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威斯敏斯特信条第5章

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第五章 论神护理之工

中文赵中辉版

  一、万物的伟大创造者神实在是借着他的至智与圣洁的护理1,根据他无谬的预知2,自己意志的自由与不变的计划3,又为了叫自己的智慧、能力、正义、善良与怜悯的荣耀得著称赞4,来保持5、指导、处理并统治一切被造者,他们的行为以及所发生的事6,从最大的以至最小的7。


  二、万事万物虽然在神(第一原因)的预知与圣定的关系内,毫无变更而准确地发生8;但神用同一的护理,根据第二原因的种类,必然地、自由地,或偶尔地来规定所发生的事9。


  三、神在他普通的护理中虽使用手段(方法)10,但他也随己意,不用手段11,超乎手段12,并反乎手段,自由行事13。


  四、神的全能、莫测的智慧与无限的善良在他的护理中如此彰显,甚至延及(人类的)第一次堕落14,也以各样的配合,为了神自身的圣旨的缘故15,对那些罪予以最智慧最有能力的限制16,并且支配管辖诸罪17;然而罪是从受造而出,绝不是由神而出。神既至圣至义,故绝非亦不能为罪恶之源,或罪恶之赞同者18。


  五、最智慧、公义与恩慈的神时常让他的儿女有时遭受多方的试探,和他们自己内心的败坏,为他们以往的罪惩罚他们,或向他们启发败坏的潜力,和他们内心的诡诈,为要使他们谦卑19;又使他们更进一步地与神亲近,不断地依靠神,使他们更加儆醒防备将来一切犯罪的时机,以及为了其他各种公义与圣洁的目的20。


  六、论到那些因以往的罪而盲目顽固21的邪恶与不敬虔之人,为公义审判者的神,不但不施恩给他们(借此恩典就能光照他们的悟性,影响他们的内心)22;而且有时也收回他们已得的恩赐23,因他们败坏的缘故就使他们遇到犯罪的时机24;同时把他们交付给自己的私欲,世界的引诱,与恶魔的势力25。因此,他们甚至在神所使用令别人软化的手段之下,反而令自己刚硬26。


  七、神的护理之工既然普及一切受造之物,更用特别的方法照顾他的教会,并为教会得益而处理万事27。


  1. 箴十五3;诗一O四24,一四五17;代下十六9。

  2. 徒十五18;诗九十四8-11。

  3. 弗一11;诗卅三10-11。

  4. 赛六十三14;弗三10;罗九17;创四十五7;诗一四五7。

  5. 来一3。

  6. 但四34-35;诗一三五6;徒十七25-26、28;伯卅八,卅九, 四十,四十一。

  7. 太十29-31,六26、30。

  8. 徒二23。

  9. 创八22;耶卅一35;出廿一13;申十九5;王上廿二28、34;赛十6-7。

  10. 徒廿七31、44;赛五十五10-11;何二21-22。

  11. 何一7;太四4;伯卅四10。

  12. 罗四19-21。

  13. 王下六6;但三27。

  14. 罗十一32-34;撒下廿四1,十六10;代上廿一1,十4、13-14;王上廿二22-23;徒二23,四27-28。

  15. 创五十20;赛十6-7、12。

  16. 诗七十六10;王下十九28。

  17. 徒十四16。

  18. 雅一13-14、17;约壹二16;诗五十21。

  19. 代下卅二25-26、31;撒下廿四1。

  20. 林后十二7-9;诗七十三1-4,七十七1、10、12;可十四66-72;约廿一15-17。

  21. 罗一24、26、28;十一7-8。

  22. 申廿九4。

  23. 太十三12,廿五29。

  24. 申二30;王下八12-13。

  25. 诗八十一11-12;帖后二10-12。

  26. 出七3,八15、32;林后二15-16;赛八14;彼前二7-8;徒廿八26-27;赛六9-10。

  27. 提前四10;摩九8-9;罗八28;赛四十三3-5、14。

中文王志勇版

第五章 论上帝的护理之工

一.上帝是万物的 伟大创造者,祂维系(来1:3)、引导、管理、统治一切活物、运动和事物(但4:34-35;诗135:6;徒 17:25-26,28;伯38-41),从最大的到最小 的(太10:29-31)。这是借着祂至智至圣的护理(箴15:3;诗104:24;145:17),照着祂无谬的预知(徒15:18;诗94:8-11),并按着祂自己旨意所定的自由、不变的计划(弗1:11;诗33:10,11), 好使祂自己的智慧、权能、公义、慈爱和怜悯的荣耀得著称赞(赛63:14;弗3:10;罗9:17;创45:7;诗145:7)。


二.上帝是始因,虽然万事万物都毫无变更、准确无误地照着上帝的预知和 预旨而发生(徒2:23),但是祂用同一护理,统管它们,使它们或是必然地,或是自由地,或是有条件地照着诸次因发生(创8:22;耶31:35;出21:13;申19:5;王 上22:28,34;赛10:6-7)。


三.上帝在祂通常的护理中使用各种工具(徒27:31,44;赛55:10-11;何 2:21-22),但祂也可自由而行,随己意不用工具(何1:7;太4:4;伯34:10),超乎 工具(罗4:19-21),反乎工具(王下6:6;但3:27)。


四.上帝在其护理之中,彰显极大的权能、难测的智慧和无穷的恩慈,甚至及于第一次堕落,以及天使和人的其它所有罪恶(罗11: 32-34;撒下24:1;代上21:1;王上22:22,23;代上10:4,13-14;徒2:23,4:27)。这不只是有上帝的许可(徒14:16),也是有上帝极其智慧和极有权能的约束(诗76:10;王下19:28)。 祂支配并掌管它们,以多种方式成就祂自己圣洁的目的(创50:20;赛10:6-7,12)。尽管如此,受造物的罪纯粹是从他们自身,而不是从上帝发出的。上帝是至圣至义的,绝不是、也不能是罪恶的创始者或赞同者(雅1:13,14,17;约壹2:16;诗50:21)。


五.至智、至公、至慈的上帝,常常让祂的儿女一时经历各种试探,和他们 自己内心的败坏,其目的或是要因他们过去的罪恶而责罚他们,或是要向他们显露他们的败坏所具有的隐藏的力量,以及他们内心的诡诈,好使他们谦卑下来(代下32:25-26,31;撒下24:1);另外,也是为了要使他们更加与祂亲近,常常依靠祂来扶持,并且更加警醒地防备将来一切犯罪的机 会;同时还有其他各种公义和圣洁的目的(林后12:7-9;诗73:1-4,77:1,10-12;可14:66-72 ;约21:15-17)。


六.上帝是公义的审判者,祂对那些不虔不义的人,因他们过去所犯的罪而 使他们眼瞎心硬(罗1:24,26,28;11:7-8),不仅不施恩给他们,使他们的悟性由此得蒙光照,从而使他们的心软化(申29:4),而且有时祂也收回他们已得的恩赐(太13:12,25:29),并任凭他们遭遇各样他们的败坏用于犯罪的事(申2:30;王下8:12-13);同时,把他们交付于他们自己的私欲、世界的引诱和撒但的权势(诗81:11-12;帖后2:10-12);因此,甚至那些上帝用以使别人心里软化的工具,在他们身上反倒使他们刚硬自己(出7:3;8:15,32;代下2:15,16;赛 8:14;彼前2:7,8;赛6:9-10;徒28:26,27)。


七. 上帝的护理之工不仅遍及所有的受造之物,更是以特别的方式及于祂的教会;上帝藉其护理之工眷顾祂的教会,叫万事互相效力,使教会得益处(提前4:10;摩9:8,9;罗8:28;赛 43:3-5,14)。

中文吕沛渊版

5.1 創造萬物的偉大上帝,托住、導引、決定、統管一切受造物,萬事的運作,從最大的到最小的。這是藉著祂至智至聖的護理,根據祂無謬的預知,並且按著祂自己旨意所定的自由、不改變的計劃,為要使祂自己智慧、能力、公義、善良、憐憫的榮耀,得著稱讚。

5.2 萬事萬物按照上帝預知和定旨 (祂乃是第一因 ),絕對會發生,不會改變; 但是上帝用同一的護理, 按照眾多第二因的性質安排, 使它們以「必然」、以「由自」或以「或然」的方式發生。

5.3 上帝在通常的護理中使用媒介方法,然而祂隨自己旨意,可以自由行事 – 不用媒介,超越媒介,甚至反乎媒介。

5.4 上帝的護理彰顯祂全權的大能、莫測的智慧、無限的善良,而且彰顯到一個地步,甚至涵蓋到第一次的墮落,以及人類與天使所犯的其他罪惡。而且上帝不是僅僅允許罪發生而已,更是以最有智慧、最有能力的方式,使罪惡受到限制;此外也用各種方法支配罪、管轄罪,以達成祂最神聖的目的。雖然如此,罪惡乃是單單來自受造物,而不是來自上帝。上帝既然是最聖潔、最公義,所以祂絕不是、也不可能是罪惡的創始者或認同者。

5.5 最智慧、最公義、最恩慈的上帝,確實時常讓祂的兒女暫時遭受各種試探,面對他們自己內心的敗壞。祂的目的是: 使他們為了過去的罪受管教,或使他們發現自己內心敗壞詭詐的潛勢力,以致使他們謙卑下來;並且使他們更加親近上帝、更經常依靠上帝來托住他們,使他們更儆醒防備將來所有可能的犯罪情況;以及達成其他種種公義聖潔的目的。

5.6 至於那些作惡、不虔不義的人,他們是被上帝這位最公義的審判主定罪,使他們因過去的罪惡,成為瞎眼剛硬之輩;上帝不但停止向他們施恩 (祂的恩典可以使他們的悟性開啟、心受影響),而且有時也收回他們已得的恩賜,讓他們受自己敗壞罪性的擺佈而犯罪行惡;並且任憑他們逞著自己的私慾、受世界的引誘、順服撒但的權勢;他們因此剛硬自己的心,即使上帝用使別人軟化的方法對待他們,他們仍是剛硬不已。

5.7 上帝的護理,不僅是普遍臨及一切受造物,更是以最特別的方式,看顧祂的教會,祂叫萬事互相效力, 使教會得益處。

英文OPC版

CHAPTER 5 OF PROVIDENCE

1. God the great Creator of all things doth uphold, direct, dispose, and govern all creatures, actions, and things, from the greatest even to the least, by his most wise and holy providence, according to his infallible foreknowledge, and the free and immutable counsel of his own will, to the praise of the glory of his wisdom, power, justice, goodness, and mercy.

2. Although, in relation to the foreknowledge and decree of God, the first Cause, all things come to pass immutably, and infallibly; yet, by the same providence, he ordereth them to fall out, according to the nature of second causes, either necessarily, freely, or contingently.

3. God, in his ordinary providence, maketh use of means, yet is free to work without, above, and against them, at his pleasure.

4. The almighty power, unsearchable wisdom, and infinite goodness of God so far manifest themselves in his providence, that it extendeth itself even to the first fall, and all other sins of angels and men; and that not by a bare permission, but such as hath joined with it a most wise and powerful bounding, and otherwise ordering, and governing of them, in a manifold dispensation, to his own holy ends; yet so, as the sinfulness thereof proceedeth only from the creature, and not from God, who, being most holy and righteous, neither is nor can be the author or approver of sin.

5. The most wise, righteous, and gracious God doth oftentimes leave, for a season, his own children to manifold temptations, and the corruption of their own hearts, to chastise them for their former sins, or to discover unto them the hidden strength of corruption and deceitfulness of their hearts, that they may be humbled; and, to raise them to a more close and constant dependence for their support upon himself, and to make them more watchful against all future occasions of sin, and for sundry other just and holy ends.

6. As for those wicked and ungodly men whom God, as a righteous Judge, for former sins, doth blind and harden, from them he not only withholdeth his grace whereby they might have been enlightened in their understandings, and wrought upon in their hearts; but sometimes also withdraweth the gifts which they had, and exposeth them to such objects as their corruption makes occasions of sin; and, withal, gives them over to their own lusts, the temptations of the world, and the power of Satan, whereby it comes to pass that they harden themselves, even under those means which God useth for the softening of others.

7. As the providence of God doth, in general, reach to all creatures; so, after a most special manner, it taketh care of his church, and disposeth all things to the good thereof.

英文CRTA版

Chapter V

Of Providence

I. God the great Creator of all things does uphold,[1] direct, dispose, and govern all creatures, actions, and things,[2] from the greatest even to the least,[3] by His most wise and holy providence,[4] according to His infallible foreknowledge,[5] and the free and immutable counsel of His own will,[6] to the praise of the glory of His wisdom, power, justice, goodness, and mercy.[7]

II. Although, in relation to the foreknowledge and decree of God, the first Cause, all things come to pass immutably, and infallibly;[8] yet, by the same providence, He orders them to fall out, according to the nature of second causes, either necessarily, freely, or contingently.[9]

III. God, in His ordinary providence, makes use of means,[10] yet is free to work without,[11] above,[12] and against them,[13] at His pleasure.

IV. The almighty power, unsearchable wisdom, and infinite goodness of God so far manifest themselves in His providence, that it extends itself even to the first fall, and all other sins of angels and men;[14] and that not by a bare permission,[15] but such as has joined with it a most wise and powerful bounding,[16] and otherwise ordering, and governing of them, in a manifold dispensation, to His own holy ends;[17] yet so, as the sinfulness thereof proceeds only from the creature, and not from God, who, being most holy and righteous, neither is nor can be the author or approver of sin.[18]

V. The most wise, righteous, and gracious God does oftentimes leave, for a season, His own children to manifold temptations, and the corruption of their own hearts, to chastise them for their former sins, or to discover unto them the hidden strength of corruption and deceitfulness of their hearts, that they may be humbled;[19] and, to raise them to a more close and constant dependence for their support upon Himself, and to make them more watchful against all future occasions of sin, and for sundry other just and holy ends.[20]

VI. As for those wicked and ungodly men whom God, as a righteous Judge, for former sins, does blind and harden,[21] from them He not only withholds His grace whereby they might have been enlightened in their understandings, and wrought upon in their hearts;[22] but sometimes also withdraws the gifts which they had,[23] and exposes them to such objects as their corruption makes occasion of sin;[24] and, withal, gives them over to their own lusts, the temptations of the world, and the power of Satan,[25] whereby it comes to pass that they harden themselves, even under those means which God uses for the softening of others.[26]

VII. As the providence of God does, in general, reach to all creatures; so, after a most special manner, it takes care of His Church, and disposes all things to the good thereof.[27]

第五章 论神护理之工 证明经文

第一节

1

来 1:3 他是 神荣耀所发的光辉,是 神本体的真像,常用他权能的命令托住万有;他洗净了人的罪,就坐在高天至大者的右边。

2

但 4:34-35 日子满足,我尼布甲尼撒举目望天,我的聪明复归于我,我便称颂至高者,赞美尊敬活到永远的 神。他的权柄是永有的,他的国存到万代。 但 4:35 世上所有的居民,都算为虚无。在天上的万军和世上的居民中,他都凭自己的意旨行事。无人能拦住他手,或问他说:你作什么呢?

诗 135:6 耶和华在天上,在地下,在海中,在一切的深处,都随自己的意旨而行。 (CUVS) Ps 135:6 Whatsoever the LORD pleased, that did he in heaven, and in earth, in the seas, and all deep places. (KJV)

徒 17:25-26,28 也不用人手服事,好象缺少什么;自己倒将生命、气息、万物,赐给万人。他从一本造出万族的人(“本”有古卷作“血脉”),住在全地上,并且预先定准他们的年限和所住的疆界, 我们生活、动作、存留,都在乎他。就如你们作诗的,有人说:‘我们也是他所生的。’

3

太 10:29-31 两个麻雀不是卖一分银子吗?若是你们的父不许,一个也不能掉在地上; 太 10:30 就是你们的头发,也都被数过了。 太 10:31 所以,不要惧怕,你们比许多麻雀还贵重。


4

箴 15:3 耶和华的眼目,无处不在;恶人善人,他都鉴察。 (CUVS) Prov 15:3 The eyes of the LORD are in every place, beholding the evil and the good. (KJV)

诗 104:24 耶和华啊!你所造的何其多!都是你用智慧造成的;遍地满了你的丰富。 (CUVS)

诗 145:17 耶和华在他一切所行的,无不公义;在他一切所作的,都有慈爱。 (CUVS) Ps 145:17 The LORD is righteous in all his ways, and holy in all his works. (KJV)


5

徒 15:18 这话是从创世以来显明这事的主说的。’ (CUVS) Acts 15:18 Known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world. (KJV)

诗 94:8-11 你们民间的畜类人当思想,你们愚顽人,到几时才有智慧呢? 诗 94:9 造耳朵的,难道自己不听见吗?造眼睛的,难道自己不看见吗? 诗 94:10 管教列邦的,就是叫人得知识的,难道自己不惩治人吗? 诗 94:11 耶和华知道人的意念是虚妄的。


6

弗 1:11 我们也在他里面得了基业(“得”或作“成”),这原是那位随己意行作万事的,照着他旨意所预定的,

诗 33:10-11 耶和华使列国的筹算归于无有,使众民的思念无有功效。 诗 33:11 耶和华的筹算永远立定,他心中的思念万代常存。


7

赛 63:14 耶和华的灵使他们得安息,仿佛牲畜下到山谷;照样,你也引导你的百姓,要建立自己荣耀的名。

弗 3:10 为要藉着教会使天上执政的、掌权的,现在得知 神百般的智慧。

罗 9:17 因为经上有话向法老说:“我将你兴起来,特要在你身上彰显我的权能,并要使我的名传遍天下。”

创 45:7  神差我在你们以先来,为要给你们存留余种在世上,又要大施拯救,保全你们的生命。

诗 145:7 他们记念你的大恩,就要传出来,并要歌唱你的公义。 (CUVS) Ps 145:7 They shall abundantly utter the memory of thy great goodness, and shall sing of thy righteousness. (KJV)

第二节

8

徒 2:23 他既按着 神的定旨、先见,被交与人,你们就藉着无法之人的手,把他钉在十字架上杀了。


9

创 8:22 地还存留的时候,稼穑、寒暑、冬夏、昼夜,就永不停息了。” (CUVS) Gen 8:22 While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease. (KJV)

耶 31:35 那使太阳白日发光,使星月有定例,黑夜发亮,又搅动大海,使海中波浪砰訇的,万军之耶和华是他的名。他如此说: 耶 31:36 “这些定例,若能在我面前废掉,以色列的后裔也就在我面前断绝,永远不再成国。这是耶和华说的。”

申 19:5 就如人与邻舍同入树林砍伐树木,手拿斧子一砍,本想砍下树木,不料,斧头脱了把,飞落在邻舍身上,以致于死。这人逃到那些城的一座城,就可以存活,

王上 22:28,34 米该雅说:“你若能平平安安地回来,那就是耶和华没有藉我说这话了。”又说:“众民哪,你们都要听。” 王上 22:34 有一人随便开弓,恰巧射入以色列王的甲缝里。王对赶车的说:“我受了重伤,你转过车来,拉我出阵吧

赛 10:6-7 我要打发他攻击亵渎的国民,吩咐他攻击我所恼怒的百姓,抢财为掳物,夺货为掠物,将他们践踏,象街上的泥土一样。 赛 10:7 然而他不是这样的意思,他心也不这样打算。他心里倒想毁灭,剪除不少的国。

第三节

10

徒 27:31,44 保罗对百夫长和兵丁说:“这些人若不等在船上,你们必不能得救。” 徒 27:44 其余的人,可以用板子,或船上的零碎东西上岸。这样,众人都得了救,上了岸。

赛 55:10-11 “雨雪从天而降,并不返回,却滋润地土,使地上发芽结实,使撒种的有种,使要吃的有粮。 赛 55:11 我口所出的话,也必如此,决不徒然返回,却要成就我所喜悦的,在我发他去成就的事上(“发他去成就”或作“所命定”)必然亨通。

何 2:21-22 耶和华说:那日我必应允,我必应允天,天必应允地, 何 2:22 地必应允五谷、新酒和油,这些必应允耶斯列民(“耶斯列”就是“ 神栽种”的意思)。


11

何 1:7 我却要怜悯犹大家,使他们靠耶和华他们的 神得救;不使他们靠弓、刀、争战、马匹与马兵得救。” (CUVS)

太 4:4 耶稣却回答说:“经上记着说:‘人活着,不是单靠食物,乃是靠 神口里所出的一切话。’”

伯 34:10 “所以你们明理的人,要听我的话。 神断不至行恶;全能者断不至作孽。


12

罗 4:19-21 他将近百岁的时候,虽然想到自己的身体如同已死,撒拉的生育已经断绝,他的信心还是不软弱; 罗 4:20 并且仰望 神的应许,总没有因不信心里起疑惑,反倒因信心里得坚固,将荣耀归给 神。 罗 4:21 且满心相信 神所应许的必能作成; @歌珊地圣经引擎


13

王下 6:6 神人问说:“掉在哪里了?”他将那地方指给以利沙看。以利沙砍了一根木头,抛在水里,斧头就漂上来了。

但 3:27 那些总督、钦差、巡抚,和王的谋士,一同聚集看这三个人,见火无力伤他们的身体,头发也没有烧焦,衣裳也没有变色,并没有火燎的气味。

第四节

14

罗 11:32-34 因为 神将众人都圈在不顺服之中,特意要怜恤众人。 罗 11:33 深哉! 神丰富的智慧和知识。他的判断何其难测!他的踪迹何其难寻! 罗 11:34 谁知道主的心?谁作过他的谋士呢?

撒下 24:1 耶和华又向以色列人发怒,就激动大卫,使他吩咐人去数点以色列人和犹大人。

代上 21:1 撒但起来攻击以色列人,激动大卫数点他们。 (CUVS) 1 Chr 21:1 And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Israel. (KJV)

王上 22:22-23 耶和华问他说:“你用何法呢?’他说:“我去要在他众先知口中作谎言的灵。’耶和华说:‘这样,你必能引诱他,你去如此行吧!’ 王上 22:23 现在耶和华使谎言的灵入了你这些先知的口,并且耶和华已经命定降祸与你。”

代上 10:4,13-14 就吩咐拿他兵器的人说:“你拔出刀来,将我刺死,免得那些未受割礼的人来凌辱我。”但拿兵器的人甚惧怕,不肯刺他。这样,扫罗死了,因为他干犯耶和华,没有遵守耶和华的命。又因他求问交鬼的妇人,没有求问耶和华,所以耶和华使他被杀,把国归于耶西的儿子大卫

徒 2:23 他既按着 神的定旨、先见,被交与人,你们就藉着无法之人的手,把他钉在十字架上杀了。

徒 4:27 希律和本丢彼拉多,外邦人和以色列民,果然在这城里聚集,要攻打你所膏的圣仆耶稣(“仆”或作“子”),


15

徒 14:16 他在从前的世代,任凭万国各行其道; (CUVS) Acts 14:16 Who in times past suffered all nations to walk in their own ways. (KJV)


16

诗 76:10 人的忿怒,要成全你的荣美;人的余怒,你要禁止。 (CUVS) Ps 76:10 Surely the wrath of man shall praise thee, the remainder of wrath shalt thou restrain. (KJV)

王下 19:28 因你向我发烈怒,又因你狂傲的话达到我耳中,我就要用钩子钩上你的鼻子,把嚼环放在你口里,使你从你来的路转回去。


17

创 50:20 从前你们的意思是要害我,但 神的意思原是好的,要保全许多人的性命,成就今日的光景。

赛 10:6-7,12 我要打发他攻击亵渎的国民,吩咐他攻击我所恼怒的百姓,抢财为掳物,夺货为掠物,将他们践踏,象街上的泥土一样。 赛 10:7 然而他不是这样的意思,他心也不这样打算。他心里倒想毁灭,剪除不少的国。 赛 10:12 主在锡安山和耶路撒冷,成就他一切工作的时候,主说:“我必罚亚述王自大的心和他高傲眼目的荣耀。”


18

雅 1:13,14,17 人被试探,不可说:“我是被 神试探;”因为 神不能被恶试探,他也不试探人。 雅 1:14 但各人被试探,乃是被自己的私欲牵引诱惑的。 雅 1:17 各样美善的恩赐和各样全备的赏赐都是从上头来的,从众光之父那里降下来的;在他并没有改变,也没有转动的影儿。 雅 1:18 他按自己的旨意,用真道生了我们,叫我们在他所造的万物中好象初熟的果子。

约一 2:16 因为凡世界上的事,就象肉体的情欲,眼目的情欲,并今生的骄傲,都不是从父来的,乃是从世界来的。

诗 50:21 你行了这些事,我还闭口不言,你想我恰和你一样;其实我要责备你,将这些事摆在你眼前。

第五节

19

代下 32:25-26,31 希西家却没有照他所蒙的恩,报答耶和华,因他心里骄傲,所以忿怒要临到他和犹大并耶路撒冷。 代下 32:26 但希西家和耶路撒冷的居民,觉得心里骄傲,就一同自卑,以致耶和华的忿怒在希西家的日子,没有临到他们。 代下 32:31 惟有一件事,就是巴比伦王差遣使者来见希西家,访问国中所现的奇事;这件事 神离开他,要试验他,好知道他心内如何。

撒下 24:1 耶和华又向以色列人发怒,就激动大卫,使他吩咐人去数点以色列人和犹大人。


20

林后 12:7-9 又恐怕我因所得的启示甚大,就过于自高,所以有一根刺加在我肉体上,就是撒但的差役要攻击我,免得我过于自高。为这事,我三次求过主,叫这刺离开我。他对我说:“我的恩典够你用的,因为我的能力是在人的软弱上显得完全。”所以,我更喜欢夸自己的软弱,好叫基督的能力覆庇我。

诗 73:1-4 (亚萨的诗。) 神实在恩待以色列那些清心的人! 诗 73:2 至于我,我的脚几乎失闪,我的脚险些滑跌。 诗 73:3 我见恶人和狂傲人享平安,就心怀不平。 诗 73:4 他们死的时候,没有疼痛;他们的力气,却也壮实。

诗77:1,10,12 (亚萨的诗,照耶杜顿的作法,交与伶长。)我要向 神发声呼求;我向 神发声,他必留心听我。 诗 77:10 我便说:“这是我的懦弱,但我要追念至高者显出右手之年代。” 诗 77:12 我也要思想你的经营,默念你的作为。

可14:66-72 彼得在下边院子里;来了大祭司的一个使女, 可 14:67 见彼得烤火,就看着他,说:“你素来也是同拿撒勒人耶稣一伙的。” 可 14:72 立时鸡叫了第二遍。彼得想起耶稣对他所说的话:“鸡叫两遍以先,你要三次不认我。”思想起来,就哭了。

约 21:15-17 他们吃完了早饭,耶稣对西门彼得说:“约翰的儿子西门(“约翰”马太十六章十七节称“约拿”),你爱我比这些更深吗?”彼得说:“主啊,是的,你知道我爱你。”耶稣对他说:“你喂养我的小羊。” 约 21:15-17 耶稣第二次又对他说:“约翰的儿子西门,你爱我吗?”彼得说:“主啊,是的,你知道我爱你。”耶稣说:“你牧养我的羊。” 约 21:15-17 第三次对他说:“约翰的儿子西门,你爱我吗?”彼得因为耶稣第三次对他说:“你爱我吗?”就忧愁,对耶稣说:“主啊,你是无所不知的,你知道我爱你。”耶稣说:“你喂养我的羊。

第六节

21

罗 1:24,26,28 所以 神任凭他们逞着心里的情欲行污秽的事,以致彼此玷辱自己的身体。罗 1:26 因此 神任凭他们放纵可羞耻的情欲。他们的女人把顺性的用处变为逆性的用处; 罗 1:28 他们既然故意不认识 神, 神就任凭他们存邪僻的心,行那些不合理的事;

罗 11:7-8 这是怎么样呢?以色列人所求的,他们没有得着;惟有蒙拣选的人得着了,其余的就成了顽梗不化的。 罗 11:8 如经上所记:“ 神给他们昏迷的心,眼睛不能看见,耳朵不能听见,直到今日。”


22

申 29:4 但耶和华到今日没有使你们心能明白,眼能看见,耳能听见。


23

太 13:12 凡有的,还要加给他,叫他有余;凡没有的,连他所有的,也要夺去。

太 25:29 因为凡有的,还要加给他,叫他有余;没有的,连他所有的也要夺过来。


24

申 2:30 但希实本王西宏不容我们从他那里经过,因为耶和华你的 神使他心中刚硬,性情顽梗,为要将他交在你手中,象今日一样。

王下 8:12-13 哈薛说:“我主为什么哭?”回答说:“因为我知道你必苦害以色列人,用火焚烧他们的保障,用刀杀死他们的壮丁,摔死他们的婴孩,剖开他们的孕妇。” 哈薛说:“你仆人算什么,不过是一条狗,焉能行这大事呢?”以利沙回答说:“耶和华指示我,你必作亚兰王。”


25

诗81:11-12 无奈我的民不听我的声音,以色列全不理我。 诗 81:12 我便任凭他们心里刚硬,随自己的计谋而行。

帖后2:10-12 并且在那沉沦的人身上行各样出于不义的诡诈;因他们不领受爱真理的心,使他们得救。 帖后 2:11 故此, 神就给他们一个生发错误的心,叫他们信从虚谎, 帖后 2:12 使一切不信真理,倒喜爱不义的人,都被定罪。


26

出 7:3 我要使法老的心刚硬,也要在埃及地多行神迹奇事。 (CUVS) Ex 7:3 And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt. (KJV)

出8:15,32 出 8:15 但法老见灾祸松缓,就硬着心不肯听他们,正如耶和华所说的。 出 8:32 这一次法老又硬着心,不容百姓去。

代下2:15,16 代下 2:15 我主所说的小麦、大麦、酒、油,愿我主运来给众仆人。 代下 2:16 我们必照你所需用的,从黎巴嫩砍伐树木,扎成筏子,浮海运到约帕,你可以从那里运到耶路撒冷。”

赛8:14 他必作为圣所,却向以色列两家作绊脚的石头,跌人的磐石;向耶路撒冷的居民作为圈套和网罗。

彼前2:7-8 所以,他在你们信的人就为宝贵,在那不信的人有话说:“匠人所弃的石头,已作了房角的头块石头。” 彼前 2:8 又说:“作了绊脚的石头,跌人的磐石。”他们既不顺从,就在道理上绊跌(或作“他们绊跌都因不顺从道理”);他们这样绊跌也是预定的。

赛6:9-10 赛 6:9 他说:“你去告诉这百姓说:‘你们听是要听见,却不明白;看是要看见,却不晓得。 赛 6:10 要使这百姓心蒙脂油,耳朵发沉,眼睛昏迷;恐怕眼睛看见,耳朵听见,心里明白,回转过来,便得医治。’”

徒28:26-27 徒 28:26 他说:‘你去告诉这百姓说:你们听是要听见,却不明白;看是要看见,却不晓得; 徒 28:27 因为这百姓油蒙了心,耳朵发沉,眼睛闭着;恐怕眼睛看见,耳朵听见,心里明白,回转过来,我就医治他们。’

第七节

27

提前4:10 我们劳苦努力,正是为此,因我们的指望在乎永生的 神;他是万人的救主,更是信徒的救主。

摩9:8-9 摩 9:8 主耶和华的眼目察看这有罪的国,必将这国从地上灭绝,却不将雅各家灭绝净尽。这是耶和华说的。 摩 9:9 “我必出令,将以色列家分散在列国中,好象用筛子筛谷,连一粒也不落在地上。

罗 8:28 我们晓得万事都互相效力,叫爱 神的人得益处,就是按他旨意被召的人。

赛43:3-5 因为我是耶和华你的 神,是以色列的圣者你的救主;我已经使埃及作你的赎价,使古实和西巴代替你。 因我看你为宝为尊,又因我爱你,所以我使人代替你,使列邦人替换你的生命。 不要害怕,因我与你同在,我必领你的后裔从东方来,又从西方招聚你。

赛43:3-5,14 赛 43:14 耶和华你们的救赎主,以色列的圣者如此说:“因你们的缘故,我已经打发人到巴比伦去,并且我要使迦勒底人如逃民,都坐自己喜乐的船下来。

英文

[1] HEB 1:3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high.

[2] DAN 4:34 And at the end of the days I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up mine eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding returned unto me, and I blessed the most High, and I praised and honoured him that liveth for ever, whose dominion is an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom is from generation to generation: 35 And all the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing: and he doeth according to his will in the army of heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth: and none can stay his hand, or say unto him, What doest thou? PSA 135:6 Whatsoever the Lord pleased, that did he in heaven, and in earth, in the seas, and all deep places. ACT 17:25 Neither is worshipped with men's hands, as though he needed any thing, seeing he giveth to all life, and breath, and all things; 26 And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation; 27 That they should seek the Lord, if haply they might feel after him, and find him, though he be not far from every one of us: 28 For in him we live, and move, and have our being; as certain also of your own poets have said, For we are also his offspring. JOB 38-41.

[3] MAT 10:29 Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father. 30 But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. 31 Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more value than many sparrows.

[4] PRO 15:3 The eyes of the Lord are in every place, beholding the evil and the good. PSA 104:24 O Lord, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches. 145:17 The Lord is righteous in all his ways, and holy in all his works.

[5] ACT 15:18 Known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world. PSA 94:8 Understand, ye brutish among the people: and ye fools, when will ye be wise? 9 He that planted the ear, shall he not hear? he that formed the eye, shall he not see? 10 He that chastiseth the heathen, shall not he correct? he that teacheth man knowledge, shall not he know? 11 The Lord knoweth the thoughts of man, that they are vanity.

[6] EPH 1:11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will. PSA 33:10 The Lord bringeth the counsel of the heathen to nought: he maketh the devices of the people of none effect. 11 The counsel of the Lord standeth for ever, the thoughts of his heart to all generations.

[7] ISA 63:14 As a beast goeth down into the valley, the Spirit of the Lord caused him to rest: so didst thou lead thy people, to make thyself a glorious name. EPH 3:10 To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God. ROM 9:17 For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth. GEN 45:7 And God sent me before you to preserve you a posterity in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance. PSA 145:7 They shall abundantly utter the memory of thy great goodness, and shall sing of thy righteousness.

[8] ACT 2:23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain.

[9] GEN 8:22 While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease. JER 31:35 Thus saith the Lord, which giveth the sun for a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night, which divideth the sea when the waves thereof roar; The Lord of hosts is his name: EXO 21:13 And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee. DEU 19:5 As when a man goeth into the wood with his neighbour to hew wood, and his hand fetcheth a stroke with the axe to cut down the tree, and the head slippeth from the helve, and lighteth upon his neighbour, that he die; he shall flee unto one of those cities, and live: 1KI 22:28 And Micaiah said, If thou return at all in peace, the Lord hath not spoken by me. And he said, Hearken, O people, every one of you. 34 And a certain man drew a bow at a venture, and smote the king of Israel between the joints of the harness: wherefore he said unto the driver of his chariot, Turn thine hand, and carry me out of the host; for I am wounded. ISA 10:6 I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the streets. 7 Howbeit he meaneth not so, neither doth his heart think so; but it is in his heart to destroy and cut off nations not a few.

[10] ACT 27:31 Paul said to the centurion and to the soldiers, Except these abide in the ship, ye cannot be saved. 44 And the rest, some on boards, and some on broken pieces of the ship. And so it came to pass, that they escaped all safe to land. ISA 55:10 For as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater: 11 So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it. HOS 2:21 And it shall come to pass in that day, I will hear, saith the Lord, I will hear the heavens, and they shall hear the earth; 22 And the earth shall hear the corn, and the wine, and the oil; and they shall hear Jezreel.

[11] HOS 1:7 But I will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and will save them by the Lord their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen. MAT 4:4 But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God. JOB 34:10 Therefore hearken unto me, ye men of understanding: far be it from God, that he should do wickedness; and from the Almighty, that he should commit iniquity.

[12] ROM 4:19 And being not weak in faith, he considered not his own body now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sara's womb: 20 He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God; 21 And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform.

[13] 2KI 6:6 And the man of God said, Where fell it? And he shewed him the place. And he cut down a stick, and cast it in thither; and the iron did swim. DAN 3:27 And the princes, governors, and captains, and the king's counsellors, being gathered together, saw these men, upon whose bodies the fire had no power, nor was an hair of their head singed, neither were their coats changed, nor the smell of fire had passed on them.

[14] ROM 11:32 For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all. 33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out! 34 For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor? 2SA 24:1 And again the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them to say, Go, number Israel and Judah. 1CH 21:1 And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Israel. 1KI 22:22 And the Lord said unto him, Wherewith? And he said, I will go forth, and I will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And he said, Thou shalt persuade him, and prevail also: go forth, and do so. 23 Now therefore, behold, the Lord hath put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these thy prophets, and the Lord hath spoken evil concerning thee. 1CH 10:4 Then said Saul to his armourbearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and abuse me. But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore afraid. So Saul took a sword, and fell upon it. 2SA 16:10 And the king said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah? so let him curse, because the Lord hath said unto him, Curse David. Who shall then say, Wherefore hast thou done so? ACT 2:23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain: ACT 4:27 For of a truth against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were gathered together, 28 For to do whatsoever thy hand and thy counsel determined before to be done.

[15] ACT 14:16 Who in times past suffered all nations to walk in their own ways.

[16] PSA 76:10 Surely the wrath of man shall praise thee: the remainder of wrath shalt thou restrain. 2KI 19:28 Because thy rage against me and thy tumult is come up into mine ears, therefore I will put my hook in thy nose, and my bridle in thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the way by which thou camest.

[17] GEN 50:20 But as for you, ye thought evil against me; but God meant it unto good, to bring to pass, as it is this day, to save much people alive. ISA 10:6 I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the streets. 7 Howbeit he meaneth not so, neither doth his heart think so; but it is in his heart to destroy and cut off nations not a few. 12 Wherefore it shall come to pass, that when the Lord hath performed his whole work upon mount Zion and on Jerusalem, I will punish the fruit of the stout heart of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his high looks.

[18] JAM 1:13 Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man: 14 But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. 17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning. 1JO 2:16 For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world. PSA 50:21 These things hast thou done, and I kept silence; thou thoughtest that I was altogether such an one as thyself: but I will reprove thee, and set them in order before thine eyes.

[19] 2CH 32:25 But Hezekiah rendered not again according to the benefit done unto him; for his heart was lifted up: therefore there was wrath upon him, and upon Judah and Jerusalem. 26 Notwithstanding Hezekiah humbled himself for the pride of his heart, both he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the wrath of the Lord came not upon them in the days of Hezekiah. 31 Howbeit in the business of the ambassadors of the princes of Babylon, who sent unto him to inquire of the wonder that was done in the land, God left him, to try him, that he might know all that was in his heart. 2SA 24:1 And again the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them to say, Go, number Israel and Judah.

[20] 2CO 12:7 And lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure. 8 For this thing I besought the Lord thrice, that it might depart from me. 9 And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. PSA 77:1 I cried unto God with my voice, even unto God with my voice; and he gave ear unto me. 10 And I said, This is my infirmity: but I will remember the years of the right hand of the most High. 12 I will meditate also of all thy work, and talk of thy doings. (cf. MAR 14:66-72 with JOH 21:15 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs. 16 He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my sheep. 17 He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.

[21] ROM 1:24 Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves. 26 For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature. 28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient. 11:7 What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded 8 (According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear;) unto this day.

[22] DEU 29:4 Yet the Lord hath not given you an heart to perceive, and eyes to see, and ears to hear, unto this day.

[23] MAT 13:12 For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath. 25:29 For unto every one that hath shall be given, and he shall have abundance: but from him that hath not shall be taken away even that which he hath.

[24] DEU 2:30 But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him: for the Lord thy God hardened his spirit, and made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy hand, as appeareth this day. 2KI 8:12 And Hazael said, Why weepeth my lord? And he answered, Because I know the evil that thou wilt do unto the children of Israel: their strong holds wilt thou set on fire, and their young men wilt thou slay with the sword, and wilt dash their children, and rip up their women with child. 13 And Hazael said, But what, is thy servant a dog, that he should do this great thing? And Elisha answered, The Lord hath shewed me that thou shalt be king over Syria.

[25] PSA 81:11 But my people would not hearken to my voice; and Israel would none of me. 12 So I gave them up unto their own hearts' lust: and they walked in their own counsels. 2TH 2:10 And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. 11 And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: 12 That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.

[26] EXO 7:3 And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt. 8:15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and hearkened not unto them; as the Lord had said. 32 And Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also, neither would he let the people go. 2CO 2:15 For we are unto God a sweet savour of Christ, in them that are saved, and in them that perish: 16 To the one we are the savour of death unto death; and to the other the savour of life unto life. And who is sufficient for these things? ISA 8:14 And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. 1PE 2:7 Unto you therefore which believe he is precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner, 8 And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed. ISA 6:9 And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. 10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed. ACT 28:26 Saying, Go unto this people, and say, Hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and not perceive: 27 For the heart of this people is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes have they closed; lest they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.

[27] 1TI 4:10 For therefore we both labour and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe. AMO 9:8 Behold, the eyes of the Lord God are upon the sinful kingdom, and I will destroy it from off the face of the earth; saving that I will not utterly destroy the house of Jacob, saith the Lord. 9 For, lo, I will command, and I will sift the house of Israel among all nations, like as corn is sifted in a sieve, yet shall not the least grain fall upon the earth. ROM 8:28 And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose. ISA 43:3 For I am the Lord thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour: I gave Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee. 4 Since thou wast precious in my sight, thou hast been honourable, and I have loved thee: therefore will I give men for thee, and people for thy life. 5 Fear not: for I am with thee: I will bring thy seed from the east, and gather thee from the west. 14 Thus saith the Lord, your redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; For your sake I have sent to Babylon, and have brought down all their nobles, and the Chaldeans, whose cry is in the ships.

目录

威斯敏斯特信条

WCF1 WCF2 WCF3 WCF4 WCF5 WCF6 WCF7 WCF8 WCF9 WCF10
WCF11 WCF12 WCF13 WCF14 WCF15 WCF16 WCF17 WCF18 WCF19 WCF20
WCF21 WCF22 WCF23 WCF24 WCF25 WCF26 WCF27 WCF28 WCF29 WCF30
WCF31 WCF32 WCF33 WCFLU WCFWA
威斯敏斯特信条证明经文1-8章 9-16章威斯敏斯特信条王志勇牧师译
威斯敏斯特信条吕沛渊牧师译