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第六章 论 人的堕落、罪与刑罚
一．我们的始祖被撒 但的诡计和试探诱惑，吃禁果而犯罪（创3:13；林后11:3）。上 帝既特意要使祂自己得荣耀，就按自己所喜悦的，照祂智慧和圣洁的计划，准许这罪的发生（罗11:32）。
三． 他们既是全人类的根源（创1:27－28；2:16-17； 徒17:26；罗5:12，15－19；林前15:21-22,49），这罪债就归算在他们藉常例而生的后裔身上，而罪中之死，以及败坏的性情，也同样传递给了他们（诗51:5；创5:3；伯14:4；15:14）。
四． 这原初的败坏使我们完全不倾向善，也完全不能行善，而是与善完全对立（罗5:6；7:18；8:7；西1:21），一心倾向邪恶（创6:5；8:21； 罗3:10－12），由此就生出一切本罪（雅1:14－15；弗2:2－3；太15:19）。
五．这种人性的败坏，今生仍然残留那些已经重生的人里面（约壹1:8，10；罗7:14，17，18，23；雅 3:2；箴20:9；传7:20）；虽然借着基督得蒙赦 免，受到克制，可是它本身及其一切所欲仍然是真正的罪（罗7:5，7，8，25；加5:17）。
六． 每个罪，无论是原罪，还是本罪，都违背上帝公义的律法（约壹3:4），与上帝的律法完全对 立，在其本性上就将罪债归在罪人身上（罗2:15；3:9，19），他 因此当受上帝的忿怒（弗2:3）、律法的咒诅（加3:10），并已经处于其 中，因而处于死亡以及其它各样愁苦的辖制之下（罗6:23），既有灵魂的（弗4:18），也有身体的（罗8:20；哀3:39），既有现世的，也有永世的（太 25:41；帖后1:9）。
6.6每一個罪 (不論是原罪或本罪) 都是違犯上帝公義的律法，也是悖逆上帝的律法；因此，每一個罪按照其性質，招致罪究歸在罪人身上。罪人因此緣故必定遭受上帝的忿怒與律法的咒詛，結果服在死權之下，遭受一切靈命的、今生的、永遠的愁苦。
CHAPTER 6 OF THE FALL OF MAN, OF SIN, AND OF THE PUNISHMENT THEREOF
1. Our first parents, being seduced by the subtlety and temptation of Satan, sinned, in eating the forbidden fruit. This their sin, God was pleased, according to his wise and holy counsel, to permit, having purposed to order it to his own glory.
2. By this sin they fell from their original righteousness and communion with God, and so became dead in sin, and wholly defiled in all the parts and faculties of soul and body.
3. They being the root of all mankind, the guilt of this sin was imputed; and the same death in sin, and corrupted nature, conveyed to all their posterity descending from them by ordinary generation.
4. From this original corruption, whereby we are utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite to all good, and wholly inclined to all evil, do proceed all actual transgressions.
5. This corruption of nature, during this life, doth remain in those that are regenerated; and although it be, through Christ, pardoned, and mortified; yet both itself, and all the motions thereof, are truly and properly sin.
6. Every sin, both original and actual, being a transgression of the righteous law of God, and contrary thereunto, doth, in its own nature, bring guilt upon the sinner, whereby he is bound over to the wrath of God, and curse of the law, and so made subject to death, with all miseries spiritual, temporal, and eternal.
Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and the Punishment thereof
I. Our first parents, being seduced by the subtilty and temptations of Satan, sinned, in eating the forbidden fruit. This their sin, God was pleased, according to His wise and holy counsel, to permit, having purposed to order it to His own glory.
II. By this sin they fell from their original righteousness and communion, with God, and so became dead in sin, and wholly defiled in all the parts and faculties of soul and body.
III. They being the root of all mankind, the guilt of this sin was imputed; and the same death in sin, and corrupted nature, conveyed to all their posterity descending from them by ordinary generation.
IV. From this original corruption, whereby we are utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite to all good, and wholly inclined to all evil, do proceed all actual transgressions.
V. This corruption of nature, during this life, does remain in those that are regenerated; and although it be, through Christ, pardoned, and mortified; yet both itself, and all the motions thereof, are truly and properly sin.
VI. Every sin, both original and actual, being a transgression of the righteous law of God, and contrary thereunto, does in its own nature, bring guilt upon the sinner, whereby he is bound over to the wrath of God, and curse of the law, and so made subject to death, with all miseries spiritual, temporal, and eternal.
第六章 论人的堕落、罪恶和刑罚 证明经文
创 3:13 耶和华 神对女人说：“你作的是什么事呢？”女人说：“那蛇引诱我，我就吃了。”
林后 11:3 我只怕你们的心或偏于邪，失去那向基督所存纯一清洁的心，就象蛇用诡诈诱惑了夏娃一样。
罗 11:32 因为 神将众人都圈在不顺服之中，特意要怜恤众人。 (CUVS) Rom 11:32 For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all. (KJV)
创3:6-8 创 3:6 于是女人见那棵树的果子好作食物，也悦人的眼目，且是可喜爱的，能使人有智慧，就摘下果子来吃了；又给她丈夫，她丈夫也吃了。创 3:7 他们二人的眼睛就明亮了，才知道自己是赤身露体，便拿无花果树的叶子，为自己编作裙子。 创 3:8 天起了凉风，耶和华 神在园中行走。那人和他妻子听见 神的声音，就藏在园里的树木中，躲避耶和华 神的面。
传 7:29 我所找到的，只有一件，就是 神造人原是正直，但他们寻出许多巧计。
罗 3:23 因为世人都犯了罪，亏缺了 神的荣耀； (CUVS) Rom 3:23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; (KJV)
创 2:17 只是分别善恶树上的果子，你不可吃，因为你吃的日子必定死！”
弗 2:1 你们死在过犯罪恶之中，他叫你们活过来。 (CUVS) Eph 2:1 And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins; (KJV)
多 1:15 在洁净的人，凡物都洁净；在污秽不信的人，什么都不洁净，连心地和天良也都污秽了。
创 6:5 耶和华见人在地上罪恶很大，终日所思想的尽都是恶；
耶 17:9 “人心比万物都诡诈，坏到极处，谁能识透呢？ (CUVS) Jer 17:9 The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked, who can know it? (KJV)
罗3:10-18 罗 3:10 就如经上所记：“没有义人，连一个也没有； 罗 3:11 没有明白的，没有寻求 神的； 罗 3:12 都是偏离正路，一同变为无用；没有行善的，连一个也没有。 罗 3:13 他们的喉咙是敞开的坟墓，他们用舌头弄诡诈，嘴唇里有虺蛇的毒气； 罗 3:14 满口是咒骂苦毒； 罗 3:15 杀人流血，他们的脚飞跑。 罗 3:16 所经过的路，便行残害暴虐的事。 罗 3:17 平安的路，他们未曾知道； 罗 3:18 他们眼中不怕 神。”
创1:27-28 创 1:27 神就照着自己的形象造人，乃是照着他的形象造男造女。 创 1:28 神就赐福给他们，又对他们说：“要生养众多，遍满地面，治理这地；也要管理海里的鱼、空中的鸟，和地上各样行动的活物。”
创2:16-17 创 2:16 耶和华 神吩咐他说：“园中各样树上的果子，你可以随意吃； 创 2:17 只是分别善恶树上的果子，你不可吃，因为你吃的日子必定死！”
徒 17:26 他从一本造出万族的人(“本”有古卷作“血脉”)，住在全地上，并且预先定准他们的年限和所住的疆界
罗5:12,15-19 罗 5:12 这就如罪是从一人入了世界，死又是从罪来的；于是死就临到众人，因为众人都犯了罪。罗 5:15 只是过犯不如恩赐。若因一人的过犯，众人都死了，何况 神的恩典，与那因耶稣基督一人恩典中的赏赐，岂不更加倍地临到众人吗？ 罗 5:16 因一人犯罪就定罪，也不如恩赐。原来审判是由一人而定罪，恩赐乃是由许多过犯而称义。罗 5:17 若因一人的过犯，死就因这一人作了王；何况那些受洪恩又蒙所赐之义的，岂不更要因耶稣基督一人在生命中作王吗？ 罗 5:18 如此说来，因一次的过犯，众人都被定罪；照样，因一次的义行，众人也就被称义得生命了。 罗 5:19 因一人的悖逆，众人成为罪人；照样，因一人的顺从，众人也成为义了。
林前15:21-22,49 林前 15:21 死既是因一人而来，死人复活也是因一人而来。 林前 15:22 在亚当里众人都死了；照样，在基督里众人也都要复活。 林前 15:49 我们既有属土的形状，将来也必有属天的形状。
诗 51:5 我是在罪孽里生的，在我母亲怀胎的时候，就有了罪。 (CUVS) Ps 51:5 Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me. (KJV)
创 5:3 亚当活到一百三十岁，生了一个儿子，形象样式和自己相似，就给他起名叫塞特。
伯14:4;伯15:14 伯 14:4 谁能使洁净之物出于污秽之中呢？无论谁也不能！ 伯 15:14 “人是什么，竟算为洁净呢？妇人所生的是什么，竟算为义呢？
罗5:6;罗7:18;罗8:7 罗 5:6 因我们还软弱的时候，基督就按所定的日期为罪人死。 罗 7:18 我也知道在我里头，就是我肉体之中，没有良善；因为立志为善由得我，只是行出来由不得我。 罗 8:7 原来体贴肉体的，就是与 神为仇；因为不服 神的律法，也是不能服。
西 1:21 你们从前与 神隔绝，因着恶行，心里与他为敌。 (CUVS) Col 1:21 And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled (KJV)
创6:5;创8:21 创 6:5 耶和华见人在地上罪恶很大，终日所思想的尽都是恶；创 8:21 耶和华闻那馨香之气，就心里说：“我不再因人的缘故咒诅地(人从小时心里怀着恶念)，也不再按着我才行的，灭各种的活物了。
罗3:10-12 罗 3:10 就如经上所记：“没有义人，连一个也没有； 罗 3:11 没有明白的，没有寻求 神的； 罗 3:12 都是偏离正路，一同变为无用；没有行善的，连一个也没有。
雅1:14-15 雅 1:14 但各人被试探，乃是被自己的私欲牵引诱惑的。 雅 1:15 私欲既怀了胎，就生出罪来；罪既长成，就生出死来。
弗2:2-3 弗 2:2 那时，你们在其中行事为人，随从今世的风俗，顺服空中掌权者的首领，就是现今在悖逆之子心中运行的邪灵。 弗 2:3 我们从前也都在他们中间，放纵肉体的私欲，随着肉体和心中所喜好的去行，本为可怒之子，和别人一样。
太 15:19 因为从心里发出来的，有恶念、凶杀、奸淫、苟合、偷盗、妄证、谤讟； (CUVS) Matt 15:19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies, (KJV)
约壹1:8,10 约一 1:8 我们若说自己无罪，便是自欺，真理不在我们心里了。约一 1:10 我们若说自己没有犯过罪，便是以 神为说谎的，他的道也不在我们心里了。
罗7:14,17,18,23 罗 7:14 我们原晓得律法是属乎灵的，但我是属乎肉体的，是已经卖给罪了。 罗 7:17 既是这样，就不是我作的，乃是住在我里头的罪作的。罗 7:18 我也知道在我里头，就是我肉体之中，没有良善；因为立志为善由得我，只是行出来由不得我。 罗 7:23 但我觉得肢体中另有个律和我心中的律交战，把我掳去，叫我附从那肢体中犯罪的律。
雅 3:2 原来我们在许多事上都有过失；若有人在话语上没有过失，他就是完全人，也能勒住自己的全身。
箴 20:9 谁能说：“我洁净了我的心，我脱净了我的罪？” (CUVS) Prov 20:9 Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin? (KJV)
传 7:20 时常行善而不犯罪的义人，世上实在没有。 (CUVS) Eccl 7:20 For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not. (KJV)
罗7:5,7,8,25 罗 7:5 因为我们属肉体的时候，那因律法而生的恶欲就在我们肢体中发动，以致结成死亡的果子。 罗 7:7 这样，我们可说什么呢？律法是罪吗？断乎不是！只是非因律法，我就不知何为罪。非律法说，“不可起贪心”，我就不知何为贪心。罗 7:8 然而罪趁着机会，就藉着诫命叫诸般的贪心在我里头发动；因为没有律法罪是死的。 罗 7:25 感谢 神！靠着我们的主耶稣基督就能脱离了。这样看来，我以内心顺服 神的律，我肉体却顺服罪的律了。
加 5:17 因为情欲和圣灵相争，圣灵和情欲相争，这两个是彼此相敌，使你们不能作所愿意作的。
约一 3:4 凡犯罪的，就是违背律法；违背律法就是罪。 (CUVS) 1 John 3:4 Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law, for sin is the transgression of the law. (KJV)
罗2:15;罗3:9,19 罗 2:15 这是显出律法的功用刻在他们心里，他们是非之心同作见证，并且他们的思念互相较量，或以为是，或以为非。) 罗 3:9 这却怎么样呢？我们比他们强吗？决不是的！因我们已经证明：犹太人和希腊人都在罪恶之下。 罗 3:19 我们晓得律法上的话都是对律法以下之人说的，好塞住各人的口，叫普世的人都伏在 神审判之下。
弗 2:3 我们从前也都在他们中间，放纵肉体的私欲，随着肉体和心中所喜好的去行，本为可怒之子，和别人一样。
加 3:10 凡以行律法为本的，都是被咒诅的；因为经上记着：“凡不常照律法书上所记一切之事去行的，就被咒诅。”
罗 6:23 因为罪的工价乃是死；惟有 神的恩赐，在我们的主基督耶稣里，乃是永生。 (CUVS) Rom 6:23 For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. (KJV)
弗 4:18 他们心地昏昧，与 神所赐的生命隔绝了，都因自己无知，心里刚硬，
罗 8:20 因为受造之物服在虚空之下，不是自己愿意，乃是因那叫他如此的。
哀 3:39 活人因自己的罪受罚，为何发怨言呢？ (CUVS) Lam 3:39 Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins? (KJV)
太 25:41 王又要向那左边的说：‘你们这被咒诅的人，离开我！进入那为魔鬼和他的使者所预备的永火里去！
帖后 1:9 他们要受刑罚，就是永远沉沦，离开主的面和他权能的荣光。 (CUVS) 2 Thess 1:9 Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power; (KJV)
 GEN 3:13 And the Lord God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat. 2CO 11:3 But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.
 ROM 11:32 For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all.
 GEN 3:6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat. 7 And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons. 8 And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God amongst the trees of the garden. ECC 7:29 Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions. ROM 3:23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God.
 GEN 2:17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. EPH 2:1 And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins.
 TIT 1:15 Unto the pure all things are pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled. GEN 6:5 And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. JER 17:9 The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it? ROM 3:10 As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: 11 There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. 12 They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one. 13 Their throat is an open sepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps is under their lips: 14 Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness: 15 Their feet are swift to shed blood: 16 Destruction and misery are in their ways: 17 And the way of peace have they not known: 18 There is no fear of God before their eyes.
 GEN 1:27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. 28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. 2:16 AND THE LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: 17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. ACT 17:26 And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation. ROM 5:12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned. 15 But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. 16 And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification. 17 For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.) 18 Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. 19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. 1CO 15:21 For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. 22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. 45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit. 49 And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.
 PSA 51:5 Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me. GEN 5:3 And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth. JOB 14:4 Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? not one. 15:14 What is man, that he should be clean? and he which is born of a woman, that he should be righteous?
 ROM 5:6 For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. ROM 8:7 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. ROM 7:18 For I know that in me(that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not. COL 1:21 And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled.
 GEN 6:5 And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. 8:21 And the Lord smelled a sweet savour; and the Lord said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done. ROM 3:10 As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: 11 There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. 12 They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
 JAM 1:14 But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. 15 Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death. EPH 2:2 Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: 3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. MAT 15:19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies.
 1JO 1:8 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. 10 If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us. ROM 7:14 For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin. 17 Now then it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me. 18 For I know that in me(that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not. 23 But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. JAM 3:2 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body. PRO 20:9 Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin? ECC 7:20 For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not.
ROM 7:5 For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death. 7 What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. 8 But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead. 25 I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin. GAL 5:17 For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would.
 1JO 3:4 Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.
 ROM 2:15 Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another. ROM 3:9 What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin. 19 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.
 EPH 2:3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.
 GAL 3:10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.
 ROM 6:23 For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
 EPH 4:18 Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart.
 ROM 8:20 For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope. LAM 3:39 Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?
 MAT 25:41 Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels. 2TH 1:9 Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power.