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大要理问答38

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38问 為什麼這一中保必須是上帝呢?

王志勇版

二十三.中保的資格


38問:為什麼這一中保必須是上帝呢?


答:這一中保必須是上帝,


(1)如此祂才能維繫並保持其人性,不至於在上帝的無限憤怒和死亡的權勢之下沉淪(徒2:24-25;羅1:4,比較羅4:25;來 9:14);


(2)使祂的受苦、順服和代禱有價值和果效(徒20:28;來9:14;7:25-28);


(3)滿足上帝的公義(羅3:24-26),獲得祂的 恩寵(弗1:6;太3:17),贖買一群特定的子民(多2:13-14),把祂的靈 賜給他們(加4:6),征服他們所有的仇敵(路1:68-69,71,74), 使他們永遠得救(來5:8-9;9:11-15)。


吕沛渊版

問:為何這位中保必須是神?

答:這位中保必須是神,因為:

(1)這使得祂能維繫與保持其人性,免得落入上帝的極大忿怒與死亡權勢之下;

(2)這也使得祂的受苦,順服,代禱具有無比的價值與效力;

(3)並且滿足了上帝的公義,獲得祂的恩寵,買贖一群特定的子民,賜祂的聖靈給祂們,制勝他們的一切仇敵,帶給他們永遠的救恩。


OPC版

Q. 38. Why was it requisite that the mediator should be God?


A. It was requisite that the mediator should be God, that he might sustain and keep the human nature from sinking under the infinite wrath of God, and the power of death; give worth and efficacy to his sufferings, obedience, and intercession; and to satisfy God's justice, procure his favor, purchase a peculiar people, give his Spirit to them, conquer all their enemies, and bring them to everlasting salvation.


CCEL版

Question 38: Why was it requisite that the Mediator should be God?


Answer: It was requisite that the Mediator should be God, that he might sustain and keep the human nature from sinking under the infinite wrath of God, and the power of death; give worth and efficacy to his sufferings, obedience, and intercession; and to satisfy God's justice, procure his favor, purchase a peculiar people, give his Spirit to them, conquer all their enemies, and bring them to everlasting salvation.


CRTA版

Q. 38. Why was it requisite that the Mediator should be God?


A. It was requisite that the Mediator should be God, that he might sustain and keep the human nature from sinking under the infinite wrath of God, and the power of death,[144] give worth and efficacy to his sufferings, obedience, and intercession;[145] and to satisfy God's justice,[146] procure his favour,[147] purchase a peculiar people,[148] give his Spirit to them,[149] conquer all their enemies,[150] and bring them to everlasting salvation.[151]


证明经文


徒2:24 神却将死的痛苦解释了,叫他复活,因为他原不能被死拘禁。


罗1:4 按圣善的灵说,因从死里复活,以大能显明是 神的儿子。


罗4:25 耶稣被交给人,是为我们的过犯;复活,是为叫我们称义(或作“耶稣是为我们的过犯交付了,是为我们称义复活了。”)。


来9:14 何况基督藉着永远的灵,将自己无瑕无疵献给 神,他的血岂不更能洗净你们的心(原文作“良心”),除去你们的死行,使你们事奉那永生 神吗?


徒20:28 圣灵立你们作全群的监督,你们就当为自己谨慎,也为全群谨慎,牧养 神的教会,就是他用自己血所买来的(或作“救赎的”)。


来9:14 何况基督藉着永远的灵,将自己无瑕无疵献给 神,他的血岂不更能洗净你们的心(原文作“良心”),除去你们的死行,使你们事奉那永生 神吗?


来7:25-28 凡靠着他进到 神面前的人,他都能拯救到底;因为他是长远活着,替他们祈求。象这样圣洁、无邪恶、无玷污、远离罪人、高过诸天的大祭司,原是与我们合宜的。 他不象那些大祭司,每日必须先为自己的罪,后为百姓的罪献祭,因为他只一次将自己献上,就把这事成全了。律法本是立软弱的人为大祭司;但在律法以后起誓的话,是立儿子为大祭司,乃是成全到永远的


罗3:24-26 如今却蒙 神的恩典,因基督耶稣的救赎,就白白地称义。神设立耶稣作挽回祭,是凭着耶稣的血,借着人的信,要显明 神的义;因为他用忍耐的心宽容人先时所犯的罪,好在今时显明他的义,使人知道他自己为义,也称信耶稣的人为义。


弗1:6 使他荣耀的恩典得着称赞;这恩典是他在爱子里所赐给我们的。


太3:17 从天上有声音说:“这是我的爱子,我所喜悦的。”


多2:13-14 等候所盼望的福,并等候至大的 神和(或作无“和”字)我们救主耶稣基督的荣耀显现。他为我们舍了自己,要赎我们脱离一切罪恶,又洁净我们,特作自己的子民,热心为善。


加4:6 你们既为儿子, 神就差他儿子的灵进入你们(原文作“我们”)的心,呼叫:“阿爸!父!”


路1:68-69 “主以色列的 神是应当称颂的!因他眷顾他的百姓,为他们施行救赎;在他仆人大卫家中,为我们兴起了拯救的角;


路1:71 拯救我们脱离仇敌,和一切恨我们之人的手;


路1:74 叫我们既从仇敌手中被救出来,


来5:8-9 他虽然为儿子,还是因所受的苦难学了顺从。他既得以完全,就为凡顺从他的人成了永远得救的根源,


来9:11-15 但现在基督已经来到,作了将来美事的大祭司,经过那更大更全备的帐幕,不是人手所造,也不是属乎这世界的;并且不用山羊和牛犊的血,乃用自己的血,只一次进入圣所,成了永远赎罪的事。若山羊和公牛的血,并母牛犊的灰,洒在不洁的人身上,尚且叫人成圣,身体洁净;何况基督藉着永远的灵,将自己无瑕无疵献给 神,他的血岂不更能洗净你们的心(原文作“良心”),除去你们的死行,使你们事奉那永生 神吗?为此,他作了新约的中保,既然受死赎了人在前约之时所犯的罪过,便叫蒙召之人得着所应许永远的产业。


Proof Scripture Verses

[144] Acts 2:24-25. Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it. For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved. Romans 1:4. And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead. Romans 4:25. Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification. Hebrews 9:14. How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?


[145] Acts 20:28. Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. Hebrews 9:14. How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? Hebrews 7:25-28. Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them. For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens; Who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people's: for this he did once, when he offered up himself. For the law maketh men high priests which have infirmity; but the word of the oath, which was since the law, maketh the Son, who is consecrated for evermore.


[146] Romans 3:24-26. Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.


[147] Ephesians 1:6. To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved. Matthew 3:17. And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.


[148] Titus 2:13-14. Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ; Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.


[149] Galatians 4:6. And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.


[150] Luke 1:68-69, 71, 74. Blessed be the Lord God of Israel; for he hath visited and redeemed his people, And hath raised up an horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David;... That we should be saved from our enemies, and from the hand of all that hate us;... That he would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve him without fear.


[151] Hebrews 5:8-9. Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered; And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him. Hebrews 9:11-15. But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building; Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh: How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.


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