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大要理问答193问 在第四祈求中,我們所禱告的是甚麼?

王志勇版


193問:我們在第四祈求中求什麼?


答:在第四祈求“我們日用的飲食,今日賜給我們”中(太6:11),我們承認在亞當


裡,並因著我們自己的罪,喪失了享用今生所有外界福分的權利,這些權利理當被上帝全部剝奪,而且我們 在享用這些外界福分時,它們對我們而言都當成為受咒詛的東西(創2:17;3:17;羅8:20-22;耶5:25;申28:15-68);它們本身並不能維繫我們的生命(申8:3),我們自己也無功勞可居(創32:10),而且靠我們自己 的辛勞也無法取得它們(申8:17-18);但我們都傾向於違背上帝的律法,追求(耶6:13;可7:21-22)、獲取(何12:7)、享用這些福分(雅4:3);因此我們為我們自身和他人禱告,


(1) 求上帝使他們和我們等候上帝的護理,天天用合乎上帝律法的手段,靠祂白白的恩賜,按祂父般的智慧所 看為最合適的,享受足夠的部分(創43:12-14; 創28:20;弗4:28;帖後3:11-12;腓4:6);


(2) 求上帝繼續如此地祝福我們,使我們藉著聖潔、舒適地享用這些福分(提前4:3-5),並有知足之心而得福(提 前6:6-8);


(3) 求上帝使我們離開一切不利於今生養身和舒適的事物(箴30:8-9)。


吕沛渊版


大要理問答Westminster Larger Catechism


問193: 在第四祈求中,我們所禱告的是甚麼?


答: 在第四祈求「我們日用的飲食,今日賜給我們」中,我們承認: 我們在亞當裡,並且因我們自己的罪,我們已經喪失今生一切外在恩福的權利,應該被神剝奪所有這些恩福,並且我們在使用它們時,它們成為我們的咒詛。它們本身不能維持我們的生命,我們也不配得,也不是靠自己努力賺取它們;而且我們傾向違背律法,來追求、獲取、享受它們。所以我們為自己與他人禱告:


(1) 我們與他人,天天都等候仰望神的護理,使用合法的媒介,可以享受祂的白白恩典,按照天父的智慧所看為最好的,來充足領受這些恩福;


(2) 求祂繼續不斷的賜福供應我們,使我們以聖潔與安舒的方式來享用這些恩福,並且以感恩知足的心來領受它們;


(3) 求祂保守我們,知足於今生我們所需的夠用安享之恩典,遠離一切與此目的相反的事物。




OPC版


Q. 193. What do we pray for in the fourth petition?


A. In the fourth petition (which is, Give us this day our daily bread), acknowledging that in Adam, and by our own sin, we have forfeited our right to all the outward blessings of this life, and deserve to be wholly deprived of them by God, and to have them cursed to us in the use of them; and that neither they of themselves are able to sustain us, nor we to merit, or by our own industry to procure them; but prone to desire, get, and use them unlawfully: we pray for ourselves and others, that both they and we, waiting upon the providence of God from day to day in the use of lawful means, may, of his free gift, and as to his fatherly wisdom shall seem best, enjoy a competent portion of them; and have the same continued and blessed unto us in our holy and comfortable use of them, and contentment in them; and be kept from all things that are contrary to our temporal support and comfort.


CCEL版


Question 193: What do we pray for in the fourth petition?


Answer: In the fourth petition (which is, Give us this day our daily bread), acknowledging, that in Adam, and by our own sin, we have forfeited our right to all the outward blessings of this life, and deserve to be wholly deprived of them by God, and to have them cursed to us in the use of them; and that neither they of themselves are able to sustain us, nor we to merit, or by our own industry to procure them; but prone to desire, get, and use them unlawfully: we pray for ourselves and others, that both they and we, waiting upon the providence of God from day to day in the use of lawful means, may, of his free gift, and as to his fatherly wisdom shall seem best, enjoy a competent portion of them; and have the same continued and blessed unto us in our holy and comfortable use of them, and contentment in them; and be kept from all things that are contrary to our temporal support and comfort.



CRTA版


Q. 193. What do we pray for in the fourth petition?


A. In the fourth petition,(which is, Give us this day our daily bread,[1253]) acknowledging, that in Adam, and by our own sin, we have forfeited our right to all the outward blessings of this life, and deserve to be wholly deprived of them by God, and to have them cursed to us in the use of them;[1254] and that neither they of themselves are able to sustain us,[1255] nor we to merit,[1256] or by our own industry to procure them;[1257] but prone to desire,[1258] get,[1259] and use them unlawfully:[1260] we pray for ourselves and others, that both they and we, waiting upon the providence of God from day to day in the use of lawful means, may, of his free gift, and as to his fatherly wisdom shall seem best, enjoy a competent portion of them;[1261] and have the same continued and blessed unto us in our holy and comfortable use of them,[1262] and contentment in them;[1263] and be kept from all things that are contrary to our temporal support and comfort.[1264]




证明经文


Proof Scripture Verses


[1253] Matthew 6:11. Give us this day our daily bread.


[1254] Genesis 2:17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. Genesis 3:17. And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life. Romans 8:20-22. For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope, Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now. Jeremiah 5:25. Your iniquities have turned away these things, and your sins have withholden good things from you. Deuteronomy 28:15-17. But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe to do all his commandments and his statutes which I command thee this day; that all these curses shall come upon thee, and overtake thee: Cursed shalt thou be in the city, and cursed shalt thou be in the field. Cursed shall be thy basket and thy store, etc.


[1255] Deuteronomy 8:3. And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live.


[1256] Genesis 32:10. I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies, and of all the truth, which thou hast showed unto thy servant; for with my staff I passed over this Jordan; and now I am become two bands.


[1257] Deuteronomy 8:17-18. And thou say in thine heart, My power and the might of mine hand hath gotten me this wealth. But thou shalt remember the LORD thy God: for it is he that giveth thee power to get wealth, that he may establish his covenant which he sware unto thy fathers, as it is this day.


[1258] Jeremiah 6:13. For from the least of them even unto the greatest of them every one is given to covetousness; and from the prophet even unto the priest every one dealeth falsely. Mark 7:21-22. For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness.


[1259] Hosea 12:7. He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loveth to oppress.


[1260] James 4:3. Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may consume it upon your lusts.


[1261] Genesis 43:12-14. And take double money in your hand; and the money that was brought again in the mouth of your sacks, carry it again in your hand; peradventure it was an oversight: Take also your brother, and arise, go again unto the man: And God Almighty give you mercy before the man, that he may send away your other brother, and Benjamin. If I be bereaved of my children, I am bereaved. Genesis 28:20. And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on. Ephesians 4:28. Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labour, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth. 2 Thessalonians 3:11-12. For we hear that there are some which walk among you disorderly, working not at all, but are busybodies. Now them that are such we command and exhort by our Lord Jesus Christ, that with quietness they work, and eat their own bread. Philippians 4:6. Be careful for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God.


[1262] 1 Timothy 4:3-5. Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth. For every creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving: For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer.


[1263] 1 Timothy 6:6-8. But godliness with contentment is great gain. For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out. And having food and raiment let us be therewith content.


[1264] Proverbs 30:8-9. Remove far from me vanity and lies: give me neither poverty nor riches; feed me with food convenient for me: Lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, Who is the LORD? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain.



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