,有犹大支派的族长以实玛利的儿子西巴第雅管理你们。在你们面前有利未人作官长,你们应当壮胆办事,愿耶和华与善人同在。” 29-30;太二4-他就召齐了祭司长和民间的文士,问他们说:“基督当生在何处?” 5他们回答说:“在犹太的伯利恒。因为有先知记著说:

8 提前二1所以,你们既除去一切的恶毒(注:或作“阴毒”)、诡诈并假善、嫉妒和一切毁谤的话, -2就要爱慕那纯净的灵奶,像才生的婴孩爱慕奶一样,叫你们因此渐长,以致得救。

9 彼前二17务要尊敬众人,亲爱教中的弟兄,敬畏 神,尊敬君王。

10 罗十三6-你们纳粮也为这个缘故,因他们是 神的差役,常常特管这事。 7凡人所当得的,就给他;当得粮的,给他纳粮;当得税的,给他上税;当惧怕的,惧怕他;当恭敬的,恭敬他。

11 罗十三5你们纳粮也为这个缘故,因他们是 神的差役,常常特管这事。;多三1 你要提醒众人,叫他们顺服作官的、掌权的,遵他的命,预备行各样的善事。

12 彼前二13-你们为主的缘故,要顺服人的一切制度,或是在上的君王, 14或是君王所派罚恶赏善的臣宰。、16 你们虽是自由的,却不可藉著自由遮盖恶毒(注:或作“阴毒”),总要作 神的仆人。

13 罗十三1在上有权柄的,人人当顺服他,因为没有权柄不是出于 神的,凡掌权的都是 神所命的。;王上二35王就立耶何耶大的儿子比拿雅作元帅,代替约押,又使祭司撒督代替亚比亚他。;徒廿五9但非斯都要讨犹太人的喜欢,就问保罗说:“你愿意上耶路撒冷去,在那里听我审断这事吗?” 10保罗说:“我站在凯撒的堂前,这就是我应当受审的地方。我向犹太人并没有行过甚么不义的事,这也是你明明知道的。 -11我若行了不义的事,犯了甚么该死的罪,就是死,我也不辞!他们所告我的事若都不实,就没有人可以把我交给他们。我要上告于凯撒。”;彼后二1从前在百姓中有假先知起来,将来在你们中间也必有假师傅,私自引进陷害人的异端,连买他们的主他们也不承认,自取速速的灭亡。、10那些随肉身纵污秽的情欲、轻慢主治之人的,更是如此。他们胆大任性,毁谤在尊位的也不知惧怕。 11就是天使,虽然力量权能更大,还不用毁谤的话在主面前告他们。犹一8这些做梦的人也像他们污秽身体,轻慢主治的,毁谤在尊位的。 9天使长米迦勒为摩西的尸首与魔鬼争辩的时候,尚且不敢用毁谤的话罪责他,只说:“主责备你吧!” 10但这些人毁谤他们所不知道的。他们本性所知道的事与那没有灵性的畜类一样,在这事上竟败坏了自己。 11他们有祸了!因为走了该隐的道路,又为利往巴兰的错谬里直奔,并在可拉的背叛中灭亡了。

14 帖后二4他是抵挡主,高抬自己,超过一切称为神的和一切受人敬拜的,甚至坐在 神的殿里自称是 神。启十三15又有权柄赐给它,叫兽像有生气,并且能说话,又叫所有不拜兽像的人都被杀害。 16它又叫众人,无论大小、贫富,自主的、为奴的,都在右手上或是在额上受一个印记。 17除了那受印记、有了兽名或有兽名数目的,都不得作买卖。


[1] ROM 13:1 Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God. 2 Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation. 3 For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same: 4 For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil. 1PE 2:13 Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme; 14 Or unto governors, as unto them that are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers, and for the praise of them that do well.

[2] PRO 8:15 By me kings reign, and princes decree justice. 16 By me princes rule, and nobles, even all the judges of the earth. ROM 13:1 Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God. 2 Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation. 4 For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.

[3] PSA 2:10 Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth. 12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him. 1TI 2:2 For kings, and for all that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty. PSA 82:3 Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy. 4 Deliver the poor and needy: rid them out of the hand of the wicked. 2SA 23:3 The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God. 1PE 2:13 Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme.

[4] LUK 3:14 And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse any falsely; and be content with your wages. ROM 13:4 For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil. MAT 8:9 For I am a man under authority, having soldiers under me: and I say to this man, Go, and he goeth; and to another, Come, and he cometh; and to my servant, Do this, and he doeth it. 10 When Jesus heard it, he marvelled, and said to them that followed, Verily I say unto you, I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel. ACT 10:1 There was a certain man in Caesarea called Cornelius, a centurion of the band called the Italian band, 2 A devout man, and one that feared God with all his house, which gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God alway. REV 17:14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful. 16 And the ten horns which thou sawest upon the beast, these shall hate the whore, and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire.

[5] 2CH 26:18 And they withstood Uzziah the king, and said unto him, It appertaineth not unto thee, Uzziah, to burn incense unto the Lord, but to the priests the sons of Aaron, that are consecrated to burn incense: go out of the sanctuary; for thou hast trespassed; neither shall it be for thine honour from the Lord God. MAT 18:17 And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell it unto the church: but if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a publican. MAT 16:19 And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. 1CO 12:28 And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues. 29 Are all apostles? are all prophets? are all teachers? are all workers of miracles? EPH 4:11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; 12 For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ. 1CO 4:1 Let a man so account of us, as of the ministers of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God. 2 Moreover it is required in stewards, that a man be found faithful. ROM 10:15 And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things! HEB 5:4 And no man taketh this honour unto himself, but he that is called of God, as was Aaron.

6 ISA 49:23 And kings shall be thy nursing fathers, and their queens thy nursing mothers: they shall bow down to thee with their face toward the earth, and lick up the dust of thy feet; and thou shalt know that I am the Lord: for they shall not be ashamed that wait for me. PSA 122:9 Because of the house of the Lord our God I will seek thy good. EZR 7:23 Whatsoever is commanded by the God of heaven, let it be diligently done for the house of the God of heaven: for why should there be wrath against the realm of the king and his sons? 25 And thou, Ezra, after the wisdom of thy God, that is in thine hand, set magistrates and judges, which may judge all the people that are beyond the river, all such as know the laws of thy God; and teach ye them that know them not. 26 And whosoever will not do the law of thy God, and the law of the king, let judgment be executed speedily upon him, whether it be unto death, or to banishment, or to confiscation of goods, or to imprisonment. 27 Blessed be the Lord God of our fathers, which hath put such a thing as this in the king's heart, to beautify the house of the Lord which is in Jerusalem: 28 And hath extended mercy unto me before the king, and his counsellers, and before all the king's mighty princes. And I was strengthened as the hand of the Lord my God was upon me, and I gathered together out of Israel chief men to go up with me. LEV 24:16 And he that blasphemeth the name of the Lord, he shall surely be put to death, and all the congregation shall certainly stone him: as well the stranger, as he that is born in the land, when he blasphemeth the name of the Lord, shall be put to death. DEU 13:5 And that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams, shall be put to death; because he hath spoken to turn you away from the Lord your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed you out of the house of bondage, to thrust thee out of the way which the Lord thy God commanded thee to walk in. So shalt thou put the evil away from the midst of thee. 6 If thy brother, the son of thy mother, or thy son, or thy daughter, or the wife of thy bosom, or thy friend, which is as thine own soul, entice thee secretly, saying, Let us go and serve other gods, which thou hast not known, thou, nor thy fathers. 12 If thou shalt hear say in one of thy cities, which the Lord thy God hath given thee to dwell there, saying, etc. 2KI 18:4 He removed the high places, and brake the images, and cut down the groves, and brake in pieces the brasen serpent that Moses had made: for unto those days the children of Israel did burn incense to it: and he called it Nehushtan. (1CH 13:1-8; 2KI 24:1-25) 2CH 34:33 And Josiah took away all the abominations out of all the countries that pertained to the children of Israel, and made all that were present in Israel to serve, even to serve the Lord their God. And all his days they departed not from following the Lord, the God of their fathers. 2CH 15:12 And they entered into a covenant to seek the Lord God of their fathers with all their heart and with all their soul; 13 That whosoever would not seek the Lord God of Israel should be put to death, whether small or great, whether man or woman.

7 2CH 19:8 Moreover in Jerusalem did Jehoshaphat set of the Levites, and of the priests, and of the chief of the fathers of Israel, for the judgment of the Lord, and for controversies, when they returned to Jerusalem. 9 And he charged them, saying, Thus shall ye do in the fear of the Lord, faithfully, and with a perfect heart. 10 And what cause soever shall come to you of your brethren that dwell in their cities, between blood and blood, between law and commandment, statutes and judgments, ye shall even warn them that they trespass not against the Lord, and so wrath come upon you, and upon your brethren: this do, and ye shall not trespass. 11 And, behold, Amariah the chief priest is over you in all matters of the Lord; and Zebadiah the son of Ishmael, the ruler of the house of Judah, for all the king's matters: also the Levites shall be officers before you. Deal courageously, and the Lord shall be with the good. (2CH 29-30) MAT 2:4 And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ should be born. 5 And they said unto him, In Bethlehem of Judaea: for thus it is written by the prophet.

[8] 1TI 2:1 I exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks, be made for all men; 2 For kings, and for all that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty.

[9] 1PE 2:17 Honour all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honour the king.

[10] ROM 13:6 For for this cause pay ye tribute also: for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing. 7 Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to whom honour.

[11] ROM 13:5 Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake. TIT 3:1 Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work.

[12] 1PE 2:13 Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme; 14 Or unto governors, as unto them that are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers, and for the praise of them that do well. 16 As free, and not using your liberty for a cloke of maliciousness, but as the servants of God.

[13] ROM 13:1 Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God. 1KI 2:35 And the king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his room over the host: and Zadok the priest did the king put in the room of Abiathar. ACT 25:9 But Festus, willing to do the Jews a pleasure, answered Paul, and said, Wilt thou go up to Jerusalem, and there be judged of these things before me? 10 Then said Paul, I stand at Caesar's judgment seat, where I ought to be judged: to the Jews have I done no wrong, as thou very well knowest. 11 For if I be an offender, or have committed any thing worthy of death, I refuse not to die: but if there be none of these things whereof these accuse me, no man may deliver me unto them. I appeal unto Caesar. 2PE 2:1 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. 10 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous are they, selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities. 11 Whereas angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation against them before the Lord. JUD 8 Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities. JUD 9 Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee. 10 But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves. 11 Woe unto them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying of Core.

[14] 2TH 2:4 Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God. REV 13:15 And he had power to give life unto the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the beast should be killed. 16 And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads: 17 And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.


目录

威斯敏斯特信条

WCF1 WCF2 WCF3 WCF4 WCF5 WCF6 WCF7 WCF8 WCF9 WCF10
WCF11 WCF12 WCF13 WCF14 WCF15 WCF16 WCF17 WCF18 WCF19 WCF20
WCF21 WCF22 WCF23 WCF24 WCF25 WCF26 WCF27 WCF28 WCF29 WCF30
WCF31 WCF32 WCF33 WCFLU WCFWA
威斯敏斯特信条证明经文1-8章 9-16章威斯敏斯特信条王志勇牧师译
威斯敏斯特信条吕沛渊牧师译