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MHC:哥林多前书 9

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哥林多前书第9章


  

Chapter 9


9




apostle shows his authority, and asserts his right to be maintained.


(1–14)


He waved this part of his Christian liberty, for the good of others.


(15–23)


He did all this, with care and diligence,


(24–27)


in view of an unfading crown.


第九章


本章纲要


使徒显示了他的权威,并声明他言论的正确性。(1-14)


为了他人的益处,他舍弃了在基督里的这些自由。(15-23)


为了那永不朽坏的冠冕,他细心而勤劳的做了这一切。(24-27)




Verses 1 – 14


It is not new for a minister to meet with unkind returns for good-will to a people, and diligent and successful services among them. To the cavils of some, the apostle answers, so as to set forth himself as an example of self-denial, for the good of others. He had a right to marry as well as other apostles, and to claim what was needful for his wife, and his children if he had any, from the churches, without labouring with his own hands to get it. Those who seek to do our souls good, should have food provided for them. But he renounced his right, rather than hinder his success by claiming it. It is the people's duty to maintain their minister. He may wave his right, as Paul did; but those transgress a precept of Christ, who deny or withhold due support.


1-14节 待人友善、殷勤服事,却得到一些人刻薄的对待,这对一个牧师而言并非鲜见。面对一些人的苛责,使徒保罗以自己为例阐述了怎样为他人的益处舍己。他和其他使徒一样有权利娶妻,应该娶什么样的人为妻,他从教会所生的不经分娩的子女应是什么样的。那些为我们的灵命付出的人,我们应该供应他们的生活所需。但是保罗放弃了他的权利,免得因此而阻碍了他的成功。人们有责任供应他们的牧师。他可能像保罗一样放弃他的权力,但是有些人违背基督的诫命,不提供或者克扣应给的供给。




Verses 15 – 23


It is the glory of a minister to deny himself, that he may serve Christ and save souls. But when a minister gives up his right for the sake of the gospel, he does more than his charge and office demands. By preaching the gospel, freely, the apostle showed that he acted from principles of zeal and love, and thus enjoyed much comfort and hope in his soul. And though he looked on the ceremonial law as a yoke taken off by Christ, yet he submitted to it, that he might work upon the Jews, do away their prejudices, prevail with them to hear the gospel, and win them over to Christ. Though he would transgress no laws of Christ, to please any man, yet he would accommodate himself to all men, where he might do it lawfully, to gain some. Doing good was the study and business of his life; and, that he might reach this end, he did not stand on privileges. We must carefully watch against extremes, and against relying on any thing but trust in Christ alone. We must not allow errors or faults, so as to hurt others, or disgrace the gospel.


15-23节


对一个牧师而言,舍己来服事主、拯救灵魂是荣耀的。但是如果一个牧师为着福音的益处而放弃了他的权利,那么他所做的比他应得的工价和神所要求的更多。为了自由地宣讲福音,使徒保罗称自己的的行动是出于热情和爱,因而在灵里享受了极大的安慰和盼望。虽然因着基督他已经脱离了律法的管束,但是他仍然顺服律法,这样可能对犹太人起作用,可以免除他们的偏见,劝他们听福音,从而归信基督。他也可以不服从基督的律法,以此取悦于人,可以调节自己的行为来适应任何人,他也可能守法而得到一些人。行善是他一生的功课和事业,而且他会尽力实现这个目标,并不依靠特权。我们必须小心狂热分子,不依靠任何事,唯独信靠基督。我们必须不容许错误或失误,以致伤害他人,或使福音蒙羞。




Verses 24 – 27


The apostle compares himself to the racers and combatants in the Isthmian games, well known by the Corinthians. But in the Christian race all may run so as to obtain the greatest encouragement, therefore, to persevere with all our strength, in this course.


Those who ran in these games were kept to a spare diet. They used themselves to hardships. They practised the exercises. And those who pursue the interests of their souls, must combat hard with fleshly lusts. The body must not be suffered to rule. The apostle presses this advice on the Corinthians. He sets before himself and them the danger of yielding to fleshly desires, pampering the body, and its lusts and appetites. Holy fear of himself was needed to keep an apostle faithful: how much more is it needful for our preservation! Let us learn from hence humility and caution, and to watch against dangers which surround us while in the body.


24-27节 使徒将自己比作地峡运动会中的赛跑者和竞争者,这个运动会在哥林多是非常著名的。但是在基督徒的竞赛中,所有人都是为了得到最大的奖赏,因此,在这个过程中,要坚持我们所有的力气。参加比赛的人员都要节制。他们习惯了艰难,练习这些运动。那些追求灵魂益处的,必须努力与身体的欲望战斗。身体必然不屈服于管制。使徒极力劝诫哥林多教会。保罗向他们呈现了屈服于身体私欲的危险。保持使徒的忠实需要有对己的惧怕:这是多么需要我们保持的啊!让我们从这里学习谦卑谨慎,谨防围绕在我们周围的以及我们身体内的危险。


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