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大要理问答172问 那懷疑自己是否在基督裡,或懷疑自己是否預備得當的人,可不可以來領主的晚餐?

王志勇版


172問:懷疑自己不在基督裡,或者懷疑自 己沒有作好正當的預備,這樣的人可以來


領受聖餐嗎?


答:懷疑自己不在基督裡,或者懷疑自己沒有為領受聖餐作好正當的預備,


(1) 這樣的人或許是真的與基督有份,雖然他們對此還沒有達到確信(賽1:10;約壹5:13;詩88;77:1-12;拿 2:4,7);


(2) 如果他們真的是出於此種憂慮而受到影響(賽54:7-10;太5:3-4;詩 31:22;73:13,22-23),確實渴慕自己是在 基督裡(腓3:8-9;詩 10:17;42:1-2,5,11),並願意脫離罪惡(提後2:19;賽50:10;詩66:18-20),那麼,上帝就看他的確與基督有份;


(3) 而且,因為上帝的應許,以及祂設立這一聖禮的目的,就是要寬慰軟弱有疑心的基督徒(賽40:11,29,31;太 11:28;12:20;26:28)。


(4) 所以,在這種情況下,他要為自己的不信悲傷(可9:24),努力消除自己的懷疑(徒2:37;16:30);


(5) 這樣做之後,他可以並應當參加聖餐,使自己得以堅固(羅4:11;林前11:28)。



吕沛渊版




大要理問答 問172:

那懷疑自己是否在基督裡,或懷疑自己是否預備得當的人,可不可以來領主的晚餐?


答: 那懷疑自己是否在基督裡,或懷疑自己是否預備得當來領受主的晚餐聖禮的人,可能是真正在基督裡有分,雖然他還沒有對此確信;如果他因擔憂自己未在基督裡而深感困擾,並且真誠渴慕得以在基督裡、遠離罪惡,則上帝算他是有分的: [因為上帝賜下應許,設立此聖禮,為要釋放軟弱與懷疑的基督徒],所以在此情況下,他務要痛悔自己的不信,努力解除自己的疑惑;他這樣作之後,則他可以並且應該來領主的晚餐,使他得以再次被堅固。


OPC版


Q. 172. May one who doubteth of his being in Christ, or of his due preparation, come to the Lord's supper?


A. One who doubteth of his being in Christ, or of his due preparation to the sacrament of the Lord's supper, may have true interest in Christ, though he be not yet assured thereof; and in God's account hath it, if he be duly affected with the apprehension of the want of it, and unfeignedly desires to be found in Christ, and to depart from iniquity: in which case (because promises are made, and this sacrament is appointed, for the relief even of weak and doubting Christians) he is to bewail his unbelief, and labor to have his doubts resolved; and, so doing, he may and ought to come to the Lord's supper, that he may be further strengthened.


CCEL版


Question 172: May one who doubts of his being in Christ, or of his due preparation, come to the Lord's Supper?


Answer: One who doubts of his being in Christ, or of his due preparation to the sacrament of the Lord's Supper, may have true interest in Christ, though he be not yet assured thereof; and in God's account has it, if he be duly affected with the apprehension of the want of it, and unfeignedly desires to be found in Christ, and to depart from iniquity: in which case (because promises are made, and this sacrament is appointed, for the relief even of weak and doubting Christians) he is to bewail his unbelief, and labor to have his doubts resolved; and, so doing, he may and ought to come to the Lord's Supper, that he may be further strengthened.


CRTA版


Q. 172. May one who doubteth of his being in Christ, or of his due preparation, come to the Lord’s supper?


A. One who doubteth of his being in Christ, or of his due preparation to the sacrament of the Lord’s supper, may have true interest in Christ, though he be not yet assured thereof;[1102] and in God’s account hath it, if he be duly affected with the apprehension of the want of it,[1103] and unfeignedly desires to be found in Christ,[1104] and to depart from iniquity:[1105] in which case (because promises are made, and this sacrament is appointed, for the relief even of weak and doubting Christians[1106]) he is to bewail his unbelief,[1107] and labor to have his doubts resolved;[1108] and, so doing, he may and ought to come to the Lord’s supper, that he may be further strengthened.[1109]


证明经文


Proof Scripture Verses



[1102] Isaiah 50:10. Who is among you that feareth the LORD, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walketh in darkness, and hath no light? let him trust in the name of the LORD, and stay upon his God. 1 John 5:13. These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God. Psalm 88. O LORD God of my salvation, I have cried day and night before thee: Let my prayer come before thee: incline thine ear unto my cry; For my soul is full of troubles: and my life draweth nigh unto the grave. I am counted with them that go down into the pit: I am as a man that hath no strength: Free among the dead, like the slain that lie in the grave, whom thou rememberest no more: and they are cut off from thy hand. Thou hast laid me in the lowest pit, in darkness, in the deeps. Thy wrath lieth hard upon me, and thou hast afflicted me with all thy waves. Selah. Thou hast put away mine acquaintance far from me; thou hast made me an abomination unto them: I am shut up, and I cannot come forth. Mine eye mourneth by reason of affliction: LORD, I have called daily upon thee, I have stretched out my hands unto thee. Wilt thou show wonders to the dead? shall the dead arise and praise thee? Selah. Shall thy lovingkindness be declared in the grave? or thy faithfulness in destruction? Shall thy wonders be known in the dark? and thy righteousness in the land of forgetfulness? But unto thee have I cried, O LORD; and in the morning shall my prayer prevent thee. LORD, why castest thou off my soul? why hidest thou thy face from me? I am afflicted and ready to die from my youth up: while I suffer thy terrors I am distracted. Thy fierce wrath goeth over me; thy terrors have cut me off. They came round about me daily like water; they compassed me about together. Lover and friend hast thou put far from me, and mine acquaintance into darkness. Psalm 77:1-4, 7-10. I cried unto God with my voice, even unto God with my voice; and he gave ear unto me. In the day of my trouble I sought the Lord: my sore ran in the night, and ceased not: my soul refused to be comforted. I remembered God, and was troubled: I complained, and my spirit was overwhelmed. Selah. Thou holdest mine eyes waking: I am so troubled that I cannot speak.... Will the Lord cast off for ever? and will he be favourable no more? Is his mercy clean gone for ever? doth his promise fail for evermore? Hath God forgotten to be gracious? hath he in anger shut up his tender mercies? Selah. And I said, This is my infirmity: but I will remember the years of the right hand of the most High. Jonah 2:4. Then I said, I am cast out of thy sight; yet I will look again toward thy holy temple.


[1103] Isaiah 54:7-10. For a small moment have I forsaken thee; but with great mercies will I gather thee. In a little wrath I hid my face from thee for a moment; but with everlasting kindness will I have mercy on thee, saith the LORD thy Redeemer. For this is as the waters of Noah unto me: for as I have sworn that the waters of Noah should no more go over the earth; so have I sworn that I would not be wroth with thee, nor rebuke thee. For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed; but my kindness shall not depart from thee, neither shall the covenant of my peace be removed, saith the LORD that hath mercy on thee. Matthew 5:3-4. Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted. Psalm 31:22. For I said in my haste, I am cut off from before thine eyes: nevertheless thou heardest the voice of my supplications when I cried unto thee. Psalm 73:13, 22-23. Verily I have cleansed my heart in vain, and washed my hands in innocency.... So foolish was I, and ignorant: I was as a beast before thee. Nevertheless I am continually with thee: thou hast holden me by my right hand.


[1104] Philippians 3:8-9. Yea doubtless, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them but dung, that I may win Christ, And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith. Psalm 10:17. LORD, thou hast heard the desire of the humble: thou wilt prepare their heart, thou wilt cause thine ear to hear. Psalm 42:1-2, 5, 11. As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O God. My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God: when shall I come and appear before God?.... Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted in me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him for the help of his countenance.... Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him, who is the health of my countenance, and my God.


[1105] 2 Timothy 2:19. Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity. Isaiah 50:10. Who is among you that feareth the LORD, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walketh in darkness, and hath no light? let him trust in the name of the LORD, and stay upon his God. Psalm 66:18-20. If I regard iniquity in my heart, the Lord will not hear me: But verily God hath heard me; he hath attended to the voice of my prayer. Blessed be God, which hath not turned away my prayer, nor his mercy from me.


[1106] Isaiah 40:11, 29, 31. He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom, and shall gently lead those that are with young.... He giveth power to the faint; and to them that have no might he increaseth strength.... But they that wait upon the LORD shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; and they shall walk, and not faint. Matthew 11:28. Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Matthew 12:20. A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he send forth judgment unto victory. Matthew 26:28. For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.


[1107] Mark 9:24. And straightway the father of the child cried out, and said with tears, Lord, I believe; help thou mine unbelief.


[1108] Acts 2:37. Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do? Acts 16:30. And brought them out, and said, Sirs, what must I do to be saved?


[1109] Romans 4:11. And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also. 1 Corinthians 11:28. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.


WLC威斯敏斯特大要理问答

WLC1 WLC2 WLC3 WLC4 WLC5 WLC6 WLC7 WLC8 WLC9 WLC10
WLC11 WLC12 WLC13 WLC14 WLC15 WLC16 WLC17 WLC18 WLC19 WLC20
WLC21 WLC22 WLC23 WLC24 WLC25 WLC26 WLC27 WLC28 WLC29 WLC30
WLC31 WLC32 WLC33 WLC34 WLC35 WLC36 WLC37 WLC38 WLC39 WLC40
WLC41 WLC42 WLC43 WLC44 WLC45 WLC46 WLC47 WLC48 WLC49 WLC50
WLC51 WLC52 WLC53 WLC54 WLC55 WLC56 WLC57 WLC58 WLC59 WLC60
WLC61 WLC62 WLC63 WLC64 WLC65 WLC66 WLC67 WLC68 WLC69 WLC70
WLC71 WLC72 WLC73 WLC74 WLC75 WLC76 WLC77 WLC78 WLC79 WLC80
WLC81 WLC82 WLC83 WLC84 WLC85 WLC86 WLC87 WLC88 WLC89 WLC90
WLC91 WLC92 WLC93 WLC94 WLC95 WLC96 WLC97 WLC98 WLC99 WLC100
WLC101 WLC102 WLC103 WLC104 WLC105 WLC106 WLC107 WLC108 WLC109 WLC110
WLC111 WLC112 WLC113 WLC114 WLC115 WLC116 WLC117 WLC118 WLC119 WLC120
WLC121 WLC122 WLC123 WLC124 WLC125 WLC126 WLC127 WLC128 WLC129 WLC130
WLC131 WLC132 WLC133 WLC134 WLC135 WLC136 WLC137 WLC138 WLC139 WLC140
WLC141 WLC142 WLC143 WLC144 WLC145 WLC146 WLC147 WLC148 WLC149 WLC150
WLC151 WLC152 WLC153 WLC154 WLC155 WLC156 WLC157 WLC158 WLC159 WLC160
WLC161 WLC162 WLC163 WLC164 WLC165 WLC166 WLC167 WLC168 WLC169 WLC170
WLC171 WLC172 WLC173 WLC174 WLC175 WLC176 WLC177 WLC178 WLC179 WLC180
WLC181 WLC182 WLC183 WLC184 WLC185 WLC186 WLC187 WLC188 WLC189 WLC190
WLC191 WLC192 WLC193 WLC194 WLC195 WLC196 001-050 051-100 101-150 151-196


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