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威斯敏斯特信条第19章

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第十九章 论神的律法

中文赵中辉版

  一、神给亚当一个律法作行为之约,神借此约来束缚他和他的后裔,来亲自、完全、切实并永远顺服他;遵守此约予以生命的应许,破坏此约予以死亡的威吓;神又赐给亚当遵守此律法的能力与成就力1。


  二、此律在亚当堕落之后,仍为完全之义的准则,并如此成为神在西乃山所颁布又刻于两块石版上的十诫2;头四诫是我们对神当尽的本份,其余六诫是我们对人的本份3。


  三、除此律(通常称为道德律)之外,神喜欢把礼仪律赐给尚为幼稚教会的以色列民,其中有些象征的仪式:一方面是关于礼拜的,预表基督和他的恩惠、行为、苦难和恩益4;一方面是提示种种道德义务的训令5。这些礼仪律在今日新约时代都废止了6。


  四、神把以色列民当作一个政治体,所以又赐给他们种种的司法律。这些司法律都随着以色列国同归于尽,这些司法律除了一般公正的要求以外,现今不再有任何约束7。


  五、道德律永远约束世上一切的人,称义的和其余的人,命令他们遵守8。这并不只是为了律法的内容,也是为了颁布此律法者,创造主宰神的权威9。基督在福音中并非废掉这义务,反更坚固之10。


  六、真信徒虽不在为工作(行为)之约的律法下得称为义或被定罪11;可是这律法对于他们或别人都大有用处。即律法乃生活的规律,使他们知道神的旨意和他们的义务,指示、约束他们照着去行12。又因令他们发现他们的本性、内心和生活上有罪的败坏13,当他们按律法检查自己的时候,就越发知道罪,为罪而谦卑,以致憎恶罪14,同时更明确认识自己需要基督和他完全的顺服15。照样,律法对于重生的人去防止腐败,禁止罪恶上也是有用的16。又因律法的威吓,就指出他们的罪所应得的,虽然得免律法所威吓的咒诅,但因罪的缘故在今生要受苦17。照样,律法的应许也指示他们,神喜悦人的顺服并遵行律法所得的祝福18,不是因行工作之约的律法而得19,所以人行善弃恶,是因律法勉励他行此弃彼,这不足以证明他是在律法之下,而不在恩典之下20。


  七、上述律法的用处也并不与福音的恩典背道而驰,乃与之巧妙融合21。基督的灵制服人的意志,并赐以能力,使他甘心乐意行神的旨意,即在律法中所启示要行的那些事22。


  1. 创一26-27,二17;罗二14-15,十5,五12、19;加三10、12;传七29;伯廿八28。

  2. 雅一25,二8、10-12;罗十三8-9,三19;申五32,十4;出卅四1。

  3. 太廿二37-40;出二十3-18。

  4. 来九1-28,十1;加四1-3;西二17。

  5. 林前五7;林后六17;犹23。

  6. 西二14、16-17;但九27;弗二15-16。

  7. 出廿一1-36,廿二1-29;创四十九10;彼前二13-14;太五17、38-39;林前九8-10。

  8. 罗十三8-10;弗六2;约壹二3-4、7-8;罗三31,六15。

  9. 雅二10-11。

  10. 太五17-19;雅二8;罗三31。

  11. 罗六14,八1;加二16,三13,四4-5;徒十三39。

  12. 罗七12、22、25;诗一一九4-6;林前七19;加五14、16、18-23。

  13. 罗七7,三20。

  14. 雅一23-25;罗七9、14、24。

  15. 加三24;罗七24-25,八3-4。

  16. 雅二11;诗一一九101、104、128。

  17. 结九13-14;诗八十九30-34。

  18. 利廿六1-14;林后六16;弗六2-3;诗卅七11,十九11;太五5。

  19. 加二16;路十七10。

  20. 罗六12、14;彼前三8-12;诗卅四12-16;来十二28-29。

  21. 加三21。

  22. 结卅六27;来八10;耶卅一33。

中文王志勇版

一.上帝赐给亚当一个律法,作为行为之约,用来约束他与他的后裔亲自、完全、严格、持续地顺服;上帝应许他遵守得 生,警告他违背受死;并赐给他守此律法的能力(创1:26同2:17;罗2:14-15;10:5;5:12,19;加3:10,12;传7:29;伯28:28)。


二.在他堕落之后,此律法仍是公义的完美标准,并由上帝在西乃山颁布于 十条诫命之中,刻在两块石版上(雅1:25;2:8,10-12;罗13:8-9;申5:32;10:4;出34:1);前面四诫包含我们对上帝当尽的本分,其余六诫包含我们对人当尽的本分(太22:37-40;出 20:3-18)。


三.除这通称为道德律的十诫以外,上帝按祂自己的美意,把礼仪律赐给以色列人这未成年的教会,其中有若干预表性的律例,一部分是为崇 拜之用,以预表基督和祂的美德、作为、苦难和惠益(来9,10:1;加 4:1-3;西2:17);一部分揭示关乎道德责任的各种 教训(林前5:7;林后6:17;犹23)。 这些礼仪律在新约时代都被废止了(西2:14,16,17;但9:27;弗2:15,16)。


四.上帝把以色列人视为一个国家,也赐给他们各种司法性的律例。这些司 法律已与那百姓的国家一同期满终止了,除了为著一般衡平法所要求的以外,现在不再有任何的约束力(出21,22:1-29;创 49:10同彼前2:13-14;太5:17,38,39;林前9:8-10)。


五.道德律永远对所有人都有约束力,不管是已经称义的人,还是其他人, 都当顺服(罗13:8-10;弗6:2;约壹2:3,4,7-8);这不仅仅是因其所含的内容,也是因其颁布者造物主上帝的权威(雅2:10,11)。这种责任,基督在福音中,不仅丝毫没有废掉,反而更加强了(太 5:17-19;雅2:8;罗3:31)。


六. 虽然真信徒不在作为行为之约的律法之下,借此称义或被定罪(罗6:14;加2:16;3:13;4:4-5;徒13:39;罗8:1),可是这律法对于他们以及别人都大有用处,因它作为人生的标准,既将上帝的旨意和人生的责任指示他 们,便指导并约束他们照着去行(罗7:12,22,25;诗119:4-6;林前7:19;加5:14,16,18-23);并且他们借此既发现他们的本性、心思和生活的罪污(罗7:7;3:20),就因自省而对自己的罪更加认识、差愧、恨恶(雅1:23-25;罗 7:9,14,24),并更清楚地知道他们对基督及其完美 顺服的需要(加3:24;罗7:24,25;8:3,4)。同样,律法对重生者也有用处,因它禁止犯罪,抑制他们的败坏(雅2:11;诗119:101,104,128);而它的警戒表明他们虽然免于律法所警戒的咒诅,但他们当知,自己因所犯的罪也应受什么惩罚,为罪 今生要受什么痛苦(拉9:13,14;诗89:30-34)。照样,律法的应许向他们表明上帝是嘉许顺服的,虽然律法不被看作行为之约,可用来使人配得祝福(加2:16;路17:10),但他们若遵守律法就可以期望得到什么样的祝福(利26:1-14;林后 6:16;弗6:2,3;诗37:11同太5:5;诗19:11);所以人因律法鼓励行善、胁止作恶而扬善弃恶,并 不表明他是在律法之下,而不在恩典之下(罗6:12 ,14;彼前3:8-12;诗34:12-16;来12:28-29)。


七.以上所述律法的用处与福音的恩典不仅不相矛盾,反而是密切契合(加3:21);基督的灵降服人的意志,并使人的意志能够自由自在、甘心乐意地去行上帝要人去行的事,也就是上帝 在律法中所显明的旨意(结36:27;来8:10;耶31:33)。


中文吕沛渊版

19.1 上帝赐一律法给亚当,这是行为之约;上帝藉这约使亚当和 他所有的后裔,有义务亲自、全然、切实、永远顺服祂。上帝应 许他们守约就得生命 ; 警告他们背约就必死亡。 上帝也赐给亚 当力量, 使他有能力遵守这律法。


19.2 这律法在亚当堕落之后,仍为公义的完美准则。既是这样,上帝就在西乃山以 “十诫”颁布这律法,且刻于两块石版上 ; 前四 诫包括我们对上帝当尽的本份, 其余六诫是我们对人的本份。


19.3 这律法通常称为“道德律”,除了这律法之外,上帝也乐意将 “礼仪律”赐给以色列民,即尚未成年的教会。礼仪律包括一些预 表的律例: 一部分是关乎于敬拜,预表基督和祂的恩典、作为、 苦难、效益 ; 另一部分是说明道德责任的多方教训。这些礼仪律 例在新约时代,都已经被废止了。


19.4 以色列民是一个政治团体, 所以上帝又赐给他们各种“司法 律”。以色列民的国度既亡,这些司法律也就随之期满失效。因此, 这些司法律例,除了其所昭示的公义公平的总原则之外,对于今 日任何人都没有约束力。


19.5 道德律的确永远约束世上所有人,包括称义的人和其他人, 每个人都要遵守。遵守到道德律的义务,不只是因为其内容的缘 故,也是因为创造主上帝的权威,祂颁布了此道德律。基督在福 音中,丝毫没有废掉此义务,反更坚固之。


19.6 虽然真信徒不在“行为之约”的律法之下,被称义或定罪; 然而 律法对于他们或别人都大有用处,因为律法是生活的规范: [1]教 导他们知道上帝的旨意、他们的责任,律法引导与约束他们照着 去行;[2]律法也显明他们的本性、内心、生活,都被罪玷污;[3] 律法使他们因此察验自己,使他们更加知罪、因罪谦卑、恨恶罪 恶,同时也更清楚认识到自己何等需要基督,基督的顺服何等完 全。律法对于重生的人也是有用的: [1] 借着律法禁止罪恶,来防 止老我的败坏;[2] 借着律法的警告,让他们知道他们的罪应得怎 样的刑罚;律法也显示他们在今生因犯罪要受的苦难,虽然他们 已经脱离了律法的咒诅。照样,[3]律法的应许也向他们显明上帝 嘉许顺服,让他们知道顺服所蒙之福为何 ; 然而他们蒙的恩福, 不是因守“行为之约”的律法而应得的。所以,真信徒因为律法勉 励行善、阻挡罪恶,而行善弃恶,这并非表明他在律法之下、而 不在恩典之下。


19.7 上述律法的各种功用,与福音的恩典没有任何牴触 ,反而是与它美妙的契合。 基督的圣灵使人的意志降服,并且赐下能力 使之自由自在、甘心乐意,遵行上帝的旨意,就是在律法中显明 的。

英文OPC版

CHAPTER 19 OF THE LAW OF GOD

1. God gave to Adam a law, as a covenant of works, by which he bound him and all his posterity to personal, entire, exact, and perpetual obedience, promised life upon the fulfilling, and threatened death upon the breach of it, and endued him with power and ability to keep it.

2. This law, after his fall, continued to be a perfect rule of righteousness; and, as such, was delivered by God upon Mount Sinai, in ten commandments, and written in two tables: the first four commandments containing our duty towards God; and the other six, our duty to man.

3. Beside this law, commonly called moral, God was pleased to give to the people of Israel, as a church under age, ceremonial laws, containing several typical ordinances, partly of worship, prefiguring Christ, his graces, actions, sufferings, and benefits; and partly, holding forth divers instructions of moral duties. All which ceremonial laws are now abrogated, under the new testament.

4. To them also, as a body politic, he gave sundry judicial laws, which expired together with the State of that people; not obliging any other now, further than the general equity thereof may require.

5. The moral law doth forever bind all, as well justified persons as others, to the obedience thereof; and that, not only in regard of the matter contained in it, but also in respect of the authority of God the Creator, who gave it. Neither doth Christ, in the gospel, any way dissolve, but much strengthen this obligation.

6. Although true believers be not under the law, as a covenant of works, to be thereby justified, or condemned; yet is it of great use to them, as well as to others; in that, as a rule of life informing them of the will of God, and their duty, it directs and binds them to walk accordingly; discovering also the sinful pollutions of their nature, hearts, and lives; so as, examining themselves thereby, they may come to further conviction of, humiliation for, and hatred against sin, together with a clearer sight of the need they have of Christ, and the perfection of his obedience. It is likewise of use to the regenerate, to restrain their corruptions, in that it forbids sin: and the threatenings of it serve to show what even their sins deserve; and what afflictions, in this life, they may expect for them, although freed from the curse thereof threatened in the law. The promises of it, in like manner, show them God's approbation of obedience, and what blessings they may expect upon the performance thereof: although not as due to them by the law as a covenant of works. So as, a man's doing good, and refraining from evil, because the law encourageth to the one, and deterreth from the other, is no evidence of his being under the law; and, not under grace.

7. Neither are the forementioned uses of the law contrary to the grace of the gospel, but do sweetly comply with it; the Spirit of Christ subduing and enabling the will of man to do that freely, and cheerfully, which the will of God, revealed in the law, requireth to be done.

英文CRTA版

Chapter XIX

Of the Law of God

I. God gave to Adam a law, as a covenant of works, by which He bound him and all his posterity, to personal, entire, exact, and perpetual obedience, promised life upon the fulfilling, and threatened death upon the breach of it, and endued him with power and ability to keep it.[1]

II. This law, after his fall, continued to be a perfect rule of righteousness; and, as such, was delivered by God upon Mount Sinai, in ten commandments, and written in two tables:[2] the first four commandments containing our duty towards God; and the other six, our duty to man.[3]

III. Besides this law, commonly called moral, God was pleased to give to the people of Israel, as a church under age, ceremonial laws, containing several typical ordinances, partly of worship, prefiguring Christ, His graces, actions, sufferings, and benefits;[4] and partly, holding forth divers instructions of moral duties.[5] All which ceremonial laws are now abrogated, under the New Testament.[6]

IV. To them also, as a body politic, He gave sundry judicial laws, which expired together with the State of that people; not obliging under any now, further than the general equity thereof may require.[7]

V. The moral law does forever bind all, as well justified persons as others, to the obedience thereof;[8] and that, not only in regard of the matter contained in it, but also in respect of the authority of God the Creator, who gave it.[9] Neither does Christ, in the Gospel, any way dissolve, but much strengthen this obligation.[10]

VI. Although true believers be not under the law, as a covenant of works, to be thereby justified, or condemned;[11] yet is it of great use to them, as well as to others; in that, as a rule of life informing them of the will of God, and their duty, it directs and binds them to walk accordingly;[12] discovering also the sinful pollutions of their nature, hearts and lives;[13] so as, examining themselves thereby, they may come to further conviction of, humiliation for, and hatred against sin,[14] together with a clearer sight of the need they have of Christ, and the perfection of His obedience.[15] It is likewise of use to the regenerate, to restrain their corruptions, in that it forbids sin:[16] and the threatenings of it serve to show what even their sins deserve; and what afflictions, in this life, they may expect for them, although freed from the curse thereof threatened in the law.[17] The promises of it, in like manner, show them God's approbation of obedience,and what blessings they may expect upon the performance thereof:[18] although not as due to them by the law as a covenant of works.[19] So as, a man's doing good, and refraining from evil, because the law encourages to the one and deters from the other, is no evidence of his being under the law: and not under grace.[20]

VII. Neither are the forementioned uses of the law contrary to the grace of the Gospel, but do sweetly comply with it;[21] the Spirit of Christ subduing and enabling the will of man to do that freely, and cheerfully, which the will of God, revealed in the law, requires to be done.[22]


证明经文

1 创一26-27 神说,我们要照着我们的形像,按着我们的样式造人,使他们管理海里的鱼,空中的鸟,地上的牲畜,和全地,并地上所爬的一切昆虫。神就照着自己的形像造人,乃是照着他的形像造男造女。 二17 只是分别善恶树上的果子,你不可吃,因为你吃的日子必定死。 罗二14-15没有律法的外邦人,若顺着本性行律法上的事,他们虽然没有律法,自己就是自己的律法。这是显出律法的功用刻在他们心里,他们是非之心同作见证,并且他们的思念互相较量,或以为是,或以为非。) 十5 摩西写着说,人若行那出于律法的义,就必因此活着。五12 这就如罪是从一人入了世界,死又是从罪来的,于是死就临到众人,因为众人都犯了罪。19 因一人的悖逆,众人成为罪人,照样,因一人的顺从,众人也成为义了。 加三10凡以行律法为本的,都是被咒诅的。因为经上记着,凡不常照律法书上所记一切之事去行的,就被咒诅。12 律法原不本乎信,只说,行这些事的,就必因此活着。传七29 我所找到的,只有一件,就是神造人原是正直,但他们寻出许多巧计。伯廿八28他对人说,敬畏主就是智慧。远离恶便是聪明。

2 雅一25惟有详细察看那全备使人自由之律法的,并且时常如此,这人既不是听了就忘,乃是实在行出来,就在他所行的事上必然得福。二8 经上记着说,要爱人如己。你们若全守这至尊的律法才是好的。10-12因为凡遵守全律法的,只在一条上跌倒,他就是犯了众条。原来那说不可奸淫的,也说不可杀人。你就是不奸淫,却杀人,仍是成了犯律法的。你们既然要按使人自由的律法受审判,就该照这律法说话行事。 罗十三8-9 凡事都不可亏欠人,惟有彼此相爱,要常以为亏欠。因为爱人的就完全了律法。像那不可奸淫,不可杀人,不可偷盗,不可贪婪,或有别的诫命,都包在爱人如己这一句话之内了。三19 我们晓得律法上的话,都是对律法以下之人说的,好塞住各人的口,叫普世的人都伏在神审判之下。申五32 所以,你们要照耶和华你们神所吩咐的谨守遵行,不可偏离左右。十4 耶和华将那大会之日,在山上从火中所传与你们的十条诫,照先前所写的,写在这版上,将版交给我了。出卅四1 耶和华吩咐摩西说,你要凿出两块石版,和先前你摔碎的那版一样,其上的字我要写在这版上。

3 太廿二37-40 耶稣对他说,你要尽心,尽性,尽意,爱主你的神。这是诫命中的第一,且是最大的。其次也相仿,就是要爱人如己。这两条诫命,是律法和先知一切道理的总纲。出廿3-18(略)

4 来九1-28(略);十1 律法既是将来美事的影儿,不是本物的真像,总不能借着每年常献一样的祭物,叫那近前来的人得以完全。 加四1-3我说那承受产业的,虽然是全业的主人,但为孩童的时候,却与奴仆毫无分别。乃在师傅和管家的手下,直等他父亲预定的时候来到。我们为孩童的时候,受管于世俗小学之下,也是如此。西二17 这些原是后事的影儿。那形体却是基督。

5 林前五7你们既是无酵的面,应当把旧酵除净,好使你们成为新团;因为我们逾越节的羔羊基督,已经被杀献祭了。林后六17又说:“你们务要从他们中间出来,与他们分别,不要沾不洁净的物,我就收纳你们。犹23有些人你们要从火中抢出来,搭救他们;有些人你们要存惧怕的心怜悯他们,连那被情欲沾染的衣服也当厌恶。

6 西二14又涂抹了在律例上所写攻击我们、有碍于我们的字据,把它撤去,钉在十字架上。16-17所以不拘在饮食上,或节期、月朔、安息日,都不可让人论断你们。这些原是后事的影儿,那形体却是基督。但九27一七之内,他必与许多人坚定盟约;一七之半,他必使祭祀与供献止息。那行毁坏可憎的(注:或作“使地荒凉的”)如飞而来,并且有忿怒倾在那行毁坏的身上(注:或作“倾在那荒凉之地”),直到所定的结局。” 弗二15-16而且以自己的身体废掉冤仇,就是那记在律法上的规条,为要将两下藉着自己造成一个新人,如此便成就了和睦。既在十字架上灭了冤仇,便藉这十字架使两下归为一体,与 神和好了,

7 出廿一1-36(略),廿二1-29(略);创四十九10圭必不离犹大,杖必不离他两脚之间,直等细罗(注:就是“赐平安者”)来到,万民都必归顺。彼前二13-14 你们为主的缘故,要顺服人的一切制度,或是在上的君王,或是君王所派罚恶赏善的臣宰。太五17 莫想我来要废掉律法和先知。我来不是要废掉,乃是要成全。38-39你们听见有话说,以眼还眼,以牙还牙。只是我告诉你们,不要与恶人作对。有人打你的右脸,连左脸也转过来由他打。林前九8-10我说这话,岂是照人的意见。律法不也是这样说吗?就如摩西的律法记着说,牛在场上踹谷的时候,不可笼住它的嘴。难道神所挂念的是牛吗?不全是为我们说的吗?分明是为我们说的。因为耕种的当存着指望去耕种。打场的也当存得粮的指望去打场。

8 罗十三8-10凡事都不可亏欠人,惟有彼此相爱,要常以为亏欠。因为爱人的就完全了律法。像那不可奸淫,不可杀人,不可偷盗,不可贪婪,或有别的诫命,都包在爱人如己这一句话之内了。爱是不加害与人的,所以爱就完全了律法。弗六2你们作儿女的,要在主里听从父母,这是理所当然的。约壹二3-4我们若遵守他的诫命,就晓得是认识他。人若说我认识他,却不遵守他的诫命,便是说谎话的。真理也不在他心里了。7-8亲爱的弟兄啊,我写给你们的,不是一条新命令,乃是你们从起初所受的旧命令;这旧命令就是你们所听见的道。再者,我写给你们的是一条新命令,在主是真的,在你们也是真的;因为黑暗渐渐过去,真光已经照耀。罗三31这样,我们因信废了律法么?断乎不是!更是坚固律法。六15这却怎么样呢?我们在恩典之下,不在律法之下,就可以犯罪吗?断乎不可!

9 雅二10-11因为凡遵守全律法的,只在一条上跌倒,他就是犯了众条。原来那说“不可奸淫”的,也说“不可杀人”。你就是不奸淫,却杀人,仍是成了犯律法的。

10 太五17-19莫想我来要废掉律法和先知。我来不是要废掉,乃是要成全。我实在告诉你们,就是到天地都废去了,律法的一点一画也不能废去,都要成全。所以无论何人废掉这诫命中最小的一条,又教训人这样作,他在天国要称为最小的。但无论何人遵行这诫命,又教训人遵行,他在天国要称为大的。雅二8 经上记着说,要爱人如己。你们若全守这至尊的律法才是好的。罗三31 这样,我们因信废了律法吗?断乎不是,更是坚固律法。

11 罗六14 罪必不能作你们的主。因你们不在律法之下,乃在恩典之下。八1 如今那些在基督耶稣里的,就不定罪了。加二16既知道人称义,不是因行律法,乃是因信耶稣基督,连我们也信了基督耶稣,使我们因信基督称义,不因行律法称义,因为凡有血气的,没有一人因行律法称义。三13基督既为我们受了咒诅(注:“受”原文作“成”),就赎出我们脱离律法的咒诅,因为经上记着:“凡挂在木头上都是被咒诅的。”四4-5及至时候满足, 神就差遣他的儿子,为女子所生,且生在律法以下,要把律法以下的人赎出来,叫我们得着儿子的名分。徒十三39你们靠摩西的律法,在一切不得称义的事上信靠这人,就都得称义了。

12 罗七12这样看来,律法是圣洁的,诫命也是圣洁、公义、良善的。22因为按着我里面的意思(注:原文作“人”),我是喜欢 神的律;25感谢 神!靠着我们的主耶稣基督就能脱离了。这样看来,我以内心顺服 神的律,我肉体却顺服罪的律了。诗一一九4-6 耶和华阿,你曾将你的训词吩咐我们,为要我们殷勤遵守。但愿我行事坚定,得以遵守你的律例。我看重你的一切命令,就不至于羞愧。林前七19受割礼算不得什么,不受割礼也算不得什么,只要守 神的诫命就是了。加五14因为全律法都包在“爱人如己”这一句话之内了。16我说:你们当顺着圣灵而行,就不放纵肉体的情欲了。18-23 但你们若被圣灵引导,就不在律法以下。情欲的事,都是显而易见的。就如奸淫,污秽,邪荡,拜偶像,邪术,仇恨,争竞,忌恨,恼怒,结党,纷争,异端,嫉妒,(有古卷在此有凶杀二字)醉酒,荒宴等类,我从前告诉你们,现在又告诉你们,行这样事的人,必不能承受神的国。圣灵所结的果子,就是仁爱,喜乐,和平,忍耐,恩慈,良善,信实,温柔,节制。这样的事,没有律法禁止。

13 罗七7这样,我们可说什么呢?律法是罪吗?断乎不是!只是非因律法,我就不知何为罪。非律法说,“不可起贪心”,我就不知何为贪心。三20所以凡有血气的,没有一个因行律法能在 神面前称义,因为律法本是叫人知罪。

14 雅一23-25因为听道而不行道的,就像人对着镜子看自己本来的面目。看见,走后,随即忘了他的相貌如何。惟有详细察看那全备使人自由之律法的,并且时常如此,这人既不是听了就忘,乃是实在行出来,就在他所行的事上必然得福。 罗七9 我以前没有律法是活着的,但是诫命来到,罪又活了,我就死了。14 我们原晓得律法是属乎灵的,但我是属乎肉体的,是已经卖给罪了。24我真是苦阿,谁能救我脱离这取死的身体呢?

15 加三24 我只要问你们这一件,你们受了圣灵,是因行律法呢?是因听信福音呢?你们既靠圣灵入门,如今还靠肉身成全吗?你们是这样的无知吗?你们受苦如此之多,都是徒然的吗?难道果真是徒然的吗? 罗七24-25我真是苦阿,谁能救我脱离这取死的身体呢? 感谢神,靠着我们的主耶稣基督就能脱离了这样看来,我以内心顺服神的律。我肉体却顺服罪的律了。八3-4 律法既因肉体软弱,有所不能行的,神就差遣自己的儿子,成为罪身的形状,作了赎罪祭,在肉体中定了罪案,使律法的义成就在我们这不随从肉体,只随从圣灵的人身上。

16 雅二11原来那说“不可奸淫”的,也说“不可杀人”。你就是不奸淫,却杀人,仍是成了犯律法的。诗一一九101我禁止我脚走一切的邪路,为要遵守你的话。 104我藉着你的训词得以明白,所以我恨一切的假道。 128你一切的训词,在万事上我都以为正直,我却恨恶一切假道。

17 结九13-14;诗八十九30-34 倘若他的子孙离弃我的律法,不照我的典章行。背弃我的律例,不遵守我的诫命。我就要用杖责罚他们的过犯,用鞭责罚他们的罪孽。只是我必不将我的慈爱,全然收回,也必不叫我的信实废弃。我必不背弃我的约,也不改变我口中所出的。

18 利廿六1-14(略);林后六16神的殿和偶像有什么相同呢?因为我们是永生 神的殿,就如 神曾说:“我要在他们中间居住,在他们中间来往;我要作他们的 神,他们要作我的子民。” 弗六2-3你们作儿女的,要在主里听从父母,这是理所当然的。要孝敬父母,使你得福,在世长寿。这是第一条带应许的诫命。诗卅七11但谦卑人必承受地土,以丰盛的平安为乐。 十九11况且你的仆人因此受警戒,守着这些便有大赏。太五5温柔的人有福了,因为他们必承受地土。

19 加二16既知道人称义不是因行律法,乃是因信耶稣基督,连我们也信了基督耶稣,使我们因信基督称义,不因行律法称义,因为凡有血气的,没有一人因行律法称义。路十七10这样,你们做完了一切所吩咐的,只当说:‘我们是无用的仆人,所做的本是我们应分做的。’”

20 罗六12所以,不要容罪在你们必死的身上作王,使你们顺从身子的私欲。14罪必不能作你们的主,因你们不在律法之下,乃在恩典之下。彼前三8-12 总而言之,你们都要同心,彼此体恤,相爱如弟兄,存慈怜谦卑的心。不以恶报恶,以辱骂还辱骂,倒要祝福。因你们是为此蒙召,好叫你们承受福气。因为经上说,人若爱生命,愿享美福,须要禁止舌头不出恶言,嘴唇不说诡诈的话。也要离恶行善。寻求和睦,一心追赶。因为主的眼看顾义人,主的耳听他们的祈祷。惟有行恶的人,主向他们变脸。 诗卅四12-16有何人喜好存活,爱慕长寿,得享美福。就要禁止舌头不出恶言,嘴唇不说诡诈的话。要离恶行善,寻求和睦,一心追赶。耶和华的眼目,看顾义人,他的耳朵,听他们的呼求。耶和华向行恶的人变脸,要从世上除灭他们的名号。来十二28-29所以我们既得了不能震动的国,就当感恩,照神所喜悦的,用虔诚敬畏的心事奉神。因为我们的神乃是烈火。

21 加三21这样,律法是与神的应许反对吗?断乎不是。若曾传一个能叫人得生的律法,义就诚然本乎律法了。

22 结卅六27我必将我的灵放在你们里面,使你们顺从我的律例,谨守遵行我的典章。来八10主又说:“那些日子以后,我与以色列家所立的约乃是这样:我要将我的律法放在他们里面,写在他们心上;我要作他们的 神,他们要作我的子民。耶卅一33耶和华说:“那些日子以后,我与以色列家所立的约乃是这样:我要将我的律法放在他们里面,写在他们心上。我要作他们的 神,他们要作我的子民。


[1] GEN 1:26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. 27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. 2:17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. ROM 2:14 For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves: 15 Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;) 10:5 For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them. ROM 5:12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: 19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. GAL 3:10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. 12 And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them. ECC 7:29 Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions. JOB 28:28 And unto man he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; and to depart from evil is understanding.

[2] JAM 1:25 But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed. 2:8 If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well: 10 For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all. 11 For he that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law. 12 So speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty. ROM 13:8 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law. 9 For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. DEU 5:32 Ye shall observe to do therefore as the Lord your God hath commanded you: ye shall not turn aside to the right hand or to the left. 10:4 And he wrote on the tables, according to the first writing, the ten commandments, which the Lord spake unto you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly: and the Lord gave them unto me. EXO 24:1 And he said unto Moses, Come up unto the Lord, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship ye afar off.

[3] MAT 22:37 Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. 38 This is the first and great commandment. 39 And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. 40 On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.

[4] (HEB 9) HEB 10:1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect. GAL 4:1 Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; 2 But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father. 3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world. COL 2:17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.

[5] 1CO 5:7 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us. 2CO 6:17 Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you, JUD 23 And others save with fear, pulling them out of the fire; hating even the garment spotted by the flesh.

[6] COL 2:14 Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross. 16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: 17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ. DAN 9:27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate. EPH 2:15 Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace; 16 And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby.

[7] (EXO 21-22) GEN 49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be. 1PE 2:13 Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme; 14 Or unto governors, as unto them that are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers, and for the praise of them that do well. MAT 5:17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. 38 Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth: 39 But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also. 1CO 9:8 Say I these things as a man? or saith not the law the same also? 9 For it is written in the law of Moses, Thou shalt not muzzle the mouth of the ox that treadeth out the corn. Doth God take care for oxen? 10 Or saith he it altogether for our sakes? For our sakes, no doubt, this is written: that he that ploweth should plow in hope; and that he that thresheth in hope should be partaker of his hope.

[8] ROM 13:8 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law. 9 For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. 10 Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the law. EPH 6:2 Honour thy father and mother; (which is the first commandment with promise;) 1JO 2:3 And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. 4 He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. 7 Brethren, I write no new commandment unto you, but an old commandment which ye had from the beginning. The old commandment is the word which ye have heard from the beginning. 8 Again, a new commandment I write unto you, which thing is true in him and in you: because the darkness is past, and the true light now shineth.

[9] JAM 2:10 For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all. 11 For he that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law.

[10] MAT 5:17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. 18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. 19 Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. JAM 2:8 If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well. ROM 3:31 Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.

[11] ROM 6:14 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace. GAL 2:16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. 3:13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree. 4:4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, 5 To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. ACT 13:39 And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses. ROM 8:1 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.

[12] ROM 7:12 Wherefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good. 22 For I delight in the law of God after the inward man. 25 I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin. PSA 119:4 Thou hast commanded us to keep thy precepts diligently. 5 O that my ways were directed to keep thy statutes! 6 Then shall I not be ashamed, when I have respect unto all thy commandments. 1CO 7:19 Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of the commandments of God. GAL 5:14 For all the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this; Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. 16 This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulful the lust of the flesh. 18 But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law. 19 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, 20 Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, 21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God. 22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, 23 Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.

[13] ROM 7:7 What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. ROM 3:20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.

[14] JAM 1:23 For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like unto a man beholding his natural face in a glass: 24 For he beholdeth himself, and goeth his way, and straightway forgetteth what manner of man he was. 25 But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed. ROM 7:9 For I was alive without the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died. 14 For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin. 24 O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death?

[15] GAL 3:24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. ROM 7:24 O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death? 25 I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin. 8:3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: ROM 8:4 That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.

[16] JAM 2:11 For he that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law. PSA 119:101 I have refrained my feet from every evil way, that I might keep thy word. 104 Through thy precepts I get understanding: therefore I hate every false way. 128 Therefore I esteem all thy precepts concerning all things to be right; and I hate every false way.

[17] EZR 9:13 And after all that is come upon us for our evil deeds, and for our great trespass, seeing that thou our God hast punished us less than our iniquities deserve, and hast given us such deliverance as this; 14 Should we again break thy commandments, and join in affinity with the people of these abominations? wouldest not thou be angry with us till thou hadst consumed us, so that there should be no remnant nor escaping? PSA 89:30 If his children forsake my law, and walk not in my judgments; 31 If they break my statutes, and keep not my commandments; 32 Then will I visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes. 33 Nevertheless my lovingkindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail. 34 My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips.

[18] (LEV 26) 2CO 6:16 And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. EPH 6:2 Honour thy father and mother; (which is the first commandment with promise;) 3 That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth. PSA 37:11 But the meek shall inherit the earth; and shall delight themselves in the abundance of peace. MAT 5:5 Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth. PSA 19:11 Moreover by them is thy servant warned: and in keeping of them there is great reward.

[19] GAL 2:16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. LUK 17:10 So likewise ye, when ye shall have done all those things which are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants: we have done that which was our duty to do.

[20] ROM 6:12 Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof. 14 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace. 1PE 3:8 Finally, be ye all of one mind, having compassion one of another, love as brethren, be pitiful, be courteous: 9 Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing. 10 For he that ill love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile: 11 Let him eschew evil, and do good; let him seek peace, and ensue it. 12 For the eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and his ears are open unto their prayers: but the face of the Lord is against them that do evil. PSA 34:12 What man is he that desireth life, and loveth many days, that he may see good? 13 Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips from speaking guile. 14 Depart from evil, and do good; seek peace, and pursue it. 15 The eyes of the Lord are upon the righteous, and his ears are open unto their cry. 16 The face of the Lord is against them that do evil, to cut off the remembrance of them from the earth. HEB 12:28 Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear. 29 For our God is a consuming fire.

[21] GAL 3:21 Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law.

[22] EZE 36:27 And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them. HEB 8:10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people. JER 31:33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.


目录

威斯敏斯特信条

WCF1 WCF2 WCF3 WCF4 WCF5 WCF6 WCF7 WCF8 WCF9 WCF10
WCF11 WCF12 WCF13 WCF14 WCF15 WCF16 WCF17 WCF18 WCF19 WCF20
WCF21 WCF22 WCF23 WCF24 WCF25 WCF26 WCF27 WCF28 WCF29 WCF30
WCF31 WCF32 WCF33 WCFLU WCFWA
威斯敏斯特信条证明经文1-8章 9-16章威斯敏斯特信条王志勇牧师译
威斯敏斯特信条吕沛渊牧师译