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大要理问答19

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19问 上帝對天使的護理之工是什麼?

王志勇版

十三.上帝對天使的護理


19問:上帝對天使的護理是什麼?


答:為使自己得榮耀,上帝藉其護理,

(1)容許某些天使,故意地、不可挽回地墮落在罪和毀滅之中(猶6;彼後2:4;來 2:16;約8:44),並對此以及他們所有的罪加以限制 和統管(伯1:12;太8:31);


(2)使其餘的天使在聖潔和喜樂之中得以堅固(提前5:21;可8:38;來 12:22);


(3)又隨自己的美意使用他們(詩104:4),施行祂的權柄、憐憫和公義(王下19:35;來1:14)。


吕沛渊版

問:上帝對天使的護理之工是什麼?


答:上帝的護理之工,容許一些天使蓄意犯罪,陷入咒詛滅亡之中,不能恢復;祂限制他們所犯的一切罪,命定藉著這些事,也彰顯祂自己的榮耀祂也堅立其餘的天使,保守他們在聖潔與喜樂中;按照祂的美意,差遣這些善良的使者,來施行祂的權能,憐憫,公義。


OPC版

Q. 19. What is God's providence towards the angels?


A. God by his providence permitted some of the angels, willfully and irrecoverably, to fall into sin and damnation, limiting and ordering that, and all their sins, to his own glory; and established the rest in holiness and happiness; employing them all, at his pleasure, in the administrations of his power, mercy, and justice.

CCEL版

Question 19: What is God's providence towards the angels?


Answer: God by his providence permitted some of the angels, wilfully and irrecoverably, to fall into sin and damnation, limiting and ordering that, and all their sins, to his own glory; and established the rest in holiness and happiness; employing them all, at his pleasure, in the administrations of his power, mercy, and justice.

CRTA版

Q. 19. What is God's providence towards the angels?


A. God by his providence permitted some of the angels, willfully and irrecoverably, to fall into sin and damnation,[75] limiting and ordering that, and all their sins, to his own glory;[76] and established the rest in holiness and happiness;[77] employing them all,[78] at his pleasure, in the administrations of his power, mercy, and justice.[79]


证明经文

犹6 又有不守本位,离开自己住处的天使,主用锁链把他们永远拘留在黑暗里,等候大日的审判。


彼后2:4 就是天使犯了罪, 神也没有宽容,曾把他们丢在地狱,交在黑暗坑中,等候审判。


来2:16 他并不救拔天使,乃是救拔亚伯拉罕的后裔。


约8:44 你们是出于你们的父魔鬼,你们父的私欲,你们偏要行。他从起初是杀人的,不守真理,因他心里没有真理,他说谎是出于自己,因他本来是说谎的,也是说谎之人的父。


伯1:12 耶和华对撒但说:“凡他所有的,都在你手中;只是不可伸手加害于他。”于是撒但从耶和华面前退去。


太8:31 鬼就央求耶稣说:“若把我们赶出去,就打发我们进入猪群吧!”


提前5:21 我在 神和基督耶稣,并蒙拣选的天使面前嘱咐你:要遵守这些话,不可存成见,行事也不可有偏心。


可8:38 凡在这淫乱罪恶的世代,把我和我的道当作可耻的,人子在他父的荣耀里,同圣天使降临的时候,也要把那人当作可耻的。”


来12:22 你们乃是来到锡安山,永生 神的城邑,就是天上的耶路撒冷。那里有千万的天使


王下19:35 当夜耶和华的使者出去,在亚述营中杀了十八万五千人。清早有人起来,一看,都是死尸了。


来1:14 天使岂不都是服役的灵,奉差遣为那将要承受救恩的人效力吗?


Proof Scripture Verses

[75] Jude 6. And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. 2 Peter 2:4. For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment. Hebrews 2:16. For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham. John 8:44. Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.


[76] Job 1:12. And the LORD said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in thy power; only upon himself put not forth thine hand. So Satan went forth from the presence of the LORD. Matthew 8:31. So the devils besought him, saying, If thou cast us out, suffer us to go away into the herd of swine.


[77] 1 Timothy 5:21. I charge thee before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality. Mark 8:38. Whosoever therefore shall be ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation; of him also shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he cometh in the glory of his Father with the holy angels. Hebrews 12:22. But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels.


[78] Psalm 104:4. Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire.


[79] 2 Kings 19:35. And it came to pass that night, that the angel of the LORD went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians an hundred fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses. Hebrews 1:14. Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?


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