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再来基督张大卫

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紧急翻译:http://godwithus.cn/wiki/David_Jang_Second_Coming_Christ David Jang Second Coming Christ 再来基督张大卫

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Copyright Information版权信息

This article first published in Christianity Today. Used by permission. Copyright Christianity Today International.

The authors are: Ted Olsen and Ken Smith.

Original English article link: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2012/september/david-jang-second-coming-christ.html . (本文由今日基督教发表。蒙准许使用。版权属于“今日基督教国际”,作者:泰德·奥尔森(Ted Olsen)和肯·斯密斯(Ken Smith),英文原文网址 http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2012/september/david-jang-second-coming-christ.html )

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摘要

The Second Coming Christ Controversy

David Jang has become an increasingly influential figure in Asian and now American evangelicalism. He and his followers have founded media outlets and a Christian college and are key influencers in the World Evangelical Alliance. But many say he leads a group that has encouraged the belief that he’s the ‘Second Coming Christ.’ Is there any truth to the allegations? Ted Olsen and Ken Smith

Ted Olsen is CT's managing editor, news and online journalism. Ken Smith is an independent journalist based in Washington State.


再来基督争议

在亚洲甚至现在的美国基督教福音派中,张大卫(David Jang)的影响力与日俱增。他和他的追随者们成立了多个媒体管道和基督教学院,并且成为了世界福 音联盟(World Evangelical Alliance)的关键影响因素。然而,很多人认为他带领了一个致力于相信他就是“再来基督”的小组。这些指控到底是真是假?

泰德·奥尔森(Ted Olsen)是今日基督教的主编,新闻和在线记者。肯·斯密斯(Ken Smith)是华盛顿州的独立记者。



--Michael留言) 2012年8月17日 (五) 07:04 (CST) 认领摘要

第1页


The good news was they had a buyer.

Glorieta Conference Center, owned by the Southern Baptist Convention's LifeWay Christian Resources, is one of the largest and best-known Christian conference facilities in the country, sitting on 2,100 acres near Santa Fe, New Mexico. But for 24 of the last 25 years it has drained money from the organization.

"There's just not a demand for the kinds of things that we do and used to do at Glorieta," said LifeWay spokesman Marty King. So, last September, LifeWay's trustees decided to investigate selling the campus. The plan was to sell to the Baptist Convention of New Mexico for the nominal price of $1. However, the convention said the cost of upgrading Glorieta and potential environmental liability made acquisition unattractive.

Then came an offer from San Francisco–based Olivet University. (The school has no connection to Illinois-based Olivet Nazarene University.) The school, founded by Korean pastor David Jang in 1992, has several affiliate ministries and Internet businesses that reportedly helped it to raise enough funds to buy and run the Glorieta campus.

The bad news for LifeWay was that Jang is a controversial figure who, according to credible reports, has been hailed by some of his followers as the "Second Coming Christ."

Over the last five years, ministries and organizations founded by or connected to Jang have gained influence in American and global evangelical ministries, including the World Evangelical Alliance. Yet in the same period, a number of mainstream Christian organizations in Korea and China have severed relationships with his affiliated organizations after investigating such claims and finding them credible. Other groups have reconfirmed their ties after their investigations cleared him. Now, as Jang's businesses and ministries have sought greater recognition and expansion in the United States, Christian leaders and ministries here are asking similar questions about Jang, his affiliated organizations, and their theology.

The 'Second Coming Christ'

The details of Jang's early life are in question, and multiple efforts to contact him for this story's publication were unsuccessful. Critics in Korea, Japan, and China say he was involved in Sun Myung Moon's Unification Church. They point to his appearance in a 1989 student handbook for Moon's Sung Hwa Theological Seminary as an assistant professor of theology, teaching systematic theology and Unification theology. They also cite a 2002 history of Sun Moon University praising him for helping to fund the school. Jang's defenders, on the other hand, say the critics have fabricated evidence and that Jang merely joined an anti-Communist club that also included Unification Church members.

News N Joy, a Korean Christian website, reported in 2004 that it had four conversations with Jang about his career in the Unification Church after Jang objected to one of the site's articles. In the interview, Jang said the description in the Sun Moon University history book was inaccurate, but acknowledged that he had worked for the school until 1995 (he did not officially resign until 1998). "He explained that the reason he was involved in Sun Moon University was to teach orthodox theology to Unification Church members," the site reported. "In addition, he added that he led a lot of deluded people to the way of truth."

Both sides agree that Jang has long had more orthodox ties. According to a résumé Jang submitted to the Christian Council of Korea, he received his M.Div. from Hanshin University in 1990 and a Ph.D. from Dankook University in 1992. That same year, he was ordained as a Korean Presbyterian minister, and by 1999 he was moderator of the Hang Dong Presbytery.


--Michael留言) 2012年8月17日 (五) 07:06 (CST) 认领第一页翻译

这部分由 Michael HUO 弟兄 和 Linda Zhou 姊妹共同翻译

好消息,卖出去了!


坐落在新墨西哥州圣达菲(Santa Fe)附近,有近2100英亩大小的格洛列塔(Glorieta )会议中心,是美国最大且是最著名的基督徒会议中心之一。它曾经属于美南浸信会(Southern Baptist Convention)的生命路基督徒资源中心(LifeWay Christian Resources)。然而在过去的25年中有24年都从该组织汲取经费。

由Southern Baptist Convention's LifeWay Christian Resources管理的Glorieta Conference Center是国内首屈一指的基督议会。占地2100英亩(约合8 498 398.5平方米),坐落于墨西哥Santa Fe附近。

现在人们对于我们以前和现在所做的事没有需求” LifeWay的发言人Marty King说道。所以,去年9月,LifeWay的信徒决定调查出售园区的计划。这个计划是旨在以1美元的名义价格将园区卖给墨西哥浸礼会。但是浸礼会表示改造Glorieta的费用和潜在的环境责任使得这个并购不那么有吸引力



“在格洛列塔(Glorieta)根本没有我们要做且一直在做的这类的需求”,生命路(LifeWay)发言人玛蒂·金(Marty King)说到。因此,去年九月,生命路的受托人们决定调查并把这个园区卖掉。计划曾是用名义上的一美元的价格把这它卖给新墨西哥州的浸信会。然而该浸信会却说升级格洛列塔的费用以及潜在的环保责任使得收购它并没有什么吸引力。

后来一个邀约来了,是来了一个来自旧金山的奥立佛大学(Olivet University)。(该学校跟伊利诺伊斯的奥立佛拿撒勒大学(Olivet Nazarene University)没有任何联系)【译注:奥立佛大学(Olivet University)中港韩称其为 伟仁大学】。这个学校是在1992年的时候由韩国牧师张大卫(David Jang)建立的,且它已经有多个附属的事工和互联网企业。据报道后者用于帮助积累资金以便于购买并启用格洛列塔(Glorieta)园区。

随后在圣弗朗西斯科的Olivet大学(Olivet大学与伊利诺斯的Olivet Nazarene大学无关)表示了购入的意愿。Olivet大学是由牧师张大卫(David Jang)在1992年创建的,拥有数个部门和国际商业业务,而这些业务被称能够帮助募集到足以购买运营Glorieta园区(campus)的经费。



对于生命路(LifeWay)来讲,坏消失是张氏是一位极具争议的人物,据可靠的报道这位先生,曾被他的跟随者们尊崇为“再来的基督”。

坏消息是张大卫(David Jang)是个极受争议的人物,因为据可靠报道,他曾被他的信徒拥立为再来基督。


在过去的五年中,又张氏建立并与其有联系的事工和组织在美国和全球的福音事工中获得了影响力,而后者就包括了世界福音联盟(World Evangelical Alliance)。然而在同期,在韩国和中国的曾经主流基督教组织在调查了相关的声明和找到了可信的证据后,斩断了跟张氏附属组织的联系。而其他的组织则在它们的澄清了张氏的调查之后重新确认了跟他的联系。现在张氏的企业和事工已经在美国获得了更多的认可和并进行了扩张。这里的基督徒传道人和各个事工组织也在问关于张氏以及他的附属组织和他的神学的类似问题。

在过去5年中,与张大卫(David Jang)相关的创建的机构和组织在美国和世界福音组织的影响不断加强,这其中还包括世界福音联盟。但是同时,中国和韩国一部分主流基督团体组织在调查后相继与其相关的组织拒绝往来。其他的一些组织在调查后又重新确认了与其组织的关系。如今,当张大卫(David Jang)相关的商业和组织行为在美国得到认可和扩张,美国的基督也要向其附庸组织和教义同样发问。


“再临基督”

这部分由Linda Zhou姊妹翻译

张大卫(David Jang)的早年生活一直是个谜团,以至于很多关于他早年故事的出版物都不成功。


中日韩三国的评论家说张大卫(David Jang)参与到了文光鲜(Sun Myung Moon)的统一教运动中。他们援引了1989年文光鲜神学院(Moon's Sung Hwa Theological Seminary)的学生手册,找到了张大卫(David Jang)的照片。并且还找到了鲜文大学(Sun Moon University)2002年年鉴中对于张大卫(David Jang)为学校筹集资金的赞赏。

张大卫(David Jang)的拥护者却说那些评论家实则编造了张大卫(David Jang)的早期活动,他只是参与了是统一教成员的反共社团。名为News N Joy的韩国基督教网站在2004年报道了与张关于在统一教职责的四次对话,其中有一篇被张拒绝发表。在访谈中,张大卫(David Jang)说关于他在鲜文大学(Sun Moon University)中职责的报道是不准确的,但是他证实了自己直到1995年都在学校任职的事实(1998年正式辞职)。News N Joy报道说张大卫(David Jang)对此的解释是他当时的职责是向学校教会委员传授正教神学。并且,他还宣称自己帮着过很多人走上了真理之路。


无论之拥护者还是反对者都同意张大卫(David Jang)与正教神学有更多联系。根据他呈交给韩国基督教议会(the Christian Council of Korea)的一份简历,分别在1990年和1992年被授予神学硕士和博士学位。1992年成为韩国长老教派牧师,1999年成为Hang Dong长老会的仲裁员(moderator).





原文地址: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2012/september/david-jang-second-coming-christ.html?start=1

第2页

But according to several sources with experience in Jang-associated organizations and communities, many members of the movement believed that the key event in Jang's early missionary endeavors is not in his résumé—nor, indeed, in any written source. It was believed, these sources said, that in or around 1992, early follower Borah Lin told Jang that she believed he was the "Second Coming Christ"—not Jesus Christ himself, but rather a new messianic figure that would complete Jesus' earthly mission. According to several former members, Lin became an important spiritual figure in Jang's closest circles.

Documents from teaching sessions indicate that Jang and his followers look to October 30, 1992—Jang's 43rd birthday—as the precise date of the start of their own movement. Beyond that, affiliated groups including Apostolos Campus Ministries and Olivet University look to 1992 as the year of their founding.

The years that followed were busy, as Jang recruited followers and commissioned missionaries to work on college campuses throughout Asia. The first missionaries to China arrived in 1996 and formed the core of the Young Disciples of Jesus. The Christian Post and Christian Today have dated their founding to 2000 (on its website, The Christian Post recently changed the founding date to 2004). The Gospel Herald and the American body of the Evangelical Assembly of Presbyterian Churches (EAPC) launched in 2004, and the International Business Times in 2006. By 2002, Jang had recruited adherents in key cities throughout China, Japan, and Korea, and had begun expanding into the United States.

In a paper written for the Evangelical Missiological Society in 2008, Olivet University president William Wagner wrote, "[M]inistries created by the Olivet movement occupy four of the top-ten ranked Christian websites in the United States—including the position of number one … . [M]arkedly successful websites produced by Olivet College of Journalism affiliate ministries have been developed in over 40 languages around the world … . In almost every case, these websites are top-ranked in their countries of origin." In addition to the businesses and ministries listed above, Wagner included organizations such as Crossmap, Verecom, IB Spot, Deographics, Jubilee Mission, BREATHEcast, Good News Line, Bible Portal, and the World Evangelical Theological Institute Association as "affiliate ministries" of Olivet University.

In a May 2008 interview with Christianity Today, Wagner said Jang worked with college students to "target top universities"—especially those in the University of California system—to build the student body at Olivet through transfers. Wagner said Apostolos Campus Ministries (since renamed Apostolos Missions) at the time had more than 30,000 students in 120 countries. That number didn't include another 10,000 students in China, where the organization is known as Young Disciples of Jesus.

These campus ministries would approach students who seemed to be interested in Bible studies and encourage them to take a course of 40 private "history lessons." (Wagner characterized them as intensive courses in discipleship and leadership.) Former members say that it was generally believed that these lessons had originated with Jang himself.

但是根据张大卫(David Jang)组织和社区有关的一些人表示,许多参与到此组织的会员相信,张大卫(David Jang)早期对事工的努力并不包含在他的简历中。这些人相信,于1992年左右的时间里,一位名叫林宝拉(Borah Lin)的张大卫(David Jang)早期跟随者告诉张大卫(David Jang),她认为张大卫(David Jang)是“再临基督”——不是耶稣基督本身,而是一个新的救赎者,来完成耶稣在地球上未完成的事工。相关组织的原成员说,林宝拉(Borah Lin)在张大卫(David Jang)密友圈中成为了重要的属灵人物。


相关教学资料显示,张大卫(David Jang)和他的追随者们将1992年10月30日——张大卫(David Jang)43岁生日那天定为这个组织的发起日。不仅如此,相关组织包括使徒校园事工(Apostolos Campus Ministries)和伟仁大学(Olivet University)也将1992年作为他们的创始日。


后面的几年中对于张大卫(David Jang)的团队而言是十分忙碌的。张大卫(David Jang)开始招募信徒并委任相关宣教士用以在亚洲各地的高校内工作。1996年,第一批宣教士登陆中国,并创办了耶稣青年会。基督邮报和今日基督教报将耶青的创始日定为2000年(目前,基督邮报在其网站上将耶青的创始日定为2004年)。在2004年,旗下的基督日报(Gospel Herald)和美国福音派长老会(EAPC)创建完毕。在2006年,旗下的国际商业时报(International Business Times)也由张大卫(David Jang)资助的耶稣青年会创建完毕。早在2002年,张大卫(David Jang)就已在中国、日本和韩国的主要城市里建立起了自己的信徒圈,并开始将这个圈子扩大到美国。


在2008年,伟仁大学校长威廉•瓦格纳(William Wagner)在一份递交给福音宣教协会的文章中称:“伟仁大学所创办的事工网站中,有四个网站居于美国基督教网站的前十,其中还包括一个位列第一的网站……其中,最瞩目的网站非新闻网站莫属。这些网站是在伟仁新闻学院旗下所建立的,并在全球40多个国家建立了当地语言的网站……在大多数情况下,这些网站在当地都已达到了顶尖水平。”在以上所提到的事工之外,瓦格纳还提到了诸如基督时代(Crossmap),万锐科(Verecom),IB Spot,伟联时代(Deographics),禧年事工(Jubilee Mission),BREATHcast,好消息在线(Good News Online),圣经门户(Bible Portal)和伟仁大学“旗下”的世界福音派神学院协会(World Evangelical Theological Institute Association)。


2008年5月,瓦格纳在一次今日基督教报的采访中称,张大卫(David Jang)想通过提供转学手续将顶尖大学里的学生——特别是加州大学系统里的学生——拉入伟仁大学内。瓦格纳说,使徒校园事工(又称使徒事工)在120个国家里有3万多名学生,这还不包括位于中国的耶稣青年会的1万多名学生。


这些校园事工主要针对那些对查经有兴趣的学生,并鼓励他们上40节独家的“历史课”。(瓦格纳将它们称为门徒与领袖强化班。)原会员说,这些课程被普遍认为是张大卫(David Jang)创办的。


中文 由Jian G.Goodall翻译 语桥翻译团审阅

原文地址: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2012/september/david-jang-second-coming-christ.html?start=2

第3页

"These messages," a former student of the lessons in the United States said he was told about a decade ago, "are so precious that we can't give them out to just anyone, even other Christians." The lessons were only given by senior members of the community, former members said, and sometimes the final key lessons would be given by Lin herself.

What unites the movement? 'One is God,' said Olivet president William Wagner. 'But another is the spiritual leader; he's the one that has tied it all together. He had the vision for Olivet.'

The precise goal of these lessons is in dispute. Several former members of the Jang-affiliated groups told CT the lessons seemed to be designed to lead new members to a confession that Jang was the "Second Coming Christ," though such a goal was never stated outright by the instructors.

"There were many obvious implied hints for getting people to confess," said a former member of the movement in China. "As one brother said, 'As long as you're not a fool, you can use logic to hint and imply.' But no one said directly in the sermons that 'Pastor David Jang is the Returning Lord.' Usually, even in private, this will not be mentioned. It seems to be top secret."

Former member Ma Li, who says she began the lessons in China in 2002, said that when she finished, her instructor looked at her and another new member very seriously and asked, "Have you understood? All the content?"

"I answered firmly: 'Yes,'" she said. "Then she asked me separately: 'Who is Pastor David?' I answered without thinking, just followed what I heard just now and answered: 'The Second Coming Christ!' She said, 'Shhh,' calmly, and then, 'Don't tell others.'"

A former member of the U.S. branch of the movement described a similar experience:

When [my teacher] asked me, "Who do you think Pastor David is?" I was very shocked, and didn't know how to respond. At the time, I shed tears, because I didn't believe what I was hearing. I was so shocked. But then a thought crossed my mind, and I asked, "Is he the Second Coming Christ?" Because I wanted to test to see how they responded to that. But [his] response was even more surprising. "You've made a confession now." So I decided to play along with it for a while. But then he went around telling all the other leaders that I had confessed.

A Central Conviction?

While all of the former members interviewed by CT agreed that some people in the movement believe that Jang is the Second Coming Christ, they disagreed on how central this is to the group's religious identity.

One former member from the U.S. said, "It was never explicitly taught that Jang is the Second Coming of Christ or even a key eschatological figure. If that was ever stated, it was stated as a belief by those who believed. [But] the way eschatology was taught, one could easily come to that conclusion." In fact, the same member did come to that conclusion and acknowledged that for a time, he too believed that Jang was the Second Coming Christ. He believed it, he said, "not because it was taught to me, but because there was at the time, in my mind, a fairly compelling case for the possibility. Now, of course—and for several years—I believe this not to be true. Though [Jang] is admittedly further along in many areas than other Christian leaders and pastors, I find his flaws to be too significant to ignore."

一个之前在美国上这些课的学生说10年他就接受过这类信息,并且他表示“这些信息都太宝贵了,以至于我们不可能与其他人甚至是其他基督徒分享”。前会员透露这些课程只只提供给高级会员,且有的关键课程就由Lin来上。

是什么团结一些运动? “其中一个是上帝” 伟仁(Olivet)大学主席威廉•瓦格纳( William Wagner)如是说,“但是另一个是精神领袖,是他把我们团结在一起,那应该是Olivet” 这些课程的意图还有待商讨。一些在张大卫相关组织中任职的会员告诉今日基督(CT)这些课程像是为了让新成员承认张大卫(David Jang)是再来基督("Second Coming Christ,")而设置的。虽然这样的目的从未得到课程指导的公开承认。

显然,有很多引导大家承认张大卫(David Jang)是再来基督("Second Coming Christ,")线索,以为前在中国宣传的会员说道“就想一位兄弟说的只要你不是傻瓜,你就可以用逻辑和暗示推断,但是没有人在讲经的时候直说他是再来基督的事。而且,私下也不这么说。这似乎是个头等秘密”。

前成员Ma Li,在2002年中国完成课程后,他的指导仔细打量了她和其他新成员,并问“你们理解所有内容了吗?”

Ma Li说是的。指导又单独问她“知道张大卫牧师吗?”她毫不犹豫地说“是再来基督!”,然后指导让她小点声,说“别告诉别人。”在美国的前会员也描述了相似的经历:

当导师问我知不知道谁是张大卫牧师的时候,我很震惊不知道怎么回答。那时,我流下了泪,因为我不相信我所听到的。但是脑中又有了一个想法,我问“那么他是再来基督吗?”我之所以这么问,是想看看他们的反应。但是导师的回答更令我吃惊。“你已经承认了这个事实”导师说。所以我决定再装一会。但是他却和所有的领导者说我已经承认了。

中心信仰?

当所有前会员接受《今日基督》的采访时,仍有一些人认为张大卫就是再来基督,但是对于这对此团体的认同方面,他们没有统一的认识。

在美国的前会员说“张大卫是再来基督或者末世论核心人物的事但从来没有明确提出。如果提了,也是那些有此信念的人提的。但是很据末世论,一个人很容易得出这样的结论”

事实上,就是那个得出了这个结论并且还信奉了一段时间的会员相信张大卫就是再来基督。他以前相信这个并且表示“并不是因为他被教授这个,而是曾经有一段时间这个想法在他脑海里作为一个不争的事实存在过”。当然几年后的今天他认为这种想法是不对的。他说“虽然张大卫在基督领袖和牧师之外的方面也被承认,但是我发现他的错误太明显,以至于难以忽视。”

by linda zhou

原文地址: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2012/september/david-jang-second-coming-christ.html?start=3

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Another former member who came to the United States from China said that in the near decade he spent with the group, he had never been taught directly that Jang was the Second Coming Christ. On several occasions stretching back to 2003, he said he even heard Jang firmly deny that he was the Christ: "He always said those who said 'he is Christ' were insane."

According to documents sent to CT by Olivet officials and other Jang associates, Jang issued this denial in 2008:

A Note About Our Sources

Because CT is committed to transparency and verifiability in its reporting, we attempt to limit the use of anonymous sources except as a last resort or when identifying the source puts them at risk. For this story, we found evidence that our sources could face retaliation for speaking to CT about their experiences. These sources, all from the United States or China, gave evidence that they had been part of David Jang's organizations, ministries, or businesses, and some served in senior positions. They independently offered similar and mutually confirming explanations of the movement's eschatology, history, organizational structure, practices, and personnel. Where their accounts differ, we have noted it in the story. Most of our anonymous sources are speaking about their experience for the first time and did not serve as witnesses in the earlier inquiries in Asia.

I give praises for the grace of Jesus Christ. By the grace of Jesus Christ, I accepted Jesus as my one and only Savior, and since I was forgiven of my sins, I have never abandoned faith in Jesus Christ. Also, I have never preached any other gospel other than that of Jesus Christ. Furthermore I have never taught that I am Christ. I clearly confess that there is no other way than through Jesus Christ to receive salvation and gain freedom.

Chris Lee, a pastor at Immanuel Community Church in New York City (the flagship church of the EAPC in the United States), likewise issued a blanket denial that Jang had ever claimed to be the Second Coming Christ.

But several former members who spoke to CT found it implausible that Jang had no connections to the confessions that he was the Second Coming Christ. One said that for several years around 2002 or 2003, it was the tradition for those who had just made the "confession" to write it out and send it to Jang.

One former leader from China said that only the most senior and trusted leaders were allowed to give the eschatology lessons, and that Jang specifically denied ever teaching it.

"During a fierce debate, Pastor David Jang stood up and said that he had never taught that he is 'the Returning Lord.' The problem was that students did not know whether he had taught it or not. But it was a truth within the community. This teaching had been long preached. It was even a condition for joining the group."

A former member from Shanghai said that Jang indirectly encouraged the teaching in a sermon less than a decade ago by claiming that his relationship with Jesus was the same as the relationship between John the Baptist and Elijah, and that he would finish the work that Jesus left incomplete.



另一位从中国来到美国的前成员说,他加入这个团队近十年来,从未被直接教导,张是基督再临。 他说,追溯到2003年,在好几次场合,他甚至听到张坚决否认他是基督:“他总是说,那些说‘他是基督’的是疯狂的。”

根据 olivet官员和张的合作伙伴递送给CT的文件,张已经在2008年提出这项否决。 请见这条我们提供的消息:

因为CT致力于其报告的透明度和可验证性,除了万不得已的情况,我们试图限制使用匿名的消息来源,或者冒险把识别源给他们。 就这个报道,我们发现,有证据表明给CT讲述他们的经历时,我们的消息来源可能面临抨击。

这些消息,都来自于美国和中国,有证据表明他们过去参与了一部分张大卫的组织,事工,或者企业, 还有一些担任过高级职位。 他们各自提供了类似的,却能相互证实和解释的证据,包括该活动团体的末世论、历史、组织结构、行为和人员。

我们注意到这些故事来自不同的成员。大多数匿名的消息来源,是谈论关于他们的首次经历,并且在亚洲的早期调查里不能作证。

我赞美耶稣基督给的恩典。因耶稣基督的恩典,我接受了耶稣做我唯一的救主。自从我得了赦罪之恩,我从未放弃过信仰耶稣基督。同样,我从未宣讲其他任何一个福音不同于耶稣基督的福音。

此外,我从未教导过,我是基督。我清楚地承认,除了通过耶稣基督,没有其他方式能得救,获得自由。

Chris Lee, 一位在纽约市伊曼努尔社区教堂的牧师(美国EAPC第一流的教堂),同样发布了一条信息否认张曾声称自己是基督第二次降临。

但是向CT反应的几位前成员发现,张撇清他是基督第二次降临的告白是难以置信的。

其中一个说自2002 或2003年以来的很多年,传统的做法是谁只要做“告白”就写出来,然后发送给张。

一位来自中国的前带领者说,只有最资深和可信的带领者被允许教导末世论的课程,但张特别否认曾教导此课程。

“在一场激烈的辩论中,张大卫牧师站起来说他从未教导他是‘再来的主’。问题是,学生们不知道他是否曾经这样教导过。但有一个事实在共同体内,这一教导曾被长期宣讲,甚至是加入这个团体的一个条件。”

来自上海的前成员表示,在不到十年前,张在布道时迂回劝诱教导,声称他与耶稣的关系是一样的关系,与施洗约翰和以利亚之间的关系是一样的,并且他将完成耶稣没有做完的工作。

by Isabel.Witz

原文地址: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2012/september/david-jang-second-coming-christ.html?start=4

第5页

However, none of the former members CT talked to heard Jang claim to be the Second Coming Christ. Nor do any of the more than 20 online accounts supposedly written by former members of Jang's organizations (which CT is not including in this report because their authenticity could not be verified) allege that Jang himself made this claim.

'History Lessons'

Despite the group's reported efforts to keep their lessons private, partial contents of two sets of notes taken by members during training sessions have been made public.

Makoto Yamaya, a Salvation Army official in Tokyo, has been writing critically about Jang and his organizations on his blog since 2006. Shortly after Yamaya began blogging, he told CT, he was contacted by a couple whose son, Munenori Kitamura, had gone missing. They had tried to get him to leave Jang's EAPC and the Jang-owned companies he worked for, but he apparently had abandoned the apartment they had set up for him, leaving behind several months' unpaid rent. Kitamura also left behind documents about the EAPC and several pages of "Bible Lecture Notes."

'She asked me separately: "Who is Pastor David?" I answered without thinking, just followed what I heard just now and answered: "The Second Coming Christ!" She said, "Shhh," calmly, and then, "Don't tell others."'

~Ma Li

In the documents provided to CT by Olivet, Kitamura seemed to acknowledge that the notes were his, but explained, "While I am listening to messages, I am used to write down some counterheretical remarks as a comparison to the general teachings, it is a very good opportunity for me to learn about the falsities and contradictions in heretical doctrines."

Meanwhile, Ma Li kept notes she says she took during her lessons in China and turned them over to a group of Chinese critics of the movement. The two independent sets of notes correspond extensively, and several former members from the United States and China have independently confirmed that many of the movement's members were in fact exposed to the teaching that the notes contain. But one former member, who appeared to be familiar with only the set of Japanese notes, said that it "does not accurately reflect what the large majority believe." It only represents one strand of the community, he said.

The basic content of these messages, both as contained in the notes and as described by former members, bears similarities to the teachings of Sun Myung Moon—that Jesus' work was left unfinished and in need of another "Christ" to complete it. Daniel 12 records a notoriously ambiguous prophecy that refers to 1,260 days ("a time, times and half a time"), "1,290 days," and then finally to "1,335 days." The 1,260 days, the notes say, finished when Jesus was born, and the 1,290 days were completed when Jesus began to preach and teach publicly at 30 years of age (1,260 + 30 = 1,290). His three-year public ministry, they say, advanced the prophecy of 1,290 days to 1,293 days, but because the Cross cut his mission short, Jesus did not fulfill the prophecy of the 1,335 days. There is thus a remaining gap of some 42 "days," which were said to symbolize 42 years. Multiple sources said that this 42-year gap was believed to have been fulfilled by Jang.

不过,在今日基督教报所采访的原会员中,没有一位曾听到张大卫宣称自己是基督再临。今日基督教报同时也通过网络收集了近20名自称是张大卫组织原成员的自述(当然,这些收集到的网络报告并没有包含在本文中,因为他们的真实性并未得到证实),他们也都说张大卫没有宣称过自己是再临基督。


“历史课”


尽管该组织已尽力将他们的课程保密,但是其成员在训练期所记的两份笔记的部分已被公之于众。


诚山田(Makoto Yamaya)是救世军事工(Salvation Army)驻东京的一名职员。自2006年起,他就开始在他的博客上对张大卫进行批评。山田告诉今日基督教报,在他写博客的不久之后,他就接到了一对夫妇的电话,称他们的儿子宗则北村(Munenori Kitamura)失踪了。他们曾尝试着让他们的儿子与张大卫的福音派长老会(EAPC)以及其所在的张大卫的公司断绝关系,但很显然,宗则北村离开了父母为他租的公寓,并欠下了好几个月的房租。北村在其公寓里留下了有关福音派长老会的资料和好几页“查经笔记”。


“她单独问我:“张大卫牧师是谁?”我根据刚才所听到的,不假思索地回答道:“是基督再临!”她平静地说“嘘……不要告诉别人。”


——李玛(Ma Li)


伟仁大学提供给今日基督教报的资料显示,北村似乎承认这些笔记就是他自己的,但是他解释道:“当我听道时,我习惯将异端教义记录下来并将其与主流教义进行对比,这对于我来说可以更好地认识到异端的错谬之处。”


与此同时,李玛(Ma Li)已将她在中国耶青会课堂里的笔记交给了中国的一个异端调查组织。这两份出自不同人之手的笔记尽惊人得相似。部分美国和中国的原会员也都分别证实了这些笔记正是张大卫旗下组织所教导的。但是,一位称自己只熟悉那些日文笔记的原会员说,这笔记“并不能真实地反映大多数成员所信仰的”,它只能反映部分会员所信仰的。


这些笔记和原会员的口述中都包含着张大卫以及其旗下组织的基本教义,其教义和文鲜明所主张的教义非常相近,那就是——耶稣在地上的工作未完成,需要另一位“基督”来完成。但以理书第十二章记载了一个令人费解的预言,这预言和天数有关:首先是1260天("a time, times and half a time"),“接着又变成了1290天,最后又变成了1335天。”笔记上写着,从耶稣出生至耶稣在公认的30岁开始传道时,刚好是1290天(1260 + 30 = 1290)。在耶稣历经三年的传道又将1290天变为了1293天(什么乱七八糟的,他们是数学不好吗??一年等于365天,这都不知道?!——译者在发牢骚),但是因为被钉十字架,耶稣没能完成预言所说的1335天。那么还剩下42天”据称,这42天象征着42年。大量的资料显示,张大卫是被认为填补了这段空白的人。


中文由Jian G.Goodall翻译 语桥翻译团未审阅

第6页

The lessons also taught a doctrine of "three Israels." The first was a national Israel, the second was composed of Christians, and the third was constituted by the movement Jang had founded. The 144,000 of Revelation 7 was said to refer to this "third Israel," and the Lamb who redeemed them was said to be "not Jesus, but the Christ of the Second Coming."

Closely associated with this idea of Jang's followers as the "third Israel" is a distinction between the "gospel of parables" that Jesus taught and the "eternal gospel" delivered to Jang. One of the lessons said, "Jesus speaks in parables to preach to us, but to the new era, the gospel will be explained more clearly, that is, the everlasting Gospel." This "everlasting Gospel" will be proclaimed by the Second Coming Christ.

A former member from the United States said that Lin finished her lessons with similar teachings. Among them: "Isn't the kingdom of God the body of Christ? So if someone were to create this body, if they were to start it, wouldn't it make sense to say that this is the Second Coming? And isn't it right to say that the one who does this is the Second Coming Christ?"

Controversy and Consequences

As more people learned of the teachings and Jang's influence on companies, ministries, and media, criticism mushroomed. Posts on Japanese and Chinese Internet bulletin boards warned that the Young Disciples of Jesus was teaching that Jang was the Second Coming Christ, isolating followers from their families, requiring them to donate large amounts of money, encouraging them to lie, and demanding strict secrecy. Similar reports appeared on English-language websites.

These reports led to a number of separate investigations throughout Asia. In 2008, a formal Independent Enquiry Committee based out of Hong Kong, led by a blue-ribbon panel of Chinese evangelical theologians, "unanimously expressed its serious apprehensions and concerns" about the group. The panel said it "could not exclude the … strong probabilities" that the Young Disciples of Jesus "promoted doctrines similar to that of Unification Church, including (1) the first coming of Jesus to the earth was a failure and (2) their pastor is the 'Second Coming Lord' or 'Second Coming Christ.'" The conclusion was signed by 13 well-known Asian theologians and church leaders, including Carver Yu, the president of China Graduate School of Theology, and Rudolf Mak, then Chinese Church Mobilization Director for OMF International.

(The response documents Olivet and Christian Post officials sent to Christianity Today rejected the Hong Kong report as containing "repeated and ungrounded claims," and said it never proved that its witnesses or lecture notes were from Young Disciples. Yu and Mak, meanwhile, told CT that their concerns with Jang and his movement have only grown since the report was issued.)

Following the release of the Hong Kong report, the Beijing Haidian Christian Church, one of the largest churches in Beijing, issued a statement terminating their relationship with the Young Disciples, removing any members from leadership positions in the church, and prohibiting them from seeking membership or baptism. Similarly, two of the largest Korean denominations (both Presbyterian) launched a joint investigation, and in September 2009 both the PCK-TongHap and PCK-HapShin denominations voted to break relations with Jang's organizations.

这些课程还包括了“三个以色列人”的教义。第一个以色列是指以色列这个民族,第二个是指由基督徒组成的,第三个就是由张大卫建立的运动组成的。启示录7中的十四万四千以色列人受印的以色列人就是指的第三种,那个救赎众人的羔羊被说成是“不是耶稣,而是再来基督”。

与被称为第三类以色列人的张大卫的拥护者紧密相连的是与耶稣的福音预言和传授给张大卫的永恒的福音之间的不同。其中有门课程是这样说的:耶稣在预言中给我们祈祷,但是在这新时代,福音将会以“永恒的福音”的形式解释地更清晰。这里 “永恒的福音”其实就是由再来基督所宣扬的。

美国的前成员说Lin也有相应的传授。在她的课程中,就有“上帝的王国不就是耶稣的身体吗?所以如果有人将创造这样的躯体,并使他运转,这不就能说明这就是再来基督吗?能使之运转的人不就是再来基督吗?”

争议和可能

当更多的人接受这些教义,张大卫对于公司、神学院和媒体的影响越来越大,批评也接踵而至。中文和日文的网页都警告耶稣年轻门徒被告知张大卫是再来基督,随之带来的会是他们家庭中的一些信奉者会捐大量的金钱,欺骗以维护这样一个秘密。相同的报道也出现在一些英文网站上。

与这些报道随之而来的是亚洲地区大量独立的调查。在2008年,一批优秀的中国福音派人士在香港成立了独立调查委员会(Independent Enquiry Committee),委员们一致表示了他们的担忧。委员会说“耶稣年轻门徒很有可能宣传与统一教会一样的教义,包括:(1)耶稣第一次来到是失败的(2)他们的牧师是‘再来基督’”这个结论是由13个知名亚洲神学家得出的,其中包括Carver Yu和Rudolf Mak。

伟仁大学(Olivet)和《基督徒邮报》(Christian Post)寄给《今日基督》了其回复文件,反对香港对其的报道中并称报道中含有“重复且没有根据的论调”并且这些论调也不能被亲历者或者年轻门徒(Young Disciples)所证实。同时,Carver Yu和Rudolf Mak告诉《今日基督》他们的担忧随着报道课刊登而增加。

香港报道之后,作为背景最大的教堂之一的北京海淀区基督教堂发表了一份与年轻门徒(Young Disciples)断绝往来的声明,还革除了在教堂中担任领导职位的年轻信徒成员的职位,也禁止他们寻求其他教会或浸里的可能。同样的,在韩国,两个最大的教派(都是长老会教派)发起联合调查,并且在2009年9月PCK-TongHap和PCK-HapShin教派也都投票决定于张大卫领导的组织划清界限。

by Linda ZHOU

原文地址: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2012/september/david-jang-second-coming-christ.html?start=6

--Dalessandro留言) 2012年8月17日 (五) 19:54 (CST)dalessandro 认领

第7页

The Christian Council of Korea (CCK), a member of the World Evangelical Alliance, came to a different conclusion.

A representative of the CCK who declined to be identified by name said that the organization had conducted four different "studies" of Jang since 2004, and that each had exonerated him. "The conclusion of each study is that he is innocent, not guilty."

Sam Kyung Chae, a member of the CCK's Heresy Investigation Committee, disputed the characterization of the investigations as having conclusively proven Jang's orthodoxy. In 2008, he and two other members of the committee wrote to clarify the committee's statement that it "was not able to find any suspicions that David Jang had any involvement with Unification Church since 1997."

"First, he had involvements with Unification Church before 1997," the three committee members wrote. "Second, it does not mean David Jang had no heretic convictions. Therefore, it is not right for him to misuse the decision of the committee to prove his non-involvement with cultic doctrines."

In an interview with CT, Chae acknowledged that in December 2010 the CCK Heresy Investigation Committee announced that "there is no evidence in regards to the doubts associated with Rev. Jang and the Second Coming of Christ and it is untrue, and Rev. Jang is not at all related to the nature of heresy." The documents sent to CT from Olivet also included letters from the CCK stating that an executive committee accepted the findings. But Chae says the "executive committees of a general assembly" rejected the report.

The CCK's report and subsequent fights (some over Jang, some on other issues) have split the umbrella group. More than 20 denominations have broken away to form the Communion of Churches in Korea (CCIK). That group plans to launch a new investigation on Jang, his influence, and his theology.

Teaching on Hold

Whatever their result, the investigations and the publicity they brought resulted in a number of changes within the movement, former members told CT. Chief among these was that Jang directed them to stop teaching the controversial eschatology messages that had implied he was the Second Coming Christ.

'By the grace of Jesus Christ, I accepted Jesus as my one and only Savior, and since I was forgiven of my sins, I have never abandoned faith in Jesus Christ. Also, I have never preached any other gospel other than that of Jesus Christ. Furthermore I have never taught that I am Christ.' ~ David Jang

"Once, almost every committed member in the group had to agree David Jang was the 'Second Coming Christ' before he or she could be accepted and put in an important position," a former senior member from China told CT. "Right now, such teaching is stopped. As far as I know, they really stopped such teaching. But I would not get rid of the possibility that someone is still spreading the idea or that it went underground. It's like an understood thing in the community—you should know it if you are a core member."

According to this former member, Jang said that as a leader, he [Jang] needed to accept responsibility for the erroneous teaching, but he also said that he was innocent, and blamed one or two misguided followers for the lessons that had intimated that he was the Second Coming Christ. Another member said that Jang removed Lin from her official positions of responsibility amid the investigations in Asia. Her husband, Andrew Lin, is chairman of the board of Olivet University. (Andrew and Borah Lin did not respond to repeated requests for interviews, but through a lawyer Andrew denied ever calling Jang the "Second Coming Christ." Wagner said Borah Lin also denied ever making such a statement.) Former members say that Borah Lin remains very influential in the group, perhaps second only to Jang himself. An April 2012 e-mail from an Olivet student calls Borah "pastor," and said she spoke at a recent major event regarding Olivet's campus planning.

中文 dalessandro认领--Dalessandro留言) 2012年8月17日 (五) 20:03 (CST) 作为世界福音联盟(World Evangelical Alliance)的成员之一,韩国基督教总联合会(CCK)却有其不同的见解。

一位不愿透露姓名的韩国基督教总联合会代表说,该组织引导了会员从四个方面“调查”张大卫,“每个调查都认为他是无辜且无罪的。”

韩国基督教总联合会的异端调查委员会委员千景蔡(Sam Kyung Chae)却对这个调查结果提出异议。在2008年,他和委员会的其他两人撰文,对委员会认定的“无法找到任何证据怀疑张大卫与自1997年开始的统一教会(Unification Church,韩国人文鲜明领导——译者注)有关”提出质疑。

“首先,他在1997年之前参与了统一教会。”三人表示,“其次,这并不表示张大卫就没有异端信仰。因此, 不能就此断定张大卫没有卷入狂拜偶像的行为。”

在接受《今日基督》的采访时,千景蔡提到在2010年12月,异端调查委员会声明:“关于尊敬的张先生与再来基督的猜测是毫无证据的。尊敬的张先生与异端毫无关系。”伟仁大学在给《今日基督》的文件中附上了韩国基督教总联合会的信,表明执行委员会接受了此声明。但是千景蔡说“执委会的会员大会”拒绝接受此声明。

韩国基督教总联合会的报告及随之而来的争执,使组织的结构开始分裂。20余个教派分离出来并成立了韩国教堂共融会(Communion of Churches in Korea (CCIK)),并计划开展对张大卫及其影响力和理论的新调查。


停止传教

尽管调查结果还没出来,但是由此造成的公众关注亦给组织带来了影响。前成员告诉《今日基督》,张大卫已经指示停止传播争议很大的末世论,停止将他本人暗为“再来基督”。

“藉着耶稣基督的荣光,我接受耶稣为我唯一的救世主。因着我的罪行被原谅,我从未放弃对耶稣基督的信仰。同时,我从未传播福音之外的理论。而且,我也从未自称为基督。”——张大卫

“曾几何时在理事会,如果想入会或者担任要职,几乎所有人都不得不承认张大卫是‘再来基督’。”一位CCK的前任高管在中国对《今日基督》说,“现在这种课程已经停止了。据我所知,他们确实停了这类课。但是不排除这种思想的地下传播。这几乎是约定俗成的——想走进核心层你就不得不信这个。”

根据这位前高管所说,张大卫曾经表示作为管理者,自己应该为教育的错误负责,但是他又说自己是无辜的,并把责任推给自己的追随者,说他们错将他形容为再来基督。亦有成员表示,张大卫已经免去了Borah Lin亚洲调查员的职位。她的丈夫Andrew Lin 是伟仁大学的董事长。夫妻二人多次拒绝接受采访。但是根据一位律师的说法,Andrew甚至拒绝称张大卫为“再来基督”。Wagner说Borah Lin亦拒绝如此称呼张大卫。Borah Lin在组织中的地位极为重要,甚至仅次于张大卫。伟仁大学的一个学生在2012年4月的一封邮件中曾经称Borah为“牧师”,并称她在伟仁大学呼风唤雨。


原文地址: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2012/september/david-jang-second-coming-christ.html?start=7

--Dalessandro留言) 2012年8月17日 (五) 19:59 (CST)

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Several former members believe that many of Jang's core followers probably have not changed their views. A former member from China said that at least one current member insisted that their earlier teaching had not been a mistake. A former U.S. member estimates that about 10 to 20 percent of the movement's members believe that Jang is the Second Coming Christ. Yet another former U.S. member put the percentage higher.

"It's higher than 20 percent, at least in the inner circle," the former member said. "It's difficult to say exactly what percentage actually believes it. But they've all been taught lessons where he is compared to the Christ, or he is fulfilling Christ's commission."

The extent of the belief and teaching may vary by region as well. "We all believed that he was the 'Second Coming Christ' when I was in the Shanghai community," said a member who says he left in the mid-2000s after several years. "After we signed a member card, all of the members were told directly that our pastor (David Jang) was the 'Second Coming Christ.'"

The Rescuer

In 2005, as the CCK was in its second of four investigations of Jang, it was not yet a member of the World Evangelical Alliance (WEA). (The WEA's national alliance at the time was the Korea Evangelical Fellowship.) But at the time, the WEA was shifting its attention from identifying and cultivating such partners to solving its own issues with finances and mission.

World Evangelical Alliance CEO Geoff Tunnicliffe Responds

World Evangelical Alliance CEO and secretary general Geoff Tunnicliffe insisted that CT reporters submit questions for this story in writing. When CT did so, he issued this response:

"At the core of your questions to us you consistently refer to the 'Jang Community.' All other questions seem to stem from this understanding. We specifically reject this presumption, as did the Supreme Court of Korea that found similar statements untrue and libelous. We would therefore refer you to the Christian Council of Korea, our member body in South Korea who has already ruled on this matter several times. The Christian Council of Korea represents 71 denominations and over 80 percent of all the Protestant Christians in South Korea."

CT found no evidence of a Supreme Court ruling, but the court did let stand a lower court's libel decision against Deulsori Times, which had criticized Jang. Deulsori Times and others characterize the ruling as technical: The Times had reported that Christian Today was connected to Jang, and Christian Today denied it. The court awarded Christian Today the equivalent of $782.


有數位前信徒相信不少張大衛的核心跟隨者可能從來沒有改變他們的觀點。一個來自中國的前成員說,目前至少有一位仍在共同體的信徒堅稱他們早期的教導是沒有任何錯誤的。美國的一位前成員估計這個運動(共同體)約有10%至20%的成員相信張大衛是再來的基督。然而,美國另一位前成員認為比例更高,他說:「至少在核心圈子內就有高於20%。」,「其實很難說實際上有多少人信這個,但他們全部都在課堂上接受過將他跟基督對比,或他在履行基督的使命這一類教導。」

這些信念和教導可能因地域而異,一位於2000年代中期離開的信徒,數年後表示「當我們仍在上海的群體時,我們全都相信他是再來的基督,當我們簽署了那張肢體卡後,所有的成員都會直接說我們的牧師(張大衛)是『再來的基督』。」

拯救者

在2005年,韓基總CCK正對張進行4次調查中的第二次,當時他們(CCK)尚未成為世界福音派聯盟(WEA)的成員。(當時WEA的國際伙伴是KEF韓國福音團契)但就在這時,WEA轉移他們的注意力從識別(張的問題)到培養成為她的合作夥伴以經濟及組織來解決自己的問題。

世界福音派聯盟總幹事傑夫.圖尼克利夫的回應

世界福音派聯盟總幹事與秘書長傑夫.圖尼克利夫堅持要求CT的記者們以書面提交關於本報導的問題。 CT照他的意思辦,他就發出這樣的回應:

「你向我們提問的問題核心都是指向『張大衛共同體』。其它所有的問題似乎都以這認知為基礎。我們明確否定這一個假設,韓國最高法院已證實類似的聲明是失實和惡意誹謗的。因此,我們會轉介你給韓國基督教總聯合會,我們的成員機構,他們已就這問題排解了好幾次。韓國基督教總聯合會代表著在南韓的71個聯會,超過八成的基督新教信徒。」

CT沒法從最高法院找到相關的裁決,但在下級法院能找到「荒野之聲時報」(Deulsori Times)因評論張的報導涉及誹謗之案件的裁決,時報在報導中指出「今天基督徒」(Christian Today)是與張大衛有關連的,而「今天基督徒」作出否認,因此法院判罰相當於782美元的賠償給「今天基督徒」,但「荒野之聲時報」及其他被告均認為這個只屬於技術性層面的判決。

by CGNER(Kevin)


原文地址: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2012/september/david-jang-second-coming-christ.html?start=8

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Gary Edmonds, director of the WEA from 2002 to 2005, supported the shift, but said it wasn't a great fit with his gifts or passions. Several months before the end of his tenure, Edmonds was approached by representatives of The Christian Post, who offered to help the WEA's promotional and advocacy efforts. Geoff Tunnicliffe, who followed Edmonds as international director of the WEA and who had previously raised the profile of the Evangelical Fellowship of Canada through public policy advocacy, took The Christian Post up on its offer to help.

Five months after Tunnicliffe's appointment in 2005, the WEA opened an Information Technology Center on the San Francisco campus of Jang's Olivet University. Several sources say that organizations started by Jang and his followers began to support the WEA financially, and in April 2007, Jang was accepted onto the WEA's North American Council. Two months later, Olivet University invited Tunnicliffe to be their commencement speaker and presented him with an honorary doctorate. Over the next four years, The Christian Post reporters also began to work for the WEA as press secretaries, and an Olivet graduate became director of communications. The former CEO of Deographics was appointed executive director of the WEA's IT Commission. An Olivet graduate from The Christian Post and Jubilee Mission was hired as their chief of staff. The WEA's website moved onto the servers that host the websites of The Christian Post, Olivet, Young Disciples of Jesus, and other Jang-associated organizations. Soon thereafter, the WEA began sharing office space with Jang's companies. Some 20 organizations associated with Jang have been accepted for membership into the WEA (composing a third of its global partners and a sixth of its associate members). However, none of the former members CT talked to, nor any of Jang's critics, alleged any wrongdoing by the WEA itself; where there was concern it was simply that the WEA had given legitimacy to Jang and his organizations by associating so closely with them.

Seeking Influence and Legitimacy

While The Christian Post was approaching the WEA in 2005, the CEO of The Gospel Herald was asking Thomas Wang to be the Hong Kong newspaper's honorary chair. Wang, president of the Great Commission Center International and former international director of the Lausanne Committee for World Evangelization, said he was impressed by the CEO's zeal and energy for the gospel and agreed to lend his name to The Gospel Herald's endeavors. Soon afterwards, Wang began receiving warnings from friends in Asia. After some investigation, he resigned and requested that his name be removed from the website. In 2008 he issued a statement describing his experience with the group, concluding, "I am very much concerned about the deceptive nature of the community and the fact that many evangelical leaders today are still unaware of the true picture."


Wang told CT that he has tried to warn Christian leaders in the United States and Asia about Jang and his organizations, and he is surprised that so many continue to lend their names, especially leaders in the Southern Baptist Convention.


2002年至2005年WEA的总干事- Gary Edmonds,支持转变,但他说,这不是一个非常适合他的恩赐或负担。他的任期结束前几个月,基督教邮报(CP)“的代表与 Edmonds 联系表达愿意帮助WEA的推广和宣传工作。Geoff Tunnicliffe出身於加拿大福音团契的继任总干事,通过CP 的提供的帮助,去推广他们的公共政策。

在2005年Geoff Tunnicliffe开始任职的五个月後,WEA在旧金山张大卫所创建的伟仁大学开设信息技术中心。几个消息来源说,由张大卫和他的追随者开始的组织开始对WEA的财政上的支持。2007年4月,张大卫被WEA的北美評議會接受。

两个月后,伟仁大学邀请Geoff Tunnicliffe在毕业典礼演讲,授予他名誉博士学位。在接下来的四年中,CP 的记者也开始成WEA的新闻秘书,另外还有伟仁大学的成为WEA 的通讯主任。Deographics 的前执行长也被 WEA 任命为IT委员会执行主任。

一位从伟仁大学毕业在CP 和Jubilee Mission 的同工被聘为他们的参谋长。WEA的网站迁移到与CP, 伟仁大学,耶稣青年会以及其他与张大卫相关事工网站的相同的服务器上。此后不久,WEA的开始与张大卫的公司共同使用办公空间。与张大卫相关的有20个机构或组织被纳成为WEA的成员(composing a third of its global partners and a sixth of its associate members)。然而,none of the former members CT talked to, nor any of Jang's critics, alleged any wrongdoing by the WEA itself; where there was concern it was simply that the WEA had given legitimacy to Jang and his organizations by associating so closely with them.


寻求影响力和合法性

当CP 在2005 年开始与WEA 接触 的同时基督日报(Gospel Herald) 的执行长邀请王永信牧师担任该报的荣誉主席.。王永信牧师当时是美国大使命中心的总干事,也是洛桑運動前国际部委员会主席,王牧师说,他对GH 执行长对福音的热情和精力留下深刻的印象,并使同意GH 使用他的名字。不久,王牧师开始接到来自亚洲的朋友警告。经过一番调查后,他辞掉GH 职份,并要求他的名字从网站中删除。在2008年,他发表了一份声明,说明他这段时间的经验与结论,“我担忧这个有欺骗性质的团体和许多福音派领袖今天仍然不知道的实情。”

王牧师告诉CT他试图警告在美国和亚洲的基督教领袖有关张大卫和他的组织,他很惊讶还是许多领袖继续出借他们的名份给张大卫的组织,尤其在美南浸信会的许多领袖。

by Daniel T


原文地址: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2012/september/david-jang-second-coming-christ.html?start=9

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"What they always try to do is get evangelical leaders as advisers or their honorary leaders," he said.

The response documents from Olivet University acknowledge that Wang is "a well-respected pastor in Chinese churches worldwide," and allege that he has been misled by "fabricated materials from [blogger] Yamaya in Japan." The documents also say that Wang's break with The Gospel Herald was sparked by "different standpoints on the state-owned churches in China" rather than the Jang controversies.

Wang is right that Southern Baptists have played a prominent role on advisory boards of Jang's organizations. The Christian Post, which bills itself as "the nation's most comprehensive Christian news website," lists as its chairman Wagner, the president of Olivet University (OU) who ran for the Southern Baptist Convention presidency in 2008. Richard Land, president of the Southern Baptist's Ethics and Religious Liberty Commission, is the media outlet's executive editor.

Land declined to comment on his involvement and repeatedly referred questions to Post CEO Will Anderson and to Olivet's Wagner. But he told Baptist Press that in his job, "I write at least one column a month on current moral issues, and I'm available to advise and consult with the writers and editorial staff upon their request on issues they should cover and how to cover them." The Tennessean reported that Land's position is paid.


Southern Baptist's Theological Seminary president Albert Mohler is listed among the Post's senior editorial advisers, along with activist Mark Creech; evangelist Will Graham; pastors Joel C. Hunter, Harry R. Jackson Jr., and Samuel Rodriguez; and WEA's William Taylor. James Draper was listed on the advisory board in 2005, when he was president of LifeWay Christian Resources. In 2006, when Thom Rainer stepped into the LifeWay presidency, he similarly replaced Draper on The Christian Post's advisory board. (Neither is currently listed. Southeastern Baptist president Daniel Akin says he resigned from the board in late July.)

In CT's May 2008 interview with Wagner and Kenneth Chan (an Olivet grad who was then executive editor of The Christian Post), the two men disagreed about the specific relationship between the two organizations.

"All of these movements are totally independent. They are totally self-supporting," Chan said.

"That may be technically true. But OU specializes in the creation of ministries," Wagner responded. "Our students were used to create many ministries and businesses," he said, and noted that the school ran several of them, including Verecom, as independent businesses. "We have offices in 10 different time zones," he said. "We're doing work for Honda and HP [Hewlettt-Packard]. These ministries then contribute money back to OU."

CT asked Wagner: "So what unites the movement?"

"One is God," he responded. "But another is the spiritual leader; he's the one that has tied it all together. He had the vision for Olivet." He later added passion to the list.

In an August 2012 interview, Wagner said members of the Olivet mission movement treat Jang with reverence, but only in the same way other parts of the evangelical movement adore their spiritual leaders. "We look at Dr. Jang as a tremendous leader, not as the reincarnate Christ," he said. "I've worked with him for about eight years. I'm firmly convinced that they are not lying. I'm firmly convinced that our Christology is solid."


他说:“他们总是试图邀请福音派领袖做作为事工顾问或名誉领袖”

伟仁大学回应的文件中提到“王永信牧师是在全球华人教会中备受尊敬的牧者,但声称王牧师已被日本山谷少校的博客片面的材料误导。”该文件还表示,“王牧师跟基督日报划清界线是因为对于中国官方组织的教会有不同的立场关系,而不是因为张大卫牧师本身的争议。

王牧师认为美南浸信会在为张大卫的组织背书扮演的重要的角色是千真万确, “Christian Post” 他们在他们自己的网站上广告”全国最全面基督教新闻的网站”,列出曾在2008 竞选美南浸信会主席Wanger, 是伟仁大学的校长, 美南浸信会伦理及宗教自由委员会的主席Richard Land,是媒体的执行编辑。

Richard Land拒絕对他自己与该组织的參與的状态和反复被提到与前CEO Will Anderson和 OT 的Wanger 的关系有任何的评论。但他( Richard Land) 告訴浸信會出版社他受雇於该组织的工作为:”我每月至少针对當前的道德問題为他们写一篇专栏,并且我应他们要求成为他们作家和編輯人員的諮詢顾问。The Tennessean (田纳西的报纸) 报导Richard Land 是受薪的工作。

美南浸信會神學院院长Albert Mohler被列為“Christian Post”的資深編輯顧問,同时间列名的有Mark Creech; evangelist Will Graham; pastors Joel C. Hunter, Harry R. Jackson Jr., Samuel Rodriguez和WEA 的 William Taylor. James Drape在2005 年担任LifeWay Christian Resources 的总干事期间也是CT 的顾问。在2006年時,Thom Rainer在2006 年竞选LifeWay Christian Resources的总干事,他跟James Drape一样也成为 CP 的顾问。以上提到的几位已经从顾问中除名了,美南浸信会主席 Daniel Akin 告诉本刊他已经在今年七月辞掉顾问的角色)

在2008年5月CT与Wagner 和Kenneth Chan(委仁大学毕业,CP“执行编辑)的采访中,他们两位否定了这两个组织( CP 和OU) 之间有特别的关系。

“所有活动是完全独立的,他们是完全自立,”Chan说。

"All of these movements are totally independent. They are totally self-supporting," Chan said.

“两者有关系可能是技术上是真实的,但OU专门建立新的事工。” Wagner回应。 “我们的学生建立了许多事工和企业,” Wagner说,他并指出,学校也经营个公司,包括Verecom。 “我们在10个不同的时区都设有办工室,”他说。 “我们正在做本田和惠普(Hewlettt) 的工作项目。这些事工将收入投回OU。”

CT 问 Wagner: 那什么力量把这些事工联合起来?

“一个是上帝,”他回答。 “但是,另一个力量是精神领袖,是他将这些事工紧密的联合在一起,他给伟仁大学异像。”后来Wagner补充说”激情”也是个重要的因素。

Wagner在2012年8月接受采访时,表示OT 使命运动的成员如其它福音运动一崇拜/尊敬他们的精神领袖-张大卫牧师。 “我们视张博士为非常优秀领导,不为转世基督,”他说。 “我与他共事了8年左右。我坚信,他们没有说谎。我坚信,我们基督的教义是稳固的。”

By Daniel T


原文地址: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2012/september/david-jang-second-coming-christ.html?start=10

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Wagner said that Jang has no input on school decisions and denied the rumors about the teaching. "Do I look like the reincarnate Christ?" Wagner said Jang told him. "I'm just a sinner!" Meeting with the members of the Hong Kong committee didn't change Wagner's mind, he said, and now he doesn't even have the tiniest doubt about Jang's orthodoxy. "If I did, I wouldn't be here," he said. And if Jang had ever claimed to be the reincarnate Christ, "he'd have really made a mistake turning his school over to a bunch of radical evangelicals."

One of those evangelicals is Don Tinder, a former CT associate editor and dean of Tyndale Theological Seminary in Amsterdam. He now serves as dean of Olivet Theological College and Seminary. "In the years I've been associated with Jang I've seen not the slightest indication of anything I'd consider heretical," he said. He also said he's seen no evidence that the mainstream evangelical teaching in the classroom diverges from anything the students learn in Apostolos Missions. "There's been no suggestion that [they're] learning these things to learn what the mainstream believes and have [their] own teaching."

No one CT talked to for this story claimed that the "history lessons" that allegedly encourage the belief that Jang is the "Second Coming Christ" were ever taught in Olivet classrooms, or that Apostolos or Young Disciples members have encouraged the belief among its members in recent years.

Next Up: A U.S. Inquiry Panel

The concerns which have been raised about Jang have not gone unnoticed by the Glorieta community. Over the summer, Olivet University has been leasing an unused portion of the Glorieta campus while they complete negotiations with LifeWay. Local residents say they were initially excited to learn that a Christian university might be acquiring Glorieta. But research into Olivet caused some concerns. At a recent homeowners meeting with LifeWay, one resident raised her hand and asked, "So who is David Jang, and does he claim to be the Second Coming Christ?"

Marty King, the LifeWay spokesman, said the primary condition of the negotiations between LifeWay and Olivet would be a review by the National Association of Evangelicals to determine their theological compatibility. The NAE says it is keeping the review team members and deliberations confidential. This review, members of the Glorieta community and Olivet University both say, is most welcome. "We are intending to prove our evangelical theological position through the LifeWay review," Wagner said. "I don't think we're going to have any complications."

Ted Olsen is CT's managing editor, news and online journalism. Ken Smith is an independent journalist based in Washington State.

瓦格纳称,张大卫不管辖学校事务,并否认关于教学方面的传言。瓦格纳说,张大卫曾问他:“你觉得我长得像转世化身的耶稣吗?”随后,张大卫又说,“我只是个罪人罢了!”即便是遇见了香港调查团的成员,瓦格纳对张大卫也是毫不怀疑。他说,他认为张大卫的教义没有任何问题。瓦格纳说:“如果我怀疑他,那么,我就不会在这儿了。”瓦格纳还说,如果张大卫曾宣称自己是转世化身的耶稣,那么,“他所做的一切都是大错特错的。”


唐•火绒(Don Tinder)是其中的一位福音派人士,他曾是今日基督教报的副主编和廷代尔神学院阿姆斯特丹分院的院长(Tyndale Theological Seminary in Amsterdam)。他目前是伟仁大学神学院(Olivet Theological College and Seminary)的院长。火绒说:“我与张大卫共同处事多年,我没有发现可以证明张大卫是异端的任何证据。”他还声称自己并没有发现主流福音派的教义和使徒事工(Apostolos Missions)的所教导的教义有任何分歧。火绒说:“没有任何证据显示他们所学的教义和主流福音派的教义相冲突。”


本文所采访到的所有人员中,没有一位宣称最近几年伟仁大学教授的“历史课”、使徒事工和耶稣青年会教授的课程涉嫌鼓励学员相信张大卫就是“再来基督”。


下一步:出动美国调查团


格洛列塔社区也一直在关注着张大卫事件。这个夏天,伟仁大学准备将其校园的一块空闲部分出租给生命路(LifeWay),并与生命路就此事进行了协商。当格洛列塔市的市民听说当地可能将迎来一所基督教大学时先是感到很兴奋,但是对伟仁大学进一步的调查却引起了当地居民的疑虑。在一次当地居民和生命路的会议中,一位居民举手提问道:“谁是张大卫?他曾宣称自己是再来基督吗?”


生命路发言人马蒂•金(Marty King)说,生命路和伟仁大学的协商将由全国福音派协会(NAE)审议,对双方神学思想的兼容性进行评估。全国福音派协会将会对审议内容与相关审议团成员的信息进行保密。格洛列塔社区与伟仁大学对这次审议表示非常欢迎。瓦格纳说:“我们希望通过此次生命路的审议来证明我们的清白。我不认为在此次审议中会出现任何问题。”


泰德·奥尔森(Ted Olsen)是今日基督教的主编,新闻和在线记者。肯·斯密斯(Ken Smith)是华盛顿州的独立记者。



中文由Jian G.Goodall翻译 语桥翻译团审阅 中盟网独立记者Yunlong提供翻译协助




原文地址: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2012/september/david-jang-second-coming-christ.html?start=11

原文注释

  • Note: Due to further reporting, this article has been modified to clarify what one of our sources believed about David Jang. It has also been modified to clarify that the relationship between Southern Baptist leaders and The Christian Post is not the same as the relationship between The Christian Post and Olivet.


--Michael留言) 2012年8月24日 (五) 18:24 (CST) 翻译

注释:根据进一步的报告,为了明确我们的一个信息源相信张大卫的信息,本文进行了修改。本修改同时也明确了美南浸信会负责人和基督邮报的关系,和基督邮报与伟仁大学之间关系的差异。



原文地址: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2012/september/david-jang-second-coming-christ.html?start=11

参考链接

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紧急翻译:http://godwithus.cn/wiki/David_Jang_Second_Coming_Christ David Jang Second Coming Christ 再来基督张大卫

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