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大要理问答31

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31问 上帝與誰立此恩典之約呢?

王志勇版

二十.恩典之約


31問:上帝與誰立此恩典之約呢?


答這恩典之約是與作為第二個亞當的基督而立的,並在祂裡面,與作為其後 裔的所有選民而立的(加3:16; 羅5:15-21;賽53:10-11)。


吕沛渊版

問:神與誰立此恩典之約?


答:這恩典之約是與基督(即第二亞當)所立的,並且是在基督裡與所有選民(即他的後裔)立的。


OPC版

Q. 31. With whom was the covenant of grace made?


A. The covenant of grace was made with Christ as the second Adam, and in him with all the elect as his seed.

CCEL版

Question 31: With whom was the covenant of grace made?


Answer: The covenant of grace was made with Christ as the second Adam, and in him with all the elect as his seed.

CRTA版

Q. 31. With whom was the covenant of grace made?


A. The covenant of grace was made with Christ as the second Adam, and in him with all the elect as his seed.[114]


证明经文

加3:16 所应许的原是向亚伯拉罕和他子孙说的; 神并不是说“众子孙”,指着许多人;乃是说“你那一个子孙”,指着一个人,就是基督。


罗5:15-21 只是过犯不如恩赐。若因一人的过犯,众人都死了,何况 神的恩典,与那因耶稣基督一人恩典中的赏赐,岂不更加倍地临到众人吗?因一人犯罪就定罪,也不如恩赐。原来审判是由一人而定罪,恩赐乃是由许多过犯而称义。若因一人的过犯,死就因这一人作了王;何况那些受洪恩又蒙所赐之义的,岂不更要因耶稣基督一人在生命中作王吗?如此说来,因一次的过犯,众人都被定罪;照样,因一次的义行,众人也就被称义得生命了。因一人的悖逆,众人成为罪人;照样,因一人的顺从,众人也成为义了。律法本是外添的,叫过犯显多;只是罪在哪里显多,恩典就更显多了。就如罪作王叫人死;照样,恩典也藉着义作王,叫人因我们的主耶稣基督得永生。


赛53:10-11 耶和华却定意(或作“喜悦”)将他压伤,使他受痛苦。耶和华以他为赎罪祭(或作“他献本身为赎罪祭”)。他必看见后裔,并且延长年日,耶和华所喜悦的事,必在他手中亨通。他必看见自己劳苦的功效,便心满意足。有许多人,因认识我的义仆得称为义,并且他要担当他们的罪孽。


Proof Scripture Verses

[114] Galatians 3:16. Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. Romans 5:15-21. But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification. For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.) Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound: That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord. Isaiah 53:10-11. Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.

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