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大要理问答32

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32问 上帝的恩典是如何在第二個約中顯明的?

王志勇版

32問:上帝的恩典是如何在第二個約中顯明的?


答:上帝的恩典顯明在第二個約之中,


(1)在此約里白白地向罪人提供了一位中保(創3:15;賽42:6;約6:27),使他們靠祂得生命和救恩(約壹5:11-12);


(2)並要求以信心作為與祂聯合的條件(約3:16;1:12),應許並賜給祂的選民聖靈(箴1:23),在他們心中生成這種信心(林後4:13),及其它與救恩相伴的美德(加5:22-23);


(3)使他們能夠虔敬順服(結36:27),作為真信心(雅2:18,22)和對上帝感恩(林後5:14-15)的憑據,這 一切就是祂所命定給他們的得救之路(弗2:18)。


吕沛渊版


32 問:神的恩典如何在第二個聖約中彰顯出來?

答:神的恩典在第二個聖約中的彰顯,在於:

(一)祂白白賜給罪人一位中保,藉此中保得著生命與拯救;

(二)在他們裡面產生得救的信心,此信心是使罪人從中保得益處的必須條件,所以祂應許並賜下祂的聖靈給所有選民,以及其他一切拯救的恩典;

(三)並且賜給他們能力,使他們學習全然聖潔並順服,以作為他們信靠並感謝神的真實證據,也作為祂揀選他們得救的道路。




OPC版

Q. 32. How is the grace of God manifested in the second covenant?


A. The grace of God is manifested in the second covenant, in that he freely provideth and offereth to sinners a mediator, and life and salvation by him; and requiring faith as the condition to interest them in him, promiseth and giveth his Holy Spirit to all his elect, to work in them that faith, with all other saving graces; and to enable them unto all holy obedience, as the evidence of the truth of their faith and thankfulness to God, and as the way which he hath appointed them to salvation.

CCEL版

Question 32: How is the grace of God manifested in the second covenant?


Answer: The grace of God is manifested in the second covenant, in that he freely provides and offers to sinners a Mediator, and life and salvation by him; and requiring faith as the condition to interest them in him, promises and gives his Holy Spirit to all his elect, to work in them that faith, with all other saving graces; and to enable them unto all holy obedience, as the evidence of the truth of their faith and thankfulness to God, and as the way which he has appointed them to salvation.

CRTA版

Q. 32. How is the grace of God manifested in the second covenant?


A. The grace of God is manifested in the second covenant, in that he freely provideth and offereth to sinners a Mediator,[115] and life and salvation by him;[116] and requiring faith as the condition to interest them in him,[117] promiseth and giveth his Holy Spirit[118] to all his elect, to work in them that faith,[119] with all other saving graces;[120] and to enable them unto all holy obedience,[121] as the evidence of the truth of their faith[122] and thankfulness to God,[123] and as the way which he hath appointed them to salvation.[124]


证明经文

创3:15 我又要叫你和女人彼此为仇;你的后裔和女人的后裔也彼此为仇。女人的后裔要伤你的头;你要伤他的脚跟。”


赛42:6 “我耶和华凭公义召你,必搀扶你的手;保守你,使你作众民的中保(“中保”原文作“约”),作外邦人的光。


约6:27 不要为那必坏的食物劳力,要为那存到永生的食物劳力,就是人子要赐给你们的;因为人子是父 神所印证的。”


约一5:11-12 这见证就是 神赐给我们永生,这永生也是在他儿子里面。 人有了 神的儿子就有生命;没有 神的儿子就没有生命。


约3:16 “ 神爱世人,甚至将他的独生子赐给他们,叫一切信他的,不至灭亡,反得永生。


约1:12 凡接待他的,就是信他名的人,他就赐他们权柄,作 神的儿女。


箴1:23 你们当因我的责备回转,我要将我的灵浇灌你们,将我的话指示你们。


林后4:13 但我们既有信心,正如经上记着说:“我因信,所以如此说话。”我们也信,所以也说话。


加5:22-23 圣灵所结的果子就是仁爱、喜乐、和平、忍耐、恩慈、良善、信实、 温柔、节制。这样的事,没有律法禁止。


结36:27 我必将我的灵,放在你们里面,使你们顺从我的律例,谨守遵行我的典章。


雅2:18 必有人说:“你有信心,我有行为;你将你没有行为的信心指给我看,我便借着我的行为,将我的信心指给你看。”


雅2:22 可见信心是与他的行为并行,而且信心因着行为才得成全。


林后 5:14-15 原来基督的爱激励我们;因我们想一人既替众人死,众人就都死了;并且他替众人死,是叫那些活着的人不再为自己活,乃为替他们死而复活的主活。


弗2:18 因为我们两下藉着他被一个圣灵所感,得以进到父面前。


Proof Scripture Verses

[115] Genesis 3:15. And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. Isaiah 42:6. I the LORD have called thee in righteousness, and will hold thine hand, and will keep thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles. John 6:27. Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed.


[116] 1 John 5:11-12. And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. He that hath the Son hath life; and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life.


[117] John 3:16. For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. John 1:12. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name.


[118] Proverbs 1:23. Turn you at my reproof: behold, I will pour out my spirit unto you, I will make known my words unto you.


[119] 2 Corinthians 4:13. We having the same spirit of faith, according as it is written, I believed, and therefore have I spoken; we also believe, and therefore speak.


[120] Galatians 5:22-23. But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.


[121] Ezekiel 36:27. And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them.


[122] James 2:18, 22. Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: show me thy faith without thy works, and I will show thee my faith by my works.... Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect?


[123] 2 Corinthians 5:14-15. For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead: And that he died for all, that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and rose again.


[124] Ephesians 2:18. For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father.


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