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大要理问答176问 洗禮和聖餐有什麼共同的地方?

王志勇版


八十二.洗禮和聖餐的異同


176問:洗禮和聖餐有什麼共同的地方?


答:洗禮和聖餐的共同之處在於:


(1) 二者都是由上帝設立的(太28:19;林前11:23);


(2) 其屬靈的方面都是基督和祂的恩惠(羅6:3-4;林前10:16);


(3) 都是同一恩典之約的印記(羅4:11,比較西2:12;太26:27-28);


(4) 都由牧者施行,其他任何人都不得施行(約1:33;太28:19;林前11:23;林前4:1;來 5:4);


(5) 都要在基督的教會中一直延續下去,直到祂再來(太28:19-20;林前11:26)。


吕沛渊版


大要理問答Westminster Larger Catechism


問176: 洗禮與主的晚餐,這兩個聖禮相同之處在哪裡?


答: 洗禮與主的晚餐這兩個聖禮,相同之處在於:


(1) 二者都是神所設立的;


(2) 二者的屬靈層面,都是基督和祂的恩福;


(3) 二者都是同一聖約的印記;


(4) 都必須由福音的傳道人來施行,不可由其他人;都要在基督的教會中繼續施行,直到祂的再來。




OPC版


Q. 176. Wherein do the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper agree?


A. The sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper agree, in that the author of both is God; the spiritual part of both is Christ and his benefits; both are seals of the same covenant, are to be dispensed by ministers of the gospel, and by none other; and to be continued in the church of Christ until his second coming.


CCEL版


Question 176: Wherein do the sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's Supper agree


Answer: The sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's Supper agree, in that the author of both is God; the spiritual part of both is Christ and his benefits; both are seals of the same covenant, are to be dispensed by ministers of the gospel, and by none other; and to be continued in the church of Christ until his second coming.


CRTA版


Q. 176. Wherein do the sacraments of baptism and the Lord’s supper agree?


A. The sacraments of baptism and the Lord’s supper agree, in that the author of both is God;[1137] the spiritual part of both is Christ and his benefits;[1138] both are seals of the same covenant,[1139] are to be dispensed by ministers of the gospel, and by none other;[1140] and to be continued in the church of Christ until his second coming.[1141]



证明经文


Proof Scripture Verses


[1137] Matthew 28:19. Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. 1 Corinthians 11:23. For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread.


[1138] Romans 6:3-4. Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death? Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. 1 Corinthians 10:16. The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?


[1139] Romans 4:11. And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also. Colossians 2:12. Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead. Matthew 26:27-28. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.


[1140] John 1:33. And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost. Matthew 28:19. Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. 1 Corinthians 11:23. For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread. 1 Corinthians 4:1. Let a man so account of us, as of the ministers of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God. Hebrews 5:4. And no man taketh this honour unto himself, but he that is called of God, as was Aaron.


[1141] Matthew 28:19-20. Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen. 1 Corinthians 11:26. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's death till he come.


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