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大要理问答177问 洗禮和聖餐有何不同之處?

王志勇版


177問:洗禮和聖餐有何不同之處?


答:洗禮和聖餐的不同之處在於:


(1) 洗禮只施行一次,是用水施洗,作為我們重生並與基督聯合的標記和印證(太3:11;多3:5;加3:27),並且對嬰兒來說也是如此(創17:7,9;徒2:38-39;林前7:14);


(2) 聖餐則是經常施行的,是用餅與酒,來代表並顯明基督就是靈魂屬靈的滋養(林前11:23-26),堅固我們在祂裡面繼續成長(林前10:16),並且只有年齡和能力達到能夠自我省察的人才可領受(林前11:28-29)。


吕沛渊版


問177: 洗禮與聖餐,這兩個聖禮不同之處在哪裡?


答:洗禮與聖餐,這兩個聖禮不同之處在於:


(1) 洗禮只施行一次,以水作為記號與印證,表明我們的重生與與基督聯合,歸屬基督,並且也施行給嬰兒;


(2) 聖餐是經常施行的,以餅與杯為表記,來表明展示基督是養育我們靈魂的生命之糧;來保證我們在祂裡面的持續與成長;並且只能施行給長大成熟且有能力省察自己的人。




OPC版


Q. 177. Wherein do the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper differ?


A. The sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper differ, in that baptism is to be administered but once, with water, to be a sign and seal of our regeneration and ingrafting into Christ, and that even to infants; whereas the Lord's supper is to be administered often, in the elements of bread and wine, to represent and exhibit Christ as spiritual nourishment to the soul, and to confirm our continuance and growth in him, and that only to such as are of years and ability to examine themselves.


CCEL版


Question 177: Wherein do the sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's Supper differ?


Answer: The sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's Supper differ, in that Baptism is to be administered but once, with water, to be a sign and seal of our regeneration and ingrafting into Christ, and that even to infants; whereas the Lord's Supper is to be administered often, in the elements of bread and wine, to represent and exhibit Christ as spiritual nourishment to the soul, and to confirm our continuance and growth in him, and that only to such as are of years and ability to examine themselves.


CRTA版


Q. 177. Wherein do the sacraments of baptism and the Lord’s supper differ?


A. The sacraments of baptism and the Lord’s supper differ, in that baptism is to be administered but once, with water, to be a sign and seal of our regeneration and ingrafting into Christ,[1142] and that even to infants;[1143] whereas the Lord’s supper is to be administered often, in the elements of bread and wine, to represent and exhibit Christ as spiritual nourishment to the soul,[1144] and to confirm our continuance and growth in him,[1145] and that only to such as are of years and ability to examine themselves.[1146]


证明经文


Proof Scripture Verses



[1142] Matthew 3:11. I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire. Titus 3:5. Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost. Galatians 3:27. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.


[1143] Genesis 17:7, 9. And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee.... And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations. Acts 2:38-39. Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call. 1 Corinthians 7:14. For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the husband: else were your children unclean; but now are they holy.


[1144] 1 Corinthians 11:23-26. For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread: And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's death till he come.


[1145] 1 Corinthians 10:16. The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?


[1146] 1 Corinthians 11:28-29. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.


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