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104问 在第一條誡命中,吩咐我們盡什麼責任?

王志勇版

104問:在第一條誡命中,吩咐我們盡什麼責任?


答:在第一條誡命中吩咐我們:


(1) 認識並承認上帝是獨一的真上帝,我們的上帝(代上28:9;申26:17;賽43:10;耶14:22);


(2) 並要如此去崇拜、榮耀祂(詩95:6-7;太4:10;詩29:2)、思念(瑪3:16)、默想(詩63:6)、記念(傳12:1)、尊崇(詩71:19)、尊敬(瑪1:6)、敬慕(賽45:23)、選擇(書24:15,22)、摯愛(申6:5)、愛慕(詩73:25)、敬畏祂(賽8:13);


(3) 相信祂(出14:31);


(4) 依靠祂(賽26:4),仰望祂(詩130:7),靠祂快樂(詩32:11),以祂為樂(詩37:4);


(5) 為祂發熱心,以祂的忌邪為心(羅12:11;民25:11);


(6) 向祂呼籲,把一切的讚美和感恩都歸於祂(腓4:6),並以全人順服祂(耶7:23;雅4:7);


(7) 在一切的事情上都留心得蒙祂的悅納(約壹3:22),為所有得罪祂的事情而憂傷(耶31:18;詩119:136);


(8) 並且存謙卑的心與祂同行(彌6:8)。


吕沛渊版

問104:第一誡命所要求的責任是哪些?


答:第一誡命所要求的責任是:認識並承認上帝是獨一的真神,是我們的神;因此我們要敬拜與榮耀祂,藉著思念默想,記念高舉,尊榮敬拜,選擇歸向,渴慕敬畏祂;相信祂;信靠祂,仰望祂,因祂歡欣,以祂為樂;熱心事奉祂;呼求祂,將一切讚美感謝歸給祂,全人全然順服祂;在每件事上留心討祂喜悅,為任何事得罪祂時而憂傷;並存謙卑的心與祂同行。



OPC版

Q. 104. What are the duties required in the first commandment?


A. The duties required in the first commandment are, the knowing and acknowledging of God to be the only true God, and our God; and to worship and glorify him accordingly, by thinking, meditating, remembering, highly esteeming, honoring, adoring, choosing, loving, desiring, fearing of him; believing him; trusting, hoping, delighting, rejoicing in him; being zealous for him; calling upon him, giving all praise and thanks, and yielding all obedience and submission to him with the whole man; being careful in all things to please him, and sorrowful when in anything he is offended; and walking humbly with him.


CCEL版

Question 104: What are the duties required in the first commandment?


Answer: The duties required in the first commandment are, the knowing and acknowledging of God to be the only true God, and our God; and to worship and glorify him accordingly, by thinking, meditating, remembering, highly esteeming, honoring, adoring, choosing, loving, desiring, fearing of him; believing him; trusting, hoping, delighting, rejoicing in him; being zealous for him; calling upon him, giving all praise and thanks, and yielding all obedience and submission to him with the whole man; being careful in all things to please him, and sorrowful when in anything he is offended; and walking humbly with him.


CRTA版

Q. 104. What are the duties required in the first commandment?


A. The duties required in the first commandment are, the knowing and acknowledging of God to be the only true God, and our God;[446] and to worship and glorify him accordingly,[447] by thinking,[448] meditating,[449] remembering,[450] highly esteeming,[451] honouring,[452] adoring,[453] choosing,[454] loving,[455] desiring,[456] fearing of him;[457] believing him;[458] trusting[459] hoping,[460] delighting,[461] rejoicing in him;[462] being zealous for him;[463] calling upon him, giving all praise and thanks,[464] and yielding all obedience and submission to him with the whole man;[465] being careful in all things to please him,[466] and sorrowful when in any thing he is offended;[467] and walking humbly with him.[468]


证明经文

代上28:9 “我儿所罗门哪!你当认识耶和华你父的 神,诚心乐意地事奉他;因为他鉴察众人的心,知道一切心思意念。你若寻求他,他必使你寻见;你若离弃他,他必永远丢弃你。


申26:17;你今日认耶和华为你的 神,应许遵行他的道,谨守他的律例、诫命、典章,听从他的话。


賽43:10; 耶和华说:“你们是我的见证,我所拣选的仆人。既是这样,便可以知道,且信服我,又明白我就是耶和华,在我以前没有真神(“真”原文作“造作的”),在我以后也必没有。


耶14:22外邦人虚无的神中,有能降雨的吗?天能自降甘霖吗?耶和华我们的 神啊!能如此的,不是你吗?所以,我们仍要等候你,因为这一切都是你所造的。


诗95:6-7;来啊!我们要屈身敬拜,在造我们的耶和华面前跪下。 因为他是我们的 神,我们是他草场的羊,是他手下的民。惟愿你们今天听他的话


太4:10;耶稣说:“撒但退去吧(“撒但”就是“抵挡”的意思,乃魔鬼的别名。);因为经上记着说:‘当拜主你的 神,单要事奉他。’”


詩29:2要将耶和华的名所当得的荣耀归给他,以圣洁的妆饰(“的”或作“为”)敬拜耶和华。


玛 3:16 那时敬畏耶和华的彼此谈论,耶和华侧耳而听,且有纪念册在他面前,记录那敬畏耶和华思念他名的人。


诗 63:6 我在床上记念你,在夜更的时候思想你,我的心就象饱足了骨髓肥油,我也要以欢乐的嘴唇赞美你。


传 12:1 你趁着年幼,衰败的日子尚未来到,就是你所说,我毫无喜乐的那些年日未曾临近之先,当记念造你的主。


诗 71:19  神啊!你的公义甚高;行过大事的 神啊!谁能象你。


玛 1:6 藐视我名的祭司啊!万军之耶和华对你们说:“儿子尊敬父亲,仆人敬畏主人;我既为父亲,尊敬我的在哪里呢?我既为主人,敬畏我的在哪里呢?你们却说:‘我们在何事上藐视你的名呢?’


赛 45:23 我指着自己起誓,我口所出的话是凭公义,并不反回;万膝必向我跪拜,万口必凭我起誓。


书 24:15 若是你们以事奉耶和华为不好,今日就可以选择所要事奉的;是你们列祖在大河那边所事奉的神呢?是你们所住这地的亚摩利人的神呢?至于我和我家,我们必定事奉耶和华。”

书 24:22 约书亚对百姓说:“你们选定耶和华要事奉他,你们自己作见证吧!”他们说:“我们愿意作见证。”


申 6:5 你要尽心、尽性、尽力爱耶和华你的 神。


诗 73:25 除你以外,在天上我有谁呢?除你以外,在地上我也没有所爱慕的。


赛 8:13 但要尊万军之耶和华为圣,以他为你们所当怕的,所当畏惧的。


出 14:31 以色列人看见耶和华向埃及人所行的大事,就敬畏耶和华,又信服他和他的仆人摩西。


赛 26:4 你们当倚靠耶和华直到永远,因为耶和华是永久的磐石。


诗 130:7 以色列啊!你当仰望耶和华,因他有慈爱,有丰盛的救恩。


诗 32:11 你们义人应当靠耶和华欢喜快乐,你们心里正直的人,都当欢呼。


诗 37:4 又要以耶和华为乐,他就将你心里所求的赐给你。


罗 12:11 殷勤不可懒惰。要心里火热,常常服事主。


民 25:11 “祭司亚伦的孙子、以利亚撒的儿子非尼哈,使我向以色列人所发的怒消了;因他在他们中间,以我的忌邪为心,使我不在忌邪中把他们除灭。


腓 4:6 应当一无挂虑,只要凡事藉着祷告、祈求和感谢,将你们所要的告诉 神。


耶 7:23 我只吩咐他们这一件,说:你们当听从我的话,我就作你们的 神,你们也作我的子民。你们行我所吩咐的一切道,就可以得福


雅 4:7 故此,你们要顺服 神。务要抵挡魔鬼,魔鬼就必离开你们逃跑了。


约一 3:22 并且我们一切所求的,就从他得着,因为我们遵守他的命令,行他所喜悦的事。


耶 31:18 我听见以法莲为自己悲叹说:“你责罚我,我便受责罚,象不惯负轭的牛犊一样。求你使我回转,我便回转,因为你是耶和华我的 神。


诗 119:136 我的眼泪下流成河,因为他们不守你的律法。


弥 6:8 世人哪!耶和华已指示你何为善,他向你所要的是什么呢?只要你行公义,好怜悯,存谦卑的心,与你的 神同行。


Proof Scripture Verses

[446] 1 Chronicles 28:9. And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for the LORD searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off for ever. Deuteronomy 26:7. And when we cried unto the LORD God of our fathers, the LORD heard our voice, and looked on our affliction, and our labour, and our oppression. Isaiah 43:10. Ye are my witnesses, saith the LORD, and my servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me. Jeremiah 14:22. Are there any among the vanities of the Gentiles that can cause rain? or can the heavens give showers? art not thou he, O LORD our God? therefore we will wait upon thee: for thou hast made all these things.


[447] Psalm 95:6-7. O come, let us worship and bow down: let us kneel before the LORD our maker. For he is our God; and we are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. To day if ye will hear his voice. Matthew 4:10. Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve. Psalm 29:2. Give unto the LORD the glory due unto his name; worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness.


[448] Malachi 3:16. Then they that feared the LORD spake often one to another: and the LORD hearkened, and heard it, and a book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared the LORD, and that thought upon his name.


[449] Psalm 63:6. When I remember thee upon my bed, and meditate on thee in the night watches.


[450] Ecclesiastes 12:1. Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh, when thou shalt say, I have no pleasure in them.


[451] Psalm 71:19. Thy righteousness also, O God, is very high, who hast done great things: O God, who is like unto thee!


[452] Malachi 1:6. A son honoureth his father, and a servant his master: if then I be a father, where is mine honour? and if I be a master, where is my fear? saith the LORD of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise my name. And ye say, Wherein have we despised thy name?


[453] Isaiah 45:23. I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.


[454] Joshua 24:15, 22. And if it seem evil unto you to serve the LORD, choose you this day whom ye will serve; whether the gods which your fathers served that were on the other side of the flood, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: but as for me and my house, we will serve the LORD.... And Joshua said unto the people, Ye are witnesses against yourselves that ye have chosen you the LORD, to serve him. And they said, We are witnesses.


[455] Deuteronomy 6:5. And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.


[456] Psalm 73:25. Whom have I in heaven but thee? and there is none upon earth that I desire beside thee.


[457] Isaiah 8:13. Sanctify the LORD of hosts himself; and let him be your fear, and let him be your dread.


[458] Exodus 14:31. And Israel saw that great work which the LORD did upon the Egyptians: and the people feared the LORD, and believed the LORD, and his servant Moses.


[459] Isaiah 26:4. Trust ye in the LORD for ever: for in the LORD JEHOVAH is everlasting strength.


[460] Psalm 130:7. Let Israel hope in the LORD: for with the LORD there is mercy, and with him is plenteous redemption.


[461] Psalm 37:4. Delight thyself also in the LORD; and he shall give thee the desires of thine heart.


[462] Psalm 32:11. Be glad in the LORD, and rejoice, ye righteous: and shout for joy, all ye that are upright in heart.


[463] Romans 12:11. Not slothful in business; fervent in spirit; serving the Lord. Numbers 25:11. Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, hath turned my wrath away from the children of Israel, while he was zealous for my sake among them, that I consumed not the children of Israel in my jealousy.


[464] Philippians 4:6. Be careful for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God.


[465] Jeremiah 7:23. But this thing commanded I them, saying, Obey my voice, and I will be your God, and ye shall be my people: and walk ye in all the ways that I have commanded you, that it may be well unto you. James 4:7. Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.


[466] 1 John 3:22. And whatsoever we ask, we receive of him, because we keep his commandments, and do those things that are pleasing in his sight.


[467] Jeremiah 31:18. I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou art the LORD my God. Psalm 119:136. Rivers of waters run down mine eyes, because they keep not thy law.


[468] Micah 6:8. He hath showed thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?


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