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大要理问答25

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25问 墮落後,人陷於怎樣的罪惡狀況中?

王志勇版

25問:墮落後,人陷於怎樣的罪惡狀況中?


答:墮落後,人陷於以下的罪惡狀況中:亞當第一次犯罪所負的罪債(羅5:12,19),受造時公義的喪失和整個人性的敗壞,由此而對一切屬靈的善徹底嫌惡,也無能為力,而且背道而馳,一 心傾向各樣邪惡,並持續如此(羅3:10-19; 弗2:1-3;羅5:6;8:7-8;創6:5);這就是 通常所說的原罪,並由此生髮各樣的本罪(雅1:14-15;太15:19)。


吕沛渊版

問:人墮落後,陷入怎樣的罪惡景況中?


答:人墮落後,陷入罪惡的景況,是:


(一)承擔亞當首次犯罪的罪究,


(二)喪失被造之時的原有仁義,


(三)人性全然的敗壞,並繼續傾向一切邪惡,所以對一切屬靈的良善只有厭惡,抵擋,又全然無能。這就是通常所說的「原罪」,並由此罪性產生出所有思想與行

為上的罪過。


OPC版

Q. 25. Wherein consisteth the sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?


A. The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell, consisteth in the guilt of Adam's first sin, the want of that righteousness wherein he was created, and the corruption of his nature, whereby he is utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite unto all that is spiritually good, and wholly inclined to all evil, and that continually; which is commonly called original sin, and from which do proceed all actual transgressions.

CCEL版

Question 25: Wherein consists the sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?


Answer: The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell, consists in the guilt of Adam's first sin, the want of that righteousness wherein he was created, and the corruption of his nature, whereby he is utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite unto all that is spiritually good, and wholly inclined to all evil, and that continually; which is commonly called original sin, and from which do proceed all actual transgressions.

CRTA版

Q. 25. Wherein consisteth the sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?


A. The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell, consisteth in the guilt of Adam's first sin,[93] the want of that righteousness wherein he was created, and the corruption of his nature, whereby he is utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite unto all that is spiritually good, and wholly inclined to all evil, and that continually;[94] which is commonly called original sin, and from which do proceed all actual transgressions.[95]


证明经文

罗5:12 这就如罪是从一人入了世界,死又是从罪来的,于是死就临到众人,因为众人都犯了罪。


罗5:19 因一人的悖逆,众人成为罪人;照样,因一人的顺从,众人也成为义了。


罗3:10-19 就如经上所记:“没有义人,连一个也没有;没有明白的,没有寻求 神的;都是偏离正路,一同变为无用;没有行善的,连一个也没有。他们的喉咙是敞开的坟墓,他们用舌头弄诡诈,嘴唇里有虺蛇的毒气;满口是咒骂苦毒;杀人流血,他们的脚飞跑。所经过的路,便行残害暴虐的事。平安的路,他们未曾知道;他们眼中不怕 神。”我们晓得律法上的话都是对律法以下之人说的,好塞住各人的口,叫普世的人都伏在 神审判之下。


弗2:1-3 你们死在过犯罪恶之中,他叫你们活过来。那时,你们在其中行事为人,随从今世的风俗,顺服空中掌权者的首领,就是现今在悖逆之子心中运行的邪灵。我们从前也都在他们中间,放纵肉体的私欲,随着肉体和心中所喜好的去行,本为可怒之子,和别人一样。


罗5:6 因我们还软弱的时候,基督就按所定的日期为罪人死。


罗8:7-8 原来体贴肉体的,就是与 神为仇;因为不服 神的律法,也是不能服。而且属肉体的人不能得 神的喜欢。


创6:5 耶和华见人在地上罪恶很大,终日思想的尽都是恶


雅1:14-15 但各人被试探,乃是被自己的私欲牵引诱惑的。私欲既怀了胎,就生出罪来;罪既长成,就生出死来。


太15:19 因为从心里发出来的,有恶念、凶杀、奸淫、苟合、偷盗、妄证、谤讟


Proof Scripture Verses

[93] Romans 5:12, 19. Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned.... For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.


[94] Romans 3:10-19. As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one. Their throat is an open sepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps is under their lips: Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness: Their feet are swift to shed blood: Destruction and misery are in their ways: And the way of peace have they not known: There is no fear of God before their eyes. Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. Ephesians 2:1-3. And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins: Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. Romans 5:6. For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. Romans 8:7-8. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God. Genesis 6:5. And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.


[95] James 1:14-15. But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death. Matthew 15:19. For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies.

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